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leukemia

Keith W. Pratz, MD, on AML: Venetoclax, Azacitidine, and Disease Response

Keith W. Pratz, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania, discusses the outcomes of patients with acute myeloid leukemia who took part in the VIALE-A trial and were treated with venetoclax and azacitidine. The patients had achieved both composite complete remission and measurable residual disease of...

hematologic malignancies
immunotherapy

Efstathios Kastritis, MD, on Amyloidosis: Standard of Care Plus Daratumumab

Efstathios Kastritis, MD, of the University of Athens, discusses updated phase III results from the ANDROMEDA study of patients with newly diagnosed light chain amyloidosis. The trial further supports the use of daratumumab plus VCd (bortezomib, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone), which was shown ...

Expert Point of View: Anthony TC Chan, MD

The invited discussant of the JUPITER-02 study was Anthony TC Chan, MD, the Li Shu Fan Medical Foundation Professor of Clinical Oncology at Hong King Cancer Institute and Sir YK Pao Centre for Cancer at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He noted that anti–PD-1/L1 therapies are at the forefront...

head and neck cancer

Novel Monoclonal Antibody Emerges as Potential First-Line Standard in Nasopharyngeal Cancer

A new first-line standard of care may be emerging for recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma, based on the findings of the global phase III JUPITER-02 trial presented at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by investigators from China.1 In the study, toripalimab, an anti–PD-1 monoclonal antibody, ...

leukemia
lymphoma

Zanubrutinib vs Ibrutinib in Relapsed/Refractory CLL/SLL: ALPINE Trial

Zanubrutinib—a second-generation Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor—significantly improved response rates and delayed disease progression as compared to the standard of care, ibrutinib, in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), ...

colorectal cancer
genomics/genetics

Alkylating Signature in Colorectal Cancer Linked to High Red Meat Intake

The association between the consumption of red and processed meats and the development of colorectal cancer, as well as pancreatic and prostate cancers, has been known since 2015, when the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified the consumption of red meat as probably...

leukemia
genomics/genetics

Addition of Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin to Conventional Background Chemotherapy in Pediatric Patients With KMT2A-Rearranged AML

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Pollard et al, a subgroup of pediatric patients with KMT2A-rearranged acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the phase III Children’s Oncology Group AAML0531 trial had improved outcomes with the addition of the CD33-targeting agent gemtuzumab ozogamicin...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

ASCO Releases Rapid Guideline Recommendation Update for Patients With High-Risk, HER2-Negative, Germline BRCA–Mutated Breast Cancer

A new ASCO guideline update recommends offering 1 year of adjuvant olaparib to patients with high-risk, early-stage, HER2-negative breast cancer and germline BRCA mutations after completion of (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy and local treatment, including radiation. The recommendations update the 2020...

myelodysplastic syndromes

Reduced-Intensity Conditioning Allogeneic HCT Based on Donor Availability in Older Patients With Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndrome

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nakamura et al found that use of reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in older patients with advanced myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with an available matched donor improved overall survival vs...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Approves Avapritinib for Advanced Systemic Mastocytosis

On June 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the tyrosine kinase inhibitor avapritinib (Ayvakit) for adult patients with advanced systemic mastocytosis, including patients with aggressive systemic mastocytosis, systemic mastocytosis with an associated hematologic neoplasm, and...

breast cancer

De-escalating Surgery for Women With Breast Cancer

From routine axillary lymph node dissection to sentinel lymph node surgery, the use of axillary surgery continues to evolve in breast cancer. Recently, surgical oncologists have begun to consider avoiding axillary surgery completely in patients with a low risk of node-positive disease as well as in ...

lung cancer

Trilaciclib to Reduce Chemotherapy-Induced Bone Marrow Suppression in Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

On February 12, 2021, the cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor trilaciclib was approved for use to decrease the incidence of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression in adult patients when administered prior to a platinum/etoposide–containing regimen or topotecan-containing regimen for...

