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2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Vanita Noronha, MD

The KEYNOTE-048 trial is practice-changing, according to its invited discussant, Vanita Noronha, MD, Professor of Oncology at Tata Memorial Centre in Mumbai, India. Although a number of questions rema...

Head and Neck Cancer

Improved Survival Shown With First-Line Pembrolizumab in Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

In the final analysis of KEYNOTE-048, first-line pembrolizumab monotherapy led to a significant improvement in overall survival, vs standard chemotherapy with targeted therapy (EXTREME regimen), in pa...

Prostate Cancer

Two Studies Question the Role of Continuous LHRH Angtaonists in Metastatic Castration‑Resistant Prostate Cancer

In the field of prostate cancer, the use of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer is received wisdom. When experts are asked why ADT is continu...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Fixed-Duration Venetoclax Plus Obinutuzumab As First-Line Treatment in Older Patients With CLL Who Have Comorbidities

A fixed-duration regimen of venetoclax plus obinutuzumab demonstrated superior progression-free survival, complete response rates, and minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity compared with chlorambu...

Expert Point of View: Charles Drake, MD, PhD

IN A SEPARATE interview with The ASCO Post, Charles Drake, MD, PhD, commented on the clinical implications of the ENZAMET and TITAN trials, as well as studies of apalutamide, abiraterone acetate, and ...

Prostate Cancer

Apalutamide Improves Survival Outcomes in Castration-Sensitive Metastatic Prostate Cancer in TITAN Trial

Adding apalutamide to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) significantly improved survival in men with metastatic castration-sensitive (also termed hormone-sensitive) prostate cancer, according to the r...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ian Chau, MD

IAN CHAU, MD, a consultant medical oncologist at the Gastrointestinal and Lymphoma Units of The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust in London and Surrey, United Kingdom, was the invited discussant of K...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-062: Pembrolizumab Is a New First-Line Option in Gastric/Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

KEYNOTE-062, a study of first-line treatment in patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, found pembrolizumab to be noninferior to chemotherapy and perhaps better tha...

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Wells Messersmith, MD, and Allyson Ocean, MD

“THE RATIONALE for the POLO study is sound,” said invited study discussant Wells Messersmith, MD. “There’s clearly an unmet need in pancreatic cancer, and there are promising data for poly (ADP-ribose...

Pancreatic Cancer

POLO Trial Shows Maintenance Olaparib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer and germline mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2, maintenance therapy with olaparib doubled the time to disease progression and the proportion of patients who wer...

Prostate Cancer

Chemotherapy and/or Hormonal Agents: Differing Perspectives

WHEN ASKED which treatment to start with—docetaxel or enzalutamide, Dr. Sweeney said, “Patients fit for chemotherapy with high-volume disease can receive chemotherapy [docetaxel] and come back to thes...

Prostate Cancer

ENZAMET Trial Shows Enzalutamide Improves Overall Survival in Hormone-Sensitive Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Agents that improve survival in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer when added to background androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) are showing success in treating metastatic prostate cancer e...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: 3-Year Outcomes in the KRISTINE Trial on Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab Emtansine Plus Pertuzumab in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

As reported at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 500) and in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Hurvitz et al, 3-year outcomes in the phase III KRISTINE trial showed that neoadjuvant trastuzumab...

leukemia

François-Xavier Mahon, MD, PhD, on Chronic-Phase Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Treatment-Free Remission After Second-Line Treatment

François-Xavier Mahon, MD, PhD, of the Université Bordeaux and Institut Bergonie, discusses results of the ENESTop study, which demonstrated the long-term durability and safety of treatment-free remis...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, and Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Breast Cancer: Next Steps in Immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, and Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London, discuss ongoing trials of immunotherapy for ear...

gynecologic cancer

2019 ASCO: Paclitaxel/Carboplatin vs Paclitaxel/Ifosfamide in Carcinosarcoma of the Uterus or Ovary

Results from the phase III NRG Oncology clinical trial GOG 0261 comparing paclitaxel plus carboplatin to paclitaxel plus ifosfamide in women with stage I–IV recurrent carcinosarcoma of the uteru...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: OPTiM Study on T-VEC for Unresectable Melanoma

New research on the immunotherapy talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC)—an injectable oncolytic virus—for patients with unresectable melanoma was presented by Milhem et al at the 2019 ASCO Annu...

