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kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer
immunotherapy

Five-Year Survival in Heavily Pretreated Patients Receiving Nivolumab Monotherapy

As reported by Topalian et al in JAMA Oncology, long-term follow up of patients from a phase I expansion cohort study indicated 5-year overall survival rates of 34.2%, 27.7%, and 15.6% among patients who received nivolumab monotherapy for advanced melanoma, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Benefit Seen With Targeted Therapies in Elderly and Medically Complex Patients With Metastatic RCC

Many elderly and medically complex patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC)—who are often underrepresented in clinical trials—saw overall survival benefits from treatment with targeted therapies, according to a study that analyzed 13 years of data on Medicare patients...

cns cancers
colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancers
kidney cancer
lung cancer

FDA Approves Bevacizumab Biosimilar for Five Cancer Types

On June 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved bevacizumab-bvzr (Zirabev), a biosimilar to bevacizumab (Avastin), for the treatment of five types of cancer: metastatic colorectal cancer; unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent, or metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell ...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Activity of Nivolumab for Renal Cell Carcinoma Brain Metastases

In an analysis of the phase II GETUG-AFU 26 NIVOREN study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Flippot et al found that nivolumab had limited activity in patients with previously untreated brain metastases from clear cell renal cell carcinoma. The study assessed nivolumab in patients with ...

kidney cancer

2019 ASCO: No Benefit From Pazopanib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma After Metastasectomy

The E2810 trial was conducted to determine whether treatment with the oral drug pazopanib following surgery to remove further metastases in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma would improve their disease-free survival. Results from the study—which showed that primary endpoint of...

kidney cancer

Leonard J. Appleman, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: Pazopanib vs Placebo After Metastasectomy

Leonard J. Appleman, MD, PhD, of UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, discusses phase III trial findings that showed a trend toward worse survival with pazopanib in patients with metastatic kidney cancer who exhibited no evidence of disease following metastasectomy (Abstract 4502).

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
prostate cancer
solid tumors

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, and Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, on ANZUP: Taking a Multidisciplinary Approach to Prostate, Kidney, Bladder, Testicular, and Penile Cancers

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, of Monash University and Eastern Health, discuss the Australian and New Zealand Urogenital and Prostate Cancer Trials Group, working globally to speed clinical research in and treatment of urogenital cancers.

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Checkpoint Inhibitors and Genomic Characterization of Sarcomatoid/Rhabdoid Disease

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Ziad Bakouny, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss a retrospective review of genomically profiled patients with sarcomatoid/rhabdoid renal cell cancer who were found to have better outcomes with immune checkpoint inhibitors and to harbor mutations associated...

kidney cancer

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, on Renal Cancer: Cytoreductive Nephrectomy Followed by Sunitinib in the Metastatic Setting

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of the Huntsman Cancer Institute, and Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, of the Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, Paris Descartes University, discuss an update to the CARMENA trial with new phase III study results on the benefit of cytoreductive nephrectomy followed by sunitinib vs...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: KEYNOTE-426 on First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah Health Care, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, discuss phase III study findings on outcomes with combination therapy for intermediate/poor-risk and sarcomatoid subgroups of renal cell carcinoma...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

IMmotion151: First-Line Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab vs Sunitinib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase III IMmotion151 trial reported in The Lancet, Rini et al found that atezolizumab plus bevacizumab prolonged progression-free survival vs sunitinib in patients with previously untreated, programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive, metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib for First-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On April 19, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) plus axitinib for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). KEYNOTE-426 Approval was based on KEYNOTE-426, a randomized, multicenter, open-label trial conducted in ...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Eric Jonasch, MD, on Kidney Cancer: A Year in Review

Eric Jonasch, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses major findings over the past 12 months in kidney cancer, including combination immunotherapies and trends in surgical oncology.

issues in oncology
kidney cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD: Let's Get More Patients With Rare Tumors Into Clinical Trials

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, talks about the need for investigators across the country to enroll their patients with rare tumors in clinical trials. He describes a trial he is leading for papillary kidney cancer and how others can join his efforts.

kidney cancer

Activity of Cabozantinib in Advanced Non–Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a retrospective cohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Chanzá et al found evidence of activity of cabozantinib in advanced non–clear cell renal carcinoma. Cabozantinib is approved in metastatic renal cell carcinoma on the basis of studies in clear cell histology. As noted by ...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Ziad Bakouny, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Next-Generation Immuno-oncology Therapies

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Ziad Bakouny, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, talk about novel cytokines, checkpoint inhibitors, and vaccines in the treatment pipeline for renal cell carcinoma.

