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Leukemia
Survivorship

Risk of Infections in Survivors of Childhood Leukemia

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Pelland-Marcotte et al found that survivors of childhood leukemia remained at significantly increased risk of infection compared with matched controls during an extended period following completion of treatment.  

Study Details

The...

Hematologic Malignancies
Issues in Oncology

Reducing Time to Chemotherapy Initiation in Patients Electively Admitted to a Hematologic Malignancy Service

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Galeas et al found that intervention in key drivers in the care process could reduce the time to initiation of chemotherapy in patients with elective admission to a hematologic malignancy service.

Study Details

The goal...

Issues in Oncology

Analysis of HPV-Related Cancers Reported From 2012 to 2016

During 2012–2016, an average of approximately 34,800 human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers were reported each year, according to a new study published by Senkomago et al in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Among the cancers probably caused by HPV, 92% are attributable to the HPV types ...

Issues in Oncology

FDA Recommendation on Duodenoscopes With Disposable Components

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recommended that duodenoscope manufacturers and health-care facilities transition to different types of duodenoscopes that may pose less risk to patient safety. Specifically, because of challenges with cleaning these devices for reuse and persistent...

Breast Cancer

Pyrotinib or Lapatinib With Capecitabine in Previously Treated HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

In a Chinese phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Ma et al, the combination of the pan-ErbB inhibitor pyrotinib and capecitabine improved response rate vs lapatinib/capecitabine in women with HER2-positive relapsed or metastatic breast cancer previously treated with...

Genomics/Genetics
Leukemia

Chromosomal Abnormalities and Prognosis in NPM1-Mutant AML

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Angenendt et al found that adverse-risk cytogenetics were associated with significantly poorer outcomes vs normal karyotype among patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) mutation.

As stated by the...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

Results From the TAPUR Study on Palbociclib for Pancreatic Cancer and Cholangiocarcinoma

New results from ASCO’s Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR) study have demonstrated that single-agent palbociclib has no meaningful clinical activity in patients with CDKN2A-mutated or -deleted advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. These findings were...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

What Role Do Physicians Play in Health Promotion Among Patients With Cancer?

A recent study published by Stump et al in Cancer indicated that certain physicians who care for patients with cancer do not often promote healthy lifestyle changes to cancer survivors, and they may fear that providing such advice would distress or overwhelm patients. The findings are noteworthy...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Extended Follow-up of CheckMate 214: Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib as First-Line Treatment for Advanced RCC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Robert J. Motzer, MD, and colleagues, extended follow-up of the phase III CheckMate 214 trial has shown a maintained survival benefit for first-line nivolumab/ipilimumab vs sunitinib in patients with previously untreated intermediate- or poor-risk advanced...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

High-Deductible Health Plans, Access to Care, and Emergency Department Use Among Cancer Survivors

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Zheng et al found that patients with cancer and high-deductible health plans had increases in delayed/forgone care, an effect that was attenuated for those with health savings accounts. Emergency department use was similar across insurance...

Issues in Oncology

Exposure to Secondhand E-Cigarette Aerosols Increasing Among Middle and High School Students

A growing number of middle and high school students are being exposed to secondhand aerosols from electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) by living with or being around individuals who are vaping, according to data from a national survey. Such exposure increased rapidly in 2018 compared to the years...

Colorectal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Text Instructions and Reminders May Improve Colonoscopy Adherence Rates

Having text message conversations with patients 1 week before they are scheduled for a colonoscopy decreased “no-show” rates, according to a recent study published by Mahmud et al in Health Education & Behavior. Through sending reminders and instruction, the team increased the rate of...

Neuroendocrine Tumors

Prognostic Tool for Advanced, Well-Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumors Treated With a Somatostatin Analog

In the GETNE-TRASGU study (Spanish Group of Neuroendocrine and Endocrine Tumors Treated With Analog of Somatostatin in Gastroenteropancreatic and Unknown Primary NETs) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Carmona-Bayonas et al developed a predictive model for progression-free survival in...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

FDA Issues Draft Guidance Encouraging Inclusion of Male Patients in Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

A draft guidance issued by the U.S. Food Drug Administration (FDA) on August 26 includes draft recommendations for the inclusion of male patients in breast cancer clinical trials.

