Advertisement

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for the First-Line Treatment of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On June 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the anti–programmed cell death protein 1 immunotherapy pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or unresectable recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Pembrolizumab was...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Polatuzumab Vedotin-piiq in Combination With Bendamustine and a Rituximab Product for DLBCL

On June 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to polatuzumab vedotin-piiq (Polivy), a CD79b-directed antibody-drug conjugate, in combination with bendamustine and a rituximab product for adult patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma...

multiple myeloma

Cytogenetic Prognostic Index for Survival in Multiple Myeloma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Perrot et al identified a cytogenetic prognostic index predictive of survival in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Study Details The study involved data from 1,635 patients in four trials conducted by the Intergroupe...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Adverse Events and Outcomes in Patients Receiving Anti–PD-1/PD-L1 Antibody Treatment for Advanced Urothelial Cancer

In an analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Maher et al found that treatment-related adverse events of special interest and immune-mediated adverse events were more common among patients with advanced urothelial cancer with vs without response to anti–programmed cell death...

lymphoma
multiple myeloma
prostate cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Reviews and Designations in Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoma, Prostate Cancer

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review for daratumumab in combination with a triplet therapy in multiple myeloma, Breakthrough Therapy designation to copanlisib for marginal zone lymphoma, and Fast Track designation for ARV-110 in metastatic...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: NEOSTAR: Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Early-Stage, Resectable NSCLC

Neoadjuvant treatment with nivolumab plus ipilimumab resulted in an overall major pathologic response rate of 33% of treated patients with early-stage, resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). With these results, the combination immunotherapy met the prespecified trial...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Study Finds Proton Therapy Reduces Adverse Events, Results in Similar Survival vs Photon Therapy

In a trial presented by Baumann et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 6521), patients with locally advanced cancer treated with proton chemoradiotherapy instead of traditional photon chemoradiotherapy were at a lower risk of experiencing side effects. However, cure rates were almost...

cns cancers

Activity of Selumetinib in Pediatric Pilocytic Astrocytoma and Low-Grade Glioma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Fangusaro et al found that the MEK1/2 inhibitor selumetinib was active in pediatric patients with recurrent, refractory, or progressive pilocytic astrocytoma with common BRAF aberrations and neurofibromatosis type 1...

leukemia

First-Line Ibrutinib and Venetoclax for High-Risk and Older Patients With Previously Untreated CLL

In a single-center phase II trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Jain et al found that the combination of ibrutinib and venetoclax was highly active in previously untreated high-risk and older patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).  In the study, 80 patients...

2019 ASCO: mCODE, a Core Set of Common Cancer Data Standards, Established

In an effort to advance cancer data sharing and improve the quality and coordination of patient care, three health and technology organizations have established a core set of data elements and recommended technical specifications (the Minimal Common Oncology Data Elements [mCODE]) that are...

pain management

2019 ASCO: Pain Management Program for Patients Undergoing Robotic Urologic Surgery

A specialized pain management program for patients who underwent robotic surgery for urologic cancers resulted in 8% of patients going home with narcotics after discharge, compared to 100% who would have received them without this enhanced recovery protocol. The group of patients...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Rituximab, Lenalidomide, and Ibrutinib Prior to Chemotherapy in DLBCL

Results of the phase II Smart Start trial revealed that combination targeted therapy consisting of rituximab, lenalidomide, and ibrutinib had an 84.6% overall response rate (ORR) and 38.5% complete response rate (CRR) when given prior to any chemotherapy for newly diagnosed patients with a...

sarcoma

SARC024: Regorafenib in Metastatic Osteosarcoma

In the phase II SARC024 trial in sarcoma subtypes reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Davis and colleagues found that regorafenib improved progression-free survival vs placebo in the cohort of patients with metastatic osteosarcoma. The double-blind study included 42 patients from 12 U.S. ...

gastrointestinal cancer

Does Adding HIPEC to Cytoreductive Surgery Improve Outcomes in Patients With Gastric Cancer and Peritoneal Metastases?

