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issues in oncology

Drug Developers Share Thoughts on the Oncology Pipeline and the Changes in Clinical Trials

Two oncologists who are now heads of oncology development for pharmaceutical companies discussed the future of cancer drugs at the Community Oncology Alliance’s 2022 Community Oncology Conference. They were ­Johanna Bendell, MD, Global Head of Oncology, Pharma Research, and Early Development at...

issues in oncology

Researchers Develop and Monitor Approaches to Fix Blood Vessel Abnormalities That Make Tumors Difficult to Treat

Tumors send out signals that impair normal blood flow, which makes them hard to treat with multiple therapies, including radiation, chemotherapy, targeted therapies, and immunotherapy. Impaired blood supply creates an environment low in oxygen levels, which causes the tumors to take on aggressive...

colorectal cancer

Smitha S. Krishnamurthi, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Treatment Updates

Smitha S. Krishnamurthi, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, discusses prognostic assays for localized colon cancer, the potential clinical uses and current limitations of prognostic assays for stage II to III disease, and checkpoint inhibitor therapy for metastatic colorectal...

genomics/genetics

Study Points to Expanded Genomic Testing to Benefit Children and Young Adults With Cancer

New findings from researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center published by Shukla et al in Nature Communications reported the results of using a comprehensive sequencing approach on 114 pediatric, adolescent, and young adult patients with solid tumors. The researchers found that their...

legislation

Medicaid Expansion Is Associated With Increased Survival in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Cancer

A large study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society showed that Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was associated with an increase in 2-year overall survival rates among patients newly diagnosed with cancer, especially among non-Hispanic Black people and people...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Matthew L. Meyerson, MD, PhD, on Lung Adenocarcinoma: Somatic Mutations, Germline Risk, and Ancestry

Matthew L. Meyerson, MD, PhD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings that suggest the variation in frequency of EGFR and KRAS mutations in lung cancer may be associated with genetic ancestry in patients from Latin America. The results indicate it may be possible to identify...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Longer Follow-up Shows Adjuvant Immunotherapy After Bladder Cancer Surgery May Be Associated With Reduced Disease Recurrence

Treatment with the anti–PD-1 therapy nivolumab after surgery helped reduce cancer recurrence in patients with urothelial cancer of the bladder or other sites in the urinary tract that had invaded the muscle and therefore posed a high risk for recurrence, according to clinical trial results...

breast cancer

Study Investigates Possible Link Between Risk of Breast Cancer in Males and Male Infertility

The risk of invasive breast cancer in men may be associated with self-reported infertility, according to a study published by Swerdlow et al in the journal Breast Cancer Research. The authors interviewed 1,998 males in England and Wales diagnosed with breast cancer, with 112 (5.6%) also...

colorectal cancer

Colonoscopy After Positive FIT Test May Reduce Risk of Death From Colorectal Cancer

Recent research underlines the importance of following up with a colonoscopy exam after a positive result on an at-home stool test to screen for colorectal cancer. The test, known as the fecal immunochemical test (FIT), checks for traces of blood in patient-collected stool samples, which can be an...

bladder cancer
genomics/genetics

Report Finds Uptake of Erdafitinib for Urothelial Cancer May Be Limited, Despite Positive Real-World Survival Data

The first bladder cancer drug targeting a cancer-driving gene mutation has been used relatively little despite its clear efficacy in a clinical trial, suggests a report published as a research letter by Nimgaonkar et al in JAMA Oncology. Researchers analyzed a large, nationwide database of cancer...

gynecologic cancers

Pedro T. Ramirez, MD, on Hysterectomy for Early Cervical Cancer: New Findings on Open vs Minimally Invasive Surgery

Pedro T. Ramirez, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the final analysis of the LACC trial (Laparoscopic Approach to Cervical Cancer), which showed that women with early cervical cancer who need a radical hysterectomy may have worse outcomes with minimally invasive...

gynecologic cancers

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, on Ovarian Cancer: New Data on Mirvetuximab Soravtansine

