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Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Issues in Oncology

Survey of U.S. Oncologists on Genetic Counseling and Testing for Black Women With Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Ademuyiwa et al, a survey of U.S. breast oncologists showed that physicians believe that Black women with breast cancer face more barriers to genetic counseling and testing compared to White women with breast cancer.

Study Details

The study...

Colorectal Cancer

Study Finds Similar Survival Rates Among Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Younger and Older Than Age 50

Even though patients with metastatic colorectal cancer younger than age 50 years tend to be more fit and receive more intensive treatment than older patients, both groups survive for roughly the same amount of time, according to a study published by Lipsyc-Sharf et al in the Journal of the National ...

Leukemia
Genomics/Genetics

Addition of Enasidenib to Azacitidine in Newly Diagnosed IDH2-Mutant Acute Myeloid Leukemia

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase II portion of a phase Ib/II trial (AG221-AML-005) showed that the addition of the oral mutant IDH2 protein inhibitor enasidenib to azacitidine significantly improved overall response rate ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab for Relapsed Malignant Mesothelioma: Improvements in Progression-Free and Overall Survival

In the phase III CONFIRM trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Dean A. Fennell, FRCP, PhD, and colleagues found that nivolumab improved progression-free and overall survival vs placebo in patients with relapsed malignant mesothelioma.

In October 2020, the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Study Examines Use of External-Beam Radiotherapy as a Bridging Therapy for Patients With HCC Awaiting Transplant

Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) awaiting liver transplantation may benefit from noninvasive treatment with external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) but are rarely given this therapy, according to a new analysis of U.S. national data. Findings were presented by Nima Nabavizadeh, MD, at the...

Prostate Cancer

Phase III Trial Evaluates Efficacy of Total Androgen Suppression Plus Dose-Escalated Radiotherapy for Patients With Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

Both dose-escalated radiation therapy and short-course androgen-deprivation therapy (SADT) have been shown to improve outcomes in patients with intermediate-risk prostate cancer. Researchers then posed a new question—is giving both modalities upfront to newly diagnosed patients of benefit? Findings ...

Colorectal Cancer

FOCUS4-C Trial: Hint of Activity Reported With Adavosertib in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The novel WEE1 inhibitor adavosertib, given after induction chemotherapy, yielded a 65% reduction in the risk of disease progression or death compared with active monitoring in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer and TP53/RAS mutations, according to the randomized phase II FOCUS4-C trial....

Expert Point of View: Pierre Laurent-Puig, MD

The invited discussant of the FOCUS4-C trial was Pierre Laurent-Puig, MD, Professor of Medicine, Université de Paris, Institut du Cancer Paris CARPEM. According to Dr. Laurent-Puig, the “promising results” for the WEE1 inhibitor adavosertib in colorectal cancer in the FOCUS4-C trial could apply to ...

Sarcoma

Addition of Vincristine, Topotecan, and Cyclophosphamide to Five-Drug Interval-Compressed Chemotherapy for Ewing Sarcoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Leavey et al, the phase III Children’s Oncology Group AEWS1031 trial showed no improvement in event-free or overall survival with the addition of vincristine, topotecan, and cyclophosphamide (VTC) to standard five-drug interval-compressed...

Issues in Oncology

Baseline Health-Related Quality of Life and Outcomes in Patients With Advanced Cancer

In an analysis of SWOG clinical trials reported in JCO Oncology Practice, David Hui, MD, MS, MSc, and colleagues found that better baseline health-related quality of life was associated with better survival outcomes in patients with advanced cancer.

Study Details

The study involved a review of...

Cost of Care

Annual Report to the Nation, Part 2: Focus on Patient Economic Burden Associated With Cancer Care

Part 2 of the latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer—provided by the American Cancer Society, National Cancer Institute, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and North American Association of Central Cancer Registries—has found that patients with cancer in the United...

Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

ACCURE Trial Aims to Eliminate Disparities in Survival in Black and White Patients With Early-Stage Lung and Breast Cancers

A study presented by Manning et al at the 2021 American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Annual Meeting (Abstract 53) showed that interventions to help Black patients overcome obstacles to completion of treatment can impact disparities in survival outcomes between Black and White patients...

