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Your search for Jo Cavallo,Jo Cavallo matches 1441 pages

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issues in oncology

WHO Launches a New Classification System for Pediatric Tumors, Incorporating Morphology, Immunohistochemistry Analysis, and Molecular Characteristics

A review article by Pfister et al published in Cancer Discovery summarizes the inaugural classification of pediatric tumors soon to be published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as part of the new World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumors series, including an online ...

The National Cancer Act of 1971

On December 23, 1971, President Richard M. Nixon signed the National Cancer Act into law. At that time, cancer was the nation’s second leading cause of death; only about one of two people diagnosed with cancer survived at least 5 years—compared with two of three people diagnosed with the disease...

lung cancer

I’m Living—and Thriving—With Stage IV Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

A diagnosis, in 2020, of stage IV adenocarcinoma non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was found accidentally. I was 55 at the time and in the best physical shape of my life. I had spent the previous year and a half on a diet and exercise regimen that had rendered me 35 pounds lighter and feeling...

Early Operation With General Anesthesia

The text and photograph here are excerpted from a four-volume series of books titled Oncology: Tumors & Treatment, A Photographic History, The Anesthesia Era 1845–1875 by Stanley B. Burns, MD, FACS, and Elizabeth A. Burns. The photograph appears courtesy of Stanley B. Burns, MD, and The Burns...

issues in oncology

Establishing a Health Equity Report Card to Eradicate Disparities in Cancer Care

Although enormous progress over the past 50 years in every aspect of cancer care, including prevention, screening, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, surgery, radiation therapy, and supportive care, has resulted in increases in lives saved—from 3 million in 1971 to 16.9 million in 2019—the burden of...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

Molecular Tumor Profiling May Improve Treatment Matching for Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

The use of multigene sequencing and SNP array as a therapeutic decision tool improved the outcomes of patients with metastatic breast cancer if the patients carried alterations classified in the I/II tiers of the ESMO Scale for Clinical Actionability of Molecular Targets (ESCAT), according to...

breast cancer

I-SPY2 Study Finds Tumor Biology Is a More Significant Factor Than Race in Predicting Response to Breast Cancer Treatment

Data analysis from the I-SPY2 clinical trial found that among women with high-risk breast cancer, race did not significantly affect several key measures of breast cancer treatment outcomes, including pathologic complete response (pCR) and event-free survival. The study, which is being presented by...

breast cancer
supportive care
symptom management

Study Examines Rates of Lymphedema in Black and White Patients With Breast Cancer

Black women had a 3.85-fold increased risk of developing lymphedema following treatment for breast cancer compared to White women, according to the results from a study by Barrio et al being presented at the 2021 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (Abstract GS4-01). In addition, the researchers...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Next-Generation Sequencing of Bone Marrow DNA to Predict Relapse Following CAR T-Cell Therapy in Patients With ALL

Next-generation sequencing of bone marrow samples from pediatric and young adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with tisagenlecleucel was more accurate in predicting relapse than flow cytometry and monitoring of B-cell aplasia, according to the results from a study by...

palliative care

The Role of Spirituality in Palliative Care

National surveys consistently show that spirituality and religion are important components in the lives of most Americans, with more than 90% of adults expressing a belief in God and more than 70% identifying religion as one of the most important influences in their lives.1 Studies also show that...

survivorship

Achieving Equity in Cancer Care for Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer

Although cancer in adolescents and young adults (AYAs), defined by the National Cancer Institute as those between the ages of 15 and 39, is relatively rare—in 2020 nearly 90,000 AYAs were diagnosed with cancer and about 9,300 died of the disease1—and 5-year relative survival rates are high, between ...

issues in oncology

Friends of Cancer Research Releases White Paper on Optimizing Dosing in Oncology Drug Development

During its virtual Annual Meeting 2021 held on November 9 and 10, Friends of Cancer Research (Friends) urged all stakeholders in the cancer community to work together to optimize dosing in oncology drug development to maximize benefit for patients and reduce treatment toxicity, and to abandon the...

sarcoma

From Cancer Survivor to Citizen Astronaut

When I was diagnosed with osteosarcoma of my left femur nearly 20 years ago, I remember telling my parents that I didn’t want to die. The diagnosis was terrifying because all the people I knew who had cancer had passed away, and I thought this cancer would kill me, too. That evening, my dad went...

