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Recommendations on the Use of Liquid Biopsy for Lung Cancer

On this episode, we’re reviewing recommendations from the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer on the use of liquid biopsy for lung cancer. We’ll also hear about a study that compared two regimens added to radiotherapy for pancreatic cancer.

covid-19

Expert Point of View: Clifford Goodman, PhD

Moderator of the session at the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Virtual Oncology Policy Summit, Clifford Goodman, PhD, Senior Vice President at The Lewin Group, said he was struck by the diverse impacts that the COVID-19 pandemic had on cancer care. One area that remained relatively...

covid-19

Impact of COVID-19 on Cancer Treatment and Early Detection: Data-Driven Insights

From a dramatic drop in caseloads to missed screenings and diagnoses as well as the emergence of telemedicine, COVID-19 turned the world of oncology upside down. During the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Virtual Oncology Policy Summit, “Defining the ‘New Normal’ 2021 and the State of...

breast cancer
myelodysplastic syndromes

FDA Pipeline: Designations for Therapies in Myelodysplastic Syndromes and Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted special designation status to treatments for myelodysplastic syndromes and advanced triple-negative breast cancer. Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Venetoclax in Combination With Azacitidine for  Myelodysplastic Syndromes Venetoclax...

prostate cancer

Nomograms for Predicting Outcomes With LuPSMA Therapy in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a retrospective study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Gafita et al developed nomograms for predicting overall survival and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression-free survival outcomes in men receiving lutetium-177–PSMA (LuPSMA) treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Addition of Ipilimumab to Nivolumab in Previously Treated, Immunotherapy-Naive Patients With Stage IV Squamous NSCLC

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Scott N. Gettinger, MD, and colleagues, the phase III Lung Cancer Master Protocol S1400I trial showed no improvement in overall survival with the addition of ipilimumab to nivolumab in previously treated, immune checkpoint inhibitor–naive patients with stage IV...

issues in oncology

Implementation of a Program Providing Free Cancer Screenings, Same-Day Results

Evidence shows that early detection and treatment of cancer can significantly improve health outcomes. However, women in Mississippi—particularly in underserved populations—experience high rates of late-stage cancer diagnoses. A report published by Michelle Williams, PhD, and colleagues in the...

breast cancer

Outcomes in Patients With HER2-Low–Positive Breast Cancer Participating in Neoadjuvant Clinical Trials

In a pooled analysis of individual patient data from breast cancer neoadjuvant clinical trials reported in The Lancet Oncology, Carsten Denkert, MD, and colleagues found that pathologic complete response and survival rates for patients with HER2-low–positive vs HER2-zero tumors differed according...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Carol Aghajanian, MD

“The phase III ENGOT/GCIG study1 proved to be negative, with no advantage seen with the extension of bevacizumab treatment,” said the abstract’s invited discussant, Carol Aghajanian, MD, Chief of the Medical Gynecologic Oncology Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York. Dr....

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Bevacizumab in Advanced Ovarian Cancer: Phase III Trial Finds More Is Not Better

In advanced ovarian cancer, the duration of maintenance bevacizumab should remain 15 months, according to the European multicenter phase III ENGOT/GCIG trial. These results were presented during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Jacobus Pfisterer, MD, PhD, of the AGO Study Group and Gynecologic...

covid-19

Study Finds the COVID-19 Pandemic Created Significant Disruptions in Cancer Screenings at Federally Qualified Health Centers

A new study has found that the COVID-19 pandemic contributed to significant disruptions in breast, colorectal, and cervical cancer screenings at federally qualified health systems spanning 15 states across the United States. The postponed screenings have created backlogs that systems will need to...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

Ruxolitinib for Glucocorticoid-Refractory or -Dependent Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

In the phase III REACH3 trial, reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Robert Zeiser, MD, and colleagues found that ruxolitinib produced a significantly higher overall response rate vs investigator-selected control treatments in patients with glucocorticoid-refractory or -dependent chronic ...

breast cancer

Is There a Disease-Free Survival Benefit With Adjuvant Celecoxib in HER2-Negative Breast Cancer?

