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Elaine S. Jaffe, MD, Honored With Inaugural AACR James S. Ewing– Thelma B. Dunn Award for Outstanding Achievement in Pathology

At the recent American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2022, Elaine S. Jaffe, MD, received the inaugural AACR James S. Ewing–Thelma B. Dunn Award for Outstanding Achievement in Pathology in Cancer Research. The AACR established this new award to honor pathologists who continue ...

Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD, Recognized With 2022 Pezcoller Foundation–AACR International Award

The Pezcoller Foundation–American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) International Award for Extraordinary Achievement in Cancer Research was presented to Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD, at the Association’s 2022 Annual Meeting, held in New Orleans. Dr. Rosenberg was honored for his discovery and ...

UC Davis Launches Center for Advancing Cancer Health Equity

To address cancer health disparities in the region, the University of California (UC) Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center is launching the Center for Advancing Cancer Health Equity, which will conduct community-engaged research and interventions using multilevel approaches. The new center will build...

breast cancer
covid-19

COVID-19 Restrictions Linked to Delayed Breast Cancer Care at Safety-Net Hospital

Millions of elective surgeries and medical procedures were canceled or postponed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Now, research shows that COVID-19 restrictions were also associated with significant delays in breast cancer care.1 Findings of a cohort study, which compared breast cancer care before and...

global cancer care

How St. Jude and the WHO Are Sparking an International Movement to Increase Treatment Access for Children With Cancer

The toll of cancer on children, especially those living in low-resource countries, is staggering. Each year, an estimated 400,000 children and adolescents worldwide develop cancer,1 and despite improved survival rates, the global 5-year net childhood cancer survival rate is only 37.4%,2 making...

breast cancer

Surgical Approach and Overall Survival in Younger Women With Breast Cancer

More extensive surgery does not improve survival over less aggressive surgery in younger women with breast cancer, according to data presented at the 2022 American Society of Breast Surgeons Annual Meeting.1 The results of a retrospective study of nearly 600 patients showed that treatment with...

Diversity in Clinical Trials Training Program Renamed to Honor Robert A. Winn, MD

The Bristol Myers Squibb Foundation (BMSF), together with its partners National Medical Fellowships and the American Association for Cancer Research, has announced a new name for the $100 million, 5-year initiative launched in 2020 to increase diversity in clinical trials: The Robert A. Winn...

hepatobiliary cancer

Radiation Segmentectomy for Very Early– and Early-Stage Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Radiation segmentectomy may be an effective treatment for very early– to early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that cannot be treated surgically or thermally. The findings from a multidisciplinary study by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai were published by Kim et al...

colorectal cancer

Study Finds Screen-Detected Colorectal Cancers May Have More Favorable Stage Distribution Than Colorectal Cancers Detected Otherwise

In a population-based study conducted in nine European countries for which data on mode of detection were available (Belgium, Denmark, England, France, Italy, Ireland, the Netherlands, Slovenia, and Spain), the proportion of colorectal cancer cases detected by screening varied widely between...

head and neck cancer
pain management

Gabapentin May Be an Effective Alternative to Opioids for Patients With Head and Neck Cancer Receiving Radiation

Patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiation therapy may be less likely to require opioids or a feeding tube if they received a higher dose of prophylactic gabapentin before their treatment, findings from a team of radiation oncologists showed. Their report, published by Ma et al in JAMA ...

prostate cancer
symptom management

Adverse Events Seen With Abiraterone or Enzalutamide Among Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer

Men taking either of the two most common oral medications for advanced prostate cancer who had also undergone hormone therapy to treat their disease were at higher risk of serious metabolic or cardiovascular issues than patients who were receiving hormone therapy alone, according to findings...

lung cancer

Report Examines Imaging Approach With Potential to Detect Lung Cancer at the Cellular Level

Researchers have found a way to identify lung cancer at the cellular level in real time during a biopsy, which may enable detection of the disease earlier and with more confidence. The findings, published by Kennedy et al in Nature Communications, demonstrated that an imaging agent detected via...

leukemia

FDA Approves Azacitidine for Newly Diagnosed Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia

