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hepatobiliary cancer

What Can Be Learned From Negative Findings of Two Trials in Biliary Tract Cancer

Biliary tract cancer is particularly difficult to treat, with a median overall survival of about 1 year with standard-of-care gemcitabine-based regimens. Advanced biliary tract cancer is an area of significant unmet need because of its aggressive nature, limited treatment options, and poor...

lung cancer
neuroendocrine tumors

SBRT for Patients With Primary Lung Neuroendocrine Tumors

Researchers have found that stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) may be an effective treatment for patients with early-stage lung neuroendocrine tumors, according to a new study published by Oliver et al in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics. Background Primary...

colorectal cancer

Defensive Beliefs May Prevent Individuals From Partaking in Screening for Colorectal Cancer

Investigators have revealed that individuals who react defensively to an invitation for colorectal cancer screening may be less likely to take part, according to a new study published by Clarke et al in Cancer. Background Colorectal cancer is one of the most treatable cancer types—especially if...

issues in oncology

Researchers Uncover Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Widely Used Precision Oncology Data Registry

Biorepositories created to support precision cancer research through their vast stores of genomic data may lack sufficient representation of cancer distribution among racial and ethnic minorities, according to a new study published by Cheung et al in npj Precision Oncology. The investigators also...

cns cancers

Preclinical Study Shows Losartan May Prevent Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor–Induced Cerebral Edema in Glioblastoma

Researchers revealed that the blood pressure drug losartan may prevent immunotherapy-induced edema and allow patients with glioblastoma to continue receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors without developing adverse effects in the brain, according to a new study published by Datta et al in...

breast cancer
global cancer care

WHO Launches New Roadmap on Breast Cancer

The World Health Organization (WHO) has released a new Global Breast Cancer Initiative Framework, providing a roadmap to attain targets to save 2.5 million lives from breast cancer by 2040. The new framework recommends that countries implement three pillars of health promotion—early detection,...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Sacituzumab Govitecan-hziy for Pretreated Patients With HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

On February 3, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved sacituzumab govitecan-hziy (Trodelvy) for patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic, hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative (immunohistochemistry [IHC] 0, IHC 1+, or IHC 2+ with a negative in situ...

integrative oncology
symptom management

Massage Therapy May Improve Symptom Burden for Pediatric Patients With Hematologic and/or Oncologic Conditions

A new study from University Hospitals (UH) Connor Whole Health found children, adolescents, and young adults with cancer or sickle cell disease treated at a pediatric academic medical center reported clinically significant reductions in pain, stress, and anxiety in response to massage therapy....

global cancer care

World Cancer Day: Commercial Interests May Drive Millions of Avoidable Cancer Deaths

The Union for International Cancer Control (UICC)—in light of World Cancer Day, taking place on February 4—has called on governments around the world to prioritize policy actions to reduce preventable cancers caused by tobacco use and the consumption of alcohol and ultraprocessed foods, including...

cns cancers

Researchers Develop AI Algorithm to Gain New Insights Into Glioblastoma

Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm, known as SPHINKS, capable of performing advanced computational analyses to identify potential therapeutic targets for patients with glioblastoma multiforme. The platform may also have applicability in other cancers, according to...

Expert Point of View: Emily K. Curran, MD

Moderator of the session, Emily K. Curran, MD, Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine at the University of Cincinnati Cancer Center, in Ohio, said that the data presented by Dr. Short and colleagues demonstrated very impressive event-free and overall survival rates, especially for a disease that...

issues in oncology

Review Provides Recommendations on Cancer Treatment in the Context of Preexisting Dementia

According to a review published by Ashley et al in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, preexisting dementia may complicate cancer care and increase the risk of worse clinical outcome and inferior patient experience. People living with dementia are more likely to have cancer diagnosed at an...

issues in oncology

Consuming Ultraprocessed Foods May Be Linked to Increased Cancer Risk and Mortality

Higher consumption of ultraprocessed foods may be linked to increased cancer burden and mortality, according to a new, UK-based study published by Chang et al in eClinicalMedicine. Ultraprocessed foods are food items which have been heavily processed during their production—such as fizzy drinks,...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Adjuvant Osimertinib May Significantly Improve Disease-Free Survival for Patients With Resected EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

The EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib may improve rates of disease-free survival and reduce the risk of recurrence in patients with resected, EGFR­-mutant non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a new exploratory analysis of the ADAURA trial published by Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD,...

breast cancer

Study Finds Breast MRI Superior vs Other Supplementary Screening Tests for Detecting Breast Cancer in Patients With Dense Breasts

Compared to other common supplemental screening methods, breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was superior at detecting breast cancer in patients with dense breasts, according to a new study published by Hussein et al in Radiology. Background Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer...

breast cancer

Gap Discovered in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy Recommendations for Patients Aged 70 vs 69 Years

Age-based heuristics may lead to large differences in breast cancer treatment based on small differences in chronologic age, according to a new study published by Talcott et al in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, and Physics. Background Radiation therapy often is given...

pancreatic cancer

Zev A. Wainberg, MD, on Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Recent Findings on NALIRIFOX vs Nab-paclitaxel Plus Gemcitabine

Zev A. Wainberg, MD, of the UCLA School of Medicine, discusses phase III findings from the NAPOLI-3 trial, which showed that first-line NALIRIFOX (liposomal irinotecan plus fluorouracil/leucovorin plus oxaliplatin) improved overall and progression-free survival compared with nab-paclitaxel plus...

thyroid cancer

Genomic Screening May Help Detect Medullary Thyroid Cancer, Study Finds

Population-based genomic screening may facilitate early detection of medullary thyroid cancer in patients with variants in the RET gene, according to a new study published by Pichardo et al in JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery. Background Medullary thyroid cancer accounts for 2% to 5% of...

hematologic malignancies

Momelotinib May Effectively Reduce Anemia and Other Symptoms for Patients With Myelofibrosis

The targeted therapy momelotinib may offer clinically significant improvement in disease-related symptoms, including anemia and spleen enlargement, for patients with myelofibrosis, according to a novel study published by Srdan Verstovsek, MD, PhD, and colleagues in The Lancet. The findings support...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Combined With Targeted Therapy in Patients With BRAF V600E–Mutated Colorectal Cancer

In one of the first clinical trials combining immunotherapy and targeted therapy for patients with BRAF V600E–mutated colorectal cancer, researchers discovered that a combination regimen of dabrafenib, trametinib, and spartalizumab resulted in long-lasting responses. The study findings published by ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Laura A. Dawson, MD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Phase III Data on Sorafenib vs Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy

Laura A. Dawson, MD, of Canada’s Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses phase III findings from the NRG/RTOG1112 study, which showed that stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) administered prior to sorafenib vs sorafenib alone, improved outcomes in patients with advanced hepatocellular...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Kohei Shitara, MD, on Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma: Recent Data on Zolbetuximab Plus mFOLFOX6

Kohei Shitara, MD, of Japan’s National Cancer Center Hospital East, discusses the SPOTLIGHT study’s phase III findings on zolbetuximab plus mFOLFOX6 as first-line treatment for patients with the biomarker claudin-18.2–positive and HER2-negative locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric or ...

lymphoma

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Pirtobrutinib for Relapsed or Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma

On January 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pirtobrutinib (Jaypirca) for patients with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma after at least two lines of systemic therapy, including a Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor. BRUIN Efficacy was...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Elacestrant for ER-Positive, HER2-Negative, ESR1-Mutated Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer

On January 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved elacestrant (Orserdu) for postmenopausal women or adult men with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative, ESR1-mutated advanced or metastatic breast cancer with disease progression following at least one line of endocrine...

gastrointestinal cancer

Souya Nunobe, MD, PhD, on Gastric Cancer: 5-Year Follow-up on S-1 Chemotherapy for Stage II Disease

Souya Nunobe, MD, PhD, of Japan’s Cancer Institute Hospital and the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, discusses 5-year follow-up results of the phase III OPAS-1 trial, which compared four and eight courses of S-1, a novel oral fluoropyrimidine derivative adjuvant chemotherapy for patients...