In the phase III REACT trial reported in JAMA Oncology, R. Charles Coombes, MD, PhD, and colleagues found no disease-free survival benefit with the addition of 2 years of adjuvant celecoxib vs placebo to conventional adjuvant treatment in patients with HER2-negative breast cancer. Study Details...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Interleukin-2 Pathway Agonist Bempegaldesleukin Plus Nivolumab in the First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Melanoma

In the phase II cohort of a phase I/II trial (PIVOT-02) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Adi Diab, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of the interleukin-2 pathway agonist bempegaldesleukin and nivolumab produced high response rates and extended progression-free survival in...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Pembrolizumab/Lenvatinib for Advanced Endometrial Carcinoma

On July 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with lenvatinib (Lenvima) for patients with advanced endometrial carcinoma that is not microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) who have disease progression...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

Transvaginal Ultrasound Screening Misses More Cases of Endometrial Cancer in Black Women vs White Women

A screening tool used to evaluate the need for endometrial cancer biopsies in women frequently misses the signs of this cancer in Black women, according to a new study published by Kemi M. Doll, MD, and colleagues in JAMA Oncology. Dr. Doll, a gynecologic oncologist at the University of Washington...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Efficacy of Dendritic Cell Vaccines Plus Standard Therapy for Breast Cancer

A report published by Oba et al in the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer shares new data on combining standard treatment for breast cancer with a particular form of cancer immunotherapy—dendritic cell vaccines. The study is reportedly the first to demonstrate that in situ dendritic cell vaccines...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Study Identifies MET Amplification as a Driver for Some Non–Small Cell Lung Cancers

A study published by D. Ross Camidge, MD, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology has helped to define MET amplification as a rare but potentially actionable driver for non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Dr. Camidge said many of the major developments in the treatment of NSCLC have ...

prostate cancer

Addition of AKT Inhibitor Ipatasertib to Abiraterone/Prednisolone in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With PTEN Loss

In the phase III IPATential150 trial reported in The Lancet, Christopher Sweeney, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of the AKT inhibitor ipatasertib to abiraterone and prednisolone produced a significant improvement in progression-free survival among patients with metastatic...

breast cancer

Breast-Conserving Surgery Plus Radiotherapy May Yield Better Survival Than Mastectomy With or Without Radiotherapy

In a Swedish cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, de Boniface et al found that breast-conserving surgery plus radiation therapy for women with breast cancer was associated with better survival vs mastectomy with or without radiotherapy in analysis adjusting for comorbidities and socioeconomic...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

Addition of Prime-Boost Vaccination Regimen to Atezolizumab in Soft-Tissue Sarcomas Expressing NY-ESO-1

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sant P. Chawla, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of the heterologous prime-boost vaccination regimen CMB305 to atezolizumab did not improve survival outcomes in patients with soft-tissue sarcomas expressing the...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Combination Ficlatuzumab and Cytarabine Show Clinical Activity in Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Despite advances in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), only 29.5% of patients with the cancer are alive 5 years after diagnosis. Even with aggressive therapy, just 30% of patients achieve a complete remission with a median survival of 7.5 months, making it imperative to develop novel...

gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab in Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma

A phase II study published by Kanwal Raghav, MBBS, MD, and colleagues in Cancer Discovery found that combination treatment with the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab and the VEGF inhibitor bevacizumab was well tolerated and resulted in a 40% objective response rate in patients with advanced malignant...

breast cancer
cost of care

Study Estimates Costs Associated With Metastatic Breast Cancer Treatment May Increase Substantially in the Coming Decade

A study from the UNC Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (HPDP) estimates that annual costs associated with metastatic breast cancer treatment among women in the United States will total $152.4 billion in 2030—nearly two and a half times the estimate for 2015 costs—due to an increase ...

prostate cancer

MRI-Targeted vs Standard Biopsy for Prostate Cancer Screening in Men With Elevated PSA Levels

In a Swedish population-based noninferiority trial (STHLM3-MRI) reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Eklund et al found magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted biopsy was noninferior to standard biopsy in detecting clinically significant cancers in men with elevated prostate-specific...