On May 20, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved azacitidine (Vidaza) for pediatric patients with newly diagnosed juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). AZA-JMML-001 Efficacy was evaluated in AZA-JMML-001 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02447666), an international, multicenter,...

issues in oncology

Drug Developers Share Thoughts on the Oncology Pipeline and the Changes in Clinical Trials

Two oncologists who are now heads of oncology development for pharmaceutical companies discussed the future of cancer drugs at the Community Oncology Alliance’s 2022 Community Oncology Conference. They were ­Johanna Bendell, MD, Global Head of Oncology, Pharma Research, and Early Development at...

issues in oncology

Researchers Develop and Monitor Approaches to Fix Blood Vessel Abnormalities That Make Tumors Difficult to Treat

Tumors send out signals that impair normal blood flow, which makes them hard to treat with multiple therapies, including radiation, chemotherapy, targeted therapies, and immunotherapy. Impaired blood supply creates an environment low in oxygen levels, which causes the tumors to take on aggressive...

issues in oncology

ASCO and ACCC Release Wide-Ranging Recommendations to Expand Diverse Participation in Cancer Clinical Trials

ASCO and the Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC) have jointly released recommendations that address the lack of equity, diversity, and inclusion in cancer clinical trials. Published by Randall A. Oyer, MD, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the research statement details ...

colorectal cancer

Smitha S. Krishnamurthi, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Treatment Updates

Smitha S. Krishnamurthi, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, discusses prognostic assays for localized colon cancer, the potential clinical uses and current limitations of prognostic assays for stage II to III disease, and checkpoint inhibitor therapy for metastatic colorectal...

genomics/genetics

Study Points to Expanded Genomic Testing to Benefit Children and Young Adults With Cancer

New findings from researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center published by Shukla et al in Nature Communications reported the results of using a comprehensive sequencing approach on 114 pediatric, adolescent, and young adult patients with solid tumors. The researchers found that their...

legislation

Medicaid Expansion Is Associated With Increased Survival in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Cancer

A large study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society showed that Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was associated with an increase in 2-year overall survival rates among patients newly diagnosed with cancer, especially among non-Hispanic Black people and people...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Matthew L. Meyerson, MD, PhD, on Lung Adenocarcinoma: Somatic Mutations, Germline Risk, and Ancestry

Matthew L. Meyerson, MD, PhD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings that suggest the variation in frequency of EGFR and KRAS mutations in lung cancer may be associated with genetic ancestry in patients from Latin America. The results indicate it may be possible to identify...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Longer Follow-up Shows Adjuvant Immunotherapy After Bladder Cancer Surgery May Be Associated With Reduced Disease Recurrence

Treatment with the anti–PD-1 therapy nivolumab after surgery helped reduce cancer recurrence in patients with urothelial cancer of the bladder or other sites in the urinary tract that had invaded the muscle and therefore posed a high risk for recurrence, according to clinical trial results...

breast cancer

Study Investigates Possible Link Between Risk of Breast Cancer in Males and Male Infertility

The risk of invasive breast cancer in men may be associated with self-reported infertility, according to a study published by Swerdlow et al in the journal Breast Cancer Research. The authors interviewed 1,998 males in England and Wales diagnosed with breast cancer, with 112 (5.6%) also...

colorectal cancer

Colonoscopy After Positive FIT Test May Reduce Risk of Death From Colorectal Cancer

Recent research underlines the importance of following up with a colonoscopy exam after a positive result on an at-home stool test to screen for colorectal cancer. The test, known as the fecal immunochemical test (FIT), checks for traces of blood in patient-collected stool samples, which can be an...

bladder cancer
genomics/genetics

Report Finds Uptake of Erdafitinib for Urothelial Cancer May Be Limited, Despite Positive Real-World Survival Data

The first bladder cancer drug targeting a cancer-driving gene mutation has been used relatively little despite its clear efficacy in a clinical trial, suggests a report published as a research letter by Nimgaonkar et al in JAMA Oncology. Researchers analyzed a large, nationwide database of cancer...

gynecologic cancers

Pedro T. Ramirez, MD, on Hysterectomy for Early Cervical Cancer: New Findings on Open vs Minimally Invasive Surgery