Sotorasib in Previously Treated Patients With KRAS G12C–Mutated Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: In Conversation With The ASCO Post

On this episode, Chandrakanth Are, MBBS, MBA, FSSO, FRCS, FACS, Professor of Surgical Oncology and Global Health at University of Nebraska Medical Center, and an editorial advisor for The ASCO Post, holds a conversation with John H. Strickler, MD, a medical oncologist at Duke University Medical...

gynecologic cancers

New Analysis Sheds Light on Potential Link Between Ovulation and Ovarian Cancer

Individuals who ovulate for longer over their lifetimes may have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer, suggesting that suppressing ovulation can lower this risk, according to a new study published by Fu et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The researchers also offered clues...

issues in oncology

New Study Shows Increased Cancer Mortality Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes in England

New research shows that patients with type 2 diabetes may experience a substantially higher rate of cancer mortality than the general population—by 18% for all cancers combined, 9% for breast cancer, and as much as 2.4-fold for colorectal cancer—according to a new study published by Ling et al in...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab as Adjuvant Treatment for NSCLC

On January 26, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for adjuvant treatment following resection and platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with stage IB (T2a, ≥ 4 cm), II, or IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). KEYNOTE-091 Efficacy was evaluated in...

hepatobiliary cancer

Laura A. Dawson, MD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Liver Metastases: Recent Treatment Data on Palliative Radiotherapy

Laura A. Dawson, MD, of Canada’s Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses phase III findings showing that compared with best supportive care alone, single-fraction whole-liver radiation therapy appears to improve hepatic pain in the majority of patients with treatment-refractory or -ineligible...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Filippo Pietrantonio, MD, on Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma: Recent Data on Treatment With Tremelimumab and Durvalumab

Filippo Pietrantonio, MD, of Italy’s Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, discusses phase II results from the INFINITY trial of tremelimumab and durvalumab as neoadjuvant treatment of patients with microsatellite instability–high (MSI) resectable gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma...

colorectal cancer

Julien Taïeb, MD, PhD, on Treating Colorectal Cancer With Trifluridine and Tipiracil Plus Bevacizumab

Julien Taïeb, MD, PhD, of Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Université Paris-Cité, discusses the clinical implications of new phase III findings from the SUNLIGHT study, which showed that trifluridine and tipiracil (FTD/TPI) plus bevacizumab resulted in improved outcomes compared with FTD/TPI...

lymphoma

Receiving Chemotherapy in the Afternoon May Improve Treatment Outcomes in Some Patients With DLBCL

Utilizing chronochemotherapy—a method aimed at delivering chemotherapy at a time when the body is least vulnerable to its harmful effects and when the cancer cells are at their most vulnerable—may improve the outcomes of some patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), according to a novel ...

issues in oncology

Emily C. Daugherty, MD, on FLASH Radiotherapy: Efficacy and Safety Results From the First-in-Human Study

Emily C. Daugherty, MD, of the University of Cincinnati, discusses results from the FAST-01 study, which showed that FLASH proton radiotherapy, delivered at ultra-high–dose rates, may be efficacious, with adverse events comparable to conventional dose-rate treatment of patients with cancer....

leukemia

Undaunted

Soon after my marriage, in 2003, I noticed swelling in the glands around my throat. Although I otherwise felt fine, I went to see my primary care physician for a checkup and a blood test. The results of the test showed that I had an abnormally high number of lymphocytes circulating in my...

Atrium Health and Wake Forest University School of Medicine Cancer Program Appoint New Director

Atrium Health recently announced that Ruben A. Mesa, MD, FACP, has been named President and Executive Director of its cancer service line—which includes both Atrium Health Levine Cancer Institute and Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist Comprehensive Cancer Center—and Vice Dean for Cancer Programs at...

issues in oncology

Communicating Prognosis: A Core Competency of Patient-Centered Oncology Care

Most of us have felt our stomachs sink as we opened a patient’s radiology or laboratory report and realized the patient faced a grave situation. If we’re lucky, we have a couple of days before a scheduled patient appointment to prepare ourselves to deliver that bad news. Other times, we may have...

Inaugural Recipients of the Lubin Family Foundation Scholar Award Named

The four inaugural recipients of the Lubin Family Foundation Scholar Award have been announced by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Richard K. Lubin Family Foundation. Lubin Scholars are among the most promising physician-scientists pursuing cancer-relevant basic or translational...

breast cancer

Expert Point of View: Nancy Chan, MD

Nancy Chan, MD, Director of Breast Cancer Clinical Research at NYU Langone’s Perlmutter Cancer Center, New York, commented on the monarchE analysis for The ASCO Post. She noted that the study investigated the addition of adjuvant abemaciclib (an oral CDK4/6 inhibitor) to endocrine therapy in a...