Prostate Cancer

22-Gene Classifier Score May Allow for Personalization of Therapy in Patients With High-Risk Prostate Cancer

A 22-gene genomic classifier (the Decipher score) may be able to predict the course of disease in men with high-risk prostate cancer, according to a patient-level meta-analysis of three randomized clinical trials presented by Paul L. Nguyen, MD, at the 2021 American Society for Radiation Oncology...

Issues in Oncology

Study Finds Prior Authorization Costs Academic Radiation Oncology Clinics More Than $40 Million Every Year

The time required to secure prior authorization approvals for radiation therapy equates to a financial impact of more than $40 million annually for academic medical centers, according to a new study presented by Bingham et al at the 2021 American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Annual...

Expert Point of View: Arjun Gupta, MBBS

Moderator of the session on oncology drug pricing, Arjun Gupta, MBBS, Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Minnesota Medical School, observed that generics alone may be insufficient to slow the astronomical rise of drug prices.

“The general thinking has always been that generics...

Cost of Care

Is Precision Oncology an Unsustainable Promise?

Despite the promise of precision oncology, the cost-effectiveness of targeted treatments remains open to debate. According to Aakash Desai, MD, MPH, there is an urgent need for drug-pricing reform, given the average expenditure of Medicare Part D.

An analysis of the Medicare database presented...

Issues in Oncology

Study Examines Relationship Between Risk of Cancer and Age of Smoking Initiation/Cessation

Data from a new study showed that those who started to smoke at earlier ages have an elevated likelihood of dying from cancer. Those who began at the youngest ages (before age 10 years) had four times the cancer mortality rates in adulthood than those who had never smoked. However, individuals who...

Kidney Cancer

Is Cabozantinib Active in Treating Brain Metastases From Renal Cell Carcinoma?

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Hirsch et al found that cabozantinib showed substantial activity in treating brain metastases in patients with renal cell carcinoma.

As stated by the investigators, “Patients with brain metastases from renal cell carcinoma have been...

Colorectal Cancer

KRAS G12C Inhibitor Adagrasib Shows Activity in Colorectal Cancer

Adagrasib, a covalent inhibitor of KRAS G12C, combined with cetuximab, showed activity in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer in the phase I/II KRYSTAL-1 trial, as presented during a Presidential Symposium at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2021 by Jared Weiss, MD,...

Colorectal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Federica Di Nicolantonio, MD, PhD

“KRAS G12C inhibitors as monotherapy yield a relatively low overall response rate, but when you combine them with an EGFR [epidermal growth factor receptor] inhibitor, the response rate is nearly double,” said ­Federica Di Nicolantonio, MD, PhD, Professor of Oncology at the University of Turin in...

Multiple Myeloma

Melphalan Flufenamide Withdrawn From the U.S. Market

On October 22, Oncopeptides announced its decision to withdraw melphalan flufenamide (Pepaxto), a first-in-class peptide-drug conjugate, from the market in the United States, following results from the phase III OCEAN study in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. The decision to...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Second-Line Sotorasib Plus Afatinib for KRAS-Mutant NSCLC

The combination of the KRAS inhibitor sotorasib with afatinib, a pan-ErbB tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was feasible in treating patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and mutated KRAS whose disease had progressed on prior therapies, including KRAS inhibitors alone, according to interim...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Poziotinib, a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, for HER2 Exon 20–Mutant NSCLC

In a single-center phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Elamin et al found that the tyrosine kinase inhibitor poziotinib showed activity in previously treated patients with HER2 exon 20–mutant advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

As related by the investigators,...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Atezolizumab Following Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Resected Stage IB to IIIA NSCLC

In the phase III IMpower010 trial reported in The Lancet, Enriqueta Felip, MD, and colleagues found that the use of adjuvant atezolizumab after adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy significantly improved disease-free survival vs best supportive care in patients with resected stage II to IIIA...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Atezolizumab as Adjuvant Treatment for NSCLC

On October 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq) for adjuvant treatment following resection and platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with stage II to IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have PD-L1 expression on ≥ 1% of tumor cells, as...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Mobocertinib for Platinum-Pretreated Patients With EGFR Exon 20 Insertion–Positive Metastatic NSCLC

In a phase I/II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Caicun Zhou, PhD, MD, and colleagues found that mobocertinib, a first-in-class oral kinase inhibitor, produced durable responses in platinum-pretreated patients with EGFR exon 20 insertion–positive metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). 