Pedro T. Ramirez, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the final analysis of the LACC trial (Laparoscopic Approach to Cervical Cancer), which showed that women with early cervical cancer who need a radical hysterectomy may have worse outcomes with minimally invasive...

gynecologic cancers

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, on Ovarian Cancer: New Data on Mirvetuximab Soravtansine

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses findings from the SORAYA study on the efficacy and safety of mirvetuximab soravtansine in patients who have platinum-resistant ovarian cancer with high folate receptor–alpha expression. Based on the results, Dr. Matulonis believes...

gastroesophageal cancer
covid-19

Delays in Surgery for Advanced Esophageal Cancer Result in Significantly Worse Survival

Delays in surgery for esophageal cancer did not appear to have much impact on patients’ relative survival for early-stage cancer compared with patients who had surgery early, but they did reduce the relative survival rate by almost half for patients with more advanced disease, according to an...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Report Investigates Potential Causes of Decreasing Responses to CAR T-Cell Therapy in Patients With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

A study published by Jackson et al in Cancer Discovery investigated the reasons for decreased remission rates for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. "CAR T-cell therapy is a promising treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma, especially for...

issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Nickolas Papadopoulos, PhD, on Multicancer Early Detection: Opportunities and Challenges

Nickolas Papadopoulos, PhD, of the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses early detection as the key to reducing cancer mortality and the lack of tests for many malignancies. Liquid biopsies have the potential to screen for various tumor types, albeit with varying levels of...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Maria Alma Rodriguez, MD, on Vaccinations for Patients With Cancer and Cancer Survivors

Maria Alma Rodriguez, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the need for various types of vaccinations in patients with cancer, who are vulnerable to infection while under active treatment and whose immune deficits may persist long after treatment is finished. Dr....

solid tumors

Association of Chromosome 3p25.3 Gain With Cisplatin Resistance and Outcomes in Male Malignant Germ Cell Tumors

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Timmerman et al found that chromosome 3p25.3 gain was present in all cisplatin-resistant germ cell tumor (GCT) lines in vitro; was more common in patients with relapsed or cisplatin-resistant male type II GCTs; and was associated with poorer...

lung cancer

Ara Klijian, MD, on Lung Cancer: Operability in Patients With Poor Pulmonary Function

Ara Klijian, MD, of Scripps Health, discusses findings on the safety of AVATS (awake video-assisted thoracic surgery), a procedure that may benefit select patients, including those whose early non–small cell lung cancer was previously deemed inoperable due to poor pulmonary function. Performed...

issues in oncology
supportive care

New Research Encourages Harnessing Health Technology to Help Patients With Cancer Quit Smoking

New research published by Ramsey et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network has found that the inclusion of the smoking cessation tool Electronic Health Record–Enabled Evidence-Based Smoking Cessation Treatment (ELEVATE) into electronic health records may increase...

immunotherapy

Report Finds Targeting IL-6 May Help to Relieve Immunotherapy Side Effects

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have identified a novel strategy to reduce immune-related adverse events caused by immunotherapy by targeting the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6). The study, published by Hailemichael et al in Cancer Cell, establishes a proof of concept ...

pancreatic cancer
genomics/genetics

Christine A. Iacobuzio-Donahue, MD, PhD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Novel Insights Into Genetics and Evolution

Christine A. Iacobuzio-Donahue, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses her research on the evolutionary features of advanced stage pancreatic cancers and the insights that may be used to help improve patient outcomes (Abstract PL05).

cns cancers

ASTRO Issues Clinical Guideline on Radiation Therapy for Brain Metastases

A new clinical guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) provides guidance on the use of radiation therapy to treat patients with brain metastases. Evidence-based recommendations guide the multidisciplinary planning and delivery of advanced radiation therapy techniques to...

breast cancer

Why Are Black Women Still Dying at Higher Rates Than White Women From Breast Cancer?

