Advertisement

Search Results

Advertisement



Your search for all items matches 30161 pages

Showing 1 - 50


Highlights From the 2023 ASCO Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium

The 2023 ASCO Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium took place from January 19 to 21 in San Francisco. On this episode, we’re hearing from the presenting authors of three studies reported at that meeting—the SUNLIGHT, SPOTLIGHT, and NAPOLI-3 trials—which examined novel regimens in colorectal, gastric, ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Sacituzumab Govitecan-hziy for Pretreated Patients With HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

On February 3, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved sacituzumab govitecan-hziy (Trodelvy) for patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic, hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative (immunohistochemistry [IHC] 0, IHC 1+, or IHC 2+ with a negative in situ...

breast cancer

Challenges of Accurately Identifying HER2-Low Breast Cancers

The newly identified category of “HER2-low” breast cancer has raised many new issues in this malignancy now that the DESTINY Breast-041 trial determined that fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) may effectively treat this tumor. Among the issues are challenges in accurately identifying just...

integrative oncology
symptom management

Massage Therapy May Improve Symptom Burden for Pediatric Patients With Hematologic and/or Oncologic Conditions

A new study from University Hospitals (UH) Connor Whole Health found children, adolescents, and young adults with cancer or sickle cell disease treated at a pediatric academic medical center reported clinically significant reductions in pain, stress, and anxiety in response to massage therapy....

global cancer care

World Cancer Day: Commercial Interests May Drive Millions of Avoidable Cancer Deaths

The Union for International Cancer Control (UICC)—in light of World Cancer Day, taking place on February 4—has called on governments around the world to prioritize policy actions to reduce preventable cancers caused by tobacco use and the consumption of alcohol and ultraprocessed foods, including...

cns cancers

Researchers Develop AI Algorithm to Gain New Insights Into Glioblastoma

Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm, known as SPHINKS, capable of performing advanced computational analyses to identify potential therapeutic targets for patients with glioblastoma multiforme. The platform may also have applicability in other cancers, according to...

gynecologic cancers

OCRA Issues Consensus Statement Calling for Consideration of Fallopian Tube Removal to Prevent Ovarian Cancer

The UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS) has shown that general population screening did not significantly reduce ovarian and tubal cancer deaths, and the researchers concluded that such screening cannot be recommended. The findings from the study prompted the Ovarian Cancer ...

Expert Point of View: Emily K. Curran, MD

Moderator of the session, Emily K. Curran, MD, Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine at the University of Cincinnati Cancer Center, in Ohio, said that the data presented by Dr. Short and colleagues demonstrated very impressive event-free and overall survival rates, especially for a disease that...

leukemia

Ponatinib and Blinatumomab Combination Safe and Effective in Patients With Newly Diagnosed, Ph-Positive ALL

The combination of ponatinib and blinatumomab has led to rapid and durable remissions in patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), according to data presented at the 2022 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and...

issues in oncology

Review Provides Recommendations on Cancer Treatment in the Context of Preexisting Dementia

According to a review published by Ashley et al in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, preexisting dementia may complicate cancer care and increase the risk of worse clinical outcome and inferior patient experience. People living with dementia are more likely to have cancer diagnosed at an...

colorectal cancer

Neoadjuvant Plus Adjuvant Chemotherapy vs Adjuvant Chemotherapy Alone for Locally Advanced Colon Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Morton et al, the European phase III FOxTROT trial has shown that neoadjuvant plus adjuvant oxaliplatin/fluoropyrimidine resulted in a reduced risk of residual disease or disease recurrence vs adjuvant oxaliplatin/fluoropyrimidine in patients with...

lung cancer

Surgical Quality Metric Scoring and Survival Among U.S. Veterans With Early-Stage NSCLC

In a study reported in JAMA Surgery, Heiden et al developed a surgical quality metric scoring system—the Veterans Affairs Lung Cancer Operative quality (VALCAN-O) score—that was associated with overall survival in U.S. veterans undergoing curative-intent surgery for early-stage non–small cell lung...

issues in oncology

Consuming Ultraprocessed Foods May Be Linked to Increased Cancer Risk and Mortality