In a propensity score analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bonnot et al found that the addition of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) to cytoreductive surgery improved outcomes among patients with gastric cancer with peritoneal metastases. The study included 277...

issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Survey Finds 'Knowledge Gap' in Molecular Profiling Among Oncologists

A questionnaire aimed at assessing how well community oncologists understand “molecular profiling” results from tumor specimens found that 69% of participants either said they didn't know the answers or they responded incorrectly. In six different clinical scenarios, the oncologists...

breast cancer

2019 ASCO: Partial- vs Whole-Breast Irradiation in Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Partial-breast irradiation produces similar long-term survival rates and risk for recurrence compared with whole-breast irradiation for many women with low-risk, early-stage breast cancer, according to new data from the NRG Oncology/NSABP B-39/RTOG 0413 trial. Results were presented by Ganz et al...

prostate cancer

Active Surveillance/Watchful Waiting for Black Patients With Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine, Butler et al found that the proportion of black patients with low-risk prostate cancer undergoing active surveillance remained lower than that among nonblack patients, despite increased use of the strategy in both ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

IMpower130: Addition of First-Line Atezolizumab to Chemotherapy in Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by West et al, the phase III IMpower130 trial found that the addition of atezolizumab to carboplatin plus nab-paclitaxel significantly improved overall and progression-free survival in first-line treatment of stage IV nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer...

issues in oncology

FDA Announces Project Facilitate

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Oncology Center of Excellence announced a new pilot program to assist oncology health-care professionals in requesting access to unapproved therapies for patients with cancer. A new call center designated Project Facilitate will be a single point...

issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Sexual Harassment and Gender Disparities: Survey of Gynecologic Oncologists

A recent survey of U.S.-based physician members of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology found that 64% of respondents experienced sexual harassment in training or practice; among women, the rate was 71% and among men, it was 51%. Only 10% reported the incident(s) to officials. In addition, women...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Enfortumab Vedotin Shows Activity in Previously Treated, Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

The single-arm, phase II EV-201 trial showed treatment with enfortumab vedotin—an agent targeting Nectin-4, a protein found in 97% of urothelial cancers—produced responses in 44% of patients with locally advanced or metastatic forms of urothelial cancer. Patients had previously been...

colorectal cancer

2019 ASCO: OSLO-COMET: Laparoscopic vs Open Resection for Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases

The randomized Norwegian OSLO-COMET trial found that laparoscopic surgery did not change chances of survival compared to open resection to remove metastases that had spread to the liver in patients with colorectal cancer. Overall, patients lived more than 6.5 years after surgery, regardless of...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Expansion of Clinical Trial Inclusion Criteria in Patients With Advanced NSCLC

A study that examined 10,500 health records of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer from ASCO’s CancerLinQ database found that the use of expanded clinical trial inclusion criteria—as proposed by ASCO and Friends of Cancer Research in 2017—would nearly double...

pancreatic cancer

2019 ASCO: POLO: Maintenance Olaparib in Germline BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

The randomized phase III POLO trial found that maintenance therapy with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor olaparib significantly delayed the progression of metastatic pancreatic cancer in patients with germline BRCA gene mutations compared with placebo (median...

prostate cancer

2019 ASCO: ENZAMET: Addition of Enzalutamide to Standard of Care in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

An interim analysis of the international, randomized phase III ENZAMET trial found that 80% of men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer who received the nonsteroidal antiandrogen agent enzalutamide along with standard-of-care treatment were alive after 3 years, compared with 72% of men ...

health-care policy
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Medicaid Expansion and Time to Treatment in African American Patients Compared to White Patients With Cancer

Previous racial disparities in timely cancer treatment between African American and white patients were reduced in states where Medicaid access was expanded under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), according to a new analysis of electronic health records from for 30,000 patients. The study, based on...

