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2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

hepatobiliary cancer

Angela Lamarca, MD, PhD, on Biliary Tract Cancers: Active Symptom Control With Oxaliplatin and Fluorouracil

Angela Lamarca, MD, PhD, of The Christie NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Manchester, discusses phase III findings from a multicenter study of active symptom control alone or active symptom ...

gynecologic cancers

Richard T. Penson, MD, and Don S. Dizon, MD, on Ovarian Cancer: SOLO3 Trial on Olaparib vs Chemotherapy in Relapsed Disease

Don S. Dizon, MD, of the Lifespan Cancer Institute, and Richard T. Penson, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, discuss phase III study findings on the PARP inhibitor olaparib, which s...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Gilberto Lopes, MD, MBA, on the RELAY Trial in Metastatic NSCLC: Erlotinib and Ramucirumab in EGFR Mutant–Positive Disease

Gilberto Lopes, MD, MBA, of the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, offers commentary on phase III findings from the RELAY study, which showed that erlotinib plus ramucir...

multiple myeloma

Michael A. Thompson, MD, PhD, on Smoldering Multiple Myeloma: Reassessing Risk Stratification Models

Michael A. Thompson, MD, PhD, of Advocate Aurora Health, discusses the implications of the revised diagnostic criteria for multiple myeloma, which removed patients at the highest risk of disease progr...

multiple myeloma

Francesca Gay, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Carfilzomib/Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone With or Without Transplantation

Francesca Gay, MD, of GIMEMA, European Myeloma Network, discusses the results of the FORTE trial on the efficacy of carfilzomib/lenalidomide/dexamethasone with or without autologous stem cell transpla...

prostate cancer

Kim N. Chi, MD, on Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer: First Results From the TITAN Trial

Kim N. Chi, MD, of BC Cancer, discusses the first phase III findings from the TITAN study of apalutamide vs placebo in patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer receiving androgen-...

prostate cancer

Kim N. Chi, MD, on Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Cabazitaxel vs Abiraterone or Enzalutamide in the Metastatic Setting

Kim N. Chi, MD, of BC Cancer, discusses updated results from a phase II study of cabazitaxel vs abiraterone or enzalutamide in patients with poor-prognosis metastatic castration-resistant prostate can...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Checkpoint Inhibitors and Genomic Characterization of Sarcomatoid/Rhabdoid Disease

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Ziad Bakouny, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss a retrospective review of genomically profiled patients with sarcomatoid/rhabdoid renal cell cancer who were f...

prostate cancer

Michael J. Morris, MD, on Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Adding Abiraterone Acetate to Enzalutamide

Michael J. Morris, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the phase III findings from the Alliance A031201 trial, which showed that adding abiraterone acetate to enzalutamide did not...

bladder cancer

Brian C. Baumann, MD, on Locally Advanced Bladder Cancer: Adjuvant Radiotherapy After Radical Cystectomy

Brian C. Baumann, MD, of Washington University School of Medicine, discusses study findings suggesting postoperative radiotherapy may be an option for patients with locally advanced bladder cancer aft...

solid tumors

Brian C. Baumann, MD, on Locally Advanced Cancer: Proton vs Photon Therapy

Brian C. Baumann, MD, of Washington University School of Medicine, discusses study findings that showed, for adults with locally advanced cancer across five different disease sites, proton chemoradiot...

colorectal cancer

Thomas J. George, MD, on Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer: Total Neoadjuvant Therapy

Thomas J. George, MD, of NRG Oncology and The University of Florida Health Cancer Center, discusses the initial phase II results from a clinical trial using total neoadjuvant therapy (including velipa...

breast cancer

Patricia A. Ganz, MD, on Breast Cancer: Whole- vs Partial-Breast Irradiation

Patricia A. Ganz, MD, of NRG Oncology and Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA, discusses the NRG/NSABP phase III findings, which showed that partial-breast irradiation was more convenient and ...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Sarah Abou Alaiwi, MD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Checkpoint Inhibitors: Overall Survival and Polybromo-Associated Mutations

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Sarah Abou Alaiwi, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss the association of polybromo-associated BAF-type mutations with overall survival in patients with differe...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Paul G. Richardson, MD, on Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma: Adding Isatuximab to Pomalidomide and Low-Dose Dexamethasone

Paul G. Richardson, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses findings from the phase III ICARIA-MM trial showing that isatuximab, pomalidomide, and low-dose dexamethasone significantly improved ...