The...

Survivorship

Study Assesses Benefit of Digital Health Tools for Cancer Survivors

New study results suggest that to maximize effects of digital support tools for cancer survivors, it is essential to personalize information and increase engagement efforts. The report, published by Leach et al in the journal Cancer, demonstrated significant improvement in the ability to manage...

Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

SECOMBIT Trial Evaluates Optimal Treatment Sequencing in BRAF-Mutated Melanoma

Patients with untreated, metastatic BRAF-mutated melanoma may benefit from receiving immunotherapy first, moving to targeted therapy in the second line, data from the updated overall survival analysis of the randomized, phase II SECOMBIT trial suggest.1 The study aimed to define the optimal...

Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Omid Hamid, MD

Commenting on the SECOMBIT trial was Omid Hamid, MD, Chief of Translational Research and Immunotherapy at The Angeles Clinic & Research Institute, a Cedars-Sinai Affiliate, and Co-Director, Cutaneous Malignancy Program, Cedars-Sinai Cancer. Dr. Hamid said SECOMBIT addresses an important...

CNS Cancers
Immunotherapy

Two Studies Examine the Efficacy of Immunotherapy for Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis

Two new studies published in Nature Communications indicate that immunotherapy may benefit people with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, a rare but serious complication of cancer that has spread to the brain and/or spinal cord. 

Approximately 5% to 8% of all patients with cancer develop leptomeningeal ...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Overall Survival in the MAIA Trial: Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone for Newly Diagnosed Transplant-Ineligible Patients With Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Thierry Facon, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of overall survival in the pivotal phase III MAIA trial has shown a significant benefit with the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide/dexamethasone in newly diagnosed, transplant-ineligible patients with ...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Addition of Liposomal Irinotecan to Fluorouracil and Leucovorin as Second-Line Treatment for Metastatic Biliary Tract Cancer

In a Korean phase IIb trial (NIFTY) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Yoo et al found that the addition of liposomal irinotecan to fluorouracil/leucovorin improved progression-free survival as a second-line treatment for patients with metastatic biliary tract cancer whose disease had progressed on...

Sarcoma

Risk-Based Treatment of Pediatric and Young Adult Synovial Sarcoma

In a report from the Children’s Oncology Group ARST0332 study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Venkatamani et al found that risk-based treatment of pediatric and young adult patients with synovial sarcoma produced favorable outcomes in those with nonmetastatic disease. Outcomes in...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Relationship Between Preexisting TP53 CHIP Variants and Risk of Secondary Myeloid Neoplasms in High-Grade Ovarian Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Kwan et al found that preexisting TP53 clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) variants were associated with increased risk of secondary myeloid neoplasms in patients receiving poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor therapy with rucaparib...

Hematologic Malignancies
COVID-19

Patients With Hematologic Malignancies: How Robust Is Their Immunity to SARS–CoV-2?

A large study from the United Kingdom has taken a deep dive into SARS–CoV-2 in the setting of cancer, yielding both concerning and encouraging findings about natural and vaccine-induced immunity. The study was presented at the Presidential Symposium during the European Society for Medical Oncology...

Breast Cancer

Development of a Breast Cancer Risk Prediction Model for Black Women in the United States

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Julie R. Palmer, ScD, and colleagues have developed and validated a risk prediction model for invasive breast cancer in Black women in the United States.

Study Details

For the development of the model, breast cancer relative and attributable risks...

Sarcoma

Activity of Nab-sirolimus in Malignant Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Tumors

In the phase II AMPECT trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wagner et al found that the mTOR inhibitor nab-sirolimus produced a substantial rate of durable responses and a high disease control rate in patients with malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumors.

As stated by the...

Issues in Oncology
Symptom Management

Pharmacovigilance Study of Pancytopenia in Patients Receiving PARP Inhibitors

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Morice et al found that pancytopenia was associated with use of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors for cancer treatment, according to drug adverse event reports in the World Health Organization global pharmacovigilance database...