skin cancer

2019 ASCO: Long-Term Survival With Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib in Metastatic BRAF-Mutated Melanoma

In an extended analysis of the COMBI-d and COMBI-v trials reported at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 9507) and in The New England Journal of Medicine, Robert et al found a 5-year overall survi...

breast cancer

2019 ASCO: New TAILORx Data Provide Treatment Guidance for Women Under 50 With Early Breast Cancer

New information about adjuvant therapy to prevent recurrence of breast cancer in women 50 years of age or younger has emerged from the Trial Assigning Individualized Options for Treatment (Rx), or TAI...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, and Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Atezolizumab Plus Nab-paclitaxel

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, and Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London, discuss an update of the IMpassion130 interim o...

kidney cancer

2019 ASCO: No Benefit From Pazopanib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma After Metastasectomy

The E2810 trial was conducted to determine whether treatment with the oral drug pazopanib following surgery to remove further metastases in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma would improve th...

colorectal cancer

2019 ASCO: Addition of Veliparib to Total Neoadjuvant Therapy in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

Results from an experimental arm of the phase II NRG-GI002 trial using veliparib, a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, as part of total neoadjuvant therapy (induction chemotherapy followed...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, and Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, on the SOPHIA Trial in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: Chemotherapy Plus Margetuximab vs Trastuzumab

Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, of the University of Genova and Policlinico San Martino Hospital, and Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discuss findings from the SOPHIA tri...

colorectal cancer

Åsmund A. Fretland, MD, on Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases: Laparoscopic vs Open Resection

Åsmund A. Fretland, MD, of Oslo University Hospital, discusses clinical trial findings on survival outcomes after laparoscopic vs open resection for colorectal liver metastases. The study he conducted...

solid tumors

Hani M. Babiker, MD, on Tumor Treating Fields: A Different Approach to Therapy

Hani M. Babiker, MD, of the The University of Arizona, discusses an emerging treatment that inhibits the mitotic spindle and disrupts tumor cell growth. The method has been approved by the FDA to trea...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, and Don S. Dizon, MD, on Recurrent Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer: Niraparib Plus Bevacizumab

Don S. Dizon, MD, of the Lifespan Cancer Institute, and Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, of Copenhagen University Hospital, discuss study findings that showed, compared with niraparib alone, niraparib plus bev...

lung cancer

Justin F. Gainor, MD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Clinical Activity and Tolerability of Selective RET Inhibitor

Justin F. Gainor, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses updated findings from the ARROW study in which BLU-667, a selective RET inhibitor, demonstrated clinical activity and tolerability in...

breast cancer

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, on Early Breast Cancer: Predicting Prognosis and Treatment Benefit in TAILORx

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, of the Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein Cancer Center, discusses how clinical risk stratification provides additional prognostic information to the 21-gene recurren...

breast cancer
survivorship

Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, on Safety of Pregnancy After Treatment for BRCA-Mutated Breast Cancer

Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, of the University of Genova and Policlinico San Martino Hospital, discusses data from an international cohort study on counseling women with breast cancer who have a BRCA m...

kidney cancer

Leonard J. Appleman, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: Pazopanib vs Placebo After Metastasectomy

Leonard J. Appleman, MD, PhD, of UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, discusses phase III trial findings that showed a trend toward worse survival with pazopanib in patients with metastatic kidney cancer who e...

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
prostate cancer
solid tumors

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, and Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, on ANZUP: Taking a Multidisciplinary Approach to Prostate, Kidney, Bladder, Testicular, and Penile Cancers

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, of Monash University and Eastern Health, discuss the Australian and New Zealand Urogenital and Prostate Cancer ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: KRISTINE Trial on Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab, Pertuzumab, and Chemotherapy

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, discusses 3-year outcomes from the first phase III study to test a non-conventional regimen for the n...

lung cancer

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, on Small Cell Lung Cancer: Efficacy and Safety of Lurbinectedin

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, discusses study findings on the second-line use of lurbinectedin in patients with both resistant and sensitive small cell lung cance...

gynecologic cancers

Matthew A. Powell, MD, and Don S. Dizon, MD, on Uterine or Ovarian Cancer: Paclitaxel Plus Carboplatin vs Ifosfamide in Chemotherapy-Naive Patients