prostate cancer

Miriam Knoll, MD, and Zachery Reichert, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Focal Radiation for Oligometastatic Castration-Resistant Disease

Miriam Knoll, MD, of Hackensack University Medical Center, and Zachery Reichert, MD, PhD, of the University of Michigan, discuss the FORCE trial, which examined whether radiation can create a more dur...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Miriam Knoll, MD, and Richard J. White, DO, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Predicting Radiotherapy/Immunotherapy Treatment Outcomes

Miriam Knoll, MD, of Hackensack University Medical Center, and Richard J. White, DO, of Allegheny Health Network, discuss improved overall survival among younger female patients with non–small cell lu...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Yoland C. Antill, MD, on Endometrial Cancer: PHAEDRA Trial on Durvalumab and Mismatch Repair Status

Yoland C. Antill, MD, of Cabrini Health, discusses phase II data on the effect of durvalumab, a PD-L1 inhibitor, as a single agent in the setting of recurrent or advanced endometrial cancer. Her resea...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Pemetrexed, Bevacizumab, or Both as Maintenance Therapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, of Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, discusses findings from the ECOG-ACRIN 5508 study, which showed that single-agent bevacizumab or pemetrexed is the optimal main...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Matt D. Galsky, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: Pembrolizumab vs Placebo After First-Line Chemotherapy

Matt D. Galsky, MD, of The Tisch Cancer Institute at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, discusses phase II study findings that show switch maintenance with pembrolizumab significantly improves p...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: Adding Bevacizumab to Gemcitabine and Cisplatin

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses results from the phase III Alliance trial, which showed that adding bevacizumab to gemcitabine and cisplatin did not imp...

kidney cancer

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, on Renal Cancer: Cytoreductive Nephrectomy Followed by Sunitinib in the Metastatic Setting

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of the Huntsman Cancer Institute, and Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, of the Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, Paris Descartes University, discuss an update to the CARMENA trial with new ...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: KEYNOTE-426 on First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah Health Care, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, discuss phase III study findings on outcomes with comb...

bladder cancer

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and Thomas W. Flaig, MD, on Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: Predicting Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah Health Care, and Thomas W. Flaig, MD, of the University of Colorado, discuss phase II findings on a novel predictive biomarker of r...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Daniel P. Petrylak, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: Enfortumab Vedotin Monotherapy for Locally Advanced or Metastatic Disease

Daniel P. Petrylak, MD, of Yale School of Medicine, discusses study results on enfortumab vedotin monotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer previously treated with platinum and ...

issues in oncology
lung cancer

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, and R. Donald Harvey, PharmD, BCOP, on Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Expanding the Criteria for Clinical Trial Eligibility

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, of ASCO, and R. Donald Harvey, PharmD, BCOP, of Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, discuss their study findings that expanding the clinical trial eligibility criter...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Enfortumab Vedotin Shows Activity in Previously Treated, Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

The single-arm, phase II EV-201 trial showed treatment with enfortumab vedotin—an agent targeting Nectin-4, a protein found in 97% of urothelial cancers—produced responses in 44% of patien...

colorectal cancer

2019 ASCO: OSLO-COMET: Laparoscopic vs Open Resection for Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases

The randomized Norwegian OSLO-COMET trial found that laparoscopic surgery did not change chances of survival compared to open resection to remove metastases that had spread to the liver in patients wi...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Expansion of Clinical Trial Inclusion Criteria in Patients With Advanced NSCLC

A study that examined 10,500 health records of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer from ASCO’s CancerLinQ database found that the use of expanded clinical trial inclusion cri...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

David J. Kwiatkowski, MD, PhD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy for Resectable Disease

David J. Kwiatkowski, MD, PhD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses an interim analysis and biomarker data from a multicenter study showing that 19% of patients ...

lung cancer

Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, MD, on Nonsquamous Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Pemetrexed Plus Cisplatin vs Vinorelbine Plus Cisplatin

Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, MD, of Shizuoka Cancer Center, discusses the phase III JIPANG trial findings, which showed that pemetrexed plus cisplatin was not superior to vinorelbine plus cisplatin in terms of...

breast cancer

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, on Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality: Results From the Women’s Health Initiative on the Effects of a Low-Fat Diet

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, of the Los Angeles BioMedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, discusses study findings from nearly 2 decades of data, which showed a 21% reduction in de...

prostate cancer

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, on the ARAMIS Trial in Prostate Cancer: Impact of Darolutamide on Pain and Quality of Life