breast cancer
survivorship

Pregnancy Outcomes and Maternal Complications Among Survivors of Breast Cancer

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that breast cancer survivors were less likely to have subsequent pregnancy vs the general population and more likely to have preterm birth. However, no reduction...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Adding Perioperative Durvalumab to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Stage IIIA NSCLC

In a Swiss phase II trial (SAKK 16/14) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rothschild et al found that the addition of perioperative durvalumab to neoadjuvant cisplatin/docetaxel resulted in a high major pathologic response rate and an event-free survival rate of 73% in patients with...

prostate cancer

PSMA PET-Positive Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In this video, Drs. Matthew R. Smith, Xin Gao, and Alicia K. Morgans discuss the emerging role of PSMA (prostate-specific membrane antigen)-targeted therapy in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Dr. Smith presents a case of a 67-year-old man with metastatic castration-resistant...

prostate cancer
genomics/genetics

Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer and DNA Repair Gene Alterations

In this video, Drs. Matthew R. Smith, Xin Gao, and Alicia K. Morgans discuss the role of PARP inhibitors in the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and homologous recombination repair deficiency, focusing on data from the PROfound trial. Dr. Smith presents a case of a...

prostate cancer

High-Volume De Novo Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

In this video, Drs. Matthew R. Smith, Xin Gao, and Alicia K. Morgans discuss the management of metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, focusing on data from the phase III PEACE-1 trial. The faculty present the case of a 61-year-old man with de novo metastatic high-volume...

prostate cancer

Low-Volume Recurrent Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

In this video, Drs. Matthew R. Smith, Xin Gao, and Alicia K. Morgans discuss the management of metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, focusing on data from the phase III TITAN trial. The faculty present the case of a 73-year-old man with recurrent, low-volume/low-risk metastatic...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Consensus Statement From IASLC on Liquid Biopsy for Advanced NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology by Christian Rolfo, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) has issued a consensus statement on the use of liquid biopsy in advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Select recommendations are...

cns cancers
immunotherapy

HER2-Specific CAR T-Cell Trial Addresses Pediatric Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors

Locoregional delivery of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells has resulted in objective responses in adults with glioblastoma, but the approach has not been evaluated in pediatric patients with brain and central nervous system tumors. The innovative, ongoing phase I BrainChild-01 trial is...

breast cancer
covid-19

Initial Pandemic-Related Disruptions in Breast Cancer Care May Result in Increased Mortality Over the Next Decade

During the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, elective medical procedures, including screenings for breast cancer, were curtailed to prioritize urgent medical needs and reduce the risk of spreading the coronavirus in health-care settings. A study showed that, as of May 2020, preventive...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Real-World Survival Outcomes With Pertuzumab Plus T-DM1 for HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

In a Canadian population-based retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ethier et al identified real-world survival outcomes among women receiving pertuzumab and trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) for stage IV HER2-positive breast cancer, observing that outcomes appeared to be poorer than...

gastrointestinal cancer

KIT Inhibitor Combination Shows Efficacy in Refractory GIST

In a phase Ib/IIa trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Wagner et al found that the combination of a type I KIT inhibitor, PLX9486, with the type II inhibitor sunitinib produced clinical benefit and improved progression-free survival rates in patients with refractory gastrointestinal stromal tumors...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Approves Belumosudil for Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease

On July 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved belumosudil (Rezurock), a kinase inhibitor, for adult and pediatric patients aged 12 years and older with chronic graft-vs-host disease after failure of at least two prior lines of systemic therapy. KD025-213 Efficacy was evaluated in ...