issues in oncology

Early Study Examines Potential Benefits of a Fasting-Mimicking Diet in Patients With Cancer

A severely calorie-restricted, low-carbohydrate, low-protein, 5-day dietary regimen that mimics fasting was shown to be safe and feasible, and it resulted in a decrease of blood glucose and growth factor concentration, a reduction in peripheral blood immunosuppressive cells, and enhanced intratumor ...

symptom management

Digital Symptom Monitoring System May Improve Patients’ Symptom Control and Physical Function During Cancer Therapy

A digital symptom monitoring system in which patients undergoing cancer treatment could report symptoms through weekly at-home surveys resulted in better symptom control and physical function, as well as improved communication with their medical team, according to results from a study by Basch et...

skin cancer

Immunotherapy Followed by Targeted Therapy Yields Greater Overall Survival in Patients With BRAF V600–Mutated Advanced Melanoma

Patients with BRAF V600–mutated advanced melanoma who received an immunotherapy regimen of nivolumab/ipilimumab followed by targeted therapy with dabrafenib/trametinib experienced greater overall survival (72%) compared with patients receiving the converse sequence (52%). According to the study...

CheckMate 214: Longer Treatment-Free Survival With Immunotherapy vs Targeted Therapy in Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving first-line therapy with a checkpoint inhibitor combination of nivolumab plus ipilimumab experienced over twice as long treatment-free survival without toxicity compared with patients receiving the targeted therapy sunitinib, according to data...

issues in oncology

Showcasing 50 Years of Advances in Cancer Research and Treatment

The AACR Cancer Progress Report 2021, published on October 13, celebrates the gains made in cancer research since President Richard Nixon signed the National Cancer Act into law on December 23, 1971, especially against such life-threatening cancers as metastatic melanoma and lung cancer.1 The...

lung cancer

The Worst Part of Having Cancer Was the Guilt

When I was diagnosed with small cell lung cancer in 1992, at age 38, I remember thinking, “I wish I had breast cancer.” Breast cancer elicits such sympathy from people. A diagnosis of small cell lung cancer mainly gets you stern looks of disapproval and disappointment. There is so much stigma...

lymphoma
survivorship

Study Finds Younger B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors May Have a Higher Risk of Age-Related Diseases Than Older Survivors

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in the United States, accounting for nearly 4% of all cancers. This year, about 81,600 individuals will be diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and nearly 21,000 will die from the cancer. A study by Ocier et al published in Cancer...

lung cancer

Having Stage IV Lung Cancer Has Refocused My Life

The first indication I had stage IV lung cancer was a persistent cough during the beginning of the cold-and-flu season in the fall of 2013. I was 35 years old, never smoked, and in otherwise excellent health, so I ignored the cough for several months until I noticed my breathing had also become...

issues in oncology
covid-19

AACR Cancer Progress Report 2021 Showcases 50 Years of Advances in Cancer Research and Treatment

The AACR Cancer Progress Report 2021 celebrates the gains made in cancer research since the National Cancer Act was signed into law on December 23, 1971. The report also recognizes the negative impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on cancer research and patient care, the disproportionate toll both...

head and neck cancer

Study Finds Significant Variation in the Incidence of Nasopharyngeal Cancer Among Ethnic Subgroups of Asian Americans

Although nasopharyngeal cancer is quite rare in most parts of the world, including the United States, the cancer causes a significant health burden among Asian Americans, which is a fast-growing but understudied racial group. According to the results from a study by Lee et al presented at the...