Lung Cancer

Survey Shows Disparities in Biomarker Testing Among Underserved Patients With Lung Cancer

Recent advances in cancer genomics and targeted therapies have changed the treatment landscape for lung cancer, but disparities in access to precision medicine remain, according to data presented during the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 2021 World Conference on Lung ...

Expert Point of View: Joshua K. Sabari, MD

“We know that molecular alterations on gene mutations such as EGFR and ALK can lead to better prognosis, better response rates, and, more important, better quality of life for patients,” said Joshua K. Sabari, MD, of NYU Langone Health Perlmutter Cancer Center, who discussed the abstract at the...

Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

Efficacy of Quadrivalent HPV Vaccine in Girls in India Against Persistent HPV-16/18 Infection: 10-Year Protection Analysis

In a prospective cohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Partha Basu, MD, and colleagues found that a single dose of quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine given to girls in India provided 10-year protection equal to two or three doses against persistent infection with HPV types 16...

Issues in Oncology

Do Patients Diagnosed With Cancer Living in Low-Income and Rural Areas Face an Increased Risk of Suicide?

Individuals diagnosed with cancer who live in low-income and rural areas may face an increased risk of suicide compared with patients living in high-income and urban areas, according to a study published by Suk et al in JAMA Network Open. The research focused on determining whether the risks and...

Issues in Oncology
COVID-19

Study Examines Opinions on Telemedicine Among Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy

New research published by Shaverdian et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network assessed patient satisfaction and preferences associated with telemedicine. Researchers found 45% of people with cancer undergoing radiotherapy preferred telemedicine, whereas 34% preferred...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab/Low-Dose Ipilimumab Produces Responses in Patients With MSI-H/dMMR Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, and colleagues, in the phase II CheckMate 142 trial, first-line treatment with nivolumab plus low-dose ipilimumab produced a high rate of durable responses in a cohort of patients who had received no prior treatment for...

Breast Cancer

Preclinical Study Examines Relationship Between Aging Breast Tissue and Invasive Breast Cancer

Breast cancer risk increases with age, but while scientists have long studied cellular changes that take place in the body over time, a new study published by Bahcecioglu et al in Advanced Science examined how the extracellular matrix—an underlying network of molecules and proteins that provide the ...

Colorectal Cancer

Primary Tumor Resection Followed by Systemic Treatment vs Systemic Treatment Alone in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: 60-Day Mortality

As reported in JAMA Surgery by van der Kruijssen et al, 60-day post–random assignment mortality results in the Danish/Dutch phase III CAIRO4 trial showed higher rates of mortality in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who received primary tumor resection plus systemic treatment vs those...

Breast Cancer

First-Line Fulvestrant/Palbociclib vs Letrozole/Palbociclib for Endocrine-Sensitive, HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

In the phase II PARSIFAL trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Antonio Llombart-Cussac, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of fulvestrant plus palbociclib did not improve progression-free survival vs letrozole plus palbociclib in women with advanced endocrine-sensitive, hormone receptor...

Breast Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Global Analysis of National Health System Characteristics and Breast Cancer Mortality and Stage at Diagnosis

In a global population-based study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Duggan et al identified national health system characteristics associated with reduced breast cancer mortality, including higher Universal Health Coverage Service Coverage Index (UHC Index) rating and increased number of public...

Leukemia

Ibrutinib vs Placebo Following Achievement of Undetectable MRD With First-Line Ibrutinib/Venetoclax in CLL

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, and colleagues, findings in the measurable residual disease (MRD) cohort of the phase II CAPTIVATE study indicated a high disease-free survival rate with placebo and no significant benefit of continued ibrutinib in...

CNS Cancers

DM-CHOC-PEN May Improve Outcomes for Adolescents and Young Adults With Central Nervous System Tumors

In a phase II clinical trial, the drug 4-demethyl-4-cholesteryloxycarbonylpenclomedine (DM-CHOC-PEN) improved survival for some adolescent and young adult patients with cancers involving the central nervous system, according to results presented by Morgan et al at the AACR-NCI-EORTC Virtual...

