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kidney cancer

Survival Benefit With Adjuvant Immunotherapy in Patients With Clear Cell RCC

The phase III KEYNOTE-564 study has reported that adjuvant pembrolizumab provides a significant improvement in overall survival for patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma at high risk of recurrence after surgery. This study is significant, as it represents the first phase III study to show...

bladder cancer

AMBASSADOR: Pembrolizumab in Muscle-Invasive and Locally Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

Patients with muscle-invasive urothelial cancer and a high risk of recurrence after surgery may have a new treatment option. The Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology announced positive results from the phase III AMBASSADOR (A031501) trial for the adjuvant treatment of patients with localized...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

Cervical Cancer Rates May Be Rising in Low-Income U.S. Counties

The incidence and mortality of cervical cancer may be rising in patients residing in low-income areas of the United States, according to a recent study published by Amboree et al in the International Journal of Cancer. Study Methods and Results In the recent study, investigators used the...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies
issues in oncology

Secondary Cancers May Be Rare in Patients Treated With CAR T-Cell Therapy

The development of any type of secondary cancer following chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy may be rare, according to a recent study published by Ghilardi et al in Nature Medicine. Background Secondary cancers, including T-cell lymphomas, are known risks of cancer treatments such as...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Anant Ramaswamy, DM, on Advanced Gastric Cancers: New Findings on Adding Docetaxel to Doublet

Anant Ramaswamy, DM, of Tata Memorial Centre, discusses phase III results of a study that added docetaxel to a doublet regimen of fluorouracil or capecitabine and oxaliplatin, which did not improve overall survival in patients with advanced gastroesophageal junction and gastric cancers. Continuing...

pancreatic cancer

Frank Kullmann, MD, on Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: Recent Data on Gemcitabine and Nab-Paclitaxel

Frank Kullmann, MD, of Germany’s Klinikum Weiden, discusses results from the ALPACA trial, which suggest a dose-reduced regimen with alternating cycles of gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel and gemcitabine monotherapy after three induction cycles of standard gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel is feasible and...

gastroesophageal cancer

Manish A. Shah, MD, on Esophageal Cancer: Long-Term Outcomes of Pembrolizumab and Chemotherapy

Manish A. Shah, MD, of Weill Cornell Medical College, discusses phase III findings of the KEYNOTE-590 study, which shows that, after 5 years, the use of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy improved survival with durable efficacy, compared with placebo plus chemotherapy, in patients with untreated...

Expert Point of View: Harry P. Erba, MD, PhD

Harry P. Erba, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Leukemia Program in the Division of Hematologic Malignancies and Cellular Therapy at Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, told The ASCO Post he was not surprised by one of the key findings reported by Smith et ...

prostate cancer

Cabozantinib and Atezolizumab in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer with extrapelvic nodal or visceral metastasis who were treated with the combination of cabozantinib plus atezolizumab had significantly improved time to disease progression compared with those who were treated with hormonal therapy. This ...

supportive care
survivorship

Study Finds Plant-Rich Foods, Nuts/Seeds May Benefit Childhood Cancer Survivors

A recent study, published by Wang et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, conducted as part of the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort (SJLIFE), may provide new insights into how diet may affect aging in adult survivors of childhood cancer. This study, involving 3,322 participants aged 18 to 65, found that ...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies
issues in oncology

Unintentional Weight Loss May Be a Warning Sign of Cancer, Study Finds

Unintentional weight loss may be associated with an increased risk of receiving a cancer diagnosis within the next year, according to a recent study published by Wang et al in JAMA. Background Patients with advanced cancer often experience weight loss. However, weight loss is often not thought to...

issues in oncology

Generic Drug Shortages and Essential Cancer Medicines

Decisions regarding the rationing of chemotherapy are commonplace in many countries around the world—including those where patients must pay for chemotherapy out of pocket—and increasingly so in cancer settings that treat both well-off and socioeconomically disadvantaged patients. However, these...

multiple myeloma

Expert Point of View: Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, and Dan Vogl, MD, MSCE

Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, Professor in the Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology at Emory University, and Dan Vogl, MD, MSCE, Associate Professor of Medicine at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, shared their thoughts on the PERSEUS trial for The ASCO Post. Dr. Nooka noted that ...