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2019 GU Cancers Symposium: First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported at the 2019 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium (Abstract 543) and in The New England Journal of Medicine, Rini et al found significant benefits in overall and progression-free survival with the combination of pembrolizumab plus axitinib vs sunitinib in the first-line treatment of advanced...

kidney cancer

Brian I. Rini, MD, on Renal Cell Cancer: Risk Stratification After Resection of Localized Disease

Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, discusses current models used to estimate the risk of recurrence as well as genomic data that could help pinpoint individual tumor biology.

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Rana R. McKay, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Results From a Trial on Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab

Rana R. McKay, MD, of the University of California, San Diego, discusses phase II study findings on atezolizumab and bevacizumab in non–clear cell renal cell carcinoma and clear cell renal cell carcinoma with sarcomatoid differentiation (Abstract 548).

kidney cancer

Brian I. Rini, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Results From the TIVO-3 Trial on Tivozanib vs Sorafenib

Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, discusses phase III findings on a comparison of tivozanib and sorafenib in patients with refractory advanced renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 541).

kidney cancer

Ignacio Duran, MD, PhD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Results From the METEOR Trial on Cabozantinib vs Everolimus

Ignacio Duran, MD, PhD, of the Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, discusses an overall survival analysis of the phase III METEOR trial of cabozantinib vs everolimus in advanced renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 550).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Results From the NIVOREN GETUG-AFU 26 Study on Nivolumab

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses findings on the safety and efficacy of nivolumab used in a “real world” prospective study on metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). This research was conducted after nivolumab was approved for the treatment of mRCC following failure of one or ...

kidney cancer

2019 GU Cancers Symposium: TIVO-3: Tivozanib vs Sorafenib in Refractory Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

The TIVO-3 trial was conducted to confirm progression-free survival results from the TIVO-1 trial, which found an improvement in median progression-free survival in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with tivozanib vs sorafenib. Findings from TIVO-3 were presented by...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Trial Results on Avelumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a subgroup analysis from the JAVELIN Renal 101 study on outcomes for avelumab plus axitinib vs sunitinib in advanced renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 544).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Brian I. Rini, MD, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Results From the KEYNOTE-426 Trial on Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib

Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, discuss their study findings on pembrolizumab plus axitinib vs sunitinib as first-line therapy for locally advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 543).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2019 GU Cancers Symposium: JAVELIN Renal 101: Avelumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib for Advanced Kidney Cancer

A combination of two drugs could become a new standard first-line treatment for patients with metastatic kidney cancer, according to results from the JAVELIN Renal 101 trial presented at the 2019 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium (Abstract 544) and simultaneously published in The New England...

head and neck cancer
kidney cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Renal Cell Carcinoma and Head and Neck Cancer

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted multiple Priority Reviews: Pembrolizumab in Combination With Axitinib as First-Line Treatment for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma Today, the FDA accepted and granted Priority Review for a new supplemental biologics license...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2019 GU Cancers Symposium: KEYNOTE-426: Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Results from the randomized, phase III KEYNOTE-426 clinical trial show that first-line therapy with a combination of pembrolizumab and axitinib extended both overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) for patients with clear cell metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared with the...

kidney cancer

Personalized Treatment May Extend Life Expectancy for Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease and Small Renal Tumors

Personalized treatment plans may extend life expectancy for patients with early-stage kidney cancer who also have risk factors for worsening kidney disease, according to a new study published by Kang et al in Radiology. Kidney tumors are often discovered at an early stage and are frequently...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Cella et al, patient-reported outcomes were better with nivolumab plus ipilimumab vs sunitinib in the phase III CheckMate 214 trial among patients with intermediate- or poor-risk advanced renal cell carcinoma. The ongoing trial showed significantly improved...

kidney cancer

Immediate vs Deferred Cytoreductive Nephrectomy in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Treated With Sunitinib

In a trial with a modified primary endpoint due to slow accrual reported in JAMA Oncology, Bex et al found that deferred cytoreductive nephrectomy after sunitinib did not improve 28-week progression-free rate (PFR) vs immediate nephrectomy followed by sunitinib in patients with metastatic renal...

kidney cancer

Adding Genomic Factors to MSKCC Risk Model in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Voss et al found that adding the mutation status of prognostic genes to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) risk model improved the prognostic performance of the model in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. The study involved...

kidney cancer

Surveillance Imaging Modality and Survival After Recurrence in Favorable-Histology Wilms Tumor

Findings in a study reported by Mullen and colleagues for the Children’s Oncology Group in the Journal of Clinical Oncology suggest that routine computed tomography (CT) surveillance may not be necessary for recurrence detection in favorable-histology Wilms tumor. The study was a...