Higher consumption of ultraprocessed foods may be linked to increased cancer burden and mortality, according to a new, UK-based study published by Chang et al in eClinicalMedicine. Ultraprocessed foods are food items which have been heavily processed during their production—such as fizzy drinks,...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Adjuvant Osimertinib May Significantly Improve Disease-Free Survival for Patients With Resected EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

The EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib may improve rates of disease-free survival and reduce the risk of recurrence in patients with resected, EGFR­-mutant non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a new exploratory analysis of the ADAURA trial published by Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD,...

sarcoma

Addition of Anti–IGF-1R Antibody Ganitumab to Interval-Compressed Chemotherapy in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Metastatic Ewing Sarcoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by DuBois et al, the Children’s Oncology Group phase III AEWS1221 trial showed no event-free survival benefit with the addition of the anti–insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) monoclonal antibody ganitumab to interval-compressed...

survivorship
leukemia
lymphoma
sarcoma

Dexrazoxane and Long-Term Heart Function in Survivors of Childhood Cancer Treated With Doxorubicin

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Eric J. Chow, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that the use of dexrazoxane was associated with long-term protection of heart function in childhood cancer survivors who received doxorubicin for their cancer. According to the study investigators,...

cns cancers
survivorship

Canadian Trial Highlights Adverse Outcomes in Survivors of Childhood Medulloblastoma

In a population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Coltin et al found that survivors of childhood medulloblastoma in Ontario were at an increased risk of numerous adverse health outcomes compared with matched noncancer controls.  Study Details In the study, all 5-year...

colorectal cancer

Levels of Inflammatory Biomarkers and Survival in Patients Receiving Adjuvant Therapy for Stage III Colon Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Cheng et al found that higher levels of inflammatory biomarkers measured after surgery—but before receipt of chemotherapy—were associated with poorer outcomes in patients with stage III colon cancer enrolled in the CALGB/SWOG 80702 trial of adjuvant...

breast cancer

Study Finds Breast MRI Superior vs Other Supplementary Screening Tests for Detecting Breast Cancer in Patients With Dense Breasts

Compared to other common supplemental screening methods, breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was superior at detecting breast cancer in patients with dense breasts, according to a new study published by Hussein et al in Radiology. Background Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer...

breast cancer

Gap Discovered in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy Recommendations for Patients Aged 70 vs 69 Years

Age-based heuristics may lead to large differences in breast cancer treatment based on small differences in chronologic age, according to a new study published by Talcott et al in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, and Physics. Background Radiation therapy often is given...

sarcoma
solid tumors
lymphoma

MDM2 Inhibitor Milademetan in Advanced Liposarcoma, Solid Tumors, or Lymphomas

In a first-in-human, phase I, dose-escalation and dose-expansion study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mrinal M. Gounder, MD, and colleagues identified the dose and schedule for further evaluation of the oral MDM2 inhibitor milademetan in a population of patients with advanced...

pancreatic cancer

Zev A. Wainberg, MD, on Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Recent Findings on NALIRIFOX vs Nab-paclitaxel Plus Gemcitabine

Zev A. Wainberg, MD, of the UCLA School of Medicine, discusses phase III findings from the NAPOLI-3 trial, which showed that first-line NALIRIFOX (liposomal irinotecan plus fluorouracil/leucovorin plus oxaliplatin) improved overall and progression-free survival compared with nab-paclitaxel plus...

breast cancer

Association of PRS313 Polygenic Risk Score With Tumor Characteristics and Survival in Patients With Invasive Breast Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Josephine M.N. Lopes Cardozo, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that a higher score on a polygenic risk score consisting of 313 common genetic variants (the PRS313) was generally associated with more favorable tumor characteristics in patients...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Uptake of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors and Survival Among Younger and Older Patients With Advanced NSCLC

In a U.S. cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Voruganti et al found that the uptake of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been associated with “modest” improvements in overall survival, particularly among older patients. As...

global cancer care

Sex Disparities in Childhood Cancer Diagnoses in India

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bhatia et al found that boys were significantly more likely than girls to be diagnosed with childhood cancers in India. Study Details The retrospective multicohort study involved individual data from patients aged 0 to 19 years from hospital-based records ...