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses findings from the SORAYA study on the efficacy and safety of mirvetuximab soravtansine in patients who have platinum-resistant ovarian cancer with high folate receptor–alpha expression. Based on the results, Dr. Matulonis believes...

gastroesophageal cancer
covid-19

Delays in Surgery for Advanced Esophageal Cancer Result in Significantly Worse Survival

Delays in surgery for esophageal cancer did not appear to have much impact on patients’ relative survival for early-stage cancer compared with patients who had surgery early, but they did reduce the relative survival rate by almost half for patients with more advanced disease, according to an...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Report Investigates Potential Causes of Decreasing Responses to CAR T-Cell Therapy in Patients With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

A study published by Jackson et al in Cancer Discovery investigated the reasons for decreased remission rates for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. "CAR T-cell therapy is a promising treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma, especially for...

issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Nickolas Papadopoulos, PhD, on Multicancer Early Detection: Opportunities and Challenges

Nickolas Papadopoulos, PhD, of the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses early detection as the key to reducing cancer mortality and the lack of tests for many malignancies. Liquid biopsies have the potential to screen for various tumor types, albeit with varying levels of...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Maria Alma Rodriguez, MD, on Vaccinations for Patients With Cancer and Cancer Survivors

Maria Alma Rodriguez, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the need for various types of vaccinations in patients with cancer, who are vulnerable to infection while under active treatment and whose immune deficits may persist long after treatment is finished. Dr....

solid tumors

Association of Chromosome 3p25.3 Gain With Cisplatin Resistance and Outcomes in Male Malignant Germ Cell Tumors

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Timmerman et al found that chromosome 3p25.3 gain was present in all cisplatin-resistant germ cell tumor (GCT) lines in vitro; was more common in patients with relapsed or cisplatin-resistant male type II GCTs; and was associated with poorer...

lung cancer

Ara Klijian, MD, on Lung Cancer: Operability in Patients With Poor Pulmonary Function

Ara Klijian, MD, of Scripps Health, discusses findings on the safety of AVATS (awake video-assisted thoracic surgery), a procedure that may benefit select patients, including those whose early non–small cell lung cancer was previously deemed inoperable due to poor pulmonary function. Performed...

issues in oncology
supportive care

New Research Encourages Harnessing Health Technology to Help Patients With Cancer Quit Smoking

New research published by Ramsey et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network has found that the inclusion of the smoking cessation tool Electronic Health Record–Enabled Evidence-Based Smoking Cessation Treatment (ELEVATE) into electronic health records may increase...

immunotherapy

Report Finds Targeting IL-6 May Help to Relieve Immunotherapy Side Effects

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have identified a novel strategy to reduce immune-related adverse events caused by immunotherapy by targeting the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6). The study, published by Hailemichael et al in Cancer Cell, establishes a proof of concept ...

pancreatic cancer
genomics/genetics

Christine A. Iacobuzio-Donahue, MD, PhD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Novel Insights Into Genetics and Evolution

Christine A. Iacobuzio-Donahue, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses her research on the evolutionary features of advanced stage pancreatic cancers and the insights that may be used to help improve patient outcomes (Abstract PL05).

cns cancers

ASTRO Issues Clinical Guideline on Radiation Therapy for Brain Metastases

A new clinical guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) provides guidance on the use of radiation therapy to treat patients with brain metastases. Evidence-based recommendations guide the multidisciplinary planning and delivery of advanced radiation therapy techniques to...

breast cancer

Why Are Black Women Still Dying at Higher Rates Than White Women From Breast Cancer?