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Does Insurance Status Impact Survival in Patients With Multiple Myeloma?

A new study analyzing demographic statistics from the National Cancer Database presented by Chamoun et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract LBA107) identified multiple socioeconomic factors—including private insurance, living in a regionally higher-income area, and receiving treatment ...

gynecologic cancer
health-care policy

2019 ASCO: Effect of ACA Implementation on Diagnosis and Treatment of Ovarian Cancer in Women Under 65

An analysis of data from the National Cancer Database found that after implementation of the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA), ovarian cancer was diagnosed and treated at an earlier stage among women younger than age 65. More women also received treatment within 30 days of diagnosis, thereby...

gynecologic cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Novel Immunotherapy for Recurrent, Metastatic, or Persistent Cervical Cancer

There is a high, unmet need for effective treatments for patients with recurrent, metastatic, or persistent cervical cancer—most patients are young, and survival rates are poor. Adoptive cell transfer using tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) has demonstrated durable responses in some...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: KEYNOTE-062: Pembrolizumab With or Without Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy in Advanced Gastric or GEJ Adenocarcinoma

The randomized, phase III KEYNOTE-062 trial achieved its primary endpoint, showing that for patients with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive, HER2-negative, advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer, initial therapy with pembrolizumab resulted in noninferior overall...

breast cancer

2019 ASCO: MONALEESA-7: Addition of Ribociclib to Endocrine Therapy in Premenopausal Women With HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

The international, randomized phase III MONALEESA-7 trial found that the addition of ribociclib to standard-of-care endocrine therapy significantly improved overall survival for premenopausal women with advanced hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer compared with endocrine...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: KEYNOTE-001: 5-Year Survival Data for Patients With Advanced NSCLC Treated With Pembrolizumab

Five-year data from the phase Ib KEYNOTE-001 trial showed that treatment with pembrolizumab was safe and effective and substantially increased overall survival in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Specifically, 23.2% of people who had not previously been treated with...

prostate cancer

2019 ASCO: TITAN Study Assesses Apalutamide vs Placebo During Androgen-Deprivation Therapy for Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Results from the phase III TITAN trial, presented by Chi et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5006), showed that the addition of apalutamide to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) improved radiographic progression-free and overall survival in patients with metastatic castration-sensitive...

sarcoma

2019 ASCO: Vincristine and Irinotecan With or Without Temozolomide in Relapsed or Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma

In the European phase II VIT-091 trial, researchers examined the efficacy of the combination of vincristine and irinotecan with or without the addition of temozolomide in children and adults with relapsed or refractory rhabdomyosarcoma. Their results were presented by Defachelles et al at the 2019...

palliative care
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Differences in End-of-Life Quality Measures Across U.S. Cancer Centers

In a study presented by Wasp et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 6507) studying variation in end-of-life care across cancer centers in the United States, researchers found quality of care was lower at centers that served a greater concentration of minorities. However, end-of-life care...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Final Analysis of KEYNOTE-048: First-Line Pembrolizumab for Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

The phase III KEYNOTE-048 trial is examining the efficacy of pembrolizumab alone, pembrolizumab/cisplatin or carboplatin/fluorouracil (5-FU), or cetuximab/cisplatin or carboplatin/5-FU as first-line therapy for recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. At the second interim...

leukemia

FDA Approves Addition of Survival Data to Gilteritinib Label for Refractory FLT3-Mutated AML

On May 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the addition of overall survival data in the labeling for gilteritinib (Xospata), which is indicated for adult patients who have relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with an FLT3 mutation as detected by an FDA-approved...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Addition of Bevacizumab to Carboplatin/Pemetrexed in Nonsquamous NSCLC

New research published by Bagley et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network used a large real-world data set to demonstrate a modest but consistent survival benefit associated with adding bevacizumab to carboplatin/pemetrexed in advanced nonsquamous non–small...

