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issues in oncology

40% of Cancer Cases and Almost Half of All Cancer Deaths in the United States Linked to Modifiable Risk Factors

A recent study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society has found that 4 in 10 cancer cases and about half of all cancer deaths in adults aged 30 and older in the United States (or 713,340 cancer cases and 262,120 cancer deaths in 2019) may be attributed to modifiable risk factors,...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

RNAs May Help to Identify Patients With Stage II Colorectal Cancer Who May Benefit From Adjuvant Chemotherapy

Investigators have assessed whether RNAs can be used as a biomarker to predict which patients with stage II colorectal cancer may benefit from postsurgical chemotherapy, according to a recent study published by Korsgaard et al in The American Journal of Pathology. Background Colorectal cancer is...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Predicting Taxane-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy After Breast Cancer Therapy

Researchers have developed a novel tool that may help to predict the risk of experiencing peripheral neuropathy following treatment with taxanes in patients with breast cancer, according to a recent study published by Engvall et al in npj Precision Oncology. The findings may aid physicians in...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Certain Patients Diagnosed With 'Benign' Classification of Prostate Cancer May Actually Have High-Risk Disease

Recently, some experts have called for Gleason Grade Group 1 prostate cancer to be reclassified as benign. However, many patients diagnosed with this lowest grade of prostate cancer may have more aggressive disease than their biopsy alone suggests, according to a recent study published by Tilki et...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

New Study May Provide Insights Into Immune System Mechanism Shared by Pregnancy and Cancer

By examining the immune system during pregnancy, researchers have uncovered the mechanism that may contribute to oncofetal immune tolerance, according to a recent study published by Yu et al in Cell. Background “In pregnancy, the immune system does not reject the growing fetus, so we know there...

leukemia

Having Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Took Away My Fear of Death

On May 30, 2017, 9 days before I turned 19 and soon after I had completed my sophomore year at college, I was diagnosed with aggressive acute lymphoblastic leukemia. But getting to the diagnosis was a tortuous process. I had been feeling fatigued and losing weight for several weeks prior to the...

gastrointestinal cancer
issues in oncology
supportive care

Stiripentol Could Prolong Efficacy of Chemotherapy in Patients With Gastric Cancer

Targeting lactate with the epilepsy drug stiripentol may reverse chemotherapy resistance in patients with gastric cancer, according to a recent study published by Chen et al in Nature. Background Chemotherapy attacks cancer cells by damaging their DNA. The cancer cells then try to rapidly repair...

lymphoma
issues in oncology

Infection Risk in Patients With Mantle Cell Lymphoma

Patients with mantle cell lymphoma may be susceptible to certain diseases and may benefit from evaluation for the risk of infection, according to a recent study published by Abalo in HemaSphere.    Background “Patients [with mantle cell lymphoma] live with an increased risk of infections for many...

survivorship
issues in oncology

Survivorship Standards at Commission on Cancer–Accredited Cancer Care Facilities

Only a minority of adult cancer survivors may have access to specialized survivorship services such as those addressing fertility and sexual health issues, and having survivorship standards in place may help cancer centers better provide services that meet the distinct needs of these patients,...

survivorship
supportive care
cardio-oncology

Can Adhering to a Mediterranean Diet Reduce Mortality in Cancer Survivors?

Cancer survivors who adhere to a Mediterranean diet may survive longer and have a reduced risk of cardiovascular-related mortality compared with those who had lower adherence to the diet, according to a recent study published by Bonaccio et al in JACC: CardioOncology. Background The Mediterranean...

skin cancer
issues in oncology

Novel Algorithm May Help to Identify Aggressive Basal Cell Carcinoma

A novel algorithm may help physicians to identify which patients have a highly aggressive subtype of facial basal cell carcinoma, according to a recent study published by Ceder et al in Dermatology Practical & Conceptual.   Background Basal cell carcinoma—the most common type of skin...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

Exploring Health-Care Provider Attitudes Toward HPV Self-Collection Testing

Investigators found that more than 50% of health-care providers surveyed might offer human papillomavirus (HPV) self-collection testing to their patients if the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the procedure, according to a recent study published by Fontenot et al in Women’s Health...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

