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lung cancer

Informed Consent Forms for Lung Cancer Clinical Trials May Be a Barrier to Informed Participation

Informed consent forms can be overwhelming for patients—they are written at a level that is too high for many patients, possibly impeding true informed consent, according to a report given by King-Kallimanis et al at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 2022 World...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Durvalumab Plus Concurrent Radiotherapy in Unresectable Locally Advanced NSCLC: DOLPHIN Study

Researchers from Japan recently reported that the first phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of durvalumab and concurrent curative radiation therapy for PD-L1–positive unresectable locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without chemotherapy met its primary endpoint with...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Trastuzumab Deruxtecan for HER2-Mutant NSCLC

On August 11, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd; Enhertu) for adult patients with unresectable or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have activating HER2 mutations, as detected by an...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

FDA Approves Capmatinib for Metastatic NSCLC With MET Exon 14 Skipping Mutations

On August 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to capmatinib (Tabrecta) for adult patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have a mutation leading to mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) exon 14 skipping, as detected by an...

lung cancer

Research Suggests Air Pollution Be Included as Risk Factor for Nonsmoking Patients With Lung Cancer

Researchers from Vancouver, British Columbia examined the effect of duration of past exposure to air pollution with lung cancer diagnosis in new research presented by Myers et al at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) World Conference on Lung Cancer 2022 (Abstract...

lung cancer

Disparities in the Diagnosis of Lung Cancer Among Younger vs Older Adults

Younger patients with lung cancer are significantly more likely than older patients to be diagnosed with later stages of disease, illustrating the need to develop strategies to increase the early detection of lung cancer among younger patients who are currently ineligible for lung cancer screening. ...

solid tumors
gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Ventana MMR RxDx Panel to Identify Patients With dMMR Solid Tumors and pMMR Endometrial Cancer Eligible for Treatment With Pembrolizumab

On August 11, Roche announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of a label expansion for the Ventana MMR RxDx Panel. The Ventana MMR RxDx Panel is the first immunohistochemistry (IHC) companion diagnostic test to aid in identifying patients whose solid tumors are deficient in DNA ...

leukemia

AYA Leukemia Survivors Have Higher Mortality Rates Than the General Population

Although considered a rare occurrence in adolescents and young adults (AYAs), aged 15 to 39 years, the incidence of cancer in this age group has been increasing by approximately 30% since the 1970s. This year, it is estimated that nearly 90,000 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in this...

solid tumors

Thriving After a Diagnosis of Stage II Anal Cancer

About 7 years ago, I had emergency hernia surgery and soon after began experiencing severe constipation and abdominal bloating. I had started to have minor symptoms leading up to the surgery, but now the pain and exhaustion of trying to have a bowel movement became unbearable. I met with a...

Dana-Farber’s Irene Ghobrial, MD, Selected as William Dameshek Prize Winner

Irene Ghobrial, MD, Director of the Clinical Investigator Research Program at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, has received the William Dameshek Prize. This award is given annually by the American Society of Hematology (ASH) to an individual younger than age 50 who has made outstanding...

Jaye Gardiner, PhD, Receives the 2022 Eddie Méndez Award Honoring Underrepresented Scientists

Jaye Gardiner, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow at Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, is among 10 recipients of the 2022 Dr. Eddie Méndez Award. This honor recognizes underrepresented postdoctoral researchers across the United States who have demonstrated research expertise in cancer, infectious...

Radiologist Claudia Henschke, PhD, MD, of Icahn School of Medicine, Receives the 37th Annual Alton Ochsner Award

Ochsner Health has announced the recipient of the 37th Annual Alton Ochsner Award Relating Smoking and Disease: Claudia Henschke, PhD, MD. She is Director, Early Lung and Cardiac Action Program (ELCAP) and Professor of Radiology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York. This...

Pat Morin, PhD, Appointed Deputy Scientific Director of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research

Ludwig Cancer Research recently announced the appointment of Pat Morin, PhD, as Deputy Scientific Director of its international nonprofit organization, the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research. Dr. Morin joins Ludwig from the University of Pennsylvania, where he has served as Executive Director for ...

