Alfredo Berruti, MD, on Adrenocortical Carcinoma: Preliminary Study Results With Adjuvant Mitotane
2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Alfredo Berruti, MD, of Italy’s University of Brescia, discusses the first study to give adjuvant mitotane to patients with adrenocortical carcinoma, a rare disease with a high risk of relapse after radical surgery. Although theoretically this treatment may be clinically worthwhile, the findings suggest that the need for adjuvant mitotane should always be discussed on a case-by-case basis by the multidisciplinary team, and more study is warranted (Abstract 1).
Petros Grivas, MD, PhD, of the University of Washington and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses results from Cohort 3 of the TROPHY-U-01 study, which assessed sacituzumab govitecan-hziy in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with metastatic urothelial cancer who experienced disease progression after platinum-based regimens (Abstract 434).
Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses some key research developments in kidney cancer, including data on nivolumab and ipilimumab with or without CBM588 in metastatic renal cell carcinoma; intestinal microbiome associated with the development of grade 3 or 4 adverse events in patients with metastatic disease who have been treated with nivolumab plus ipilimumab and probiotic support; the link between TERT promoter mutations and clinical outcome with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for advanced urothelial cancer; mutations in the androgen receptor gene in patients with prostate cancer receiving novel androgen deprivation treatments; and findings on waning antibody titers in patients who have received COVID-19 vaccinations (Roundup of Abstracts 371, 561, 374, Posters 38 and 48).
Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a 30-month follow-up of results from the KEYNOTE-564 trial, which further support the use of adjuvant pembrolizumab when treating patients with renal cell carcinoma at intermediate-high or high risk of recurrence, or with an M1 NED (no evidence of disease) status after nephrectomy. The data show a disease-free survival benefit vs placebo (Abstract 290).
Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II findings from the BAYOU trial, which studied durvalumab in combination with olaparib for first-line treatment of platinum-ineligible patients with unresectable, stage IV urothelial carcinoma. Because secondary analyses indicated a potential progression-free survival benefit with this combination, there may be a role for PARP inhibitors in the treatment of advanced disease with homologous recombination repair mutation (Abstract 437).
Neil E. Fleshner, MD, MPH, of the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses phase II results from the ACDC-RP trial, which indicate a significant tumor response to neoadjuvant abiraterone acetate plus prednisone and leuprolide, with or without cabazitaxel, in patients with high-risk prostate cancer. Those who exhibited either a complete response or minimal residual disease experienced higher rates of progression-free survival. According to Dr. Fleshner, genomic efforts are underway to determine predictors of response.