Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Follow-up Data on Pembrolizumab
2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a 30-month follow-up of results from the KEYNOTE-564 trial, which further support the use of adjuvant pembrolizumab when treating patients with renal cell carcinoma at intermediate-high or high risk of recurrence, or with an M1 NED (no evidence of disease) status after nephrectomy. The data show a disease-free survival benefit vs placebo (Abstract 290).
Alfredo Berruti, MD, of Italy’s University of Brescia, discusses the first study to give adjuvant mitotane to patients with adrenocortical carcinoma, a rare disease with a high risk of relapse after radical surgery. Although theoretically this treatment may be clinically worthwhile, the findings suggest that the need for adjuvant mitotane should always be discussed on a case-by-case basis by the multidisciplinary team, and more study is warranted (Abstract 1).
Simon J. Crabb, PhD, MBBS, of the Southampton Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre, discusses data from the ATLANTIS trial, in which the authors hypothesized that switch maintenance therapy with the PARP inhibitor rucaparib, in patients who have derived clinical benefit from first-line chemotherapy, may improve outcomes for those with metastatic urothelial carcinoma that harbored a composite biomarker for DNA repair deficiency (Abstract 436).
Alicia K. Morgans, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses findings from the largest digital survey conducted in patients with prostate cancer, allowing identification of unmet needs in the patient journey. Preliminary data suggest that lower rates of screening may correlate with higher rates of symptoms at diagnosis and potentially later-stage diagnosis.
Wesley Yip, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II results on neoadjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin for high-grade upper tract urothelial carcinoma, which was well tolerated and demonstrated a favorable pathologic response rate. Dr. Yip notes that this treatment, given prior to nephroureterectomy, did not significantly delay surgery or increase perioperative complication rates.
Karim Fizazi, PhD, MD, of Gustave Roussy and University of Paris-Saclay, discusses results from a first-in-human phase I/II trial, which showed that administering ODM-208—an oral, nonsteroidal inhibitor of the enzyme CYP11A1—to men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who were pretreated with abiraterone/enzalutamide and taxanes was effective in blocking the production of steroid hormones. It also showed antitumor activity, especially in men with AR mutation–positive cancers.