Hielke-Martijn de Vries, MD, on Penile Cancer: New Data on Atezolizumab and Radiotherapy
2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Hielke-Martijn de Vries, MD, of the Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses phase II findings on the use of atezolizumab with or without radiotherapy for patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. The study was designed to address the poor prognosis for this disease by exploring whether a protracted schedule of radiotherapy for locoregional disease, in combination with immunotherapy, could improve outcomes (Abstract 3).
Neil E. Fleshner, MD, MPH, of the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses phase II results from the ACDC-RP trial, which indicate a significant tumor response to neoadjuvant abiraterone acetate plus prednisone and leuprolide, with or without cabazitaxel, in patients with high-risk prostate cancer. Those who exhibited either a complete response or minimal residual disease experienced higher rates of progression-free survival. According to Dr. Fleshner, genomic efforts are underway to determine predictors of response.
Tanya B. Dorff, MD, of City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses the first-in-human phase I findings showing that prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) CAR T-cell therapy is feasible in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, with preliminary antitumor activity exhibited.
Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a 30-month follow-up of results from the KEYNOTE-564 trial, which further support the use of adjuvant pembrolizumab when treating patients with renal cell carcinoma at intermediate-high or high risk of recurrence, or with an M1 NED (no evidence of disease) status after nephrectomy. The data show a disease-free survival benefit vs placebo (Abstract 290).
Alfredo Berruti, MD, of Italy’s University of Brescia, discusses the first study to give adjuvant mitotane to patients with adrenocortical carcinoma, a rare disease with a high risk of relapse after radical surgery. Although theoretically this treatment may be clinically worthwhile, the findings suggest that the need for adjuvant mitotane should always be discussed on a case-by-case basis by the multidisciplinary team, and more study is warranted (Abstract 1).
Simon J. Crabb, PhD, MBBS, of the Southampton Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre, discusses data from the ATLANTIS trial, in which the authors hypothesized that switch maintenance therapy with the PARP inhibitor rucaparib, in patients who have derived clinical benefit from first-line chemotherapy, may improve outcomes for those with metastatic urothelial carcinoma that harbored a composite biomarker for DNA repair deficiency (Abstract 436).