What is so dismaying to me is that the statistic on survival for Black women with breast cancer has not changed since I was diagnosed with breast cancer 17 years ago. In 2005, Black women were 41% more likely to die of the disease than White women, even though Black women are less likely to be...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Short and Shorter Screening Tools for Food Insecurity

A survey of oncology registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs)1 found that most of those surveyed were not using a validated assessment tool to identify food insecurity but expressed interest in obtaining the Six-Item Short Form of the Food Security Survey Module.2  The six-item food insecurity...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Assessing Food Insecurity Among Patients With Cancer

Food insecurity, particularly as it affects cancer survivors, is a serious problem, according to a survey of oncology registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.1 “Despite these concerns, most oncology RDNs interviewed are not using...

lymphoma

The WHO Classification of Tumors of Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues

The ASCO Post is pleased to present Hematology Expert Review, an ongoing feature that quizzes readers on issues in hematology. In this installment, Drs. Syed Ali Abutalib and L. Jeffrey Medeiros explore the updated World Health Organization (WHO) classification of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissue...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

DESTINY-Lung01: Is Trastuzumab Deruxtecan the Answer for HER2-Mutant Lung Cancer?

The human epidermal growth factor (HER) family of receptors are a well-established therapeutic target. Indeed, seminal studies conducted nearly 2 decades ago identified a key association between activating mutations in the kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, also known as...

MSK Introduces The Starr Foundation Program for Discovery Science

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) recently announced the establishment of The Starr Foundation Program for Discovery Science, a pioneering initiative made possible by a $50 million gift from The Starr Foundation. The program will support the work of scientists at the Sloan Kettering...

ASCO Honors 2022 Special Awards Recipients

ASCO and Conquer Cancer, the ASCO Foundation, will recognize researchers, patient advocates, philanthropists, teachers, and global oncology leaders who have reshaped cancer care around the world with the Society’s highest honors at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting in Chicago. Hear from select award...

NCCN Announces Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Comprehensive Cancer Center Joins Member Institutions

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) recently announced that Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Comprehensive Cancer Center has joined the not-for-profit alliance of leading cancer centers as the 32nd member institution. NCCN was founded by 13 original Member Institutions in...

Penn Medicine Appoints Robert Vonderheide, MD, DPhil, to Second 5-Year Term as Director of Abramson Cancer Center

Robert H. Vonderheide, MD, DPhil, has been appointed to a second 5-year term as Director of the Abramson Cancer Center (ACC) at the University of Pennsylvania, following a highly successful tenure that saw 17 U.S. Food and Drug Administration approvals in oncology for therapies based on studies...

David Braun, MD, PhD, Joins Prostate and Urologic Cancers Program at Yale Cancer Center

Yale Cancer Center and Smilow Cancer Hospital welcome David Braun, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine (Medical Oncology) and a member of the Center for Molecular and Cellular Oncology (CMCO). Dr. Braun cares for patients with kidney cancer. Dr. Braun received his PhD in Computational Biology ...

Sam Mbulaiteye, MBChB, MPhil, MMed, Named 2022 Scientist of the Year by Lymphoma Foundation of America

Sam Mbulaiteye, MBChB, MPhil, MMed, senior investigator in the Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, in the Division of Cancer Epidemiology & Genetics of the National Cancer Institute, was recently recognized by the Lymphoma Foundation of America with its 2022 Scientist of the Year Award....

J. Paul Taylor, MD, PhD, Named Scientific Director and Executive Vice President of St. Jude

J. Paul Taylor, MD, PhD, has been named Scientific Director and Executive Vice President of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital. Dr. Taylor steps into the role during a pivotal time of growth for the hospital. Under its $11.5 billion, 6-year strategic plan, the institution’s scientific...

AACR Honors Lee Ellis, MD, for Contributions to Education and Training in Cancer Research

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) has named Lee Ellis, MD, Professor of Colon and Rectal Surgery at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, as the 2022 recipient of the AACR Daniel D. Von Hoff Award for Outstanding Contributions to Education and Training in...

multiple myeloma

Going the Last Mile: Accelerating Delivery of Multiple Myeloma Therapies to All Patients

When I was diagnosed with multiple myeloma in 1996, I was given 3 years to live. At the time, there was little understanding of this disease, which was termed incurable. There were no new treatments, few drugs in the pipeline, hardly any clinical trials, and no multiple myeloma community or...

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