An Oncology Nurse Becomes a Cancer Survivor

In 2016, Theresa Brown, RN, wrote The Shift: One Nurse, Twelve Hours, Four Patients’ Lives, a vivid real-time description of an oncology nurse’s standard 12-hour shift on a hospital cancer ward. It was an excellent book, which was reviewed on these pages and highly recommended for readers of The...

Robert Uzzo, MD, MBA, FACS, Appointed President and CEO of Fox Chase Cancer Center

Robert Uzzo, MD, MBA, FACS, has been named President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia. In addition, Dr. Uzzo will assume the roles of Executive Vice President, Cancer Services for Temple University Health System, and Senior Associate Dean, Clinical Cancer...

issues in oncology

How ASCO and ACCC Aim to Increase Diversity in Clinical Trials and Close the Equity Gap in Cancer Care

Research shows that although 15% of Black individuals and 13% of Hispanic individuals have cancer in the United States, only between 4% and 6% of clinical trial participants are Black and between 3% and 6% are Hispanic.1-3 To improve these statistics, in 2020, ASCO and the Association of Community...

Donna Hansel, MD, PhD, to Join MD Anderson as Division Head of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center recently announced that Donna Hansel, MD, PhD, has been named Division Head of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. Dr. Hansel will lead a team of 650, including more than 130 clinical and research faculty, across 4 departments that serve as a bridge...

Howard Sandler, MD, FASTRO, Voted President-Elect of ASTRO Along With Other New Officers

The members of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) elected seven new officers to the society’s Board of Directors, including Howard Sandler, MD, FASTRO, as President-Elect; Michael Kuettel, MD, PhD, MBA, FASTRO, as Secretary/Treasurer-Elect; Iris C. Gibbs, MD, FASTRO, and Curtiland...

Selwyn M. Vickers, MD, FACS, Named President and CEO of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) recently announced that Selwyn M. Vickers, MD, FACS, a pancreatic cancer surgeon and researcher, a pioneer in cancer health disparities research, and an academic medical leader, has been selected to serve as its next President and Chief Executive...

lung cancer

Increased Utilization of SBRT Has Decreased Treatment Disparities for Early-Stage NSCLC

The use of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) can reduce treatment disparities between White and Black patients, according to research presented by Ganesh et al at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) World...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Study Finds Adding Tremelimumab and Durvalumab to Chemotherapy Improves Overall Survival in Metastatic NSCLC Regardless of KRAS/STK11/KEAP1 Mutations

Patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received a combined therapy of tremelimumab, durvalumab, and chemotherapy experienced longer overall survival compared with those who received chemotherapy alone, regardless of STK11, KEAP1, or KRAS mutational status. These findings...

Kimberly Hoggatt Krumwiede, PhD, Named Dean of MD Anderson’s School of Health Professions

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, has chosen Kimberly Hoggatt Krumwiede, PhD, as Dean of MD Anderson’s School of Health Professions. “Dr. Hoggatt Krumwiede exemplifies the qualities we sought to lead our School of Health Professions. She is a skilled and strategic leader...

An Early Encounter With Cancer Sets a Path to a Career in Oncology Research

To shed some light on the importance of caring for the whole patient and his or her caregiver, as well as the role of cellular aging and oncogenesis, The ASCO Post recently spoke with Kaumudi Bhawe, PhD, a clinical scientist with Cancer Commons in Mountain View, California. Dr. Bhawe has more than ...

issues in oncology

Cancer Knows No Borders

This is a critical time for cancer research and cancer care across the world, and the cancer community has clearly highlighted the need for greater and more equitable international collaboration. Addressing the global cancer challenge is a significant undertaking, and it has become more urgent as ...