Lung Cancer

Can Inhibition of the Aurora Kinase A Protein Help Overcome Resistance to KRAS Inhibition in Patients With Lung Cancer?

In preclinical models, combining an investigational Aurora kinase A (AURKA) inhibitor with a KRAS inhibitor or a WEE1 inhibitor showed efficacy against lung cancer cells with intrinsic or acquired resistance to KRAS inhibition, according to results presented by Lee et al at the AACR-NCI-EORTC...

Issues in Oncology

FDA Perspective on Drug-Dosing in Oncology: From ‘More Is Better’ to ‘Less Can Be More’

In a perspective article published in The New England Journal of Medicine entitled “The Drug-Dosing Conundrum in Oncology—When Less Is More,” four authors from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) argue for the need to jettison the “more is better” paradigm in dose selection for oncology...

Head and Neck Cancer

Abiraterone for Castration-Resistant, Androgen Receptor–Expressing Salivary Gland Cancer

In an Italian single-institution phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Locati et al found that abiraterone acetate showed activity in patients with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-resistant, androgen receptor (AR)-overexpressing salivary gland carcinoma.

As stated by the...

Lymphoma

Final Analysis of iNNOVATE: Addition of Ibrutinib to Rituximab for Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Buske et al, the final analysis of the pivotal phase III iNNOVATE trial has shown a continued progression-free survival benefit with the addition of ibrutinib to rituximab in patients with Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia after 50 months of...

Issues in Oncology

Study Examines Potential Link Between Cancer and Physical Inactivity

A new report finds that more than 46,000 cancer cases annually in the United States could be prevented if Americans met the 5 hours per week of moderate-intensity activity recommended in the American Cancer Society’s physical activity guidelines. Recent findings published by Minihan et al in the...

Breast Cancer

Nodal Recurrence With Sentinel Node Biopsy Alone Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Node-Positive Breast Cancer

In a single-center cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Barrio et al evaluated nodal recurrence rates in patients with clinically node-negative breast cancer following neoadjuvant chemotherapy for biopsy-proven node-positive disease. The investigators found an extremely low incidence of nodal...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Genomic Profiling of Lung Adenocarcinoma in Never-Smokers vs Smokers

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Devarakonda et al found that never-smokers with lung adenocarcinoma had a high frequency of RTK/RAS/RAF pathway driver alterations—similar to smokers with lung adenocarcinoma—but also harbored a significantly higher total frequency of...

Genomics/Genetics

Characteristics of Genomically Targeted Single-Patient Use Requests for Pediatric Cancers

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sabnis et al analyzed characteristics of genomically targeted single-patient use requests for investigational agents for the treatment of pediatric cancers. These requests were made from pediatric cancer programs over a 5-year period.

As...

WHO Director-General Grants Posthumous Award to Henrietta Lacks

World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, MD, honored the late Henrietta Lacks with a WHO Director-General’s award, recognizing her world-changing legacy. Ms. Lacks, a Black American woman, died of cervical cancer 70 years ago, on October 4, 1951. 

While she...

Breast Cancer

FDA Approves Abemaciclib in Combination With Endocrine Therapy for Early Breast Cancer

On October 12, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved abemaciclib (Verzenio) in combination with endocrine therapy (tamoxifen or an aromatase inhibitor) for the adjuvant treatment of adult patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative, node-positive early breast cancer...

Leukemia

Study Finds Genetic Predisposition to Higher Lymphocyte Production May Lead to Higher ALL Risk

Research published by Kachuri et al in the American Journal of Human Genetics reveals that children born with a genetic predisposition to produce more lymphocytes—particularly in relation to other types of white blood cells—may be at a higher risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)....

Issues in Oncology

Risk of Cancer in Children With Fanconi Anemia and Ataxia-Telangiectasia

In a German nationwide register-based cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dutzmann et al found that risk of developing cancer by age 18 exceeded 10% in children with Fanconi anemia or ataxia-telangiectasia.

Study Details

The study involved data on 421 patients with Fanconi...

