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kidney cancer

Tivozanib Approved in the European Union for the Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On August 28, AVEO Oncology announced that the European Commission (EC) has approved tivozanib (Fotivda) for the treatment of adult patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma in the European Union plus Norway and Iceland. Tivozanib is indicated for the first-line treatment of adult patients with...

kidney cancer

CheckMate-214: Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Intermediate- and Poor-Risk Previously Untreated Advanced or Metastatic RCC

On August 15, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company announced topline results from the CheckMate-214 trial investigating nivolumab (Opdivo) in combination with ipilimumab (Yervoy) vs sunitinib (Sutent) in intermediate- and poor-risk patients with previously untreated advanced or metastatic renal cell...

kidney cancer

Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

The phase I CheckMate 016 trial has shown activity of the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) in metastatic renal cell carcinoma. These findings were reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Hammers et al. Study Details In the dose-escalation study, patients were...

kidney cancer

MET Inhibitor Savolitinib in Advanced Papillary Renal Cell Cancer

In a biomarker-based phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Choueiri et al found that the MET tyrosine kinase inhibitor savolitinib was active in MET-driven advanced papillary renal cell cancer. Study Details In the trial, 109 patients with locally advanced or metastatic...

kidney cancer

Daniel Heng, MD, MPH, and Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Expert Perspectives

Daniel Heng, MD, MPH, of the Tom Baker Cancer Centre and the University of Calgary, and Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope, discuss key findings presented at ASCO: adjuvant pazopanib vs placebo after nephrectomy in patients with locally advanced disease (the PROTECT Trial), and adjuvant...

kidney cancer

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, and Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on RCC: Trial Results on Sunitinib

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, of Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, and Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, discuss phase III study findings on adjuvant sunitinib used to treat high-risk renal cell carcinoma, which validate the 16-gene Recurrence Score in patients with stage III disease. (Abstract 4508)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Top Kidney Cancer Abstracts: Expert Perspectives

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, exchange views on the key papers in renal cell carcinoma presented at ASCO’s 2017 nonprostate GU oral abstract session. (Abstracts 4504, 4505, 4506, 4507, 4508)

kidney cancer

Primo Lara, MD, on RCC: Expert Perspective on Three Key Papers

Primo Lara, MD, of the University of California, Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses three top abstracts on treating advanced renal cell carcinoma with epacadostat, pembrolizumab, atezolizumab, bevacizumab, sunitinib, or pazopanib. (Abstracts 4505, 4507, 4515)

kidney cancer

Complete Surgical Metastasectomy for Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma May Extend Life Expectancy

Mayo Clinic researchers have discovered that surgery could more than double life expectancy for many patients with late-stage kidney cancer, giving them anywhere from 2 to almost 10 years more than they would have without the surgery. A paper published by Zaid et al in The Journal of Urology found...

kidney cancer

Noninvasive Imaging Test May Accurately Rule Out Kidney Cancers

The latest in a series of studies led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine shows that addition of a widely available, noninvasive imaging test called 99mTc-sestamibi SPECT/CT (single-photon emission computed tomography plus computed tomography) to conventional CT or magnetic resonance imaging...

kidney cancer

Spanish Trial Shows Benefit of Vinflunine Maintenance in Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

In a Spanish phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, García-Donas et al found that maintenance therapy with vinflunine improved progression-free survival vs best supportive care alone in patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma with disease control on first-line chemotherapy....

kidney cancer

AACR 2017: Combination Immunotherapies Show Clinical Activity in Metastatic RCC in Pilot Study

Immunologic changes observed in an early study of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) raised the possibility for a larger clinical study of combination immunotherapy, according to findings reported by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The results of...

kidney cancer

Analysis of High-Risk Subgroup in ASSURE Trial of Sunitinib or Sorafenib in Renal Cell Carcinoma

In an analysis of the phase III ASSURE trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Haas et al found no disease-free or overall survival benefit of adjuvant sunitinib (Sutent) or sorafenib (Nexavar) vs placebo in a high-risk subset of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma histology and pT3, pT4, or...

kidney cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Advanced Renal Cancer: Treatment Challenges

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope, summarizes a session he co-chaired on the opportunities and challenges in systemic therapy for advanced renal cancer, including imaging as a biomarker of response and optimal selection of front-line treatments. (General Session 9)

kidney cancer

Rana R. McKay, MD, on RCC: Continuing Benefit After Halting Treatment

Rana R. McKay, MD, of the University of California, San Diego, discusses study findings on PD-1/PD-L1 responders with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who discontinue therapy for immune-related adverse events. (Abstract 467)

kidney cancer

W. Marston Linehan, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Genetic Predisposition

W. Marston Linehan, MD, of the National Cancer Institute, discusses the genetic basis of the different types of kidney cancer, which provides the key to clinical management.