colorectal cancer
global cancer care

Colorectal Cancer Incidence and Mortality in European Countries

In a European population-based study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cardoso et al found that colorectal cancer incidence and mortality declined more in European countries with long-standing colonoscopy or fecal test screening programs since the year 2000 compared to countries with more recently...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Axicabtagene Ciloleucel Demonstrates Improvement Across Multiple Endpoints in Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

In the treatment of relapsed/refractory follicular lymphoma, a comparison of data from the ZUMA-5 trial with those of the external control cohort of the SCHOLAR-5 trial showed substantial improvement in all clinical endpoints with axicabtagene ciloleucel. John G. Gribben, DSc, FRCP, FRCPath,...

prostate cancer

All-Cause Mortality Risk With Adjuvant vs Early Salvage Radiotherapy After Radical Prostatectomy

In a retrospective cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tilki et al found that adjuvant radiotherapy was associated with reduced risk for all-cause mortality vs early salvage radiotherapy among men at high risk for disease recurrence following radical prostatectomy. As stated...

gynecologic cancers
cost of care

Nearly Half of Surveyed Patients With Gynecologic Cancer Report Experiencing Financial Toxicity

In a new study designed to provide a more comprehensive picture of how a diverse cohort of patients with gynecologic cancer are affected by financial distress, nearly half reported financial toxicity, which was associated with economic cost-coping strategies. These findings were reported by Esselen ...

breast cancer

Geoffrey J. Lindeman, MBBS, PhD, on Breast Cancer: Venetoclax and Fulvestrant in ER-Positive, HER2-Negative Disease

Geoffrey J. Lindeman, MBBS, PhD, of Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses results from the phase II VERONICA study, which compared venetoclax plus fulvestrant with fulvestrant alone in women with estrogen receptor–positive, HER2-negative, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer who...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Nicholas J. Short, MD, on ALL: Ponatinib Plus Blinatumomab May Help Patients Avoid Transplants

Nicholas J. Short, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses early results from a phase II study which showed that combining ponatinib and blinatumomab in patients with Philadelphia chromosome–positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia may prove to be an effective...

lymphoma

Ann S. LaCasce, MD, on Hodgkin Lymphoma: PET-Adapted Therapy for Bulky Disease

Ann S. LaCasce, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses results from the CALGB 50801 Alliance study, which showed that a PET scan–adapted approach may reduce the need for radiation treatment and may improve progression-free outcomes in patients with stage I/II bulky classic Hodgkin lymphoma...

breast cancer

Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, on Luminal Breast Cancer: Prognostic Impact of Recurrence Score, Endocrine Response, and Other Factors

Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, discusses first phase III results from a prospective high-risk cohort of patients with luminal breast cancer, which showed a good prognosis in some women with more than four positive lymph nodes and low recurrence scores. The study...

bladder cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: Comparing Cisplatin and Gemcitabine With or Without Berzosertib

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, discusses results from a phase II study that sought to determine whether adding berzosertib, a selective ATR inhibitor, to the standard upfront chemotherapy regimen of cisplatin with gemcitabine may improve outcomes in patients with metastatic urothelial...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Overall Survival Benefit With Upfront Daratumumab Plus Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone for Newly Diagnosed Transplant-Ineligible Patients With Multiple Myeloma

In an updated analysis of the phase III MAIA trial, the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide and dexamethasone resulted in a statistically significant overall survival benefit over lenalidomide/dexamethasone alone in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are ineligible for...

breast cancer

Adjuvant Platinum vs Capecitabine in Patients With Basal Subtype Triple-Negative Breast Cancer and Residual Disease After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology and during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Ingrid A. Mayer, MD, and colleagues, the phase III ECOG-ACRIN EA1131 trial investigated the use of adjuvant platinum vs capecitabine in patients with basal subtype triple-negative breast cancer and residual...

leukemia

Venetoclax Plus FLAG-IDA Induction and Consolidation for AML

In a single-institution phase I/II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of venetoclax with FLAG-IDA (fludarabine, cytarabine, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, and idarubicin) in induction and consolidation...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Pralsetinib in Advanced RET Fusion–Positive NSCLC: ARROW Trial

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Justin F. Gainor, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase I/II ARROW trial has shown that the oral RET inhibitor pralsetinib produced high response rates in previously treated and treatment-naive patients with advanced RET fusion–positive non–small ...

gynecologic cancers

Computational Tool Suggests Optimal Treatment for Patients With High-Grade Ovarian Cancer

A mathematical tool may help to examine how doctors may coordinate available treatments for high-grade serous ovarian cancer. Published by Gu et al in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the new analysis showed that patients who can have complete debulking surgery first, with...