What is so dismaying to me is that the statistic on survival for Black women with breast cancer has not changed since I was diagnosed with breast cancer 17 years ago. In 2005, Black women were 41% more likely to die of the disease than White women, even though Black women are less likely to be...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Short and Shorter Screening Tools for Food Insecurity

A survey of oncology registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs)1 found that most of those surveyed were not using a validated assessment tool to identify food insecurity but expressed interest in obtaining the Six-Item Short Form of the Food Security Survey Module.2  The six-item food insecurity...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Assessing Food Insecurity Among Patients With Cancer

Food insecurity, particularly as it affects cancer survivors, is a serious problem, according to a survey of oncology registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.1 “Despite these concerns, most oncology RDNs interviewed are not using...

lymphoma

The WHO Classification of Tumors of Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues

The ASCO Post is pleased to present Hematology Expert Review, an ongoing feature that quizzes readers on issues in hematology. In this installment, Drs. Syed Ali Abutalib and L. Jeffrey Medeiros explore the updated World Health Organization (WHO) classification of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissue...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

DESTINY-Lung01: Is Trastuzumab Deruxtecan the Answer for HER2-Mutant Lung Cancer?

The human epidermal growth factor (HER) family of receptors are a well-established therapeutic target. Indeed, seminal studies conducted nearly 2 decades ago identified a key association between activating mutations in the kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, also known as...

MSK Introduces The Starr Foundation Program for Discovery Science

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) recently announced the establishment of The Starr Foundation Program for Discovery Science, a pioneering initiative made possible by a $50 million gift from The Starr Foundation. The program will support the work of scientists at the Sloan Kettering...

NCCN Announces Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Comprehensive Cancer Center Joins Member Institutions

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) recently announced that Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Comprehensive Cancer Center has joined the not-for-profit alliance of leading cancer centers as the 32nd member institution. NCCN was founded by 13 original Member Institutions in...

Penn Medicine Appoints Robert Vonderheide, MD, DPhil, to Second 5-Year Term as Director of Abramson Cancer Center

Robert H. Vonderheide, MD, DPhil, has been appointed to a second 5-year term as Director of the Abramson Cancer Center (ACC) at the University of Pennsylvania, following a highly successful tenure that saw 17 U.S. Food and Drug Administration approvals in oncology for therapies based on studies...

David Braun, MD, PhD, Joins Prostate and Urologic Cancers Program at Yale Cancer Center

Yale Cancer Center and Smilow Cancer Hospital welcome David Braun, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine (Medical Oncology) and a member of the Center for Molecular and Cellular Oncology (CMCO). Dr. Braun cares for patients with kidney cancer. Dr. Braun received his PhD in Computational Biology ...

Sam Mbulaiteye, MBChB, MPhil, MMed, Named 2022 Scientist of the Year by Lymphoma Foundation of America

Sam Mbulaiteye, MBChB, MPhil, MMed, senior investigator in the Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, in the Division of Cancer Epidemiology & Genetics of the National Cancer Institute, was recently recognized by the Lymphoma Foundation of America with its 2022 Scientist of the Year Award....

J. Paul Taylor, MD, PhD, Named Scientific Director and Executive Vice President of St. Jude

J. Paul Taylor, MD, PhD, has been named Scientific Director and Executive Vice President of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital. Dr. Taylor steps into the role during a pivotal time of growth for the hospital. Under its $11.5 billion, 6-year strategic plan, the institution’s scientific...

AACR Honors Lee Ellis, MD, for Contributions to Education and Training in Cancer Research

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) has named Lee Ellis, MD, Professor of Colon and Rectal Surgery at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, as the 2022 recipient of the AACR Daniel D. Von Hoff Award for Outstanding Contributions to Education and Training in...

multiple myeloma

Going the Last Mile: Accelerating Delivery of Multiple Myeloma Therapies to All Patients

When I was diagnosed with multiple myeloma in 1996, I was given 3 years to live. At the time, there was little understanding of this disease, which was termed incurable. There were no new treatments, few drugs in the pipeline, hardly any clinical trials, and no multiple myeloma community or...

FDA Approves Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki for Adult Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On May 4, the FDA approved fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki for pretreated adult patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. We highlight findings from the DESTINY-Breast03 trial that led to the regular approval, and also hear from Dr. Sara Hurvitz, of the University of...