Issues in Oncology
COVID-19

AACR Cancer Progress Report 2021 Showcases 50 Years of Advances in Cancer Research and Treatment

The AACR Cancer Progress Report 2021 celebrates the gains made in cancer research since the National Cancer Act was signed into law on December 23, 1971. The report also recognizes the negative impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on cancer research and patient care, the disproportionate toll both...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Brexucabtagene Autoleucel for Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Precursor ALL

On October 1, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved brexucabtagene autoleucel (Tecartus), a CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, for adult patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

ZUMA-3

Efficacy was...

COVID-19

International Study of the Effects of COVID-19 Lockdowns on Planned Cancer Surgeries

In a prospective cohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, members of the COVIDSurg Collaborative found that substantial proportions of patients did not undergo planned surgery for cancer in regions with moderate or full COVID-19–related lockdowns.

Study Details

The study included 20,006...

Breast Cancer

Is Baseline Brain White Matter Microstructure Associated With Cognitive Decline After Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer?

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, de Ruiter et al found that white matter microstructure at baseline was associated with cognitive decline after chemotherapy for breast cancer.

Study Details

The study included 49 patients with breast cancer who received...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab Combination for the First-Line Treatment of Cervical Cancer

On October 13, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with chemotherapy, with or without bevacizumab, for patients with persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer whose tumors express PD-L1 (combined positive score [CPS] ≥ 1), as...

Bladder Cancer

dd-MVAC vs Gemcitabine/Cisplatin for Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

The randomized phase III controlled GETUG/AFU VESPER V05 trial was designed to compare the efficacy of two perioperative treatment regimens—gemcitabine/cisplatin or dose-dense methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (dd-MVAC)—in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The...

Bladder Cancer

Radical Cystectomy: Early-Stage Micropapillary Bladder Cancer Outcomes Similar to Late-Stage Conventional Urothelial Carcinoma

A study presented by Kevin Ginsburg, MD, and colleagues at the American Urological Association 2021 Annual Meeting has found that among patients treated with radical cystectomy, those with cT1 micropapillary bladder cancer had similar or worse oncologic outcomes compared with patients with cT2...

Solid Tumors
Survivorship
Supportive Care

Goal-Focused Emotion-Regulation Therapy for Young Adult Testicular Cancer Survivors

Psychological therapy may reduce adverse biobehavioral effects of testicular cancer in young adult survivors, according to a pilot study published by Hoyt et al in the American Journal of Men’s Health. Biobehavior is the interaction of biologic processes and behavior. The recently published...

Prostate Cancer

ACIS Trial: Addition of Apalutamide to Abiraterone Acetate/Prednisone for Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Fred Saad, MD, FRCS, and colleagues, the phase III ACIS trial has shown that the addition of apalutamide to abiraterone acetate and prednisone significantly prolonged radiographic progression–free survival in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate...

Cost of Care

Study Examines Cost of Cancer Care in the United States in 2018

Care for the 15 most prevalent types of cancer in the United States cost approximately $156.2 billion for about 402,000 privately insured adult patients in 2018, according to a report published by Nicholas G. Zaorsky, MD, and colleagues in JAMA Network Open. The research team also found that...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Camrelizumab/Apatinib for High-Risk Chemorefractory or Relapsed Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia

In a Chinese single-institution phase II trial (CAP 01) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cheng et al found that the PD-1 inhibitor camrelizumab in combination with the antiangiogenic agent apatinib produced a high rate of complete responses in women with high-risk chemorefractory or relapsed...

Issues in Oncology

Study Tracks Parental Hesitancy Trends Over the HPV Vaccine From 2010 to 2019

A study that tracked parental opinion about the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine showed that after hesitancy decreased for several years, hesitancy has now either stabilized or increased in some ethnic and age groups, according to results presented by Adjei Boakye et al at the 14th AACR...

Head and Neck Cancer

Study Finds Significant Variation in the Incidence of Nasopharyngeal Cancer Among Ethnic Subgroups of Asian Americans

Although nasopharyngeal cancer is quite rare in most parts of the world, including the United States, the cancer causes a significant health burden among Asian Americans, which is a fast-growing but understudied racial group. According to the results from a study by Lee et al presented at the...