American Indian and Alaskan Native Women May Be Less Likely to Undergo Breast Reconstruction

Investigators have identified disparities in the rates of breast reconstruction following mastectomy among American Indian and Alaskan Native women compared with non-Hispanic White women, according to a recent study published by White et al in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Background Breast...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Exercise May Prevent Nerve Damage During Chemotherapy

Physical exercise may help prevent nerve damage in patients receiving chemotherapy, according to a recent study published by Streckmann et al in JAMA Internal Medicine. Background Cancer therapies have improved in recent years. Physicians are no longer concerned just about survival; patients’...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

PSA May Be Insufficient to Detect Early Prostate Cancer in Transgender Women

Transgender women receiving hormone therapy may skew artificially low on prostate cancer screening tests, thereby providing false reassurance and potentially delaying diagnosis and treatment, according to a recent study published by Nik-Ahd et al in JAMA. The findings indicated that transgender...

survivorship
issues in oncology

Impact of Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy on Hearing in Cancer Survivors

Researchers have uncovered the long-term effects of cisplatin-based chemotherapy on the hearing of cancer survivors, according to a recent study published by Sanchez et al in JAMA Oncology. Background Cisplatin is commonly used in chemotherapy to treat a variety of cancer types, including...

breast cancer
supportive care
symptom management
integrative oncology

Tai Chi vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Measuring Inflammatory Biomarkers in Breast Cancer Survivors With Insomnia

Both tai chi and cognitive behavioral therapy may reduce insomnia and inflammation and bolster antiviral defenses in breast cancer survivors, according to a recent study published by Irwin et al in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.   Background Chronic insomnia—one of the most prominent symptoms...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

New Study Demonstrates Similar Outcomes Between Patients With Protocol Exceptions to Participate in Targeted Therapy Trial and Eligible Participants

Patients with treatment-refractory tumors who received eligibility and testing waivers to participate in a large basket/umbrella oncology trial demonstrated similar rates of clinical benefit and adverse events compared with patients who participated in the trial without waivers, according to recent ...

hepatobiliary cancer
gastroesophageal cancer
colorectal cancer
issues in oncology
supportive care

Strategies for Reducing the Risk of Cancers in Patients With Alcohol Dependence

Investigators have uncovered the potential benefit of undergoing alcohol rehabilitation and maintaining abstinence in patients with alcohol dependence at risk of developing alcohol-associated cancers, according to a recent study published by Schwarzinger et al in The Lancet Public Health. The...

skin cancer
issues in oncology

Novel Spatial Gene-Signature Approach May Help to Predict Immunotherapy Outcomes in Patients With Melanoma

Researchers have demonstrated that spatial gene signatures may enhance the prediction of immunotherapy outcomes in patients with melanoma, according to a recent study published by Aung et al in Clinical Cancer Research. The current gene signatures used to predict immunotherapy outcomes may lack...

breast cancer

Milana Bergamino Sirvén, MD, PhD, on HER2-Positive Early-Stage Breast Cancer: Molecular Profiling, Prognosis, and Treatment Options

Milana Bergamino Sirvén, MD, PhD, of Spain’s Institute of Cancer Research, discusses her findings on molecular profiling of patients with estrogen receptor–positive, HER2-positive early-stage breast tumors after short-term preoperative endocrine therapy. This study suggests that such profiling may...

lymphoma

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Epcoritamab-bysp for Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

On June 26, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to epcoritamab-bysp (Epkinly), a bispecific CD20-directed CD3 T-cell engager, for adult patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma who have received two or more lines of systemic therapy. EPCORE ...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Can Chemotherapy Impact the Gut Microbiome in Patients With Breast Cancer?