multiple myeloma

PERSEUS: Daratumumab Regimen Significantly Improves Progression-Free Survival in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

The addition of the CD38 monoclonal antibody daratumumab to a standard regimen for patients with newly diagnosed transplant-­eligible multiple myeloma significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs standard treatment in the phase III PERSEUS trial. The study was reported as a late-breaking...

gastroesophageal cancer

Ian Chau, MD, on Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: New Data on Nivolumab, Ipilimumab, and Chemotherapy

Ian Chau, MD, of The Royal Marsden Hospital, discusses an analysis from the CheckMate 648 study on quality-adjusted time without symptoms and toxicity in patients with unresectable advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Patients treated with nivolumab plus ipilimumab and nivolumab plus...

issues in oncology
immunotherapy

FDA Issues Safety Labeling Change Notification to CAR T-Cell Therapy Manufacturers

On January 19, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued safety labeling change notification letters to all manufacturers of licensed B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-directed and CD19-directed genetically modified autologous chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell immunotherapies requiring ...

skin cancer
issues in oncology

Melanoma Overdiagnoses May Be Rising Among White U.S. Patients

Over 50% of all melanoma diagnoses among White patients in the United States may in fact be overdiagnoses, according to a recent study published by Adamson et al in BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine. Background “Cases of cutaneous melanoma have risen significantly in the [United States] over the last 40...

colorectal cancer
supportive care

Study Finds Majority of Patients With Lynch Syndrome Are Not Using Aspirin to Reduce Risk of Colon Cancer

Investigators have found that only a minority of patients with Lynch syndrome may be receiving aspirin as chemopreventive therapy, according to new findings presented by Singhal et al at the 2024 ASCO Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium (Abstract 19). Background “[Patients] with Lynch syndrome are...

George D. Demetri, MD, FASCO, Earns Lifetime Achievement Award in Medicine From Stanford Medicine Alumni Association

George D. Demetri, MD, FASCO, Director of the Sarcoma Center at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, was awarded the J.E. Wallace Sterling Lifetime Achievement Award in Medicine from the Stanford Medicine Alumni Association (SMAA). Dr. Demetri, an alumnus of the Stanford University School of Medicine,...

breast cancer

My Breast Cancer Experience Has Led Me to Leverage My Expertise in Human-Centered Design to Transform Patient Care

The road to my breast cancer diagnosis in 2018 was long and tortuous. For 3 years leading up to the diagnosis, I had imaging scans and tissue biopsies every 3 months because of suspicious masses in my breasts. The uncertainty was so destabilizing that I was in a constant state of emotional unrest....

multiple myeloma

The High Cost of Oral Agents for Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Late in 2023, Richardson et al shared the results of a phase I/II clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03374085). They concluded that the “all-oral combination of mezigdomide plus dexamethasone showed promising efficacy in patients with heavily pretreated multiple myeloma.”1 Mezigdomide ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Ken Kato, MD, PhD, on Advanced Esophageal Cancer: Biomarker Analyses From CheckMate 648

Ken Kato, MD, PhD, of Japan’s National Cancer Center Hospital, discusses the first comprehensive findings on biomarkers from the CheckMate 648 study. These results further corroborate the clinical efficacy of nivolumab plus chemotherapy and nivolumab plus ipilimumab in the first-line treatment of...

Expert Point of View: Rory M. Shallis, MD

Rory M. Shallis, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine (Hematology) at Yale School of Medicine, shared his thoughts on the use of revumenib in histone-lysine N-methyltransferase 2A-rearranged (KMT2A-rearranged) leukemia, as reported in the phase II AUGMENT-101 trial. In an interview with The ASCO...

gastroesophageal cancer

Michael K. Gibson, MD, PhD, on Esophageal Cancer: Expert Commentary on Two Key Studies

Michael K. Gibson, MD, PhD, of Vanderbilt University Medical Center, discusses phase III findings on chemotherapy plus camrelizumab in the ESCORT-NEO trial of patients with resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma; and phase III SKYSCRAPER-08 results on first-line tiragolumab plus atezolizumab ...

