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Your search for ASCO matches 17508 pages

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FDA Approves Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki for Adult Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On May 4, the FDA approved fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki for pretreated adult patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. We highlight findings from the DESTINY-Breast03 trial that led to the regular approval, and also hear from Dr. Sara Hurvitz, of the University of...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma
multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Hematologic Oncology 2021–2022 Almanac

Ongoing evaluation of novel, targeted, and immunotherapies has led to exciting advances across the array of hematologic malignancies over the past year. The availability of new treatment options, along with emerging data on novel combinations and sequencing approaches, is rapidly changing...

Expert Point of View: Joseph Mikhael, MD

The ASCO Post asked Joseph Mikhael, MD, Chief Medical Officer of the International Myeloma Foundation and Professor in the Applied Cancer Research and Drug Discovery Division at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (an affiliate of City of Hope Cancer Center), to comment on the GMMG-HD7...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Approvals in Hematologic Oncology 2021–2022

Over the past year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approval to several novel drugs and new indications for older therapeutic agents used in hematologic oncology. Axicabtagene Ciloleucel: On April 1, 2022, axicabtagene ciloleucel (Yescarta) was approved for adult patients with...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH

The moderator of the session, Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH, Clinical Professor at the BC Cancer Centre for Lymphoid Cancer and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, called the results of the TRANSFORM trial “quite remarkable” and said chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has the...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

TRANSFORM: Lisocabtagene Maraleucel Improves Outcomes in Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy with lisocabtagene maraleucel could prove to be the new standard-of-care treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma in the second-line setting, according to data presented at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH)...

lymphoma
leukemia

Zanubrutinib Superior to Ibrutinib for CLL/SLL in Phase III ALPINE Trial

Zanubrutinib, a second-generation Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, significantly improved response rates and delayed disease progression as compared with the standard of care, ibrutinib, in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma...

leukemia

ELEVATE-RR Trial: Acalabrutinib as Effective as Ibrutinib, With Fewer Cardiac Effects, in Resistant CLL

Acalabrutinib was equally efficacious with less toxicity when compared directly with ibrutinib in patients with previously treated relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to the results of an open-label, randomized, noninferiority phase III trial presented at the 2021...

supportive care

Can AI Assist in Predicting Spinal Fractures in Patients With Cancer?

A new study published by Ahmadian et al in the International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering suggests how scientists may use artificial intelligence (AI) to predict how cancer may affect the probability of fractures along the spinal column. The report described how the...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki for Unresectable or Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On May 4, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (Enhertu) for pretreated adult patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. According to the approval, patients had to have received a prior anti-HER2–based regimen either in the...

issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Charles L. Sawyers, MD, on Transforming Patient Outcomes: The Future of Cancer Research

Charles L. Sawyers, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the battle against treatment resistance and how to overcome it, as well as the power of observational clinical data in precision oncology, derived largely from his experience with Project GENIE, and the role of genetic...

lung cancer

Study Examines Link Between Emphysema and Lung Cancer Risk

Computed tomography (CT)-detected emphysema may be linked to a higher risk of lung cancer, a risk that increases with emphysema severity, according to a new study published by Yang et al in the journal Radiology. Lung cancer is the primary cause of cancer-related death worldwide. However, lung...

immunotherapy
solid tumors

Study Reports New Potential Target for CAR T-Cell Therapy

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has made an impact on the treatment of certain blood cancers, but in clinical study, the cellular therapy has not been as successful for patients with solid tumors, due in part to the lack of tumor targets not expressed in vital tissues. In a new study ...

survivorship

Do AYA Cancer Survivors Face a Higher Risk of Developing and Dying From a New Primary Cancer?