Researchers have uncovered the impact of chemotherapy on the gut microbiome in patients with breast cancer, according to a recent study published by Otto-Dobos et al in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. Background Chemotherapy is known to cause behavioral side effects, including cognitive decline....

kidney cancer
issues in oncology

Novel Biomarker May Be Predictive of Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Recurrence

Researchers have discovered a biomarker that could help identify which patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma may be at greater risk of cancer recurrence, according to a recent study published by Mehra et al in JCO Precision Oncology. Background Approximately 3% to 5% of all cancer diagnoses ...

issues in oncology

New Survey Finds Cancer Drug Shortage Management Remains a Moving Target

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published new results from its latest survey on cancer drug shortages in the United States. This follows data published 1 year ago and 6 months ago illustrating how up to 93% of centers surveyed were experiencing shortages of the crucial...

breast cancer
supportive care
symptom management

Can Acupuncture Improve Hormonal Side Effects in Women Undergoing Breast Cancer Therapy?

Acupuncture may be effective at reducing the hormonal side effects of endocrine therapy in women with breast cancer, according to a recent study published by Lu et al in Cancer.   Background Although endocrine therapy—which is capable of blocking the hormone signaling that drive some types of...

solid tumors
issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Early Surveillance in Pediatric Patients Genetically Predisposed to Cancer

Initiating surveillance soon after recognizing a pediatric patient has a genetic predisposition for cancer may improve the identification of early-stage asymptomatic tumors, according to a recent study published by Blake et al in JAMA Oncology. The findings may inform clinical practice following...

skin cancer

Accelerating Progress in Melanoma and Cancer Research

The Melanoma Research Alliance is on a mission to cure and prevent melanoma, a skin cancer that is diagnosed in more than 100,000 people each year and is expected to take the lives of more than 8,000 individuals in 2024.1 We invite stakeholders across all fields, including medicine, science, and...

CSHL and Northwell Health Extend Strategic Affiliation

Leaders from two New York bioscience and health-care institutions came together at Carnegie Hall to acknowledge the signing of an update to their affiliation agreement initiated in 2015. The Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL)-Northwell Health agreement ensures continued collaboration and support...

ASTRO Names New Chief Executive Officer

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) announced that following a nationwide search, Vivek S. Kavadi, MD, MBA, FASTRO, will become Chief Executive Officer of the Society, effective November 1, 2024. Dr. Kavadi will succeed Laura Thevenot, who had already announced her intent to retire...

leukemia
lymphoma
issues in oncology

Immunoglobulin G Testing May Reduce Infections, Increase Receipt of Immunoglobulin Replacement Therapy in Patients With CLL and NHL

Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) who undergo frequent immunoglobulin G testing may be less likely to experience severe infections than those who don’t undergo frequent testing, according to a recent study published by Soumerai et al in Blood Advances....

pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology

Modified Perioperative Chemotherapy Regimen May Benefit Patients With Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Administering chemotherapy prior to and following surgery may extend survival in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma compared with postoperative administration alone, according to a recent study published by Cecchini et al in JAMA Oncology. The findings may be encouraging for the 15% to...

colorectal cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Adagrasib With Cetuximab for KRAS G12C–Mutated Colorectal Cancer

On June 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to the KRAS G12C inhibitor adagrasib (Krazati) plus cetuximab for adults with KRAS G12C–mutated locally advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer, as determined by an FDA-approved test, who have received prior...

solid tumors
cardio-oncology
issues in oncology

Air Pollution May Increase Cardiovascular Risk in Patients With Cancer

Air pollution may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, mortality, and health disparities in patients with cancer, according to a recent study published by Zhu et al in JACC: CardioOncology. Background Although modern therapies may help extend the lives of patients with cancer, cancer...

cns cancers
issues in oncology

Repurposing Brigatinib to Treat NF2-Related Schwannomatosis

Researchers have found that brigatinib may be effective in treating patients with NF2-related schwannomatosis, according to a recent study published by Plotkin et al in The New England Journal of Medicine. The findings revealed a potential new treatment option for the genetic syndrome. Background...

skin cancer

Clinical Trial Testing Brenetafusp Plus Nivolumab in Advanced or Metastatic Cutaneous Melanoma Kicks Off

On June 18, the first patient was randomized into the PRISM-MEL-301 trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT06112314), which is assessing the efficacy and safety of brenetafusp (also known as IMC-F106C; PRAME-A02) in combination with nivolumab in the first-line setting of advanced or metastatic...

colorectal cancer

Celecoxib May Benefit a Subset of Patients With PIK3CA Mutations

Researchers have found that administering the anti-inflammatory drug celecoxib after surgery may improve disease-free survival in a subset of patients with PIK3CA-mutated stage III colorectal cancer, according to a study published by Nowak et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. The findings...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Updated ASTRO Clinical Guidelines on Radiation Therapy for HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) detailed best practices for using radiation therapy as a stand-alone curative treatment or in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy to treat patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma,...

covid-19

Do Patients With Cancer Require Additional COVID-19 Vaccine Doses?

