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prostate cancer
immunotherapy
supportive care

Combination of Preketone Supplements and Immunotherapy May Be Effective in Patients With Prostate Cancer

The addition of a component of the ketogenic diet—a preketone dietary supplement—to immunotherapy showed efficacy in potentially treating prostate cancer in a laboratory setting, according to a recent study published by Murphy et al in Cancer Research. Background Although immune checkpoint blockade ...

hematologic malignancies
issues in oncology

Trends in Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Survival Rates Across Racial and Ethnic Groups

The rate of survival following autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation may have increased among all racial and ethnic groups, but disparities may still exist among some patient groups, according to a recent study published by Khera et al in Blood Advances. Background Autologous ...

bladder cancer

AUA, ASCO, and SUO Publish 2024 Amendment to Nonmetastatic Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer Guidelines

The American Urological Association (AUA), in partnership with ASCO and the Society of Urologic Oncology (SUO), has issued a 2024 clinical practice guideline amendment for the diagnosis and treatment of nonmetastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The updated guidelines were published by...

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

Barriers to Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Multiple Myeloma

Investigators have uncovered persistent racial and social disparities that may impede access to autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation for some patients with multiple myeloma, according to a recent study published by Esteghamat et al in Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia. Background...

solid tumors
geriatric oncology
issues in oncology

Lack of Research Focused on Older Adults With Cancer May Be Contributing to Disparities in Care

The current body of research may inadequately address the intersection of aging, health disparities, and cancer outcomes among older patients, according to a recent systematic review published by Gilmore et al in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. The findings revealed an urgent need...

breast cancer
survivorship
issues in oncology

Breast Cancer Survivors: Relationship Satisfaction and Emotional and Physical Well-Being

Investigators have uncovered that the emotional and physical health of breast cancer survivors may be influenced by their relationship with their partners, according to a recent study published by Vachon et al in Healthcare. Background The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer often place...

skin cancer

Douglas B. Johnson, MD, MSCI, on Cutaneous Melanoma: Treatment Updates

Douglas B. Johnson, MD, MSCI, of Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, discusses updated guidelines on the use of neoadjuvant therapy, as well as first- and later-line systemic therapies to treat patients with cutaneous melanoma.

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies
issues in oncology

AI Model May Help Predict Treatment Responses, Select Most Effective Cancer Therapies in Patients With Cancer

Researchers have developed a novel artificial intelligence (AI) model that may accurately predict whether patients with cancer will respond to certain therapies, according to a recent study published by Sinha et al in Nature Cancer. The findings indicated that single-cell RNA sequencing data may be ...

breast cancer

Imaging Drug to Assist in Detection of Cancerous Tissue Following Lumpectomy Approved

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pegulicianine (Lumisight) for adult patients with breast cancer to assist in the intraoperative detection of cancerous tissue within the resection cavity following removal of the primary specimen during lumpectomy. Pegulicianine is a...

neuroendocrine tumors

FDA Approves Lu-177 Dotatate for Pediatric Patients With GEP-NETs

On April 23, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lutetium Lu-177 dotatate (Lutathera) for pediatric patients aged 12 years and older with somatostatin receptor (SSTR)-positive gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs), including foregut, midgut, and hindgut...

colorectal cancer
supportive care

Potential Protective Effects of Aspirin Against Colorectal Cancer

Researchers may have uncovered how the long-term daily use of aspirin may help prevent the development and progression of colorectal cancer, according to a recent study published by De Simoni et al in Cancer. Study Methods and Results In the recent study, the researchers collected the tissue...

cns cancers

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Tovorafenib for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory BRAF-Altered Pediatric Low-Grade Glioma

On April 23, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to the type II RAF inhibitor tovorafenib (Ojemda) for patients 6 months of age and older with relapsed or refractory pediatric low-grade glioma harboring a BRAF fusion or rearrangement or BRAF V600 mutation. This...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

Wendy Vogel, MSN, FNP, AOCNP, FAPO, on the Evolving Role of Advanced Practice Providers in Oncology Care