Historically, males either have not been included in clinical trials for drugs to treat breast cancer, or inclusion of ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Role of the YAP Regulatory Network in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Researchers have decoded a chain of molecules that are critical for the growth and survival of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. They say their findings, published by Murakami et al in Developmental Cell, suggest that inhibiting the YAP biologic network may effectively regress early-stage...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy and Reduced Mortality in Patients With Hepatitis C and a History of Liver Cancer

A study published by Singal et al in Gastroenterology demonstrated that treatment with antiviral therapy for hepatitis C reduced liver-related deaths by nearly 50% in patients with a history of liver cancer.

Previous Research

The finding builds on a December 2018 study by Singal et al also...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Phase Ib Trial of Toripalimab/Axitinib in Asian Patients With Advanced Mucosal Melanoma

In a Chinese phase Ib study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sheng et al reported activity with the combination of the anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) agent toripalimab plus axitinib in patients with metastatic mucosal melanoma.

As stated by the investigators, whereas...

hepatobiliary cancer

Link Between Poor Oral Health and Increased Liver Cancer Risk

Poor oral health is associated with an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, according to new research published by Jordão et al in the United European Gastroenterology Journal. Methods “Poor oral health has been associated with the risk of several chronic diseases, such as...

issues in oncology

AACR Environmental Carcinogenesis: Silicone-Based Wristbands for Detection of Occupational Environmental Exposures for Firefighters

First responders such as paramedics and firefighters may be exposed to hazardous occupational environmental exposures, but linking these exposures to conditions such as cancers is difficult due to the latency period of disease, magnitude of potential exposure, and potential interactions of...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

AACR Environmental Carcinogenesis: Lowering Exposure to Nitrates in Drinking Water May Reduce U.S. Cancer Cases

Nitrate levels in water resources have increased in many areas of the world, largely due to the use of inorganic fertilizer and animal manure in agricultural areas. Research has shown that the risk of specific cancers and birth defects may be increased when nitrate is ingested under conditions that ...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

AACR Environmental Carcinogenesis: Study Finds Environmental Quality Linked With Distant/Metastatic Breast Cancer Risk

Although many risk factors increase a woman’s chance of developing breast cancer—including genetic and hormonal causes—there is increasing evidence suggesting an environmental link. A study investigating the effects of the cumulative environmental quality on aggressive breast...

gynecologic cancer

ENGOT-OV16/NOVA: Niraparib Maintenance According to Complete or Partial Response to Platinum Chemotherapy for Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

In an analysis of the phase III ENGOT-OV16/NOVA trial in recurrent ovarian cancer reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, del Campo et al found that patients had clinical benefit from niraparib maintenance vs placebo irrespective of whether they had a partial response or complete response to...

prostate cancer

Body Fat Distribution and Risk of Aggressive Prostate Cancer

In a prospective study of directly measured body fat distribution and prostate cancer risk, investigators found that higher levels of abdominal and thigh fat are associated with an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer. The findings—published by Dickerman et al in Cancer—may lead ...

colorectal cancer

Colorectal Cancer Alliance Opens 2019 Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer Survey

The Colorectal Cancer Alliance is calling on allies to participate in its 2019 Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer Survey. The survey enables the Alliance to learn about and track the self-reported medical, psychosocial, and quality-of-life experiences of patients, survivors, and...

skin cancer

Performance of Machine-Learning Classifiers in the Diagnosis of Pigmented Skin Lesions

In a study conducted under the supervision of researchers from the MedUni Vienna, human experts competed against computer algorithms in diagnosing pigmented skin lesions. The algorithms achieved better results when diagnosing, but had decreased performance for out-of-distribution images. These...

hematologic malignancies

Gait Speed Identifies Frailty, Could Help Predict Outcomes in Older Patients With Hematologic Cancers

The speed at which older individuals with blood cancers are able to walk 4 meters (about 13 feet) holds information about their overall health and may help to predict survival and unplanned hospital visits, according to study published by Liu et al in Blood. The association was...

breast cancer

Personalized Assay May Aid in Determining Risk of Recurrence of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Sixty percent of patients with triple-negative breast cancer will survive more than 5 years without disease after standard treatment, but 4 out of 10 women will have a rapid recurrence of the disease. There are currently no clinical tests to assess an individual patient’s prognosis, so all...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Rate and Outcome of Late Relapses in Patients With DLBCL Treated With Immunochemotherapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wang et al identified the rates and outcomes of relapses of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in patients who had achieved 24-month event-free survival (EFS) after immunochemotherapy.   Study Details The study involved 1,324...