Don S. Dizon, MD, of the Lifespan Cancer Institute, and Matthew A. Powell, MD, of Washington University School of Medicine, discuss phase III findings on paclitaxel plus carboplatin vs paclitaxel plus...

prostate cancer

2019 ASCO: TOPARP-B Finds Olaparib Shows Efficacy in Men With BRCA-Mutant Prostate Cancer

The poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib may benefit some men with prostate cancer, according to findings from the phase II TOPARP-B trial presented by Mateo et al at the 2019 ASCO A...

cns cancers
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Combination Therapy With SurVaxM in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

Ahluwalia et al shared research results on SurVaxM at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting, reporting that combination therapy with the immunotherapy vaccine was more effective than standard therapy for nearl...

leukemia
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: CLL14 Trial Evaluates First-Line Venetoclax/Obinutuzumab in Previously Untreated CLL

The phase III CLL14 trial—reported by Fischer et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 7502) and in The New England Journal of Medicine—found that the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax plus...

cns cancers

2019 ASCO: Subgroups of Patients With Low-Grade Glioma May Benefit From PCV Chemotherapy Plus Radiotherapy

A recent, updated predictive analysis of the three World Health Organization (WHO)-defined molecular subgroups based on IDH mutation status and 1p/19q codeletion status represented in the high-ri...

issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Discrimination, Gender Bias in Oncology Training and Professional Meetings

Two studies that explored types of discrimination and gender bias in health-care organizations were presented at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting. Discrimination Experienced by Fellows An abstract that ...

Hematologic Malignancies

Selected Abstracts From the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

To complement The ASCO Post’s comprehensive coverage of the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting, here are several abstracts selected from the meeting proceedings focusing on novel therapeutic regimens for plas...

Genomics/Genetics

Two Pediatric Trials Find Targets for Treatment-Refractory Cancers

An interim analysis of the large Pediatric MATCH trial found that 24% of children and young adolescents with cancers refractory to current treatments had been assigned to treatment with investigationa...

Immunotherapy
Lung Cancer

KEYNOTE-001 Shows Long-Term Survival Benefit With Pembrolizumab in Advanced NSCLC

Before the introduction of immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors, the 5-year life expectancy for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was 5.5%. This dismal outlook has changed....

Issues in Oncology
Health-Care Policy

ACA Increases Access to Health Care, Early Diagnosis, and Timely Treatment for Patients With Cancer

  The evidence is in: the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has enabled improved access to earlier diagnosis, earlier care, and reduced racial disparities in access to care for patients with cancer, accordin...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Study Finds Proton Therapy Reduces Adverse Events, Results in Similar Survival vs Photon Therapy

In a trial presented by Baumann et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 6521), patients with locally advanced cancer treated with proton chemoradiotherapy instead of traditional photon chemora...

Breast Cancer

MONALEESA-7 Shows Overall Survival Benefit for Ribociclib/Endocrine Therapy

The first statistically significant overall survival benefit has been shown for a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor plus endocrine therapy as first-line treatment of advanced breast cancer. ...

pain management

2019 ASCO: Pain Management Program for Patients Undergoing Robotic Urologic Surgery

A specialized pain management program for patients who underwent robotic surgery for urologic cancers resulted in 8% of patients going home with narcotics after discharge, compared to 100% who would h...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Rituximab, Lenalidomide, and Ibrutinib Prior to Chemotherapy in DLBCL

Results of the phase II Smart Start trial revealed that combination targeted therapy consisting of rituximab, lenalidomide, and ibrutinib had an 84.6% overall response rate (ORR) and 38.5% comple...

breast cancer

Adam Brufsky, MD, PhD, on HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: NALA Trial on Neratinib vs Lapatinib Plus Capecitabine

Adam Brufsky, MD, PhD, of Magee-Womens Hospital and the Hillman Cancer Center at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, discusses phase III study findings on neratinib plus capecitabine vs lapat...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Jason Westin, MD, on Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Rituximab, Lenalidomide, and Ibrutinib Prior to Chemotherapy

Jason Westin, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses findings of the Smart Start study on the chemotherapy-free combination of rituximab, lenalidomide, and ibrutinib in ne...

breast cancer

Jame Abraham, MD, on NALA Trial Findings in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

Jame Abraham, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, provides commentary on the NALA study findings on neratinib plus capecitabine vs lapatinib plus capecitabine in patients previously treated with HER2-positiv...

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