kidney cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on RCC and Tumor Profiling

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope, discusses the evolution of circulating tumor DNA profile from first-line to second-line therapy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma. (Abstract 434)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Untreated RCC: Phase II Trial Results

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on atezolizumab with or without bevacizumab vs sunitinib in patients with untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma. (Abstract 431)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Papillary RCC: Phase II Trial Results

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a single-arm biomarker-based study of savolitinib in patients with advanced papillary renal cell cancer. (Abstract 436)

kidney cancer

2017 GU Cancers Symposium: Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab Shows Potential in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Results from the phase II IMmotion150 study that compared atezolizumab (Tecentriq) plus bevacizumab (Avastin) and atezolizumab monotherapy to sunitinib (Sutent) alone in patients with previously untreated, locally advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma were presented at the 2017 Genitourinary...

kidney cancer

2017 GU Cancers Symposium: In Advanced Kidney Cancer, Antibiotic Use Lowers Efficacy of Immunotherapy

A new retrospective analysis suggests that immunotherapy may be less effective in patients who receive antibiotics less than a month before starting treatment. In the study, cancer worsened more quickly in such patients than in those who did not receive antibiotics (with median progression-free...

kidney cancer

2017 GU Cancers Symposium: Some Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma Experience Long-Term Tumor Control Even After Stopping Immunotherapy Early

Early findings from a new study appear to challenge the current standard practice for immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy—continuing treatment until cancer worsens. Among patients with advanced kidney cancer who stopped programmed cell death protein 1/programmed cell death ligand 1...

kidney cancer

Intermittent Sunitinib Appears Feasible in Previously Untreated Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ornstein et al found that an intermittent schedule of sunitinib (Sutent) may be feasible in patients with previously untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details In the study, 37 patients with clear cell metastatic...

kidney cancer

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline on Management of Small Renal Masses

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Antonio Finelli, MD, of Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, and colleagues, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on management of small renal masses. The guideline was derived from an expert panel literature search for and...

kidney cancer

SITC Publishes First Kidney Cancer Treatment Guideline to Focus on Immunotherapy

The first evidence-based consensus statement on cancer immunotherapy for the treatment of patients with the most common type of kidney cancer, renal cell carcinoma, has been published by the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) in the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer by Rini et al. The...

kidney cancer

Study Finds Cabozantinib of Clinical Benefit vs Sunitinib in Advanced Kidney Cancer

A randomized phase II clinical trial evaluating cabozantinib (Cabometyx) compared with standard-of-care sunitinib (Sutent) as first-line therapy for patients with advanced kidney cancer has found the experimental drug reduced the rate of disease progression or death by 34% compared with sunitinib....

kidney cancer

Study Finds Adjuvant Sunitinib Improves Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma After Nephrectomy

In the phase III S-TRAC trial reported at the 2016 European Society for Medical Oncology Congress and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Ravaud et al, adjuvant sunitinib (Sutent) significantly prolonged disease-free survival vs placebo in patients with high-risk renal cell carcinoma after...

kidney cancer

Is Nivolumab Active in Recurrent Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma?

In the phase I/II CheckMate 032 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Sharma et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) was active in locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma progressing after platinum-based therapy. In the study, 78 patients with urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis,...

kidney cancer

ESMO 2016: Cabozantinib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Cabozantinib (Cabometyx, Cometriq) significantly improves progression-free survival and response rate in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared to sunitinib (Sutent), according to research presented by Choueiri et al at the 2016 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...

kidney cancer

Does Adding IMA901 Vaccine to Sunitinib Improve Survival in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma?

In the phase III IMPRINT trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rini et al found no overall survival benefit of adding the multipeptide cancer vaccine IMA901 to sunitinib (Sutent) in the first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma. IMA901 contains 10 tumor-associated ...

kidney cancer

ESMO 2016: Longer Disease-Free Survival in Phase III Trial of Sunitinib as Adjuvant Treatment for Kidney Cancer

A phase III trial of sunitinib (Sutent) has met its primary endpoint of disease-free survival for adjuvant treatment of high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy, reported Ravaud et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2016 Congress in Copenhagen (Abstract LBA11_PR)....

kidney cancer

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results of the S-TRAC Trial (French Language Version)

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, discusses in French phase III findings on sunitinib vs placebo as adjuvant treatment for high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. (Abstract LBA11)

kidney cancer

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results of the S-TRAC Trial

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, discusses phase III findings on sunitinib vs placebo as adjuvant treatment for high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. (Abstract LBA11)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Metastatic RCC: Results From the ALLIANCE A031203 Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on cabozantinib vs sunitinib as initial targeted therapy for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma of poor and intermediate risk. (Abstract LBA30) Follow him on Twitter: @DrChoueiri