leukemia

Association of Antibodies With Pegaspargase Allergic Reactions and Failure of Rechallenge in Pediatric ALL

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Liu et al determined the frequency of allergic reactions and consequences of development of antibodies to pegaspargase (PEG-ASP) among pediatric patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).    As noted by the...

breast cancer

PERSEPHONE: 4-Year Disease-Free Survival With 6 vs 12 Months of Adjuvant Trastuzumab for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The 4-year disease-free survival results of the UK phase III PERSEPHONE trial, reported by Earl et al in The Lancet, found that 6 months of adjuvant trastuzumab was noninferior to 12 months when given with chemotherapy in HER2-positive early breast cancer. Study Details The open-label trial...

leukemia
immunotherapy

EHA 2019: ASCEND Trial Compares Acalabrutinib vs Investigator’s Choice in Relapsed or Refractory CLL

The randomized, global, multicenter, open-label phase III ASCEND trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of acalabrutinib vs investigator’s choice of rituximab/idelalisib or rituximab/bendamustine in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Ghia et al presented ...

leukemia

EHA 2019: CLL12 Trial Investigates Ibrutinib in Previously Untreated, Asymptomatic Early-Stage CLL

At the 24th Annual Congress of the European Hematology Association (EHA), Langerbeins et al presented findings from the phase III CLL12 trial, which evaluated whether ibrutinib prolongs event-free survival in patients with previously untreated, Binet stage A chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)...

multiple myeloma

EHA 2019: BELLINI Trial Evaluates Addition of Venetoclax to Bortezomib/Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The phase III BELLINI trial—reported by Kumar et al at the 24th Annual Congress of the European Hematology Association (EHA; Abstract LB2601) investigated the efficacy and safety of venetoclax/bortezomib/dexamethasone vs bortezomib/dexamethasone in patients with relapsed or refractory...

head and neck cancer

Dose De-escalation in Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy for HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ma et al found that aggressive radiotherapy dose de-escalation in adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma was associated with disease control rates comparable to...

sarcoma

Cediranib in Alveolar Soft-Part Sarcoma

In the phase II CASPS trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Judson et al found evidence of activity of cediranib in alveolar soft-part sarcoma. In the double-blind trial, 48 patients from 12 sites in the United Kingdom, Spain, and Australia were randomly assigned 2:1 between July 2011 and July...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

EHA 2019: CASSIOPEIA Trial Examines Addition of Daratumumab to Standard Treatment Before and After ASCT in Multiple Myeloma

In the phase III CASSIOPEIA trial, reported in The Lancet and presented at the 24th Annual Congress of the European Hematology Association (EHA; Abstract S145) by Moreau et al, daratumumab plus bortezomib/thalidomide/dexamethasone (D-VTd) given before and after autologous stem cell transplantation...

lung cancer

FDA Expands Indications for Pembrolizumab to Include Metastatic SCLC With Disease Progression on or After Other Therapies

On June 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to the anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) therapy pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as monotherapy for the treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with disease...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Radiotherapy Increases Adverse Cardiovascular Event Risk for Patients With Lung Cancer

A new retrospective study led by investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute examined outcomes for patients after receiving treatment for locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), finding that the average radiation dose delivered to the...

cns cancers
lymphoma

Cytoreductive Surgery for Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma

Through a systematic review of published studies, researchers report they have identified a distinct subtype of primary central nervous system (PCNS) lymphoma that should be considered for surgical removal, suggesting a major shift in how this type of tumor is evaluated and managed. These findings...

skin cancer

Neoadjuvant Dabrafenib/Trametinib in Stage IIIB/C, BRAF V600–Mutant Melanoma

In the single-center, phase II NeoCombi trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Long et al found that neoadjuvant dabrafenib plus trametinib produced promising response rates in resectable, stage IIIB/C, BRAF V600–mutant melanoma. As noted by the investigators, adjuvant dabrafenib plus...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: 3-Year Outcomes in the KRISTINE Trial on Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab Emtansine Plus Pertuzumab in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

As reported at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 500) and in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Hurvitz et al, 3-year outcomes in the phase III KRISTINE trial showed that neoadjuvant trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) plus pertuzumab was associated with increased risk of event-free survival events ...