Expert Point of View: Henry Kuerer, MD, PhD, FACS

Henry Kuerer, MD, PhD, FACS, a cancer surgeon and researcher at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, told The ASCO Post that although this study is not practice-changing, it does offer a potential option for patients. “The advantage of this technique is that the procedure takes just...

breast cancer

Cryoablation in Low-Risk Breast Cancers: Minimally Invasive Procedure With Minimal Risk

Cryoablation is emerging as a new alternative to surgical excision for smaller early-stage, low-risk breast cancers in appropriately selected patient populations, according to data presented during the 2021 American Society of Breast Surgeons Annual Meeting.1 Early 3-year results of the multicenter ...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD

The invited discussant of EMPOWER-Cervical 1 was Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, Chief Oncologist at Copenhagen University Hospital and Chairman of the European Network of Gynaecological Oncology Trials group (ENGOT). Dr. Mirza called the findings “amazing” and predicted they will “usher in a new era” in...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Immunotherapy With Cemiplimab-rwlc Yields Survival Benefit in Advanced Cervical Cancer

The PD-L1 inhibitor cemiplimab-rwlc has become the first immunotherapy to yield a statistically significant and clinically meaningful survival benefit in recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer progressing after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. The result was seen regardless of PD-L1 status, ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Adjuvant Trastuzumab Emtansine vs Paclitaxel/Trastuzumab in Stage I HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In the phase II ATEMPT trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sara M. Tolaney, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that adjuvant trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) resulted in “excellent” invasive disease–free survival but did not reduce clinically relevant toxicity compared with...

gastroesophageal cancer

PET Response–Adapted Chemoradiotherapy for Esophageal and Esophagogastric Junction Adenocarcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Karyn A. Goodman, MD, and colleagues, mature results of the phase II CALGB 80803/Alliance trial indicated that treatment guided by early positron-emission tomography (PET) assessment of response to induction neoadjuvant chemotherapy improved...

breast cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer
genomics/genetics

Real-World Survival Outcomes With Targeted Therapy for Intracranial Metastatic Disease

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Erickson et al found that real-world use of targeted therapy after diagnosis of intracranial metastatic disease was associated with improved overall survival vs no use of targeted therapy in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer,...

leukemia

Ibrutinib/Venetoclax Provides Durable Remission for Patients With Newly Diagnosed CLL

The combination of ibrutinib and venetoclax was found to provide lasting disease remission in patients with newly diagnosed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Findings from a single-institution phase II study were published by Nitin Jain, MD, and colleagues in JAMA Oncology and provide the longest ...

2021 ASCO Annual Meeting: Reports on Kidney, Esophageal, and Cervical Cancers

We’re continuing our coverage of Plenary presentations from the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting, including research on adjuvant pembrolizumab for patients with renal cell carcinoma; novel treatment options for advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma; and adjuvant chemotherapy given after standard...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Patient-Reported Outcomes From the IMbrave150 Trial in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In an analysis from the phase III IMbrave150 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Peter R. Galle, MD, and colleagues found that patients receiving atezolizumab plus bevacizumab had better patient-reported outcomes vs those receiving sorafenib for advanced unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular ...

breast cancer
survivorship

Breast Cancer Risk Prediction Model for Childhood Cancer Survivors Who Received Chest Radiation

In an analysis from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS) and the Dutch Hodgkin Late Effects and LATER cohorts reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Moskowitz et al developed a model for predicting the risk of breast cancer among childhood cancer survivors treated with chest...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Global Registry Analysis of NRG1 Fusion–Positive Lung Cancer