New findings published by Hyuna Sung, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute showed that 5-year survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer in the United States have a higher risk of developing—and nearly double the risk of dying from—a new primary cancer,...

gynecologic cancers

Research Suggests Over Half of Eligible Women Would Prefer Self-Sampling for Cervical Screening

According to the results of a new study published by Drysdale et al in the Journal of Medical Screening, 51.4% of women preferred self-sampling for human papillomavirus (HPV)-based cervical cancer screening, compared to 36.5% who preferred being tested by a clinician. The findings came from a...

issues in oncology

ASCO’s CancerLinQ® and Atropos Health Collaborate to Harness Real-World Data to Provide Point-of-Care Informatics Consult to Oncologists

ASCO’s CancerLinQ® and Atropos Health announced today a new collaboration that will provide oncology clinicians with the latest real-world evidence available to help inform personalized care and treatment of an individual patient.Atropos Health and CancerLinQ will work together to provide a...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Case Study Examines Differences Between AI and Radiologist Perception in Breast Cancer Screening

Radiologists and artificial intelligence (AI) systems yield significant differences in breast cancer screenings, a team of researchers has found. The case study by Makino et al, which appears in the journal Nature Scientific Reports, reveals the potential value of using both human and AI methods in ...

colorectal cancer

Concordance With Pretreatment Staging Imaging Guidelines in Rectal Cancer: ASCO QOPI Findings

In an analysis from the ASCO Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI) reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Chen et al found that a high proportion of patients with rectal cancer do not receive guideline-recommended pretreatment staging transrectal ultrasound or pelvic magnetic resonance imaging...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Long-Term Increase in Cancer Risk After High Childhood BMI

Men who had a high body mass index (BMI) as children are at an elevated risk of obesity-related cancer later in life, even if their weight was normal in young adulthood, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Célind et al published their findings in the...

issues in oncology

Cancer Screening Accessibility Among Native Americans

In a scientific e-poster presented during the 2022 American Roentgen Ray Society Annual Meeting in New Orleans, Peña et al noted that American Indian and Alaskan Native populations have nearly three times higher incidence rates of lung and colorectal cancer than other ethnic groups. These patterns...

issues in oncology

Cancer Rates Declining in Canada, but Cases and Deaths Increasing Because of Demographic Factors

Overall cancer rates in Canada are declining, but the number of cases and deaths are increasing slightly because of population growth and an aging population, according to a new study published by Brenner et al in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). The study is the result of a...

issues in oncology

Patients With Cancer Face Greater Risks From Abdominal Aneurysm Repair

Elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients with a cancer diagnosis is associated with several poor postoperative outcomes, according to a newly published study from researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine. Roush et al reported their findings in the Journal of...

gastroesophageal cancer
genomics/genetics

Study Identifies Genetic Changes in Patients With Barrett’s Esophagus That Progresses to Esophageal Cancer

Using whole-genome sequencing to contrast genomic alterations in patients with stable Barrett’s esophagus compared to patients whose Barrett’s progressed to esophageal adenocarcinoma, Paulson et al reported that DNA changes presaging esophageal cancer can be spotted years before cancer develops....

issues in oncology

Increased Risk of Cancer in Early Life Among Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders

In the largest and most detailed population-based cohort study to date, researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm found that individuals with autism spectrum disorders, when present with comorbid intellectual disability and/or birth defects, were at a higher risk of cancer in early...

issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Gut Microbiome May Alter Response to Cancer Therapy

Recent findings with the use of sequencing technology have suggested that the gut microbiome may play a role in the treatment of cancer. A review paper published in JAMA Oncology by Liu and Shah captured the current understanding of the connection between the gut microbiome and therapeutic response ...

issues in oncology

How to Get the Dose Right

OCE Insights is an occasional column developed for The ASCO Post by members of the Oncology Center of Excellence (OCE) at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In this installment, Mirat Shah, MD, of the Office of Oncologic Diseases, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, FDA; Atiqur...

hematologic malignancies
immunotherapy

Study Finds CAR T-Cell Therapy Outcomes, Side Effects Are Similar in Black and Hispanic Patients Compared to White and Asian Patients

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has revolutionized the treatment of blood cancers, including certain leukemias, lymphomas, and multiple myeloma. However, Black and Hispanic patients were largely absent from the major clinical trials that led to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration...