Skin Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Prostate Cancer
Breast Cancer
Solid Tumors
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Recent Reviews, Designations, Applications, and Authorizations in the Oncology Space

Over the past month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued several regulatory decisions for novel treatments for patients with cancer.

Priority Review for Relatlimab and Nivolumab Fixed-Dose Combination in Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma

The FDA accepted for Priority Review the...

Breast Cancer

Effect of Chronic Stress on Treatment Completion and Survival Outcomes in Patients With Breast Cancer

Elevated allostatic load was associated with a lower likelihood of completing chemotherapy and a lower overall survival rate in patients with lymph node–positive or high-risk lymph node–negative HER2-negative breast cancer, according to results presented by Samilia Obeng-Gyasi, MD, MPH, at the 14th ...

Prostate Cancer

ARAMIS Analysis: Darolutamide Shows Similar Benefits for Black Patients as Observed in the Overall Population

Black patients with prostate cancer who were treated with the androgen receptor inhibitor darolutamide had clinical outcomes similar to those observed in the overall clinical trial population, according to results from the phase III ARAMIS trial presented by Neal Shore, MD, at the 14th AACR...

Neuroendocrine Tumors

Second Primary Cancers in Patients With Neuroendocrine Tumors

In a population-based study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Bateni et al found that 8% of patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) developed second primary cancers over approximately 7.5 years of follow-up, with types of secondary malignancies differing according to NET type.

The ...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
COVID-19

Rates of Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Cancers—and Stage at Diagnosis—Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Japan

In a study reported in JAMA Network Open, Kuzuu et al found that the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan was associated with reduced rates of new diagnoses, as well as reduced rates of diagnosis at earlier stages, for some gastrointestinal cancers.

Study Details

The retrospective cohort study included...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Finds Some Pancreatic Cancer Trial Eligibility Criteria Disproportionately Exclude Black Patients

Although lack of clinical trial participation is associated with worse survival outcomes in some malignancies, data show that Black patients with cancer represent just 7.3% of participants—and only 4.5% for such cancers as multiple myeloma—in cancer clinical trials, compared with 84.2% for White...

Genomics/Genetics

FDA Recognizes Memorial Sloan Kettering Database of Molecular Tumor Marker Information

On October 7, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted recognition to a partial listing of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Oncology Knowledge Base (OncoKB) as the first tumor mutation database to be included in the Public Human Genetic Variant Databases. 

The FDA recognized a ...

Solid Tumors
Hematologic Malignancies
COVID-19

Antibody Response to COVID-19 Vaccination in Patients With Hematologic or Solid Cancers

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Mair et al found that antibody response to COVID-19 vaccination was poorer in patients with hematologic or solid malignancies compared with health-care workers. The investigators also identified factors associated with poorer antibody response among patients.

...

Issues in Oncology
Palliative Care

Disparities in Terminal Hospitalization Among Adults With Metastatic Cancer

In a retrospective population-based study reported in JAMA Network Open, Deeb et al found that patients with metastatic cancer from racial and ethnic minority groups and those without private insurance were more likely to be admitted from the emergency department, receive invasive mechanical...

Gynecologic Cancers
Issues in Oncology

Study Examines Benefits of Cervical Cancer Screening Program Tailored to Transgender Men and Nonbinary People

Worldwide, cervical cancer is the fifth most commonly occurring cancer in women, mostly due to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. In 2020, globally, an estimated 604,237 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer and about 341,843 died from the disease. In the United States, in 2021, it is...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Black Patients With Advanced NSCLC Receiving Immunotherapy May Have a Lower Risk of Death Than White Patients

Collectively, Black Americans have the highest death rate and shortest survival of any racial/ethnic group in the United States for most cancers; Black men also have the highest cancer incidence rate. Despite improvements in survival disparities between Black and White Americans in specific cancers ...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Addition of Ramucirumab or Merestinib to First-Line Chemotherapy in Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Juan W. Valle, MD, and colleagues found that no progression-free survival benefit was achieved with the addition of either the VEGFR2 inhibitor ramucirumab or the MEK inhibitor merestinib to first-line cisplatin/gemcitabine chemotherapy in...