FDA Approval in Urothelial Cancer, Plus Mechanisms of Acquired Resistance in KRAS G12C–Mutant Cancers

On this episode, we're reviewing the FDA full approval of a therapy for previously treated patients with advanced urothelial cancer. Then, we'll hear about a trial that investigated potential mechanisms of acquired resistance to KRAS G12C inhibitors in patients with KRAS G12C–mutant cancers.

breast cancer

Terry P. Mamounas, MD, MPH, on Breast Cancer: Extended Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy

Terry P. Mamounas, MD, MPH, of the University of Florida Health Cancer Center, discusses results from the NRG Oncology/NSABP B-42 study, which examined the Breast Cancer Index and its ability to predict whether extended treatment with letrozole benefits patients with hormone receptor–positive...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Evandro de Azambuja, MD, PhD, Discusses the Short-HER Trial

Invited discussant of the Short-HER trial, Evandro de Azambuja, MD, PhD, Head of the Medical Support Team at the Institut Jules Bordet, Brussels, acknowledged the good outcomes in low- and intermediate-risk patients treated with either a short or long duration of trastuzumab but said 1 year of the...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Long-Term Analysis of Short-HER Trial of Adjuvant Trastuzumab

Long-term analysis of the Short-HER trial showed that 9 weeks of adjuvant trastuzumab conveyed benefits comparable to a 1-year course in patients with early HER2-positive breast cancer deemed to be at low or intermediate risk for recurrence. High-risk patients, however, derived considerably more...

immunotherapy
skin cancer

Study Identifies Gut Microbes Associated With Combination Immunotherapy Response and Adverse Events

Researchers have found that specific intestinal microbiota signatures may correlate with high-grade adverse events and response to combined CTLA-4 and PD-1 blockade treatment. The study, published by Andrews et al in Nature Medicine, also identified a potential new strategy to treat toxicity—while...

issues in oncology

Risk of Bleeding Complications During Central Venous Catheter Placement in Pediatric Patients With Cancer

In a retrospective cohort study reported in a research letter in JAMA Surgery, Stokes et al found that risk of minor bleeding events during central venous catheter placement in pediatric patients with cancer was significantly increased among those with platelet counts < 50 × 103/μL at the time...

prostate cancer

Addition of Docetaxel to Radiotherapy and ADT in Nonmetastatic Unfavorable-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Anthony V. D’Amico, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of docetaxel to radiotherapy and androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) did not improve overall survival in nonmetastatic, unfavorable-risk prostate cancer. However,...

pancreatic cancer
genomics/genetics

Prevalence of Homologous Recombination Deficiency in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Casolino et al identified the prevalence of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) genes in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and found that the reported prevalence of HRD was higher with...

breast cancer

Melinda L. Telli, MD, on Breast Cancer: Neoadjuvant Talazoparib for Early HER2-Negative Disease

Melinda L. Telli, MD, of Stanford University, discusses results of a phase II study on neoadjuvant talazoparib in germline BRCA1/2 mutation–positive, early HER2-negative breast cancer. In this setting, talazoparib monotherapy was active and yielded pathologic complete response rates comparable to...

covid-19

Majority of Patients With Cancer Achieve Immune Response After COVID-19 Vaccination

In a U.S. and Swiss study, nearly all patients with cancer developed an immune response to COVID-19 mRNA vaccines 3 to 4 weeks after receiving their second dose. However, a small group of the patients exhibited no response, raising questions about how their protection against the virus will be...

cns cancers

Study Explores Ketogenic Diet and Intermittent Fasting in Patients With Brain Cancer

More research into the efficacy of a modified ketogenic diet may be beneficial for people with brain tumors, according to a new study published by Schreck et al in the journal Neurology. The diet, which is high in fat and low in carbohydrates, led to changes in the metabolism in the body and the...

pancreatic cancer

SBRT Plus Pembrolizumab/Trametinib vs Gemcitabine in Locally Recurrent Resected Pancreatic Cancer

In a Chinese phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Zhu et al found that stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) plus pembrolizumab and trametinib produced a modest—but statistically significant—overall survival benefit vs SBRT plus gemcitabine in patients with locally recurrent resected...

skin cancer

Expert Point of View: Jason J. Luke, MD

The invited discussant of LEAP-004, Jason J. Luke, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine and Director of the Cancer Immunotherapeutics Center, University of Pittsburgh Hillman Cancer Center, said the investigators of LEAP-0041 deserve credit for designing a study with a clearly defined...

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