covid-19

Updated Guidance for COVID-19 Vaccination From NCCN Recommends Fifth mRNA Shot (Second Booster Dose) for Immunocompromised People

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) has released the latest recommendations from the NCCN Advisory Committee on COVID-19 Vaccination and Pre-exposure Prophylaxis. The updated recommendations point to two booster vaccine doses for people who are immunocompromised (meaning three...

prostate cancer

Matthew R. Smith, PhD, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Phase III Data on Darolutamide, Androgen Deprivation, and Docetaxel

Matthew R. Smith, PhD, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, discusses overall survival findings from the ARASENS trial, which assessed the efficacy of the androgen receptor inhibitor darolutamide vs placebo in combination with androgen-deprivation therapy and docetaxel for patients...

issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Priscilla K. Brastianos, MD, on CNS Metastases: Understanding Their Evolution and the Clinical Implications

Priscilla K. Brastianos, MD, of Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, talks about her efforts to better understand how brain metastases evolve genomically and to test such agents as abemaciclib, paxalisib, and entrectinib, which may stop their growth. Palbociclib, a CDK...

gynecologic cancers
breast cancer
pancreatic cancer
prostate cancer
genomics/genetics

Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, on Ovarian, Breast, Pancreatic, and Prostate Cancers With Genetic Mutations: A First-in-Human Trial of AZD5305

Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses results from the PETRA study, a first-in-class, first-in-human trial of the next-generation PARP1-selective inhibitor AZD5305 in patients with BRCA1/2, PALB2, or RAD51C/D mutations in advanced or metastatic...

issues in oncology

Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, on Developing Novel Therapeutic Strategies to Target DNA Damage Response in the Clinic

Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses how research is building on the success of first-generation PARP inhibitors in the clinic and the potential of novel potent PARP1-selective inhibitors, which may lead to improved patient outcomes. Given...

solid tumors

Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, on Advanced Solid Tumors With DNA Damage Response Defects: Early Data on Elimusertib

Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses results from a phase Ib expansion trial of the safety and efficacy of the oral ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR) inhibitor elimusertib in advanced solid tumors with DNA damage response defects....

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Gulam A. Manji, MD, PhD, on Gastric and Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinomas: New Data on Pembrolizumab Plus Capecitabine and Oxaliplatin

Gulam A. Manji, MD, PhD, of Columbia University Medical Center, discusses phase II results on perioperative combination chemotherapy and pembrolizumab in patients with resectable gastric cancer. The combination appeared to result in many complete pathologic responses (Abstract CT009).

issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Lillian L. Siu, MD, on Looking Toward the Future of Clinical Research and Clinical Trials

Lillian L. Siu, MD, of Canada’s Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses biomarker-driven precision cancer medicine, the optimal sequencing of immunotherapy (IO) with standard treatments in curative settings, IO targets beyond PD-1/PD-L1 and combinatorial strategies, and next-generation adoptive...

issues in oncology

Marcia R. Cruz-Correa, MD, PhD, on a Vision for the Future of Cancer Research and Treatment

Marcia R. Cruz-Correa, MD, PhD, of the University of Puerto Rico Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses a way to possibly transform cancer outcomes by teaming up basic scientists, clinical researchers, and community advocates to work together, decode the complexity of cancer, and find points at...

breast cancer

Some Recurrences of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ May Be Genetically Distinct From the Primary Tumor, Study Reports

Contrary to what has been assumed, all recurrences of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) are not genetically the same, according to a study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2022.1 Almost 20% of ipsilateral recurrences found in the study were genetically...

issues in oncology

Two Studies Examine Use of Proton-Beam Therapy in the United States

Two new, large studies led by researchers at the American Cancer Society showed an increase in the use of proton-beam therapy for patients with cancer in the United States during the past decade. However, Black patients were less likely to receive proton-beam therapy than White patients, and the...

breast cancer

New Study Examining Women’s Breast Density Knowledge Suggests Opportunities for Improvement

Breast density is one factor in assessing a person’s risk of developing breast cancer. Existing breast density notification laws have increased awareness among patients and providers, but clinical records had not been incorporated in studies to confirm the accuracy of personal breast density...