leukemia

QuANTUM-R: Quizartinib vs Salvage Chemotherapy in Relapsed or Refractory FLT3-ITD–Positive AML

In the phase III QuANTUM-R trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cortes et al found that the FLT3 inhibitor quizartinib produced a modest but significant improvement in overall survival vs salvage chemotherapy in relapsed or refractory FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD)-positive acute...

hepatobiliary cancer
pancreatic cancer

Serum MicroRNAs for the Diagnosis of Pancreatic and Biliary Tract Cancers

Diagnosis of pancreatic and biliary tract cancers is complex and challenging due to the lack of symptoms and/or the difficulty of direct, invasive, and imaging-based methods of diagnosis. In an effort to develop better diagnostic markers for these diseases, Kim et al analyzed the genome-wide...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

TONIC: PD-1 Blockade in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Clinical and translational data from the TONIC trial, published in a research letter by Voorwerk et al in Nature Medicine, indicated that short-term doxorubicin and cisplatin may induce a more favorable tumor microenvironment and increase the likelihood of response to programmed cell death protein...

issues in oncology
survivorship

U.S. Cancer Survivors Numbered Nearly 17 Million at the Start of 2019

There were more than 16.9 million Americans with a history of cancer on January 1, 2019, and that number is projected to reach more than 22.1 million by 2030 based on the growth and aging of the population alone, according to estimates from Cancer Treatment and Survivorship Statistics, 2019....

lung cancer
immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-001: 5-Year Overall Survival With Pembrolizumab in Advanced NSCLC

Long-term follow-up of the phase I KEYNOTE-001 study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Garon et al showed that pembrolizumab monotherapy was associated with an estimated 5-year overall survival of 23.2% for treatment-naive patients and 15.5% for previously treated patients with...

prostate cancer

Toxicity With Prostate-Only vs Prostate and Pelvic Lymph Node Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy

In a UK national population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Parry et al found virtually no difference in gastrointestinal or genitourinary toxicity associated with prostate-only (PO-IMRT) vs prostate and pelvic lymph node intensity-modulated radiation therapy (PPLN-IMRT)...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

MAIA Trial: Addition of Daratumumab to Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone in Untreated Myeloma Ineligible for ASCT

In the phase III MAIA trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Facon et al found that the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide/dexamethasone significantly improved progression-free survival in previously untreated multiple myeloma ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation ...

breast cancer
gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

FDA Approves New Trastuzumab Biosimilar

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved trastuzumab-anns (Kanjinti) for all approved indications of the reference product trastuzumab (Herceptin): for the treatment of HER2-overexpressing breast cancer and HER2-overexpressing metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal...

colorectal cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
myelodysplastic syndromes
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Designations and Reviews in Myelofibrosis, Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Biliary Tract Cancer, and T-Cell Receptor Therapy

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation for momelotinib in myelofibrosis, granted Priority Review to a biologics license application for luspatercept in myelodyslastic syndromes and beta-thalassemia, granted Orphan Drug designation for a new chemical...

symptom management
immunotherapy

Resuming Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy After Immune-Mediated Diarrhea and Colitis

In a retrospective multicenter study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Abu-Sbeih et al found that approximately one-third of patients resuming immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy after improvement in immune-mediated diarrhea and colitis experienced a recurrence of the adverse effect....

issues in oncology
supportive care

Patient Perceptions of Management of Cancer-Related Pain, Fatigue, and Emotional Distress in Community Oncology Centers

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Smith et al found that a high proportion of patients in community cancer centers did not report discussing, getting advice, or receiving desired help for cancer-related pain, fatigue, or emotional distress. The study involved surveys of...

gynecologic cancer

2019 ASCO: Paclitaxel/Carboplatin vs Paclitaxel/Ifosfamide in Carcinosarcoma of the Uterus or Ovary

Results from the phase III NRG Oncology clinical trial GOG 0261 comparing paclitaxel plus carboplatin to paclitaxel plus ifosfamide in women with stage I–IV recurrent carcinosarcoma of the uterus or ovary found that treatment with paclitaxel/carboplatin was not inferior to...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: OPTiM Study on T-VEC for Unresectable Melanoma