Findings from a Spanish study on the effectiveness of vaccines against COVID-19 infection among patients with cancer recommend administering additional doses of the vaccine to this at-risk population. These data were published by Neto et al in Nature Communications. Patients with cancer are at an...

Robert L. Ferris, MD, PhD, Appointed Executive Director of UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center

Robert L. Ferris, MD, PhD, a head and neck surgical oncologist, has been named the Executive Director of the University of North Carolina (UNC) Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center and UNC System Chief of Oncology Services, effective October 1, announced the Dean of the UNC School of Medicine...

colorectal cancer
breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Study Evaluates Cancer Screening Behaviors Among a Population of Muslim Individuals

Investigators uncovered crucial insights into the cancer screening behaviors of a population of Muslim individuals residing in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area that could help illuminate the influence of cultural and religious beliefs on health practices, according to a recent study published...

hepatobiliary cancer
genomics/genetics

Machine-Learning Model May Aid in Early Diagnosis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

A serum fusion-gene machine-learning model may offer early diagnostic accuracy and could help improve the 5-year survival rate in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, according to a recent study published by Yu et al in The American Journal of Pathology. Background Hepatocellular carcinoma is...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Radioligand Therapy May Improve Radiographic Progression–Free Survival in Taxane-Naive Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer

Lutetium (Lu)-177–PSMA-617 radioligand therapy may offer a statistically significant and clinically meaningful radiographic progression-free survival benefit in patients with taxane-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, according to findings presented by Herrmann et al at the 2024...

sarcoma
solid tumors
issues in oncology

Can FAP-Targeted Radioligand Therapy Benefit Patients With Advanced Sarcomas?

Fibroblast activation protein (FAP)-targeted radioligand therapy may be safe and effective in patients with progressive metastatic tumors, particularly advanced sarcomas, according to new findings presented by Lanzafame et al at the 2024 Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI)...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
supportive care

FAPI PET/CT May Improve Staging in Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer

Researchers have found that fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI) positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) may offer more accurate staging in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer than fluorine (F)-18–labeled fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT, according to new findings ...

leukemia

FDA Approves Blinatumomab as Consolidation for CD19-Positive, Ph-Negative B-Cell Precursor ALL

On June 14, 2024, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved blinatumomab (Blincyto) for adult and pediatric patients aged 1 month and older with CD19-positive, Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the consolidation phase of...

gynecologic cancers

FDA Approves Two Immunochemotherapy Combinations for Endometrial Cancer

On June 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel followed by single-agent pembrolizumab for adult patients with primary advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma; on June 14, the agency approved durvalumab...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology
supportive care

Chelating Agent May Reduce Toxicity Associated With PSMA Radiopharmaceutical Therapy

A novel chelator may significantly reduce off-target toxicity in prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) radiopharmaceutical therapy, according to new findings presented by Ho et al at the 2024 Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) Annual Meeting (Abstract 242340). Background...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Pretargeted Dual-Isotope Radionuclide Therapy in Colorectal Cancer

A combination of alpha- and beta-radionuclide therapy may be feasible, tolerable, and effective in colorectal cancer, according to preclinical findings presented by Rinne et al at the 2024 Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) Annual Meeting (Abstract 241498). The new approach...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Using a Novel AI Tool for Cancer Detection on Whole-Body PET/CT Scans

A novel artificial intelligence (AI) tool may accurately detect six different types of cancers on whole-body positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scans and automatically quantify tumor burden to assess patient risk, treatment response, and survival, according to new findings...

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