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2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

leukemia

François-Xavier Mahon, MD, PhD, on Chronic-Phase Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Treatment-Free Remission After Second-Line Treatment

François-Xavier Mahon, MD, PhD, of the Université Bordeaux and Institut Bergonie, discusses results of the ENESTop study, which demonstrated the long-term durability and safety of treatment-free remis...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, and Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Breast Cancer: Next Steps in Immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, and Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London, discuss ongoing trials of immunotherapy for ear...

gynecologic cancer

2019 ASCO: Paclitaxel/Carboplatin vs Paclitaxel/Ifosfamide in Carcinosarcoma of the Uterus or Ovary

Results from the phase III NRG Oncology clinical trial GOG 0261 comparing paclitaxel plus carboplatin to paclitaxel plus ifosfamide in women with stage I–IV recurrent carcinosarcoma of the uteru...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: OPTiM Study on T-VEC for Unresectable Melanoma

New research on the immunotherapy talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC)—an injectable oncolytic virus—for patients with unresectable melanoma was presented by Milhem et al at the 2019 ASCO Annu...

skin cancer

2019 ASCO: Long-Term Survival With Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib in Metastatic BRAF-Mutated Melanoma

In an extended analysis of the COMBI-d and COMBI-v trials reported at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 9507) and in The New England Journal of Medicine, Robert et al found a 5-year overall survi...

breast cancer

2019 ASCO: New TAILORx Data Provide Treatment Guidance for Women Under 50 With Early Breast Cancer

New information about adjuvant therapy to prevent recurrence of breast cancer in women 50 years of age or younger has emerged from the Trial Assigning Individualized Options for Treatment (Rx), or TAI...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, and Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Atezolizumab Plus Nab-paclitaxel

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, and Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London, discuss an update of the IMpassion130 interim o...

kidney cancer

2019 ASCO: No Benefit From Pazopanib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma After Metastasectomy

The E2810 trial was conducted to determine whether treatment with the oral drug pazopanib following surgery to remove further metastases in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma would improve th...

colorectal cancer

2019 ASCO: Addition of Veliparib to Total Neoadjuvant Therapy in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

Results from an experimental arm of the phase II NRG-GI002 trial using veliparib, a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, as part of total neoadjuvant therapy (induction chemotherapy followed...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, and Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, on the SOPHIA Trial in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: Chemotherapy Plus Margetuximab vs Trastuzumab

Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, of the University of Genova and Policlinico San Martino Hospital, and Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discuss findings from the SOPHIA tri...

colorectal cancer

Åsmund A. Fretland, MD, on Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases: Laparoscopic vs Open Resection

Åsmund A. Fretland, MD, of Oslo University Hospital, discusses clinical trial findings on survival outcomes after laparoscopic vs open resection for colorectal liver metastases. The study he conducted...

solid tumors

Hani M. Babiker, MD, on Tumor Treating Fields: A Different Approach to Therapy

Hani M. Babiker, MD, of the The University of Arizona, discusses an emerging treatment that inhibits the mitotic spindle and disrupts tumor cell growth. The method has been approved by the FDA to trea...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, and Don S. Dizon, MD, on Recurrent Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer: Niraparib Plus Bevacizumab

Don S. Dizon, MD, of the Lifespan Cancer Institute, and Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, of Copenhagen University Hospital, discuss study findings that showed, compared with niraparib alone, niraparib plus bev...

lung cancer

Justin F. Gainor, MD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Clinical Activity and Tolerability of Selective RET Inhibitor

Justin F. Gainor, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses updated findings from the ARROW study in which BLU-667, a selective RET inhibitor, demonstrated clinical activity and tolerability in...

breast cancer

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, on Early Breast Cancer: Predicting Prognosis and Treatment Benefit in TAILORx

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, of the Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein Cancer Center, discusses how clinical risk stratification provides additional prognostic information to the 21-gene recurren...

breast cancer
survivorship

Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, on Safety of Pregnancy After Treatment for BRCA-Mutated Breast Cancer

Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, of the University of Genova and Policlinico San Martino Hospital, discusses data from an international cohort study on counseling women with breast cancer who have a BRCA m...

kidney cancer

Leonard Joseph Appleman, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: Pazopanib vs Placebo After Metastasectomy

Leonard Joseph Appleman, MD, PhD, of UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, discusses phase III trial findings that showed a trend toward worse survival with pazopanib in patients with metastatic kidney cancer w...