Wendy Vogel, MSN, FNP, AOCNP, FAPO, of the Advanced Practitioner Society for Hematology and Oncology, summarizes a panel discussion in which she took part, on forming interprofessional oncology care teams that include advanced practitioners. Such collaboration may improve patient outcomes and help...

bladder cancer

FDA Approves Nogapendekin Alfa Inbakicept-pmln for BCG-Unresponsive Non–Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

On April 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved nogapendekin alfa inbakicept-pmln (Anktiva) with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) for adults with BCG-unresponsive non–muscle invasive bladder cancer with carcinoma in situ with or without papillary tumors. QUILT-3.032 Trial Efficacy...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

Predicting Ovarian Cancer Relapse With Spatial Tissue Analysis

Researchers have found that spatial tissue analysis may help predict early posttreatment relapse and illuminate new potential therapies in patients with high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma, according to a recent study published by Xu et al in Science Advances.   Background Many patients with...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Chemohormonal Therapy for Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer

A neoadjuvant chemohormonal therapy combination may offer extended control of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in patients with locally advanced prostate cancer compared with hormonal therapy alone, according to a recent study published by Qian et al in The Journal of Urology. Background...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Propofol-Based Anesthesia May Offer Improved Detection of Serrated Polyps During Colonoscopy

Deeper sedation with the anesthetic drug propofol may improve detection of serrated polyps in patients undergoing colonoscopy to screen for colorectal cancer, according to a recent study published by Quaye et al in Anesthesiology. Background Nearly all colorectal cancers start as polyps....

breast cancer
survivorship
cardio-oncology

Observing a Healthy Diet May Reduce Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Breast Cancer Survivors

Following a healthy diet may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in female breast cancer survivors, according to a recent study published by Ergas et al in JNCI Cancer Spectrum. Background Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of non–breast cancer–related mortality among...

lung cancer

Alectinib Approved as Adjuvant Treatment for ALK-Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

On April 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the tyrosine kinase inhibitor alectinib (Alecensa) for adjuvant treatment after tumor resection in patients with ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as detected by an FDA-approved test. Alectinib is an orally...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Novel SPECT/CT Imaging Technique Under Study in Prostate Cancer

A novel single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) acquisition method using lead (Pb)-212–prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-based targeted alpha therapy may provide convenient detection of radiopharmaceutical biodistribution and could lead to improved practice ...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Professional Societies Introduce New Evidence-Based Guidelines on Testing Immunotherapy Biomarkers in NSCLC

The College of American Pathologists in collaboration with the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, the Pulmonary Pathology Society, the Association for Molecular Pathology, and the LUNGevity Foundation have developed evidence-based recommendations on the use of certain...

pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology

Improving Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer in High-Risk Patients

Researchers have identified a novel strategy to screen for pancreatic cancer in high-risk patients, according to a recent study published by Zogopoulos et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The findings demonstrated the feasibility of improving the early detection and ...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
lung cancer
issues in oncology

Survival Rates in Patients With Cancer and Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Investigators have found a higher rate of mortality among patients with intellectual and developmental disabilities diagnosed with breast cancer, colorectal cancer, or lung cancer, according to a recent study published by Hansford et al in the Canadian Journal of Public Health. Study Methods and...

multiple myeloma

Natalie S. Callander, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Management Updates

Natalie S. Callander, MD, of the University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center, discusses advances in the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma, including her commentary on smoldering disease, the early use of CAR T-cell therapy, quadruplet therapy, and the use of multiple lines of treatment...

breast cancer

William J. Gradishar, MD, on HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer: Management Update

William J. Gradishar, MD, of Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University, details the fundamental shift in how clinicians now treat patients with endocrine-sensitive breast cancer, both advanced and early stage, by pairing antihormonal therapy with targeted treatment.