issues in oncology

Median Lag Time for First-in-Human to First-in-Child Oncology Trials

Cancer drugs approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) took a median of 6.5 years to advance from the first clinical trial in adults to the first trial in children, according to a study published by Neel et al in the European Journal of Cancer. “Despite knowing that these...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Polatuzumab Vedotin and Immunochemotherapy in Previously Untreated Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology, Tilly et al found that the combination of polatuzumab vedotin, an antibody-drug conjugate targeting the CD79b component of the B-cell receptor, with immunochemotherapy showed high response rates in the phase II portion of a phase I/II study in previously...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

CheckMate 032: Extended Follow-up of Nivolumab and Nivolumab/Ipilimumab Cohorts in Previously Treated Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sharma et al, follow-up of the cohort receiving nivolumab at 1 mg/kg plus ipilimumab at 3 mg/kg the phase I/II CheckMate 032 trial showed the regimen produced high levels of activity in platinum-treated, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic ...

breast cancer

GeparSepto: Long-Term Clinical Outcomes With Neoadjuvant Nab-paclitaxel vs Solvent-Based Paclitaxel in Early Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Untch et al, long-term follow-up in the GeparSepto trial showed that patients with early breast cancer receiving neoadjuvant nab-paclitaxel vs solvent-based paclitaxel followed by epirubicin/cyclophosphamide had better invasive disease–free...

lymphoma

FDA Approves Lenalidomide in Combination for Previously Treated Follicular and Marginal Zone Lymphomas

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lenalidomide (Revlimid) in combination with a rituximab product for previously treated follicular and marginal zone lymphoma. AUGMENT and MAGNIFY Trials Approval was based on two clinical trials: AUGMENT and MAGNIFY. In AUGMENT, 358...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Sexual Minority Cancer Survivors and Need for Improved Access to Care

Results from a study published early by Boehmer et al in Cancer point to the need for improved access to medical care for sexual minority cancer survivors—in particular, sexual minority women. In women who are sexual minority cancer survivors, poor access to care is more strongly related to...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Alpelisib in Combination With Fulvestrant for PIK3CA-Mutated, Hormone Receptor–Positive Advanced Breast Cancer

On May 24, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved alpelisib (Piqray) tablets to be used in combination with the FDA-approved endocrine therapy fulvestrant to treat postmenopausal women, and men, with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2...

breast cancer
survivorship

Risk of Subsequent Breast Cancer in Female Childhood Cancer Survivors

As reported by Ehrhardt et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, high doses of anthracyclines were associated with increased breast cancer risk in female childhood cancer survivors in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study, with the association being independent of mutations in cancer risk...

lung cancer

FDA Approves the NovoTTF-100L System in Combination With Chemotherapy for Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

On May 23, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the NovoTTF-100L System in combination with pemetrexed plus platinum-based chemotherapy for the first-line treatment of unresectable locally advanced or metastatic malignant pleural mesothelioma. NovoTTF-100L is a noninvasive,...

symptom management

FDA Approves Ruxolitinib for Acute Graft-vs-Host Disease

On May 24, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ruxolitinib (Jakafi) for steroid-refractory acute graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) in adult and pediatric patients 12 years and older. REACH1/Study INCB 18424-271 Approval was based on the REACH1 trial/Study INCB 18424-271, an...

breast cancer

Risk of Breast Cancer Among Transgender People

In a Dutch study published by de Blok et al in The BMJ, researchers found an increased risk of breast cancer in transgender women compared with cisgender men, and a lower risk of breast cancer in transgender men than in cisgender women. Methods This retrospective, nationwide cohort study...

prostate cancer

Prostate-Only vs Whole-Pelvis Radiotherapy in Gleason Grade 5 Prostate Cancer

In a retrospective analysis published in European Urology, Sandler et al examined the protocol for treating aggressive prostate cancer. Researchers aimed to study the impact of whole-pelvis radiation on men with Gleason grade 5 disease who had been treated with external-beam radiotherapy with...

Advertisement

Advertisement



Advertisement