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
prostate cancer
solid tumors

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, and Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, on ANZUP: Taking a Multidisciplinary Approach to Prostate, Kidney, Bladder, Testicular, and Penile Cancers

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, of Monash University and Eastern Health, discuss the Australian and New Zealand Urogenital and Prostate Cancer ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: KRISTINE Trial on Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab, Pertuzumab, and Chemotherapy

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, discusses 3-year outcomes from the first phase III study to test a non-conventional regimen for the n...

lung cancer

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, on Small Cell Lung Cancer: Efficacy and Safety of Lurbinectedin

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, discusses study findings on the second-line use of lurbinectedin in patients with both resistant and sensitive small cell lung cance...

gynecologic cancers

Matthew A. Powell, MD, and Don S. Dizon, MD, on Uterine or Ovarian Cancer: Paclitaxel Plus Carboplatin vs Ifosfamide in Chemotherapy-Naive Patients

Don S. Dizon, MD, of the Lifespan Cancer Institute, and Matthew A. Powell, MD, of Washington University School of Medicine, discuss phase III findings on paclitaxel plus carboplatin vs paclitaxel plus...

prostate cancer

2019 ASCO: TOPARP-B Finds Olaparib Shows Efficacy in Men With BRCA-Mutant Prostate Cancer

The poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib may benefit some men with prostate cancer, according to findings from the phase II TOPARP-B trial presented by Mateo et al at the 2019 ASCO A...

cns cancers
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Combination Therapy With SurVaxM in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

Ahluwalia et al shared research results on SurVaxM at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting, reporting that combination therapy with the immunotherapy vaccine was more effective than standard therapy for nearl...

leukemia
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: CLL14 Trial Evaluates First-Line Venetoclax/Obinutuzumab in Previously Untreated CLL

The phase III CLL14 trial—reported by Fischer et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 7502) and in The New England Journal of Medicine—found that the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax plus...

cns cancers

2019 ASCO: Subgroups of Patients With Low-Grade Glioma May Benefit From PCV Chemotherapy Plus Radiotherapy

A recent, updated predictive analysis of the three World Health Organization (WHO)-defined molecular subgroups based on IDH mutation status and 1p/19q codeletion status represented in the high-ri...

issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Discrimination, Gender Bias in Oncology Training and Professional Meetings

Two studies that explored types of discrimination and gender bias in health-care organizations were presented at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting. Discrimination Experienced by Fellows An abstract that ...

Hematologic Malignancies

Selected Abstracts From the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

To complement The ASCO Post’s comprehensive coverage of the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting, here are several abstracts selected from the meeting proceedings focusing on novel therapeutic regimens for plas...

Genomics/Genetics

Two Pediatric Trials Find Targets for Treatment-Refractory Cancers

An interim analysis of the large Pediatric MATCH trial found that 24% of children and young adolescents with cancers refractory to current treatments had been assigned to treatment with investigationa...

Immunotherapy
Lung Cancer

KEYNOTE-001 Shows Long-Term Survival Benefit With Pembrolizumab in Advanced NSCLC

Before the introduction of immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors, the 5-year life expectancy for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was 5.5%. This dismal outlook has changed....

Issues in Oncology
Health-Care Policy

ACA Increases Access to Health Care, Early Diagnosis, and Timely Treatment for Patients With Cancer

  The evidence is in: the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has enabled improved access to earlier diagnosis, earlier care, and reduced racial disparities in access to care for patients with cancer, accordin...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Study Finds Proton Therapy Reduces Adverse Events, Results in Similar Survival vs Photon Therapy

In a trial presented by Baumann et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 6521), patients with locally advanced cancer treated with proton chemoradiotherapy instead of traditional photon chemora...

Breast Cancer

MONALEESA-7 Shows Overall Survival Benefit for Ribociclib/Endocrine Therapy

The first statistically significant overall survival benefit has been shown for a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor plus endocrine therapy as first-line treatment of advanced breast cancer. ...

pain management

2019 ASCO: Pain Management Program for Patients Undergoing Robotic Urologic Surgery

A specialized pain management program for patients who underwent robotic surgery for urologic cancers resulted in 8% of patients going home with narcotics after discharge, compared to 100% who would h...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Rituximab, Lenalidomide, and Ibrutinib Prior to Chemotherapy in DLBCL

Results of the phase II Smart Start trial revealed that combination targeted therapy consisting of rituximab, lenalidomide, and ibrutinib had an 84.6% overall response rate (ORR) and 38.5% comple...

breast cancer

Adam Brufsky, MD, PhD, on HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: NALA Trial on Neratinib vs Lapatinib Plus Capecitabine

