Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Advances in Genitourinary Cancer Treatment: Expert Perspective
2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses some key research developments in kidney cancer, including data on nivolumab and ipilimumab with or without CBM588 in metastatic renal cell carcinoma; intestinal microbiome associated with the development of grade 3 or 4 adverse events in patients with metastatic disease who have been treated with nivolumab plus ipilimumab and probiotic support; the link between TERT promoter mutations and clinical outcome with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for advanced urothelial cancer; mutations in the androgen receptor gene in patients with prostate cancer receiving novel androgen deprivation treatments; and findings on waning antibody titers in patients who have received COVID-19 vaccinations (Roundup of Abstracts 371, 561, 374, Posters 38 and 48).
Axel Bex, MD, PhD, of The Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses an efficacy, safety, and biomarker analysis of neoadjuvant avelumab and axitinib in patients with localized renal cell carcinoma who are at high risk of relapse after nephrectomy (Abstract 289).
Tanya B. Dorff, MD, of City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses the first-in-human phase I findings showing that prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) CAR T-cell therapy is feasible in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, with preliminary antitumor activity exhibited.
Kim Nguyen Chi, MD, of the University of British Columbia, BC Cancer-Vancouver Center, discusses first phase III results from the MAGNITUDE study, which explored the use of the PARP inhibitor niraparib with abiraterone acetate and prednisone as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer with and without homologous recombination repair gene alterations (Abstract 12).
Matthew R. Zibelman, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses phase I/II results from a study of treatment-naive patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who received a combination of the immunotherapy (IO) nivolumab and the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) axitinib. The findings suggest that the efficacy of this regimen is comparable to that of currently available IO/TKI combinations for this population and has a similar safety profile (Abstract 291).
Wesley Yip, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II results on neoadjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin for high-grade upper tract urothelial carcinoma, which was well tolerated and demonstrated a favorable pathologic response rate. Dr. Yip notes that this treatment, given prior to nephroureterectomy, did not significantly delay surgery or increase perioperative complication rates.