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, University of Paris-Sud, discusses study findings showing that not only does darolutamide prolong metastasis-free survival, it maintains quality ...

leukemia

Mark J. Levis, MD, PhD, on Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Gilteritinib in FLT3-Mutated Disease

Mark J. Levis, MD, PhD, of The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University, discusses the effect of gilteritinib on survival in patients with FLT3-mutated relapsed/refractory...

pancreatic cancer

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Adjuvant Nab-paclitaxel and Gemcitabine

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, discusses phase III results from the multicenter APACT trial, which showed that adjuvant nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine may be an option for patients who are ineligible for t...

lung cancer

Taofeek Kunle Owonikoko, MD, PhD, on Small Cell Lung Cancer: Tremelimumab and Durvalumab With or Without Radiation

Taofeek Kunle Owonikoko, MD, PhD, of Emory University, discusses the findings of his phase II study, which assessed the efficacy of combined immune checkpoint inhibitors with or without radiation in r...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Danny Rischin, MD, on Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: KEYNOTE-048 Trial on Pembrolizumab

Danny Rischin, MD, of Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses phase III results that support pembrolizumab with and without platinum-based chemotherapy plus fluorouracil as new first-line standards o...

cns cancers

Manmeet S. Ahluwalia, MD, on Glioblastoma: Novel Cancer Vaccine With Standard Therapy

Manmeet S. Ahluwalia, MD, of the Taussig Center Institute, Cleveland Clinic, discusses phase II findings on the efficacy and immunogenicity of SurVaxM, a novel cancer vaccine targeting the tumor-speci...

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

Kamal Chamoun, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Insurance Status and Survival

Kamal Chamoun, MD, of University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, discusses how better insurance coverage determines not only the ability of patients with multiple myeloma to afford high-priced oral m...

pancreatic cancer

2019 ASCO: POLO: Maintenance Olaparib in Germline BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

The randomized phase III POLO trial found that maintenance therapy with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor olaparib significantly delayed the progression of metastatic pancreatic cancer i...

prostate cancer

2019 ASCO: ENZAMET: Addition of Enzalutamide to Standard of Care in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

An interim analysis of the international, randomized phase III ENZAMET trial found that 80% of men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer who received the nonsteroidal antiandrogen agent en...

health-care policy
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Medicaid Expansion and Time to Treatment in African American Patients Compared to White Patients With Cancer

Previous racial disparities in timely cancer treatment between African American and white patients were reduced in states where Medicaid access was expanded under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), accord...

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Does Insurance Status Impact Survival in Patients With Multiple Myeloma?

A new study analyzing demographic statistics from the National Cancer Database presented by Chamoun et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract LBA107) identified multiple socioeconomic factors&md...

gynecologic cancer
health-care policy

2019 ASCO: Effect of ACA Implementation on Diagnosis and Treatment of Ovarian Cancer in Women Under 65

An analysis of data from the National Cancer Database found that after implementation of the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA), ovarian cancer was diagnosed and treated at an earlier stage among women yo...

prostate cancer

Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, and Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: ENZAMET Trial on Enzalutamide for Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Disease

Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, of Monash University and Eastern Health, and Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss phase III findings from their international trial on adding en...

issues in oncology
health-care policy

Amy J. Davidoff, PhD, on Racial Disparities in Time to Cancer Treatment: The Effect of Medicaid Expansion

Amy J. Davidoff, PhD, of Yale University School of Public Health, discusses study findings on how expanding access to Medicaid through the Affordable Care Act (ACA) reduced racial disparities among pa...

pancreatic cancer

Alok A. Khorana, MD, and Hedy L. Kindler, MD, on Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: POLO Trial on Olaparib as Maintenance Therapy

Alok A. Khorana, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, and Hedy L. Kindler, MD, of The University of Chicago, discuss phase III findings on olaparib as maintenance treatment following first-line platinum-based...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Kamran A. Ahmed, MD, on Cervical Cancer: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Plus Atezolizumab

Kamran A. Ahmed, MD, of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, reports on a trial in progress that is investigating whether treatment with atezolizumab plus hypofractionated radiatio...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Josep Tabernero, MD, PhD, on Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma: Pembrolizumab With or Without Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy

Josep Tabernero, MD, PhD, of the Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, discusses phase III findings of the KEYNOTE-062 study showing that, for some patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal ju...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Edward B. Garon, MD, on Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: KEYNOTE-001 Trial on Pembrolizumab

Edward B. Garon, MD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses long-term survival data on patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer treated...

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