Overcoming the Stigma of Small Cell Lung Cancer

Since my small cell lung cancer diagnosis in 2010, I’ve had to overcome not just the distress of having a life-threatening disease, but the stigma attached to it as well. I admit that I was a smoker. I was attracted to smoking when I was 16 and saw how “cool” people looked smoking in television and ...

issues in oncology

How ASCO Is Expanding Its Commitment to Diversity and Equity in Cancer Care

Ensuring equitable cancer care for every patient, everywhere has been embedded into ASCO’s mission statement since the Society’s inception nearly 60 years ago. Nevertheless, events of the past year, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which has disproportionally impacted minority communities, ...

pancreatic cancer

Study Finds Some Pancreatic Cancer Trial Eligibility Criteria Disproportionately Exclude Black Patients

Although lack of clinical trial participation is associated with worse survival outcomes in some malignancies, data show that Black patients with cancer represent just 7.3% of participants—and only 4.5% for such cancers as multiple myeloma—in cancer clinical trials, compared with 84.2% for White...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

Study Examines Benefits of Cervical Cancer Screening Program Tailored to Transgender Men and Nonbinary People

Worldwide, cervical cancer is the fifth most commonly occurring cancer in women, mostly due to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. In 2020, globally, an estimated 604,237 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer and about 341,843 died from the disease. In the United States, in 2021, it is...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Black Patients With Advanced NSCLC Receiving Immunotherapy May Have a Lower Risk of Death Than White Patients

Collectively, Black Americans have the highest death rate and shortest survival of any racial/ethnic group in the United States for most cancers; Black men also have the highest cancer incidence rate. Despite improvements in survival disparities between Black and White Americans in specific cancers ...

global cancer care
covid-19

Building a ‘Better Normal’ of Oncology Care to Strengthen Global Health Security After the COVID-19 Pandemic

During the opening session of the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting, Julio Frenk, MD, PhD, MPH, President of the University of Miami, gave a riveting presentation in which he described the devastating effects of the global COVID-19 pandemic on patients with cancer as well as on fragile and fragmented...

lung cancer

Patients First

By the time my non–small cell lung cancer was diagnosed in 2004, it had already reached stage IIIB, and I was told there was little that could be done for me. I was 56, a wife, the mother of 3 children, and at the peak of my career as president of Olympian Oil. Although my aunt, brother, and...

issues in oncology

Overcoming the Disparities in Cancer Survival Among AYA Minority Patients

Although the National Cancer Institute (NCI) has identified adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer as a distinct patient population from children and older adults with the disease, research into the diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship specific to this patient population has not kept...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Prior Authorization May Be Associated With Delayed Receipt of Oral Anticancer Drugs

Dozens of oral chemotherapy drugs have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration over the past 2 decades and are now being prescribed in the treatment of many cancer types. However, most oral anticancer drug prescriptions require coordination between payers and providers, which can...

issues in oncology

Integrating Community-Based Interventions Into Cancer Care for Low-Income and Minority Patients May Improve Quality of Life, Reduce Care Disparities

It has been well documented that a confluence of many factors, including low-socioeconomic status, contribute to health disparities and worse outcomes in minority patients with cancer. Strategies that partnered community-based health workers with low-income and minority patients with cancer...

breast cancer

Cancer Is Trying to Steal My Body, but I Will Not Allow It to Steal My Joy

Until I was diagnosed with HER2-positive, estrogen receptor–positive/progesterone receptor–positive de novo metastatic breast cancer in 2009, I didn’t realize that Black women could get the disease. Although my mother died of metastatic breast cancer 5 years earlier when she was 65, she was the...

Recommendations From ASCO for Discussing Patients’ Goals of Care Through Survivorship to End of Life

In 2017, ASCO published its consensus guideline to provide guidance on how oncologists can use effective communication to maximize the patient-clinician relationship, patient and clinician well-being, and family well-being as well as form a trusting relationship with patients through empathy and...

issues in oncology
palliative care

Improving End-of-Life Discussions With Patients Who Have Advanced Cancer

Although studies have shown that patients with advanced cancer want their oncologists to discuss their advance care plans with them, fewer than half of those patients have that conversation. The reasons are many, including the difficulty many oncologists have in initiating conversations about...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

Study Finds Low-Poverty U.S. Counties May Eliminate Cervical Cancer 14 Years Earlier Than High-Poverty Counties

About 14,500 new cases of invasive cervical cancer are diagnosed each year in the United States and nearly 4,300 women die from the disease. Studies show that those living in higher-poverty areas experience higher rates of morbidity and mortality from many preventable cancers, including cervical...