supportive care

Study Examines Rates of Psychiatric Disorders and Self-Harm Among Patients Diagnosed Across 26 Cancer Types

The risk of self-harm after incident psychiatric disorder diagnosis in patients with 26 cancer types and the risk of unnatural deaths after self-harm were examined in 459,542 individuals in a study published by Chang et al in Nature Medicine. Patients with cancer may experience substantial...

bladder cancer

AI May Assist Physicians in Better Assessing the Effectiveness of Bladder Cancer Treatment

In a small multi-institutional study, an artificial intelligence (AI)-based system improved providers’ assessments of whether patients with bladder cancer had complete response to chemotherapy before a radical cystectomy. These findings were published by Sun et al in Tomography. Yet the researchers ...

Erratum

In the article “OlympiA Trial: Adjuvant Olaparib Significantly Improves Overall Survival in Germline BRCA-Mutated Breast Cancer,” which began on page 1 of the April 10 issue of The ASCO Post, a few unfortunate errors appeared, notably an incorrect P value for the overall survival comparison (after...

Tony Hunter, PhD, FAACR, Honored With 2022 AACR Award for Lifetime Achievement in Cancer Research

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) awarded the 2022 AACR Award for Lifetime Achievement in Cancer Research to Tony Hunter, PhD, FAACR, Fellow of the AACR Academy, at its Annual Meeting in New Orleans. Dr. Hunter is the American Cancer Society Professor and Renato Dulbecco Chair at ...

survivorship

From Iran to Silicon Valley, a Cancer Survivor Shares Her Story

The Iranian revolution of 1979 transformed Iran from an absolute monarchy under Shah Mohammad Pahlavi to an Islamist republic under Ayatollah Khomeini. The author of a new book called The Magic of Normal, Maky Zanganeh, PhD, was born in Iran in 1970. As a young woman, she experienced the war in her ...

Expert Point of View: Amandeep Salhotra, MD

Amandeep Salhotra, MD, Associate Professor of Leukemia at City of Hope, in California, said this study should form the basis for a prospective phase III study in which older patients with AML (60–75 years) should have equal chance at randomization to either arm to remove bias on the part of...

breast cancer

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Neoadjuvant or Adjuvant Therapy for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: The Paradigm Shifts

The “holy grail” of triple-negative breast cancer therapy has been effective incorporation of drugs to improve outcomes in the early nonmetastatic setting. Although outcomes have improved with better chemotherapy drugs and schedules, triple-negative breast cancer still carries the worst prognosis...

gynecologic cancers

MEK Inhibition Is Now a Standard of Care in Recurrent Low-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer: What Next?

As summarized in this issue of The ASCO Post, the highly anticipated results of the GOG 281/LOGS study, which randomly assigned patients with recurrent low-grade serous ovarian cancer to the MEK inhibitor trametinib vs standard-of-care chemotherapy or endocrine therapy, have now been reported by...

issues in oncology

New Report Offers Guidance for Standardizing Data on Sex, Gender, Sexual Orientation

On March 9, 2022, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) issued a new report, Measuring Sex, Gender Identity, and Sexual Orientation, recommending the National Institutes of Health (NIH) implement new guidelines to standardize the collection of data on sex, gender,...

War in Ukraine: Statistics Do Not Keep Pace With Reality

Editor’s Note: The following is adapted from Dr. Hrynkiv’s presentation at the March 18 ASCO/ECO Briefing: Cancer Care During the War in Ukraine. Find resources for impacted patients and providers at asco.org/ukraine and onco-help.org. Official statistics regarding damage and losses in Ukraine are...

Philip D. Greenberg, MD, FAACR, Voted AACR President-Elect for 2022–2023

The members of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) have chosen Philip D. Greenberg, MD, FAACR, as the Association’s President-Elect for 2022–2023. Dr. Greenberg is the Rona Jaffe Foundation Endowed Chair and Professor and Head of the Program in Immunology, Clinical Research...

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