Andrea Schietinger, PhD, to Present 2023 AACR–Irving Weinstein Foundation Distinguished Lecture

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) will award the 19th AACR–Irving Weinstein Foundation Distinguished Lectureship to Andrea Schietinger, PhD, during the 2023 AACR Annual Meeting, held April 14–19, in Orlando, Florida. Dr. Schietinger, an associate member of the Immunology Program...

KU Medical Center Researchers Receive R01 Grant From NCI to Improve Access to Targeted Cancer Treatments for Rural Patients

Precision medicine has revolutionized cancer treatment—but only for patients who have access to treatments. Nearly 2 million people in the United States are diagnosed each year with cancer, but access to targeted treatments varies widely, and only about half of the eligible people receive them,...

Northwell Receives Gift From Trustee Roy J. Zuckerberg to Create First Cancer Hospital and Cancer Campus on Long Island

Northwell Health recently announced a gift from longtime trustee Roy J. Zuckerberg to create the R.J. ­Zuckerberg Cancer Hospital at Long Island Jewish (LIJ) Medical Center—Long Island’s first cancer hospital—and to establish the R.J. Zuckerberg Cancer Center, Northwell’s largest ambulatory cancer...

lymphoma

How Experts Treat Mantle Cell Lymphoma in First Complete Response

Options are growing in the treatment of mantle cell lymphoma after complete response. At the 2022 Pan Pacific Lymphoma Conference,1 the use of these newer strategies in older patients was discussed by Brad S. Kahl, MD, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Lymphoma Service at Washington...

NRG Oncology Announces Leadership of New DEI Committee and New Vice Chair for Ancillary Projects Committee

NRG Oncology, a National Cancer Institute (NCI) National Clinical Trials Network (NTCN) group focused on improving outcomes for adults with cancer through international clinical research, recently announced the appointed leadership of the organization’s new Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI)...

multiple myeloma

Expert Point of View: Urvi A. Shah, MD

Urvi A. Shah, MD, Assistant Attending at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Assistant Professor at Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, moderated the session where the MagnetisMM trial updates1,2 were reported and was interviewed by The ASCO Post. Elranatamab vs Teclistamab Dr. Shah noted...

Maureen Murphy, PhD, Named Deputy Director of the Wistar Institute’s Ellen and Ronald Caplan Cancer Center

The Ellen and Ronald Caplan Cancer Center at The Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, has announced the appointment of the Ira Brind Endowed Professor, Maureen Murphy, PhD, as Deputy Director. Dr. Murphy will guide the growth of the Cancer Center through expanding research initiatives and collaboration, ...

gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Manik A. Amin, MD, on Novel Immune Therapies in GI Cancers: What’s on the Horizon?

Manik A. Amin, MD, of Dartmouth Cancer Center, discusses the future of immunotherapy in gastrointestinal cancers, the challenges of creating effective adoptive cell therapies, and the next generation of immune checkpoint inhibitors.

gastroesophageal cancer

Nick Pavlakis, PhD, MBBS, on Gastroesophageal Cancer: New Findings on the Use of Regorafenib

Nick Pavlakis, PhD, MBBS, of Australia’s Royal North Shore Hospital, discusses phase III findings from the INTEGRATE IIa study of regorafenib vs placebo in refractory advanced gastroesophageal cancer. The trial provides a platform for the investigation of combination therapy with an immune...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Richard S. Finn, MD, on HCC: Tislelizumab vs Sorafenib, and Their Impact on Quality of Life

Richard S. Finn, MD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses findings from the RATIONALE-301 study, which showed that patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with first-line tislelizumab had better health-related...

issues in oncology

FDA Oncology Center of Excellence Seeks Applications for New Research Funding Opportunities

OCE Insights is an occasional column developed for The ASCO Post by members of the Oncology Center of Excellence (OCE) at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In this installment, Julie A. Schneider, PhD, Associate Director for Research Strategy and Partnerships, OCE; Jennifer J. Gao, MD,...

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