New Director of the University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Naoto T. Ueno, MD, PhD, FACP, Is Also a Two-Time Cancer Survivor

In this installment of The ASCO Post ’s Living a Full Life series, guest editor Jame Abraham, MD, FACP, spoke with Naoto T. Ueno, MD, PhD, FACP, Director of the University of Hawaii Cancer Center. Along with his duties leading the cancer center, Dr. Ueno leads translational breast cancer research...

pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology

Novel Molecular Twin Tool May Improve Precision Medicine Care in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

The novel artificial intelligence (AI)-based Molecular Twin Precision Oncology Platform may be capable of identifying biomarkers that may outperform the standard test for predicting pancreatic cancer survival, according to a recent study published by Osipov et al in Nature Cancer. Background...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Factors Influencing Selection of Active Surveillance for Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

Investigators may have uncovered some of the factors associated with the selection of active surveillance over surgery or radiation therapy in patients with low-risk prostate cancer, according to a recent study published by Xu et al in Cancer. Background Guidelines for low-risk prostate cancer that ...

issues in oncology

Tackling the Challenges of Oncology Workforce Shortages, Increased Patient Demand, and Rising Costs of Care

In May 2023, The ASCO Post launched a new feature, View From the Top: The Future of Cancer Care Delivery, which explores how leaders in oncology are developing strategies to ensure continued innovative oncology care in an ever-changing health-care environment. In this installment, Guest Editor Jame ...

neuroendocrine tumors

NETTER-2: Lu-177 Dotatate for Advanced Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

Results from the first phase III clinical trial evaluating radioligand therapy in the first-line setting demonstrated that treatment with lutetium Lu-177 dotatate significantly improved progression-free survival and objective response rates in patients with high-grade gastroenteropancreatic...

hepatobiliary cancer

Adding Immunotherapy-Based Combination to TACE Improves Progression-Free Survival in HCC

The addition of durvalumab and bevacizumab to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) significantly improved progression-free survival in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma who were eligible for embolization. According to the study authors, this is the first trial to demonstrate...

bladder cancer

FDA Approves Erdafitinib for Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

On January 19, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the FGFR inhibitor erdafitinib (Balversa) for adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma with susceptible FGFR3 genetic alterations, as determined by an FDA-approved companion diagnostic test, whose...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma
leukemia

Novel CAR NK-Cell Therapy May Offer Benefit in Patients With B-Cell Malignancies

A novel chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) natural killer (NK)-cell therapy may be effective at treating patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies, according to a novel study published by Marin et al in Nature Medicine. Study Methods and Results In the new phase I/II trial, researchers...

colorectal cancer

Do Patients With Molecular MRD Detected After Colorectal Cancer Surgery Benefit From Adjuvant Chemotherapy?

Following surgery to remove a colorectal tumor, patients may have molecular measurable residual disease (MRD). Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), or liquid biopsy, may be used to detect molecular MRD in patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer and to determine whether they may benefit from...

colorectal cancer

Role of Postoperative ctDNA in Patients With Low-Risk Stage IIA Colon Cancer

The role of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), or liquid biopsy, as a predictive tool to guide and monitor cancer treatment remains unclear, after the first prospective randomized phase II trial evaluating clearance of ctDNA in patients with stage II colon cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy did not ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Combining PD-L1 and TIGIT Inhibitors Plus Chemotherapy in Esophageal Cancer

Results from the phase III SKYSCRAPER-08 study found that combining PD-L1 and T-cell immunoglobulin and ITM domain (TIGIT) inhibitors plus chemotherapy in the first-line setting extended survival in an Asian population of patients with metastatic or locally advanced esophageal squamous cell...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Combating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Precision Medicine for Colorectal Cancer

Investigators may have uncovered molecular evidence of racial disparities in the receipt of precision medicine, according to a recent study published by Yamada et al in npj Precision Oncology. Background Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer type diagnosed in both male and female...

lymphoma
issues in oncology

Investigators Highlight Characteristics Potentially Linked to Improved CAR T-Cell Therapy Outcomes in Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Investigators have assessed whether specific tumor characteristics were associated with improved outcomes in patients with large B-cell lymphoma who received chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, according to a recent study published by Locke et al in Nature Medicine. The findings may...