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Sophia McKinley, MD, EdM, on Cutaneous Melanoma: Outcomes With Adjuvant Immunotherapy

Sophia McKinley, MD, EdM, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses patterns of recurrence in patients with resected cutaneous melanoma during or after adjuvant immunotherapy. She identifies the risk factors associated with overall survival and treatment failure (Abstract 60).

skin cancer
immunotherapy
issues in oncology

Immunotherapy Resistance and Response to Adoptive Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Uveal Melanoma

Researchers may have uncovered the mechanisms behind conventional immunotherapy resistance as well as the efficacy of adoptive therapy in metastatic uveal melanoma, according to a recent study published by Leonard-Murali et al in Nature Communications. The findings demonstrated the potential to...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

The Lancet Commission on Breast Cancer: Reducing Overlooked Inequities in Breast Cancer

Investigators have uncovered persistent inequities in breast cancer that may systematically leave many patients behind in spite of recent improvements in research, treatment, and survival, according to a recent report from The Lancet Breast Cancer Commission. These findings were published by Coles...

thyroid cancer

New Findings Suggest No Correlation Between GLP-1 Receptor Agonists and Thyroid Cancer Risk

Glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 receptor agonists may not be associated with an increased risk of thyroid cancer, according to a recent study published by Pasternak et al in the BMJ. Background GLP-1 receptor agonists are designed to reduce blood sugar levels and appetite. They have become...

gynecologic cancers
genomics/genetics

Study Identifies Genetic Variants Potentially Linked to Prevalent or Persistent HPV Infections

Investigators have uncovered genetic variants that may predispose certain female patients to prevalent or persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infections and increase their risk of developing cervical cancer, according to a recent study published by Adebamowo et al in the European Journal of Human ...

skin cancer
issues in oncology

Illuminating a Potential Culprit in Melanoma Treatment Resistance

Researchers may have uncovered the mechanisms behind the development of targeted therapy resistance in melanoma, according to a recent study published by Aya Moreno et al in Cell Reports. Background The global incidence of melanoma—the deadliest type of skin cancer—is rising, making novel...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Radon Gas Exposure May Be Linked to Increased Incidence of Lung Cancer in Nonsmokers

Long-term exposure to radon gas may be associated with a rise in nonsmoking lung cancer cases, according to a recent consumer survey conducted on behalf of The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center–Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC–James)....

bladder cancer
issues in oncology

Novel Urine Biomarker Test May Reduce Unnecessary Cystoscopies in Patients With Bladder Cancer

Researchers have found that a novel urine biomarker test may effectively halve the number of cystoscopies necessary in high-risk patients with bladder cancer, according to recent findings presented by Dreyer et al at the European Association of Urology (EAU) Congress 2024. The research also...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Longer Interval May Be Safe for Prostate Cancer Screening in Low-Risk Patients

Undergoing a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test every 5 years may be adequate for screening low-risk men for prostate cancer, according to recent findings presented by Albers et al at the European Association of Urology (EAU) Congress 2024 and simultaneously published in European Urology....

prostate cancer
global cancer care

The Lancet Commission on Prostate Cancer: Strategies to Prepare for Predicted Increases in Disease Burden by 2040

Investigators have projected impending increases in the incidence and mortality rates of prostate cancer—especially among individuals in low- and middle-income countries—and proposed new strategies to improve screening, awareness, research diversification, and treatment in a recent The Lancet...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Jenny H. Chang, MD, on New Findings on Merkel Cell Carcinoma and Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy

Jenny H. Chang, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses the current surgical and radiologic treatment paradigm for patients with stage III Merkel cell carcinoma and the potential for neoadjuvant immunotherapy to help manage the disease and regional lymph node metastases (Abstract 67).

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Educational Videos May Encourage Prostate Cancer Screening Among Black Patients

Use of culturally sensitive educational videos may boost knowledge and decrease uncertainty regarding prostate cancer and screening among Black individuals, according to new findings presented by Jones et al at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2024 (Abstract...

solid tumors
genomics/genetics

BAP1 Mutations May Increase Susceptibility to Asbestos-Induced Malignant Mesothelioma

Researchers have shown that even minimal exposure to chrysotile asbestos may increase susceptibility to the development of malignant mesothelioma in mice with BAP1 germline mutations, according to new findings presented by Kadariya et al at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual ...

gynecologic cancers

Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, on Recurrent Cervical Cancer: New Findings on Atezolizumab, Bevacizumab, and Chemotherapy

Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, of Spain’s Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, discusses phase III findings from the BEATcc trial, showing that adding atezolizumab to a standard bevacizumab-plus-platinum regimen for patients with metastatic, persistent, or recurrent cervical cancer significantly improves...

pancreatic cancer

An Exosome-Based Liquid Biopsy for Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer

An investigational exosome-based liquid biopsy accurately detected 97% of stage I to II pancreatic cancers when combined with the biomarker CA 19-9, according to research presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2024 (Abstract 3899). “Pancreatic cancer is one...

prostate cancer
genomics/genetics

Proteogenomic Signatures May Help Identify Risk of Prostate Cancer Progression in Certain Populations

Certain proteogenomic signatures in the prostate cancers of men of African and European ancestries were associated with higher risk of metastasis and/or recurrence of the disease, according to a study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2024 (Abstract...

issues in oncology

AACR Inaugurates New Leadership

The members of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) elected a new 2024 to 2025 President and President-Elect at the AACR’s Annual Business Meeting of Members during the AACR Annual Meeting 2024 in San Diego. New President The AACR welcomed Patricia M. LoRusso, DO, PhD (hc), FAACR, as ...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

PARP1-Selective Inhibitor in HRR-Deficient Breast Cancer

The novel poly-ADP ribose polymerase-1 (PARP1)-selective inhibitor saruparib demonstrated early efficacy and a favorable safety profile in patients with homologous recombination repair (HRR)-deficient breast cancer, according to new findings presented by Yap et al at the American Association for...

head and neck cancer

Investigational Personalized Vaccine in Resected Head and Neck Cancers

TG4050, a personalized neoantigen vaccine, induced tumor-specific immune responses and led to low rates of disease relapse in patients with surgically resected human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC), according to results reported at the American Association...

cns cancers

ATM Kinase Inhibitor Plus Radiotherapy for Patients With Glioblastoma

AZD1390, an ataxia telangiectasia mutant (ATM) kinase inhibitor, demonstrated a manageable safety profile in patients with both recurrent and newly diagnosed glioblastoma when given in combination with standard-of-care radiotherapy and showed preliminary efficacy in patients with recurrent...

colorectal cancer

Adagrasib Plus Cetuximab in KRAS G12C–Mutated Colorectal Cancer

The combination of the KRAS G12C inhibitor adagrasib and the anti-EGFR antibody cetuximab showed clinical activity and promising survival outcomes in a cohort of patients with metastatic, heavily pretreated, KRAS G12C–mutated colorectal cancer, according to results from the phase I/II KRYSTAL-1...

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Biologic Drug-Device Combination Immunotherapy in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

SYNC-T—an investigational therapy that combines a device-induced vaccination at the tumor site with an intratumoral infusion of a multitarget biologic drug—led to numerous clinical responses in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, according to results reported at the...

pancreatic cancer

Immune Response to Investigational RNA Vaccine for Pancreatic Cancer Continues to Correlate With Clinical Benefit

An adjuvant treatment regimen that included autogene cevumeran, an investigational individualized neoantigen-specific mRNA vaccine, induced durable and functional T-cell responses that were associated with a reduced risk of disease recurrence in certain patients with resectable pancreatic cancer,...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Bispecific Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Improves Survival in Patients With Gastric Cancer, Regardless of PD-L1 Status

The PD-1/CTLA-4 bispecific antibody cadonilimab plus chemotherapy improved progression-free and overall survival in patients with untreated, HER2-negative, locally advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer—including those with PD-L1–low tumors—compared with...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

RP1 Immunotherapy in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients With Skin Cancer

A novel oncolytic immunotherapy may show antitumor activity in solid organ transplant recipients with skin cancer, according to new findings presented by Migden et al at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2024 (Abstract CT003). Background "Organ transplant recipients ...

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