New research on the immunotherapy talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC)—an injectable oncolytic virus—for patients with unresectable melanoma was presented by Milhem et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 9524). Researchers reported the ad hoc analysis of progression-free survival...

issues in oncology

Survival Improvements for AYA Survivors Undermined by Late-Stage Diagnosis, Racial and Socioeconomic Disparities

The 2006 publication of the National Cancer Institute’s report Closing the Gap: Research and Care Imperatives for Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer highlighted the lack of improvement in cancer survival among people between the ages of 15 and 39 compared to children and older adults...

skin cancer

2019 ASCO: Long-Term Survival With Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib in Metastatic BRAF-Mutated Melanoma

In an extended analysis of the COMBI-d and COMBI-v trials reported at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 9507) and in The New England Journal of Medicine, Robert et al found a 5-year overall survival rate of 34% with the combination of dabrafenib and trametinib in previously untreated...

issues in oncology
symptom management

Clinical Outcomes of Incidental Pulmonary Embolism in Patients With Cancer

In an international prospective cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kraaijpoel et al found that incidental pulmonary embolism in patients with cancer is associated with substantial risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism, despite anticoagulant treatment. Study Details The...

breast cancer

2019 ASCO: New TAILORx Data Provide Treatment Guidance for Women Under 50 With Early Breast Cancer

New information about adjuvant therapy to prevent recurrence of breast cancer in women 50 years of age or younger has emerged from the Trial Assigning Individualized Options for Treatment (Rx), or TAILORx. An analysis of a prespecified secondary endpoint in this trial found that an assessment of a ...

kidney cancer

2019 ASCO: No Benefit From Pazopanib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma After Metastasectomy

The E2810 trial was conducted to determine whether treatment with the oral drug pazopanib following surgery to remove further metastases in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma would improve their disease-free survival. Results from the study—which showed that primary endpoint of...

colorectal cancer

2019 ASCO: Addition of Veliparib to Total Neoadjuvant Therapy in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

Results from an experimental arm of the phase II NRG-GI002 trial using veliparib, a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, as part of total neoadjuvant therapy (induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy and surgery) in patients with locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma were...

prostate cancer

2019 ASCO: TOPARP-B Finds Olaparib Shows Efficacy in Men With BRCA-Mutant Prostate Cancer

The poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib may benefit some men with prostate cancer, according to findings from the phase II TOPARP-B trial presented by Mateo et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5005).   Olaparib previously showed activity against metastatic...

cns cancers
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Combination Therapy With SurVaxM in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

Ahluwalia et al shared research results on SurVaxM at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting, reporting that combination therapy with the immunotherapy vaccine was more effective than standard therapy for nearly all patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma in a phase II trial (Abstract 2016). SurVaxM...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
health-care policy
issues in oncology

Medicaid Expansion and Colorectal Cancer Screening

A new study examining Medicaid expansion and cancer screening found that the five states and District of Columbia that first adopted Medicaid expansion saw larger increases in colorectal cancer screening than states that did not expand Medicaid. The study—published by Fedewa et al in...

leukemia
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: CLL14 Trial Evaluates First-Line Venetoclax/Obinutuzumab in Previously Untreated CLL

The phase III CLL14 trial—reported by Fischer et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 7502) and in The New England Journal of Medicine—found that the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax plus the monoclonal antibody obinutuzumab prolonged progression-free survival vs obinutuzumab and...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

CheckMate 205: Nivolumab in Newly Diagnosed, Advanced Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

Findings in a cohort of the phase II CheckMate 205 study, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Ramchandren et al, indicate that nivolumab monotherapy followed by nivolumab plus doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (N-AVD) is highly active in newly diagnosed, advanced-stage classical ...

cns cancers

2019 ASCO: Subgroups of Patients With Low-Grade Glioma May Benefit From PCV Chemotherapy Plus Radiotherapy

A recent, updated predictive analysis of the three World Health Organization (WHO)-defined molecular subgroups based on IDH mutation status and 1p/19q codeletion status represented in the high-risk treatment arms of a phase III trial found that both IDH-mutant subgroups may derive benefit ...

issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Discrimination, Gender Bias in Oncology Training and Professional Meetings

Two studies that explored types of discrimination and gender bias in health-care organizations were presented at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting. Discrimination Experienced by Fellows An abstract that reviewed discrimination and inclusion among hematology and oncology trainees was presented by...

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