palliative care
covid-19

How COVID-19 Is Spotlighting the Role of Palliative Medicine

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the tragedy of patients dying in isolation, separated from family and friends to limit infection in hospital settings. The process has altered the experience of serious illness for patients and their loved ones, including their ability to grieve, share important...

breast cancer

I’m a Two-Time Breast Cancer Survivor, and the Experience Has Been Life-Altering

Even before my breast cancer diagnosis in early 2002, the year was shaping up to be life-altering for me and my family. We had moved from Seattle to Houston for a new career opportunity for my husband and were just settling into our new home when I felt a pea-sized nodule in my left breast during a ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Patients With Melanoma Previously Treated With PD-1 or MAPK Inhibitors May Be Less Likely to Respond to ACT-TIL Therapy

Patients with metastatic melanoma who were previously treated with PD-1 or MAPK inhibition are significantly less likely to develop durable objective responses to adoptive cell transfer of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (ACT-TIL) than patients naive to these treatments, according to a study...

colorectal cancer

Retrospective Study Compares Characteristics of Early-Onset vs Average-Onset Colorectal Cancer

A large retrospective study has found that early-onset colorectal cancers are clinically and genomically indistinguishable from average-onset colorectal cancers. In addition, the study found that more aggressive treatment based solely on the patient’s age at diagnosis is neither necessary nor...

skin cancer

Topical HDAC Inhibitor Remetinostat for Basal Cell Carcinoma

A small phase II study of the topical histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor remetinostat in patients with basal cell carcinoma found that the therapy was well tolerated and demonstrated clinical efficacy with no systemic side effects. The findings suggest that HDAC inhibitors are likely an effective ...

colorectal cancer

Facing the Trauma of Colorectal Cancer

I first noticed blood in my stool when I was in the 8th grade. My mom and I did an Internet search and were relieved to find that the cause was most likely nothing more serious than hemorrhoids, so I put the problem out of my mind. I played volleyball and had an active social life, and the...

issues in oncology

Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle May Decrease Cancer Incidence in High-Risk Individuals

Studies show that unhealthy lifestyles—including smoking, drinking alcohol, having obesity, being physically inactive, and eating a poor diet—are associated with an increased risk of developing cancer. Studies also show that practicing a healthy lifestyle is associated with an increase in total...

issues in oncology

Study Examines Prevalence of Cancer Misinformation and Harmful Information on Social Media

Research shows that the majority of Americans—81%—are health-care information seekers, and that more than three-quarters of Americans get that information online. Unfortunately, much of that online information is inaccurate and could cause harm, according to a review of the most popular articles on ...

issues in oncology
global cancer care

How Climate Change Is Impacting Cancer Care and What Can Be Done to Reduce Oncology’s Footprint on the Environment

Worldwide, the global average surface temperature has risen at a similar rate of 0.17°F per decade since 1901, with the warmest year on record occurring in 2016 and the second warmest occurring in 2020. However, according to NOAA, since the late 1970s, the United States has warmed faster than the...

breast cancer

I’m Alive by Sheer Force of Will—and a Lot of Luck

From the moment I felt a searing pain go through my right breast, I had a premonition that something was very wrong. Although I couldn’t feel anything unusual when I did a breast self-exam, I made an appointment with my gynecologist for a more thorough clinical breast exam and a mammogram. Because...

palliative care

Bringing Palliative Care to Native American Patients With Cancer

Native Americans are among the most underserved minority populations in the United States and are disproportionately affected by cancer. They have the lowest survival rates for nearly all types of cancer of any minority population and much higher rates of certain types of cancer, including lung,...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Combination Ficlatuzumab and Cytarabine Show Clinical Activity in Relapsed/Refractory AML

Despite advances in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), only 29.5% of patients with the cancer are alive 5 years after diagnosis. Even with aggressive therapy, just 30% of patients achieve a complete remission with a median survival of 7.5 months, making it imperative to develop novel...

breast cancer
covid-19

Initial Pandemic-Related Disruptions in Breast Cancer Care May Result in Increased Mortality Over the Next Decade

During the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, elective medical procedures, including screenings for breast cancer, were curtailed to prioritize urgent medical needs and reduce the risk of spreading the coronavirus in health-care settings. A study showed that, as of May 2020, preventive...

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