Expert Point of View: Cathy Eng, MD, FACP, FASCO

Cathy Eng, MD, FACP, FASCO, the David H. Johnson Endowed Chair in Surgical and Medical Oncology, Co-Director of Gastrointestinal Oncology, and Co-Leader of the Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Program at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, told The ASCO Post she finds the data from...

colorectal cancer

MOUNTAINEER: Tucatinib Plus Trastuzumab Active in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In the phase II MOUNTAINEER trial, tucatinib in combination with trastuzumab produced durable responses in patients with previously treated HER2-positive metastatic colorectal cancer. The late-breaking data were presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) World Congress on...

issues in oncology

Why Do Men Face a Higher Risk of Most Types of Cancer Than Women?

Rates of most types of cancer are higher in men than in women for reasons that are unclear. Results from a recent study published online by Jackson et al in the journal Cancer suggest that the cause may be underlying biological sex differences rather than behavioral differences related to smoking,...

prostate cancer

FDA Approves Darolutamide for Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

On August 5, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved darolutamide (Nubeqa) tablets in combination with docetaxel for adult patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. The evaluation of efficacy was based on ARASENS (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02799602), a randomized,...

colorectal cancer

Global Phase III FRESCO-2 Study Has Met Its Primary Endpoint in Evaluation of Fruquintinib for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The pivotal global phase III FRESCO-2 trial evaluating the investigational use of fruquintinib met its primary endpoint of overall survival in patients with advanced, refractory metastatic colorectal cancer. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation for the...

breast cancer

FDA Approves First Targeted Therapy for HER2-Low Breast Cancer

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fam-trastuzumab-deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd, Enhertu), an intravenous infusion for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-low breast cancer. This is the first approved therapy targeted to patients with the HER2-low...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Genetics May Predict Bladder Cancer Immunotherapy Response

Investigators have identified genetic signatures that could predict whether tumors in patients with bladder and other cancers will respond to immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Their findings, published by You et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, implicate DDR1- and...

issues in oncology

Research Shows Poor Patient Comprehension of Terms Commonly Found in Electronic Health Information

When the 21st Century Cures Act went into effect in April 2021, health-care organizations began releasing electronic health information to patients immediately. An aim of the act is to reduce barriers to patients’ timely access to electronic health information, and previous research has shown that...

lung cancer

How Smoking Cessation After a Lung Cancer Diagnosis Improves Overall Survival

Despite data showing that cigarette smoking is the number one risk factor for the development of lung cancer,1 and a leading cause of preventable disease, disability, and death in the United States, an estimated 30.8 million American adults continue to smoke cigarettes.2 Globally, the number of...

prostate cancer

Media Emphasis on Urinary Symptoms May Delay Diagnosis of Early Prostate Cancer

According to Cancer Research UK, over 52,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer each year in the UK, and there are more than 12,000 deaths. Over three-quarters (78%) of men diagnosed with the disease survive for over 10 years, but this proportion has barely changed over the past decade in the...

Older Age and Smoking Are the Most Important Risk Factors for Developing Any Cancer, Study Shows

A new large study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society (ACS) shows older age and smoking are the two most important risk factors associated with a relative and absolute 5-year risk of developing any cancer. The findings also demonstrate that in addition to age and smoking history,...

gynecologic cancers

Study Suggests HPV Vaccination Alongside Local Excision of Cervical Lesions May Reduce Risk of Recurrence

Giving women the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine around the time they have surgery for precancerous cervical lesions might lead to a reduction in the risk of lesions returning as well as other HPV-related diseases, suggests a study published by Kechagias et al in The BMJ. The researchers...

breast cancer
supportive care

Study Could Lead to Better Education and Treatment of Sexual Health for Patients With Breast Cancer

A study released by the University of Colorado Cancer Center showed that more than 70% of patients with breast cancer have reported changes that affect their sexual health during and beyond treatment. The study was published by Huynh et al in the Annals of Surgical Oncology. Study Background “More...

covid-19
issues in oncology

Fewer People Tried to Quit Smoking During COVID-19 Pandemic, Study Shows

A new study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society (ACS), shows serious smoking cessation activity declined among adults in the United States immediately after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and persisted for more than a year. Declines in attempts to quit smoking were largest among...

issues in oncology

Is There a Link Between High Insulin Dosage and Cancer?

