Alfredo Berruti, MD, on Adrenocortical Carcinoma: Preliminary Study Results With Adjuvant Mitotane
2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Alfredo Berruti, MD, of Italy’s University of Brescia, discusses the first study to give adjuvant mitotane to patients with adrenocortical carcinoma, a rare disease with a high risk of relapse after radical surgery. Although theoretically this treatment may be clinically worthwhile, the findings suggest that the need for adjuvant mitotane should always be discussed on a case-by-case basis by the multidisciplinary team, and more study is warranted (Abstract 1).
Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a 30-month follow-up of results from the KEYNOTE-564 trial, which further support the use of adjuvant pembrolizumab when treating patients with renal cell carcinoma at intermediate-high or high risk of recurrence, or with an M1 NED (no evidence of disease) status after nephrectomy. The data show a disease-free survival benefit vs placebo (Abstract 290).
Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses some key research developments in kidney cancer, including data on nivolumab and ipilimumab with or without CBM588 in metastatic renal cell carcinoma; intestinal microbiome associated with the development of grade 3 or 4 adverse events in patients with metastatic disease who have been treated with nivolumab plus ipilimumab and probiotic support; the link between TERT promoter mutations and clinical outcome with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for advanced urothelial cancer; mutations in the androgen receptor gene in patients with prostate cancer receiving novel androgen deprivation treatments; and findings on waning antibody titers in patients who have received COVID-19 vaccinations (Roundup of Abstracts 371, 561, 374, Posters 38 and 48).
Karim Fizazi, PhD, MD, of Gustave Roussy and University of Paris-Saclay, discusses results from a first-in-human phase I/II trial, which showed that administering ODM-208—an oral, nonsteroidal inhibitor of the enzyme CYP11A1—to men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who were pretreated with abiraterone/enzalutamide and taxanes was effective in blocking the production of steroid hormones. It also showed antitumor activity, especially in men with AR mutation–positive cancers.
Alicia K. Morgans, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses findings from the largest digital survey conducted in patients with prostate cancer, allowing identification of unmet needs in the patient journey. Preliminary data suggest that lower rates of screening may correlate with higher rates of symptoms at diagnosis and potentially later-stage diagnosis.
Massimo Di Maio, MD, of the University of Turin, discusses the Meet-URO12 study, which showed that maintenance niraparib plus best supportive care (BSC) did not prolong progression-free survival, compared with BSC alone, among patients with urothelial cancer that did not progress after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy.