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issues in oncology
palliative care

Balancing a Reverence for Life With a Belief That Patients Have a Right to a Dignified Death

The U.S. right-to-die movement took root in the mid-1970s, when Derek Humphry helped his wife, who was dying of breast cancer, take her own life. Five years later, Mr. Humphry founded the Hemlock Society, the first right-to-die organization in the United States,1 and set off a firestorm of...

American Academy of HIV Medicine Names Leslie McGorman, MPPA, as Director of Public Policy

The American Academy of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Medicine recently announced the appointment of Leslie McGorman, MPPA, as its new Director of Public Policy. A seasoned professional in both federal and state government affairs, Ms. McGorman possesses 20 years of health policy experience...

AUA Names 2021 Award Recipients

Each year, the American Urological Association (AUA) honors the contributions of physician researchers and educators in the field of medicine, the specialty of urology, and the organization. The following individuals are the 2021 honorees: Ian M. Thompson Jr, MD, Ramon Guiteras Award, for...

survivorship

Refining Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Childhood Cancer Survivors

There are an estimated 500,000 childhood cancer survivors in the United States, a number that will increase exponentially in the coming years. Over half of all childhood cancer survivors will have received cardiotoxic therapies during primary cancer treatment or relapse. For these survivors, there...

Sloan Kettering Institute Researchers Awarded 2021 Kravis Women in Science Endeavor Fellowship Grants

Memorial Sloan kettering Cancer Center (MSK) announced that Sloan Kettering Institute (SKI) researchers Regina Bou Puerto and Mijin Kim, PhD, have been named 2021 Marie-Josée Kravis Women in Science Endeavor (Kravis WiSE) fellowship grant recipients. The Kravis WiSE initiative, created in 2020,...

global cancer care
covid-19
survivorship
issues in oncology

Celebrating 50 Years of Cancer Progress: The International View

Although the National Cancer Act of 1971 has resulted in tremendous advances in cancer research, which have led to sharp declines in cancer mortality in the United States—from 1991 to 2018, there has been a 31% decrease in overall cancer death rates—and more than 17 million cancer survivors,1 much...

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital Announces Its Largest Strategic Expansion

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital is launching the biggest strategic investment in its nearly 60-year history, committing $11.5 billion during the next 6 years to accelerate research and treatment globally for children with catastrophic diseases. The Six-Year St. Jude Strategic Plan focuses on...

Roswell Park, Wilmot Cancer Institute Collaborate in Study of Immunotherapy for Black Patients With Cancer

A NEW COLLABORATION between two Western New York cancer research leaders will help oncologists learn whether Black and White patients with cancer respond differently to immunotherapy and seek to improve the safety and effectiveness of these newer drugs in diverse populations. Funded by a 2-year,...

Nima Sharifi, MD, Receives 2021 AACR–Waun Ki Hong Award in Translational and Clinical Cancer Research

THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION for Cancer Research (AACR) has recognized Nima Sharifi, MD, with the 2021 AACR–Waun Ki Hong Award for Outstanding Achievement in Translational and Clinical Cancer Research. Dr. Sharifi is Director of the Center for Genitourinary Malignancies Research at Lerner Research...

Ton Schumacher, PhD, FAACR, Receives 2021 AACR-CRI Lloyd J. Old Award in Cancer Immunology

THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION for Cancer Research (AACR) recognized Ton Schumacher, PhD, FAACR, with the 2021 AACR-CRI Lloyd J. Old Award in Cancer Immunology during the virtual AACR Annual Meeting 2021 in April. The award recognizes an active scientist whose outstanding and innovative research has made ...

Stand Up To Cancer Funds $6 Million for Disparities in Cancer Clinical Trials Research

STAND UP TO CANCER® (SU2C) has awarded $6 million to a multi-institutional team headed by Mount Sinai researchers to collaborate with other New York institutions in an initiative that addresses disparities in cancer clinical trials participation by patients who are Black, indigenous, and people of...

lung cancer

EMPOWER-Lung 1 Trial: New Options, No New Answers

The EMPOWER-Lung 1 trial, recently reported in The Lancet and reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post, showed an improvement in progression-free and overall survival with cemiplimab-rwlc in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and high PD-L1 expression (tumor proportion score...

issues in oncology

Narjust Duma, MD, and Gladys I. Rodriguez, MD, on A First for Hispanic Women: Formation of a YIA for Latinas

Narjust Duma, MD, of the Carbone Cancer Center at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and Gladys I. Rodriguez, MD, of South Texas Oncology and Hematology, talk about the underrepresentation of Hispanic individuals in medicine, especially in oncology, and their efforts to create the first Young...

breast cancer
covid-19

Inequities in Breast Cancer Screening During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Breast cancer screening took a sizeable hit during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to new research  showing that the number of screening mammograms completed in a large group of women living in Washington state plummeted by nearly half. Published by Amram et al in JAMA Network Open, the study...

hepatobiliary cancer

Does Long-Term Suppression of Hepatitis B in Patients With HIV Lower Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma?

While the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is higher among patients who have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), it’s even higher among patients who have HIV and detectable hepatitis B, according to research published by Kim et al in Hepatology. Among patients with HIV and hepatitis B,...

palliative care

Machine Learning–Based Algorithm May Predict Short-Term Mortality in Patients With Cancer and Prompt Serious Illness Conversations

Although most patients with terminal cancer, 87%, have end-of-life conversations with clinicians about their goals and preferences for care, on average, these discussions happen just 1 month before death and most often occur in acute care settings with clinicians who are not their treating...

lymphoma

Pembrolizumab as Long-Term Treatment Option in Relapsed or Refractory Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

For patients with relapsed or refractory classic Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), salvage chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is the standard of care and can induce long-term remissions in at least 60% of patients.1,2 Patients with progression of disease after...

prostate cancer

2021 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium: Advancements in the Care of Older Adults With Prostate Cancer

The 2021 Genitourinary (GU) Cancers Symposium was held in a virtual format on February 11–13 and featured the latest developments in the understanding and treatment of genitourinary cancers. The impact of prostate cancer therapies on outcomes in older adults continues to be a growing area of...

Douglas R. Lowy, MD, FAACR, Honored With 2021 AACR–Margaret Foti Award

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) presented Douglas R. Lowy, MD, FAACR, with the 2021 AACR–Margaret Foti Award for Leadership and Extraordinary Achievements in Cancer Research during the virtual AACR Annual Meeting 2021. Dr. Lowy is Chief of the Laboratory of Cellular Oncology,...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Amivantamab-vmjw for Metastatic EGFR Exon 20 Insertion–Mutated NSCLC

On May 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to amivantamab-vmjw (Rybrevant), a bispecific antibody directed against epidermal growth factor and MET receptors, for adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and...

AACR Announces Recipients of 2021 Scientific Achievement Awards and Lectureships

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) honored a number of cancer researchers, physician-scientists, advocates, and policymakers for their achievements during week 1 of the virtual AACR Annual Meeting 2021 (April 10–15, 2021). Several of these recipients were mentioned in previous...

AACR to Recognize the St. Baldrick’s Foundation–SU2C Pediatric Cancer Dream Team With 2021 Team Science Award

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) will recognize the St. Baldrick’s Foundation–Stand Up To Cancer (SU2C) Pediatric Cancer Dream Team with the 2021 AACR Team Science Award. In early 2013, the St. Baldrick’s Foundation and SU2C collaborated to create a Pediatric Cancer Dream Team...

Lisa M. Coussens, PhD, FAACR, Elected AACR President-Elect for 2021–2022

The members of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) have elected Lisa M. Coussens, PhD, FAACR, as their President-Elect for 2021–2022. She started her official role as President-Elect on April 12, 2021, during the AACR’s Business Meeting of Members and will assume the Presidency in...

New President and Executive Council Officers for the Society of Surgical Oncology

The Society ofSurgical Oncology (SSO) recently announced its 2021–2022 elected Executive Council Officers, including its new President, Douglas S. Tyler, MD, MSHCT, FSSO. Dr. Tyler currently holds the John Woods Harris Distinguished Chair in Surgery at The University of Texas Medical Branch in...

lymphoma
lung cancer

FDA Pipeline: Applications Accepted for Marginal Zone Lymphoma and Lung Cancer

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to zanubrutinib in pretreated patients with marginal zone lymphoma, and accepted a biologics license application for sintilimab injection in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy for the first-line...

gastrointestinal cancer
genomics/genetics

Avapritinib vs Other Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors for PDGFRA D842V–Mutated Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

Data from a study published by Margaret von Mehren, MD, and colleagues in BMC Cancer showed that avapritinib, a platelet-derived growth factor receptor A (PDGFRA) inhibitor, has a “clinically meaningful benefit” for the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) with PDGFRA D842V...

issues in oncology

Equitable Cancer Care: Steps Toward Meaningful Change

As President-Elect of ASCO, you are asked to choose a theme for your presidency. This can be a daunting task, as the theme will not only shape the discourse of your presidency, but also, more importantly, that of the Society. The subject should be one that reflects the needs of the cancer community ...

global cancer care
covid-19

ASCO’s President-Elect Focuses on Advancing Equitable Cancer Care Through Innovation

Internationally renowned for his pioneering research in combining high-dose radiation therapy and chemotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced head and neck cancer to improve patient survival, ASCO’s President-Elect Everett E. Vokes, MD, FASCO, is dedicating his tenure as President to...

gastroesophageal cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab for Resected Esophageal or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

On May 20, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved nivolumab (Opdivo) for patients with completely resected esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer with residual pathologic disease who have received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. CheckMate 577 Efficacy was evaluated in CheckMate ...

issues in oncology

American Cancer Society Releases Report on Cancer Prevention and Screening

An American Cancer Society (ACS) review of cancer prevention and early detection measures for 2018 and 2019 in the United States shows mixed progress. Smoking prevalence during this time was at an historic low, partly because most people who ever smoked have quit. However, obesity rates remained...

colorectal cancer
genomics/genetics

Standard Multigene Testing Could Detect More Hereditary Cancer Syndromes in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Up to 38.6% of people with colon cancer who have a hereditary cancer syndrome—including 6.3% of those with Lynch syndrome—could have their conditions remain undetected with current universal tumor-screening methods, and at least 7.1% of people with colorectal cancer have an identifiable inherited...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Heather A. Wakelee, MD, on NSCLC: Atezolizumab vs Best Supportive Care After Chemotherapy

Heather A. Wakelee, MD, of Stanford University Medical Center, discusses the primary disease-free survival results of IMpower010, a phase III study that compared adjuvant atezolizumab vs best supportive care after adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with early-stage resected non–small cell lung...

issues in oncology
health-care policy
legislation

Jingxuan Zhao, MPH, on How Medicaid Expansion Affects Long-Term Cancer Survival

Jingxuan Zhao, MPH, of the American Cancer Society, discusses study findings that showed worse long-term survival among low-income patients with cancer who live in states that have not expanded Medicaid eligibility (Abstract 6512).

skin cancer
immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab/Relatlimab vs Nivolumab Alone for Advanced Melanoma

Treatment with the anti–PD-1 therapy nivolumab plus the LAG-3–blocking antibody relatlimab extended time to disease progression for patients with previously untreated, unresectable, or metastatic melanoma. Findings from the RELATIVITY-047 trial were presented by Evan J. Lipson, MD, and colleagues...

prostate cancer

Increased PSA Screening Linked to Lower Risk of Advanced Prostate Cancer at Diagnosis and Death From the Disease in Younger Black Patients

Younger Black men undergoing frequent prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening appear to have both a lower risk of metastasis at the time of prostate cancer diagnosis and of fatal disease, according to data from an observational study by Qiao et al presented at a presscast in advance of the 2021...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Does Adjuvant Atezolizumab Extend Disease-Free Survival in Patients With Resected Early-Stage NSCLC?

Patients with resected early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab following cisplatin-based chemotherapy had a 34% reduction in the risk of disease recurrence compared with best supportive care, according to the results from the phase III IMpower010 ...

colorectal cancer

USPSTF Issues New Recommendation Statement on Colorectal Cancer Screening

Prompted by a rise in cases of colorectal cancer in people younger than 50, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has recommended that individuals at average risk for the disease begin screening exams at age 45 instead of the traditional age of 50. The guideline changes, published in...

breast cancer
survivorship

Risk of Second Cancer by Hormone Receptor Status Among Breast Cancer Survivors

A new study has found breast cancer survivors in general have higher risk of new cancer diagnosis compared to healthy individuals. The article, published by Hyuna Sung, PhD, and colleagues in the journal Cancer, stated that compared to the general population in the United States, the risk of new...

issues in oncology
health-care policy
legislation

Report Shows Medicaid Expansion Alone Does Not Resolve Disparities in Cancer Care

In the United States, Black and Latinx individuals have higher cancer mortality rates than patients of other races. Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014, many states expanded Medicaid eligibility, promising significant gains in coverage for racial minorities. But it...

symptom management

TLR4 as a Possible Therapeutic Target to Mitigate Cisplatin-Induced Hearing Loss

A research team has identified a receptor in cells that could play a role in preventing permanent hearing loss in childhood cancer survivors treated with the drug cisplatin. The researchers believe that by inhibiting the receptor, they may be able to better control otoxicity, according to findings...

skin cancer
genomics/genetics

Mutational Profile of Acral Nevi May Differ From Acral Melanoma

Melanocytic nevi are nonmalignant growths that arise from pigment-producing cells of the skin. They are mostly found in sun-exposed areas; however, they also can be found in sun-protected areas, such as the palms, soles of the feet, and nail beds, where they are known as acral nevi. While the...

breast cancer

Abemaciclib-Associated Adverse Events: Safety Analysis of monarchE

Treatment with abemaciclib, an orally available inhibitor of CDK4/6, has been associated with venous thromboembolic events (VTE), elevated aminotransferases (EAT), and interstitial lung disease (ILD). Although more episodes of VTE, EAT, and ILD were reported in patients receiving abemaciclib plus...

breast cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of Premenopausal Patients With Estrogen Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer: Goserelin and Tamoxifen

A 20-year follow-up of premenopausal patients with estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer and stratification by the molecular 70-gene risk signature suggested that patients at high risk of distant disease recurrence derive significant benefit from goserelin, while patients at low risk have...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
pancreatic cancer
genomics/genetics

ACMG Clinical Practice Resource Provides New Guidance for Management of Individuals With PALB2 Gene Variants

The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) has released a clinical practice resource from a global team of specialists in cancer genetics that will help inform the clinical management of patients who harbor a PALB2 variant and may be at increased risk of developing breast,...

breast cancer
immunotherapy
symptom management

Incidence of Interstitial Lung Disease Related to Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki in Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

Drug-related interstitial lung disease occurred in less than 16% of patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer following treatment with trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) at the approved dose of 5.4 mg/kg. In addition, the majority of these cases were classified as grade 1 or 2,...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Atezolizumab/Carboplatin as Immune Induction in Patients With Metastatic Invasive Lobular Breast Cancer

First results from the phase II GELATO study evaluating atezolizumab plus carboplatin presented at the ESMO Breast Cancer Virtual Congress 2021 demonstrated clinical benefit in patients with metastatic invasive lobular breast cancer, particularly in patients with triple-negative invasive lobular...

kidney cancer
gynecologic cancers
hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Kidney and Endometrial Cancers, Cholangiocarcinoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Priority Review to the combination of pembrolizumab and lenvatinib for the treatment of both advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and endometrial carcinoma. The FDA also granted Priority Review to ivosidenib for the treatment of...

breast cancer

Evolution to HER2-Low Breast Cancer: Investigating Potential Therapeutics

The finding that breast tumors can evolve to express low HER2 potentially increases the number of patients who can benefit from new investigational agents, typically novel antibody-drug conjugate therapies, that are currently in clinical trials for HER2-low tumors. This research was presented by...

lung cancer

Phase II Study of Trilaciclib in Pretreated Patients With Metastatic NSCLC Initiated

PRESERVE 4 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04863248)—a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II study of trilaciclib administered prior to docetaxel in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the second- and third-line setting who have previously...

covid-19

FDA Authorizes Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine for Emergency Use in Adolescents

On May 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the emergency use authorization (EUA) for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for the prevention of COVID-19 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) to include adolescents aged 12 through 15. The FDA...

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