A study looking at the correlation between daily insulin dose and cancer incidence among patients with type 1 diabetes found that higher insulin dose is positively associated with cancer incidence and that the association is stronger among those with insulin resistance. The results were published...

New Study Shows Options for Older Patients With Liver Cancer

Physicians and researchers from UK HealthCare's Transplant Center and the University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center conducted a study of patients over age 70 with hepatocellular carcinoma to examine how the outcomes of ablative treatments compare to liver transplants. The findings were published...

issues in oncology

Gaps in Representation of Women and Younger Scholars Among Medical Educators

Women make up just 37.7% of all speakers at hematology and medical oncology board review lectures, according to a study published in Blood Advances. The findings call attention to the many barriers people underrepresented in medicine face in obtaining educational opportunities that can be vital to...

lung cancer

Survey Reveals That Most Americans Are Not Concerned About Getting Lung Cancer

A recent survey shows that only 40% of Americans are concerned that they might get lung cancer, and only about one in five have talked to their doctor about their risk for the disease, despite lung cancer being the leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. The 2022 Lung Health Barometer, ...

issues in oncology
leukemia

Study Evaluates Availability of Imatinib in Online Pharmacies

Patients seeking to purchase chemotherapy drugs online face a confusing array of websites, over half of which potentially operate unsafely or illegally, according to a study published by Sun et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. A survey of online pharmacies claiming...

head and neck cancer

Adhering to a Healthy Diet After a Head and Neck Cancer Diagnosis May Boost Survival

Patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head or neck were 93% less likely to die of any cause during the first 3 years after diagnosis if they ate a healthy diet high in nutrients found to deter chronic disease, according to results published by Vieytes et al in Frontiers in Nutrition. The...

multiple myeloma

ATLAS Trial: Risk-Adapted Triplet Maintenance Therapy May Benefit Some Patients With Multiple Myeloma

For newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma participating in the international phase III ATLAS trial, use of carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd) as maintenance therapy after induction and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) significantly reduced the risk of disease...

gastroesophageal cancer

Early Research Finds Link May Connect Cell-Signaling Pathway to Development of Esophageal Cancers, Barrett’s Esophagus

A team of researchers believe they have identified a cell-signaling pathway responsible for the development of esophageal adenocarcinomas, an aggressive type of esophageal cancer that has gradually become more common, even in younger people. Research published by Venkitachalam et al in...

issues in oncology

New Report Documents Lack of Senior Leadership Diversity in the Nation’s Cancer Centers

A diverse and well-prepared leadership workforce in the nation’s cancer centers is vital to tackle challenges in the delivery of equitable cancer care delivery. Recognizing this, the Association of American Cancer Institutes (AACI) examined the diversity among cancer center leaders and found...

gynecologic cancers

Meta-Analysis Examines Link Between Aspirin Use and Ovarian Cancer Risk

Frequent aspirin use may be linked with lower ovarian cancer risk in individuals with multiple risk factors, according to a new study published by Hurwitz et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. “Ovarian cancer is the most fatal gynecologic cancer. Most known risk factors of ovarian cancer—such...

multiple myeloma
genomics/genetics

Researchers Find Potential Link Between Genetic Mutations and Treatment Resistance in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Researchers studying the molecular landscape of over 500 patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma discovered a prevalence of activated key oncogenic pathways in these patients—much more than previously thought. Upward of 45% to 65% of NF-κB and RAS/MAPK pathways each had alterations....

leukemia

Nicholas J. Short, MD, on ALL: Updated Phase II Study Results on Ponatinib and Blinatumomab

Nicholas J. Short, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses updated results from a phase II study that suggests the chemotherapy-free regimen of simultaneous ponatinib and blinatumomab is safe and effective in patients with Philadelphia chromosome–positive acute...

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