Expert Point of View: Joseph Mikhael, MD

The ASCO Post asked Joseph Mikhael, MD, Chief Medical Officer of the International Myeloma Foundation and Professor in the Applied Cancer Research and Drug Discovery Division at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (an affiliate of City of Hope Cancer Center), to comment on the GMMG-HD7...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Approvals in Hematologic Oncology 2021–2022

Over the past year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approval to several novel drugs and new indications for older therapeutic agents used in hematologic oncology. Axicabtagene Ciloleucel: On April 1, 2022, axicabtagene ciloleucel (Yescarta) was approved for adult patients with...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH

The moderator of the session, Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH, Clinical Professor at the BC Cancer Centre for Lymphoid Cancer and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, called the results of the TRANSFORM trial “quite remarkable” and said chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has the...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

TRANSFORM: Lisocabtagene Maraleucel Improves Outcomes in Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy with lisocabtagene maraleucel could prove to be the new standard-of-care treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma in the second-line setting, according to data presented at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH)...

supportive care

Can AI Assist in Predicting Spinal Fractures in Patients With Cancer?

A new study published by Ahmadian et al in the International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering suggests how scientists may use artificial intelligence (AI) to predict how cancer may affect the probability of fractures along the spinal column. The report described how the...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki for Unresectable or Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On May 4, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (Enhertu) for pretreated adult patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. According to the approval, patients had to have received a prior anti-HER2–based regimen either in the...

issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Charles L. Sawyers, MD, on Transforming Patient Outcomes: The Future of Cancer Research

Charles L. Sawyers, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the battle against treatment resistance and how to overcome it, as well as the power of observational clinical data in precision oncology, derived largely from his experience with Project GENIE, and the role of genetic...

lung cancer

Study Examines Link Between Emphysema and Lung Cancer Risk

Computed tomography (CT)-detected emphysema may be linked to a higher risk of lung cancer, a risk that increases with emphysema severity, according to a new study published by Yang et al in the journal Radiology. Lung cancer is the primary cause of cancer-related death worldwide. However, lung...

immunotherapy
solid tumors

Study Reports New Potential Target for CAR T-Cell Therapy

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has made an impact on the treatment of certain blood cancers, but in clinical study, the cellular therapy has not been as successful for patients with solid tumors, due in part to the lack of tumor targets not expressed in vital tissues. In a new study ...

survivorship

Do AYA Cancer Survivors Face a Higher Risk of Developing and Dying From a New Primary Cancer?

New findings published by Hyuna Sung, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute showed that 5-year survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer in the United States have a higher risk of developing—and nearly double the risk of dying from—a new primary cancer,...

gynecologic cancers

Research Suggests Over Half of Eligible Women Would Prefer Self-Sampling for Cervical Screening

According to the results of a new study published by Drysdale et al in the Journal of Medical Screening, 51.4% of women preferred self-sampling for human papillomavirus (HPV)-based cervical cancer screening, compared to 36.5% who preferred being tested by a clinician. The findings came from a...

issues in oncology

ASCO’s CancerLinQ® and Atropos Health Collaborate to Harness Real-World Data to Provide Point-of-Care Informatics Consult to Oncologists

ASCO’s CancerLinQ® and Atropos Health announced today a new collaboration that will provide oncology clinicians with the latest real-world evidence available to help inform personalized care and treatment of an individual patient.Atropos Health and CancerLinQ will work together to provide a...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Case Study Examines Differences Between AI and Radiologist Perception in Breast Cancer Screening

Radiologists and artificial intelligence (AI) systems yield significant differences in breast cancer screenings, a team of researchers has found. The case study by Makino et al, which appears in the journal Nature Scientific Reports, reveals the potential value of using both human and AI methods in ...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Long-Term Increase in Cancer Risk After High Childhood BMI

Men who had a high body mass index (BMI) as children are at an elevated risk of obesity-related cancer later in life, even if their weight was normal in young adulthood, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Célind et al published their findings in the...

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