Adam Brufsky, MD, PhD, of Magee-Womens Hospital and the Hillman Cancer Center at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, discusses phase III study findings on neratinib plus capecitabine vs lapat...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Jason Westin, MD, on Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Rituximab, Lenalidomide, and Ibrutinib Prior to Chemotherapy

Jason Westin, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses findings of the Smart Start study on the chemotherapy-free combination of rituximab, lenalidomide, and ibrutinib in ne...

breast cancer

Jame Abraham, MD, on NALA Trial Findings in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

Jame Abraham, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, provides commentary on the NALA study findings on neratinib plus capecitabine vs lapatinib plus capecitabine in patients previously treated with HER2-positiv...

leukemia

Kerry A. Rogers, MD, on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Acalabrutinib With Obinutuzumab in Treatment-Naive and Relapsed or Refractory Disease

Kerry A. Rogers, MD, of The Ohio State University, discusses a 3-year follow-up of phase Ib safety and efficacy findings with the selective BTK inhibitor acalabrutinib and the anti-CD20 monoclonal ant...

leukemia
lymphoma
immunotherapy

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, on Immunotherapy for Relapsed/Refractory CLL/SLL: Results From TRANSCEND CLL 004

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the TRANSCEND CLL 004 trial, which studied the use of an experimental CD19-directed CAR T-cell product in he...

breast cancer

Yeon Hee Park, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Palbociclib, Exemestane, and GnRH Agonist

Yeon Hee Park, MD, of the Samsung Medical Center, discusses phase II study findings that showed exemestane plus palbociclib with ovarian suppression improved progression-free survival compared with ca...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Ahmad A. Tarhini, MD, PhD, on High-Risk Melanoma: Adjuvant Ipilimumab vs High-Dose Interferon-α2b

Ahmad A. Tarhini, MD, PhD, of Emory University and Winship Cancer Institute, discusses phase III findings from the U.S. Intergroup E1609 trial, which showed survival benefits for patients with resecte...

issues in oncology

Richard Pazdur, MD, on the Launch of Project Facilitate

Richard Pazdur, MD, Director of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Oncology Center of Excellence and Acting Director of the Office of Hematology and Oncology Products in the FDA’s Center for ...

issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Survey Finds 'Knowledge Gap' in Molecular Profiling Among Oncologists

A questionnaire aimed at assessing how well community oncologists understand “molecular profiling” results from tumor specimens found that 69% of participants either said they didn't know ...

breast cancer

2019 ASCO: Partial- vs Whole-Breast Irradiation in Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Partial-breast irradiation produces similar long-term survival rates and risk for recurrence compared with whole-breast irradiation for many women with low-risk, early-stage breast cancer, according t...

breast cancer

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, on HR+/HER2− Advanced Breast Cancer: MONALEESA-7 Trial on Endocrine Therapy With or Without Ribociclib

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, of the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the first study of ribociclib plus endocrine therapy vs endocrine therapy alone to demonstrate significantly longer over...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Javier Sastre, MD, PhD, on Colorectal Cancer: Bevacizumab and FOLFOXIRI in Metastatic Disease

Javier Sastre, MD, PhD, of Hospital Clinico San Carlos, discusses phase III findings on the assessment of circulating tumor cells as a prognostic factor and FOLFOXIRI plus bevacizumab combination outc...

multiple myeloma

Sagar Lonial, MD, on Smoldering Multiple Myeloma: Delaying Disease Progression With an Immunomodulatory Agent

Sagar Lonial, MD, of Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, discusses the potentially practice-changing phase III findings showing that lenalidomide substantially delayed progression of smolder...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

William D. Tap, MD, on Soft-Tissue Sarcomas: ANNOUNCE Trial on Doxorubicin and Olaratumab

William D. Tap, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses negative study findings on doxorubicin plus olaratumab vs doxorubicin plus placebo, which showed no difference in overall survi...

gynecologic cancers

Panagiotis A. Konstantinopoulos, MD, PhD, on Endometrial Cancer: Avelumab in Microsatellite-Stable and -Instable Disease

Panagiotis A. Konstantinopoulos, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses his phase II study on the response to avelumab in microsatellite-stable and -instable recurrent or persistent endom...

hepatobiliary cancer

Angela Lamarca, MD, PhD, on Biliary Tract Cancers: Active Symptom Control With Oxaliplatin and Fluorouracil

Angela Lamarca, MD, PhD, of The Christie NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Manchester, discusses phase III findings from a multicenter study of active symptom control alone or active symptom ...

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