cns cancers
issues in oncology

Cannabis Use During Pregnancy May Be Linked to CNS Cancers in Children

Researchers may have identified an association between certain types of childhood cancers and cannabis use among pregnant patients, according to a recent study published by Wimberly et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. The findings add specificity to the potential harms of...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

DXH9 Depletion May Expose Small Cell Lung Cancer Tumors to Immune System Attack

Researchers may have identified a novel genetic mechanism capable of making small cell lung cancer tumors more susceptible to an attack by the immune system, according to a new study published by Murayama et al in Cancer Discovery. The findings could lead to the development of new therapeutics to...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Medicaid Expansion May Improve Postsurgical Survival Outcomes in Patients With NSCLC

Investigators have found that Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act may be associated with a reduced risk of early mortality following surgical resection in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a recent study published by Nogueira et al in JAMA Network Open. The ...

gynecologic cancers

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab Plus Chemoradiotherapy for FIGO 2014 Stage III–IVA Cervical Cancer

On January 12, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) with chemoradiotherapy for patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2014 stage III–IVA cervical cancer. KEYNOTE-A18 Efficacy was evaluated in KEYNOTE-A18...

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

Obesity and a Precursor of Multiple Myeloma

Patients with obesity may be more likely to have monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, according to a recent study published by Lee et al in Blood Advances. Background Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance—a benign hematologic condition characterized by an abnormal...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Study Identifies Potential Variations in U.S. Health Insurance Coverage at Cancer Diagnosis by State

Investigators have uncovered substantial state variations in health insurance coverage among U.S. patients newly diagnosed with cancer, according to a recent study published by Hu et al in Health Affairs Scholar. Background Over the past decade, health insurance coverage—which has been found to be...

breast cancer

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Trial Update on Pembrolizumab Plus Olaparib vs Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses data from the phase II KEYLYNK-009 study, which compared pembrolizumab plus olaparib vs pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy after induction with pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy...

leukemia

Ibrahim Aldoss, MD, on KMT2A-Rearranged Acute Leukemia: New Data on Revumenib Monotherapy

Ibrahim Aldoss, MD, of City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses phase II safety and efficacy results from the Augment-101 study. This trial showed that patients with heavily pretreated, relapsed or refractory KMT2-rearranged acute leukemia benefited from monotherapy with the menin-KMT2A...

leukemia

Harinder Gill, MD, MBBS, on Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia: Assessing the Use of Oral Arsenic Trioxide, Retinoic Acid, and Ascorbic Acid

Harinder Gill, MD, MBBS, of The University of Hong Kong, discusses findings showing the use of an “AAA” regimen (pure oral arsenic trioxide combined with all-trans retinoic acid) in a risk-adapted strategy that minimized chemotherapy was highly effective and safe in patients with newly diagnosed...

lymphoma

Mazyar Shadman, MD, MPH, on Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Autologous Transplantation vs CAR T-Cell Therapy

Mazyar Shadman, MD, MPH, of the University of Washington, discusses new data suggesting that in patients with relapsed large B-cell lymphoma who achieve a complete response, treatment with autologous transplantation may be associated with a lower relapse rate and improved progression-free survival...

leukemia

Jeffrey E. Rubnitz, MD, PhD, on Pediatric AML Outcomes and Racial Disparities

Jeffrey E. Rubnitz, MD, PhD, of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, discusses study findings suggesting that pharmacogenomic differences between Black and White patients should be considered when tailoring induction regimens to improve outcomes of all patients and bridge the racial disparity gap ...

breast cancer

Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, on Early-Stage Breast Cancer: 5-Year Outcomes With Endocrine Therapy and Breast-Conserving Surgery

Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, of Emory University Winship Cancer Institute, discusses the IDEA trial of endocrine therapy without radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery for postmenopausal patients between the ages of 50 and 69 with stage I breast cancer. The regimen demonstrated a low risk of...

breast cancer

Seema Khan, MD, on Ductal Carcinoma in Situ: Central MRI and a 12-Gene Expression Assay to Optimize Local Therapy

Seema Khan, MD, of Northwestern University and the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the 5-year clinical outcomes of ECOG-ACRIN 4112, a prospective trial that supports the omission of radiotherapy after surgery in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ who have a low DCIS score ...

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