thyroid cancer

Genomic Screening May Help Detect Medullary Thyroid Cancer, Study Finds

Population-based genomic screening may facilitate early detection of medullary thyroid cancer in patients with variants in the RET gene, according to a new study published by Pichardo et al in JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery. Background Medullary thyroid cancer accounts for 2% to 5% of...

hematologic malignancies

Momelotinib May Effectively Reduce Anemia and Other Symptoms for Patients With Myelofibrosis

The targeted therapy momelotinib may offer clinically significant improvement in disease-related symptoms, including anemia and spleen enlargement, for patients with myelofibrosis, according to a novel study published by Srdan Verstovsek, MD, PhD, and colleagues in The Lancet. The findings support...

breast cancer

Association of Immune-Related Gene Expression Signatures and TILs With Outcomes in Early-Stage HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Aranzazu Fernandez-Martinez, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that several B-cell–related gene signatures provided better prediction of pathologic complete response and event-free survival than tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) levels among patients with...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Combined With Targeted Therapy in Patients With BRAF V600E–Mutated Colorectal Cancer

In one of the first clinical trials combining immunotherapy and targeted therapy for patients with BRAF V600E–mutated colorectal cancer, researchers discovered that a combination regimen of dabrafenib, trametinib, and spartalizumab resulted in long-lasting responses. The study findings published by ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Laura A. Dawson, MD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Phase III Data on Sorafenib vs Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy

Laura A. Dawson, MD, of Canada’s Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses phase III findings from the NRG/RTOG1112 study, which showed that stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) administered prior to sorafenib vs sorafenib alone, improved outcomes in patients with advanced hepatocellular...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Kohei Shitara, MD, on Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma: Recent Data on Zolbetuximab Plus mFOLFOX6

Kohei Shitara, MD, of Japan’s National Cancer Center Hospital East, discusses the SPOTLIGHT study’s phase III findings on zolbetuximab plus mFOLFOX6 as first-line treatment for patients with the biomarker claudin-18.2–positive and HER2-negative locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric or ...

breast cancer

Two Methods Studied in Defining Prognosis for Patients With ER-Positive, Node-Positive Breast Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Corey W. Speers, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the sensitivity to endocrine therapy (SET2,3) index and the 21-gene breast recurrence score (RS) were not correlated in defining prognosis among postmenopausal patients with estrogen...

hepatobiliary cancer

Adjuvant S-1 vs Observation for Resected Biliary Tract Cancer

In a Japanese phase III trial (JCOG1202, ASCOT) reported in The Lancet, Nakachi et al found that adjuvant S-1 was associated with significantly improved overall survival vs observation in patients with resected biliary tract cancer. Study Details The multicenter, open-label trial included 440...

hepatobiliary cancer

Adjuvant FOLFOX Hepatic Arterial Infusion in Hepatocellular Carcinoma With Microvascular Invasion

In a Chinese phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Li et al found that adjuvant hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy with FOLFOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin) significantly improved disease-free survival vs routine follow-up in patients with hepatocellular...

lymphoma

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Pirtobrutinib for Relapsed or Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma

On January 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pirtobrutinib (Jaypirca) for patients with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma after at least two lines of systemic therapy, including a Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor. BRUIN Efficacy was...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Elacestrant for ER-Positive, HER2-Negative, ESR1-Mutated Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer

On January 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved elacestrant (Orserdu) for postmenopausal women or adult men with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative, ESR1-mutated advanced or metastatic breast cancer with disease progression following at least one line of endocrine...

gastrointestinal cancer

Souya Nunobe, MD, PhD, on Gastric Cancer: 5-Year Follow-up on S-1 Chemotherapy for Stage II Disease

Souya Nunobe, MD, PhD, of Japan’s Cancer Institute Hospital and the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, discusses 5-year follow-up results of the phase III OPAS-1 trial, which compared four and eight courses of S-1, a novel oral fluoropyrimidine derivative adjuvant chemotherapy for patients...

