Kim Nguyen Chi, MD, on Prostate Cancer: New Findings on Niraparib, Abiraterone, and Prednisone
2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Kim Nguyen Chi, MD, of the University of British Columbia, BC Cancer-Vancouver Center, discusses first phase III results from the MAGNITUDE study, which explored the use of the PARP inhibitor niraparib with abiraterone acetate and prednisone as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer with and without homologous recombination repair gene alterations (Abstract 12).
Neil E. Fleshner, MD, MPH, of the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses phase II results from the ACDC-RP trial, which indicate a significant tumor response to neoadjuvant abiraterone acetate plus prednisone and leuprolide, with or without cabazitaxel, in patients with high-risk prostate cancer. Those who exhibited either a complete response or minimal residual disease experienced higher rates of progression-free survival. According to Dr. Fleshner, genomic efforts are underway to determine predictors of response.
Karen E. Knudsen, PhD, MBA, Chief Executive Officer of the American Cancer Society, discusses ways to address the inequities in genitourinary screening, treatment, and outcomes. Her suggestions focus on increasing awareness of screening, identifying risk factors, the dramatic rise in incidence among Hispanic individuals, and the basis for increased mortality in Black men.
Matthew R. Zibelman, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses phase I/II results from a study of treatment-naive patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who received a combination of the immunotherapy (IO) nivolumab and the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) axitinib. The findings suggest that the efficacy of this regimen is comparable to that of currently available IO/TKI combinations for this population and has a similar safety profile (Abstract 291).
Simon J. Crabb, PhD, MBBS, of the Southampton Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre, discusses data from the ATLANTIS trial, in which the authors hypothesized that switch maintenance therapy with the PARP inhibitor rucaparib, in patients who have derived clinical benefit from first-line chemotherapy, may improve outcomes for those with metastatic urothelial carcinoma that harbored a composite biomarker for DNA repair deficiency (Abstract 436).
Xin Gao, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses phase I/II findings on bavdegalutamide, an androgen receptor protein degrader, which showed clinical activity in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who received one to two prior novel hormonal agents.