In an analysis from the global eNRGy1 registry for NRG1 fusion–positive lung cancers reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Alexander Drilon, MD, and colleagues found greater than expected heterogeneity in characteristics of disease. Additionally, patients had poor responses to cytotoxic,...

covid-19
global cancer care

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Delivery of Oncology Services in India

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ranganathan et al quantified the enormous impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on delivery of cancer services in India. Study Details The study involved data from 41 cancer centers across the nation. The delivery of oncology services between March 1 and May...

lymphoma

Addition of Copanlisib to Rituximab Improves Progression-Free Survival in Relapsed Indolent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Matthew J. Matasar, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III CHRONOS-3 trial has shown that the addition of the pan-class I PI3K inhibitor copanlisib to rituximab significantly improved progression-free survival vs rituximab ...

FDA Approves New Pediatric Indication for Technetium Tc 99m Tilmanocept Injection

The Lymphoseek (technetium Tc 99m tilmanocept) injection—a radiopharmaceutical agent specifically designed for targeted lymphatic mapping and guiding sentinel lymph node biopsies—has been approved for pediatric use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). "This new indication opens the door...

covid-19

Navigating the Post-Vaccine Pandemic

By now, most health-care workers have been vaccinated against COVID-19.* Physical immunity would appear to last for at least 6 months and probably longer. The physical pandemic for most oncologists is declining, with an end in sight. We are protected from the serious physical consequences of...

Telehealth Flexibilities Helping People Have Uninterrupted Access to Cancer Care Should Continue After the COVID-19 Pandemic

ASCO submitted comments to a House Ways and Means Health Subcommittee hearing titled “Charting the Path Forward for Telehealth.” The comments convey ASCO’s views on how telehealth can better serve individuals with cancer and the oncology professionals who care for them. During the COVID-19...

Senators Richard Burr and Ben Cardin Recognized as ASCO Congressional Champions for Cancer Care

ASCO has presented Senators Richard Burr (R-NC) and Ben Cardin (D-MD) with the annual Congressional Champion for Cancer Care Award in recognition of their ongoing commitment to legislation that improves the environment for cancer research, oncology practice, and the quality of care for patients....

issues in oncology

New Study Shows Difficulty in Identifying Transgender Individuals Using EHR Data

In order to understand and eliminate disparities in cancer incidence and outcomes among transgender people, clinicians and researchers must have data. However, these data are very difficult to obtain because gender identity data are not routinely collected in oncology practice health records. A new ...

Two Memorial Sloan Kettering Experts Awarded for Pioneering Work

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) recently announced that Larry Norton, MD, Senior Vice President, Office of the President; and Medical Director of the Evelyn H. Lauder Breast Center, has been elected to the American Academy of the Arts & Sciences, an honorary society that recognizes ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Dual Immune Checkpoint Blockade With Nivolumab and Ipilimumab for Treatment of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

In recent years, immune checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of mesothelioma have been a keen area of investigation for this immunogenic solid tumor. With recent publications, principally findings from CheckMate 743 by Baas et al1 (reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post), combination immune...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Nivolumab/Ipilimumab Improves Overall Survival vs Chemotherapy in First-Line Treatment for Unresectable Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

As reported in The Lancet by Paul Baas, MD, of The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, and colleagues, a prespecified interim analysis in the phase III CheckMate 743 trial has shown improved overall survival with first-line nivolumab/ipilimumab vs platinum-based chemotherapy in unresectable...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Is High Tumor Mutational Burden Predictive of Immune Checkpoint Blockade Efficacy Across All Cancer Types?

In a letter recently published in The New England Journal of Medicine and reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post, Rousseau and colleagues reported data on the spectrum of benefit from immune checkpoint blockade in hypermutated tumors.1 Indeed, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently...

Carol L. Prives, PhD, FAACR, Receives 2021 AACR–G.H.A. Clowes Award for Outstanding Basic Cancer Research

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) presented Carol L. Prives, PhD, FAACR, with the 2021 AACR–G.H.A. Clowes Award for Outstanding Basic Cancer Research during the virtual AACR Annual Meeting 2021. Dr. Prives, the Da Costa Professor of Biology in the Department of Biological Sciences ...

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