kidney cancer

2018 ASTRO: IROCK: Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy for RCC in Patients With One Kidney

Treatment of renal cell carcinoma with stereotactic radiation therapy is as safe and effective for patients with one kidney as it is for those with two, according to an analysis of an international data set presented by Correa et al at the 60th Annual Meeting of the American Society for...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on RCC: Challenging Established Front-Line Treatment

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses data from the global, phase III JAVELIN trial that compared axitinib plus avelumab vs sunitinib, which could lead to a new standard of care in renal cell carcinoma (Abstract LBA6_PR).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: JAVELIN Renal 101: Avelumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Renal Cell Carcinoma

A combination of the immune checkpoint blocker avelumab (Bavencio) plus the tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib (Inlyta) improved progression-free survival (PFS) in previously untreated patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in the phase III JAVELIN Renal 101 study, according to results...

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, on Renal and Bladder Cancers: Focus on Immunotherapy

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, of San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital and the Israel Englander Institute of Precision Medicine at Weill Cornell, discusses results from the phase III CheckMate-025 study on nivolumab vs everolimus for mRCC; the CheckMate-214 study on nivolumab, ipilimumab, and sunitinib for...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Avelumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Patients With Advanced Kidney Cancer

The results of the pivotal phase III JAVELIN Renal 101 study—which evaluated avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with axitinib (Inlyta) compared with sunitinib (Sutent) as initial therapy for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma—were recently announced. As part of a planned...

kidney cancer

New Recommendations for Cabozantinib Tablets in Updated NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines

Recently, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) updated its Clinical Practice Guidelines to include new recommendations for cabozantinib (Cabometyx) tablets. With the updates, cabozantinib is recommended by the NCCN for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma regardless...

kidney cancer

Presurgical CT Imaging of CD117-Positive Kidney Tumors

A research team from Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center has discovered a way to use computed tomography (CT) imaging to assess kidney tumors that test positive for the biomarker CD117 and accurately determine—before surgery—whether the tumor is benign or malignant. Their findings...

kidney cancer

Sunitinib vs Nephrectomy Followed by Sunitinib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In an interim analysis of the French phase III noninferiority Carmena trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Méjean et al found that sunitinib alone was not inferior in overall survival vs nephrectomy followed by sunitinib in patients with intermediate- or poor-risk...

kidney cancer

Meta-Analysis of Patients With Early Kidney Cancer Treated With Robotic Partial Nephrectomy

For patients with early kidney cancer, surgically removing a portion of the kidney instead of the whole organ is often a preferred treatment, because the procedure can effectively remove tumors while preserving kidney function. But when it comes to the best surgical approach—robotic,...

colorectal cancer
kidney cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer

Large Disparities in Cancer Mortality Rates Found Among Different Racial/Ethnic Populations in New York State

According to the American Cancer Society, cancer is the leading cause of death for Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders in the United States. However, their cancer burden is less than that of non-Hispanic whites and especially non-Hispanic blacks, who bear the most disproportionate share of the...

kidney cancer

Germline Mutations in Cancer Susceptibility Genes in Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Carlo et al found a high prevalence of germline mutations in cancer susceptibility genes in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Study Details In this cohort study, conducted between October 2015 and July 2017, 254 of 267 patients with advanced...

kidney cancer

Percutaneous Ablation vs Nephrectomy in T1a Kidney Cancer

Many cases of early-stage kidney cancer can be treated with a relatively new, nonsurgical procedure used to destroy tumors, a new study by Talenfeld et al in Annals of Internal Medicine suggests. The procedure, called percutaneous ablation, involves the insertion of a needle through the skin into...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2018 ASCO: KEYNOTE-427 Trial Evaluates Immunotherapy in Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Interim results from cohort A of KEYNOTE-427, a phase II trial evaluating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as first-line treatment for advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), were presented by McDermott et al at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 4500). Interim data showed an overall response...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, on RCC: Perspectives on KEYNOTE-427 and IMmotion151

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, offer their analysis of two key studies presented in renal cell cancer.

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Lauren C. Harshman, MD on RCC: Results From the PROSPER Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Lauren C. Harshman, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss phase III study findings on perioperative nivolumab vs observation in patients with localized renal cell carcinoma undergoing nephrectomy (Abstract TPS4597).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, on RCC: Results From the IMmotion151 Trial

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses patient-reported outcomes for atezolizumab plus bevacizumab vs sunitinib in treatment-naive metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 4511).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

David F. McDermott, MD, on RCC: Results of the KEYNOTE-427 Trial

David F. McDermott, MD, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, discusses study findings on pembrolizumab monotherapy as first-line therapy in advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 4500).

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