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Combining AM0010 and Pembrolizumab Produced Antitumor Activity in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

A multibasket phase Ib study evaluating the clinical activity, tolerability, and antitumor activity of the cytokine-based immunotherapy AM0010 alone or in combination with the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) has found that in monotherapy, objective responses to AM0010 were ...

kidney cancer

Everolimus Plus Bevacizumab Shows Activity in Advanced Non–Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of everolimus (Afinitor, Zortress) and bevacizumab (Avastin) was associated with clinical benefit in advanced non–clear cell renal cell carcinoma with a major papillary component, according to a single-center phase II trial reported by Voss et al in the Journal of Clinical...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

FDA Modifies Dosage Regimen for Nivolumab

On September 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) modified the dosage regimen for nivolumab (Opdivo) for the currently approved indications for renal cell carcinoma, metastatic melanoma, and non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The currently approved recommended dosage...

kidney cancer

Is Obesity a Prognostic Factor for Improved Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma?

In a study investigating the clinical and biologic effects of body mass index on treatment outcomes in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, Albiges et al found that obese patients treated with targeted therapy had improved survival and progression-free survival compared with patients with ...

kidney cancer

Accumulation of Metabolite Fumarate May Be Linked to Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer

Researchers funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) have shown that when the metabolite fumarate accumulates in a hereditary form of renal cancer, it leads to an epigenetic reprogramming that drives cancer, according to a study published by Sciacovelli et al in Nature. The tumor growth...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Incidence of PD-1 Inhibitor–Related Pneumonitis in Advanced NSCLC, Renal Cell Carcinoma, and Melanoma

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Nishino et al identified the rates of PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) inhibitor–related pneumonitis in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), renal cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Rates were...

kidney cancer

Extended Active Surveillance Prior to Systemic Therapy May Be Safe in Some Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rini et al found that some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma can safely undergo active surveillance for an extended duration prior to initiation of systemic therapy. Indolent growth of metastases is known to occur in some patients...

kidney cancer

Metabolic Gene-Expression Profile May Identify Kidney Cancer Patients Unlikely to Benefit From Nivolumab

Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) positive for the protein programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) from patients who did not respond to treatment with the anti–PD-1 therapeutic nivolumab (Opdivo) had significantly higher expression of genes associated with metabolism, compared with PD-L1–positive...

kidney cancer

European Study Finds Chromosome 1q Gain Linked to Poorer Outcome in Wilms Tumor Treated With Preoperative Chemotherapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chagtai et al of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) Renal Tumours Study Group found that chromosome 1q gain was associated with poorer event-free survival in patients with Wilms tumor treated with preoperative...

kidney cancer

Poorer Outcome in Favorable-Histology Wilms Tumor Associated With Chromosome 1q Gain Reported in U.S. Study

The Children’s Oncology Group found that chromosome 1q gain is associated with poorer event-free and overall survival in patients with favorable-histology Wilms tumor. Gratias et al reported these findings in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details The study involved analysis of...

kidney cancer

When Combined With Targeted Therapy, Cytoreductive Nephrectomy May Improve Survival in Metastatic RCC

In a National Cancer Data Base study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hanna et al found that cytoreductive nephrectomy may improve survival in patients receiving targeted therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details The study involved data from 15,390 patients treated...

kidney cancer

Final Results of METEOR Trial Show Cabozantinib Improves Overall Survival vs Everolimus in Advanced RCC

As reported by Choueiri et al in The Lancet Oncology, the final results of the phase III METEOR trial indicate significantly improved overall survival with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) vs everolimus (Afinitor) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) that had progressed after previous...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Improved Quality of Life Reported With Nivolumab vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Patients with previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving nivolumab (Opdivo) in the phase III CheckMate 025 trial had improved health-related quality of life compared with those receiving everolimus (Afinitor), as reported by Cella et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the ...

kidney cancer

ASCO 2016: Nivolumab Extends Survival for Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma Treated Beyond Disease Progression

In a large randomized study, the immunotherapy drug nivolumab (Opdivo), an anti­­–PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) monoclonal antibody, was shown to be a safe and effective therapy for kidney cancer even in patients who continued treatment after their disease progressed. Results ...

kidney cancer

David F. McDermott, MD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Advanced RCC: Nivolumab in Previously Treated Patients

David F. McDermott, MD, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss an update on data from phase I and II studies of nivolumab given to patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including long-term overall survival and...

kidney cancer

FDA Approves Lenvatinib in Combination With Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On May 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lenvatinib capsules (Lenvima), in combination with everolimus (Afinitor) for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma following one prior antiangiogenic therapy. Lenvatinib was first approved in 2015 for the treatment...

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