Sotorasib in Previously Treated Patients With KRAS G12C–Mutated Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: In Conversation With The ASCO Post

On this episode, Chandrakanth Are, MBBS, MBA, FSSO, FRCS, FACS, Professor of Surgical Oncology and Global Health at University of Nebraska Medical Center, and an editorial advisor for The ASCO Post, holds a conversation with John H. Strickler, MD, a medical oncologist at Duke University Medical...

hematologic malignancies
survivorship
gastrointestinal cancer
lymphoma
leukemia
myelodysplastic syndromes

Risk of Subsequent Gastrointestinal Tract Malignancies After Blood or Marrow Transplantation

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, McDonald et al found that receipt of blood or marrow transplantation (BMT) was associated with an increased risk of subsequent malignant neoplasms of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. As stated by the investigators, “Survivors of BMT are at increased risk of...

thyroid cancer

Addition of Pazopanib to Concurrent Radiotherapy and Paclitaxel in Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

In a phase II trial (NRG/RTOG 0912) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Sherman et al found that the addition of pazopanib to concurrent radiotherapy and paclitaxel did not improve overall survival in patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer. Study Details In the U.S. multicenter, double-blind trial,...

gynecologic cancers

New Analysis Sheds Light on Potential Link Between Ovulation and Ovarian Cancer

Individuals who ovulate for longer over their lifetimes may have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer, suggesting that suppressing ovulation can lower this risk, according to a new study published by Fu et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The researchers also offered clues...

issues in oncology

New Study Shows Increased Cancer Mortality Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes in England

New research shows that patients with type 2 diabetes may experience a substantially higher rate of cancer mortality than the general population—by 18% for all cancers combined, 9% for breast cancer, and as much as 2.4-fold for colorectal cancer—according to a new study published by Ling et al in...

issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Trends in Use of Next-Generation Sequencing in U.S. Patients According to Genetic Ancestry

In a study reported in a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine, Mata et al found that U.S. individuals of African ancestry and Hispanic patients made up an increasing proportion of patients undergoing next-generation sequencing of tumor samples over a 9-year period ending in...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab as Adjuvant Treatment for NSCLC

On January 26, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for adjuvant treatment following resection and platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with stage IB (T2a, ≥ 4 cm), II, or IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). KEYNOTE-091 Efficacy was evaluated in...

hepatobiliary cancer

Laura A. Dawson, MD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Liver Metastases: Recent Treatment Data on Palliative Radiotherapy

Laura A. Dawson, MD, of Canada’s Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses phase III findings showing that compared with best supportive care alone, single-fraction whole-liver radiation therapy appears to improve hepatic pain in the majority of patients with treatment-refractory or -ineligible...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Filippo Pietrantonio, MD, on Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma: Recent Data on Treatment With Tremelimumab and Durvalumab

Filippo Pietrantonio, MD, of Italy’s Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, discusses phase II results from the INFINITY trial of tremelimumab and durvalumab as neoadjuvant treatment of patients with microsatellite instability–high (MSI) resectable gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma...

colorectal cancer

Julien Taïeb, MD, PhD, on Treating Colorectal Cancer With Trifluridine and Tipiracil Plus Bevacizumab

Julien Taïeb, MD, PhD, of Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Université Paris-Cité, discusses the clinical implications of new phase III findings from the SUNLIGHT study, which showed that trifluridine and tipiracil (FTD/TPI) plus bevacizumab resulted in improved outcomes compared with FTD/TPI...

sarcoma
gastrointestinal cancer

ctDNA Analysis May Predict Optimal Treatment for Patients With GIST

Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis of KIT exon mutations may help predict which second-line therapy is best for patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), according to data presented by Bauer et al during the January ASCO Plenary Series session (Abstract 397784). An...

gastrointestinal cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Analysis of Mutations Associated With High Tumor Mutation Burden in Microsatellite-Stable Gastrointestinal Cancers

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Wang et al identified mutations linked to high tumor mutation burden in microsatellite-stable (MSS) gastrointestinal cancers that may be associated with efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Study Details Molecular alterations in 48,606...

breast cancer

Updated Results of DESTINY-Breast03: T-DXd vs T-DM1 for Previously Treated Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

As reported in The Lancet by Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, and colleagues, updated results of the phase III DESTINY-Breast03 trial showed significantly improved overall survival with fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) vs ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in patients with HER2-positive unresectable or...

Advertisement

Advertisement



Advertisement