Head and Neck Cancer
CNS Cancers

Factors Associated With Risk of Hearing Loss in Pediatric Patients Receiving Radiation and Chemotherapy

In a single-institution cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Keilty et al identified factors associated with an increased risk of hearing loss in pediatric patients receiving radiation therapy and chemotherapy for central nervous system and head and neck tumors.

The study...

Geriatric Oncology
Symptom Management

Effect of Geriatric Assessment–Driven Intervention on Incidence of Severe Chemotherapy-Related Toxicity in Older Patients With Cancer

In a single-center study reported in JAMA Oncology, Daneng Li, MD, and colleagues found that a geriatric assessment–driven intervention (GAIN) was associated with a reduced incidence of grade ≥ 3 adverse events and a higher frequency of completion of advance directives vs standard of care among...

Lymphoma

DA-EPOCH-R for Children and Adolescents With Newly Diagnosed Primary Mediastinal B-Cell Lymphoma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Burke et al found that dose-adjusted etoposide, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide with vincristine and prednisone plus rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) did not improve event-free survival vs historical controls in children and adolescents with ...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Rates of Postprotocol Immunotherapy Use in Patients Enrolled in Kidney Cancer Clinical Trials

In an analysis reported in JAMA Network Open, Sharp et al identified the frequency of use of postprotocol PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in control group patients receiving the tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib in randomized trials comparing PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor–containing combination therapy vs sunitinib ...

Colorectal Cancer

Does a Longer Interval Before Surgery Among Patients With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer Lead to Worse Survival?

In an Italian retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Deidda et al found that a longer vs shorter delay to surgery among patients with locally advanced rectal cancer with minor or no pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy was associated with significantly poorer overall...

Breast Cancer

Addition of Everolimus to Letrozole in Premenopausal Women With Advanced HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

In the Chinese phase II MIRACLE trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Fan et al found that the addition of everolimus to letrozole significantly improved progression-free survival among premenopausal women with advanced hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer whose disease had...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

DESTINY Breast03: Second-Line Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki for Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) showed statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival vs trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in second-line treatment for HER2-positive unresectable or metastatic breast cancer, according to results from the global phase III DESTINY-Breast03...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Factors Associated With Early Discontinuation of Endocrine Therapy for Ductal Carcinoma in Situ

In an analysis from the NRG Oncology/NSABP B-35 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, N. Lynn Henry, MD, PhD, and colleagues identified toxicity and patient-reported outcome factors associated with early discontinuation of adjuvant endocrine therapy in women with ductal carcinoma in...

Gynecologic Cancers

Trends in Use of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Association With Overall Survival in Patients With Advanced Ovarian Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Alexander Melamed, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that improvements in median overall survival have been similar in patients from U.S. cancer programs that did vs did not increase their use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for women with advanced ovarian cancer in...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Axicabtagene Ciloleucel for Adult Patients With Primary Mediastinal B-Cell Lymphoma: Real-World Outcomes

In a retrospective cohort study reported in a research letter in Blood Advances, Jennifer L. Crombie, MD, and colleagues found that axicabtagene ciloleucel produced high overall and complete response rates in patients with primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma. They also observed some evidence to...

Colorectal Cancer

Radioembolization Plus Second-Line Chemotherapy for Colorectal Liver Metastases

In the phase III EPOCH trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mary F. Mulcahy, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of transarterial yttrium-90 radioembolization (TARE) to second-line chemotherapy significantly prolonged progression-free survival and hepatic progression–free...

Issues in Oncology

Improved Health Insurance Coverage, Access to Care May Lessen Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Childhood Cancer Survival

A new study published by Jingxuan Zhao, MPH, and colleagues in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention found racial/ethnic disparities in survival among newly diagnosed patients with childhood cancers in the United States, and that area-level socioeconomic status and health insurance...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Addition of Panitumumab to Fluorouracil/Leucovorin as Maintenance Therapy for RAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In the German phase II PANAMA trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Modest et al found that the addition of the monoclonal antibody panitumumab to fluorouracil (5-FU)/leucovorin maintenance therapy improved progression-free survival in patients with RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal ...

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