Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Follow-up Data on Pembrolizumab
2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a 30-month follow-up of results from the KEYNOTE-564 trial, which further support the use of adjuvant pembrolizumab when treating patients with renal cell carcinoma at intermediate-high or high risk of recurrence, or with an M1 NED (no evidence of disease) status after nephrectomy. The data show a disease-free survival benefit vs placebo (Abstract 290).
Xin Gao, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses phase I/II findings on bavdegalutamide, an androgen receptor protein degrader, which showed clinical activity in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who received one to two prior novel hormonal agents.
Alfredo Berruti, MD, of Italy’s University of Brescia, discusses the first study to give adjuvant mitotane to patients with adrenocortical carcinoma, a rare disease with a high risk of relapse after radical surgery. Although theoretically this treatment may be clinically worthwhile, the findings suggest that the need for adjuvant mitotane should always be discussed on a case-by-case basis by the multidisciplinary team, and more study is warranted (Abstract 1).
Massimo Di Maio, MD, of the University of Turin, discusses the Meet-URO12 study, which showed that maintenance niraparib plus best supportive care (BSC) did not prolong progression-free survival, compared with BSC alone, among patients with urothelial cancer that did not progress after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy.
Neil E. Fleshner, MD, MPH, of the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses phase II results from the ACDC-RP trial, which indicate a significant tumor response to neoadjuvant abiraterone acetate plus prednisone and leuprolide, with or without cabazitaxel, in patients with high-risk prostate cancer. Those who exhibited either a complete response or minimal residual disease experienced higher rates of progression-free survival. According to Dr. Fleshner, genomic efforts are underway to determine predictors of response.
Axel S. Merseburger, MD, of the University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, discusses results from a phase IIIb study of chemotherapy-naive patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who have been treated with docetaxel plus prednisolone and experienced disease progression on enzalutamide. The data suggest that continued enzalutamide plus docetaxel improved progression-free survival compared with placebo plus docetaxel (Abstract 15).