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issues in oncology
health-care policy
legislation

Report Shows Medicaid Expansion Alone Does Not Resolve Disparities in Cancer Care

In the United States, Black and Latinx individuals have higher cancer mortality rates than patients of other races. Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014, many states expanded Medicaid eligibility, promising significant gains in coverage for racial minorities. But it...

symptom management

TLR4 as a Possible Therapeutic Target to Mitigate Cisplatin-Induced Hearing Loss

A research team has identified a receptor in cells that could play a role in preventing permanent hearing loss in childhood cancer survivors treated with the drug cisplatin. The researchers believe that by inhibiting the receptor, they may be able to better control otoxicity, according to findings...

skin cancer
genomics/genetics

Mutational Profile of Acral Nevi May Differ From Acral Melanoma

Melanocytic nevi are nonmalignant growths that arise from pigment-producing cells of the skin. They are mostly found in sun-exposed areas; however, they also can be found in sun-protected areas, such as the palms, soles of the feet, and nail beds, where they are known as acral nevi. While the...

breast cancer

Abemaciclib-Associated Adverse Events: Safety Analysis of monarchE

Treatment with abemaciclib, an orally available inhibitor of CDK4/6, has been associated with venous thromboembolic events (VTE), elevated aminotransferases (EAT), and interstitial lung disease (ILD). Although more episodes of VTE, EAT, and ILD were reported in patients receiving abemaciclib plus...

breast cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of Premenopausal Patients With Estrogen Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer: Goserelin and Tamoxifen

A 20-year follow-up of premenopausal patients with estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer and stratification by the molecular 70-gene risk signature suggested that patients at high risk of distant disease recurrence derive significant benefit from goserelin, while patients at low risk have...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
pancreatic cancer
genomics/genetics

ACMG Clinical Practice Resource Provides New Guidance for Management of Individuals With PALB2 Gene Variants

The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) has released a clinical practice resource from a global team of specialists in cancer genetics that will help inform the clinical management of patients who harbor a PALB2 variant and may be at increased risk of developing breast,...

breast cancer
immunotherapy
symptom management

Incidence of Interstitial Lung Disease Related to Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki in Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

Drug-related interstitial lung disease occurred in less than 16% of patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer following treatment with trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) at the approved dose of 5.4 mg/kg. In addition, the majority of these cases were classified as grade 1 or 2,...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Atezolizumab/Carboplatin as Immune Induction in Patients With Metastatic Invasive Lobular Breast Cancer

First results from the phase II GELATO study evaluating atezolizumab plus carboplatin presented at the ESMO Breast Cancer Virtual Congress 2021 demonstrated clinical benefit in patients with metastatic invasive lobular breast cancer, particularly in patients with triple-negative invasive lobular...

kidney cancer
gynecologic cancers
hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Kidney and Endometrial Cancers, Cholangiocarcinoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Priority Review to the combination of pembrolizumab and lenvatinib for the treatment of both advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and endometrial carcinoma. The FDA also granted Priority Review to ivosidenib for the treatment of...

breast cancer

Evolution to HER2-Low Breast Cancer: Investigating Potential Therapeutics

The finding that breast tumors can evolve to express low HER2 potentially increases the number of patients who can benefit from new investigational agents, typically novel antibody-drug conjugate therapies, that are currently in clinical trials for HER2-low tumors. This research was presented by...

lung cancer

Phase II Study of Trilaciclib in Pretreated Patients With Metastatic NSCLC Initiated

PRESERVE 4 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04863248)—a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II study of trilaciclib administered prior to docetaxel in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the second- and third-line setting who have previously...

covid-19

FDA Authorizes Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine for Emergency Use in Adolescents

On May 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the emergency use authorization (EUA) for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for the prevention of COVID-19 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) to include adolescents aged 12 through 15. The FDA...

leukemia

How MRD Assessment May Help Guide Treatment Selection for Patients With AML

Complete morphologic remission is considered the first requirement for achieving long-term, leukemia-free survival and a potential cure in patients with acute leukemia, including acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and is the goal of all therapeutic strategies to date. Recognizing that the majority of...

covid-19

What You Need to Know About Cancer and the Coronavirus

As a three-time breast cancer survivor, when the COVID-19 pandemic hit the United States this past January, I knew I had to do everything I could to avoid getting the virus. A host of lingering side effects from my surgeries, chemotherapy, and radiation treatments have left me with cardiovascular...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Margetuximab-cmkb: A Novel Agent Overshadowed by an Abundance of Options in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

It is incredible to reflect upon the scientific advances in the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer over the past 23 years. Once considered the worst subtype of breast cancer, HER2-positive disease is now associated with the best long-term outcomes in this age of targeted treatments. With a...

UPMC Hillman Names New Hematology Oncology Chief

Taofeek K. Owonikoko, MD, PhD, will join the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UMPC) Hillman Cancer Center and Department of Medicine as Chief of the Division of Hematology/Oncology. A physician-scientist board-certified in medical oncology, hematology, and internal medicine, Dr. Owonikoko...

Randall F. Holcombe, MD, MBA, Named Director of UVM Cancer Center and Chief of Hematology and Oncology

The Robert Larner, MD, College of Medicine at The University of Vermont (UVM), in collaboration with the UVM Health Network and the UVM Medical Center, has announced that Randall F. Holcombe, MD, MBA, has been appointed Director of the UVM Cancer Center and Chief of the Division of Hematology and...

COVID-19 Pandemic Underscores Shortage of Oncologists

The expected surge of patients, some with advanced cancers, wanting and needing oncology care as the COVID-19 pandemic ebbs, underscores the need for more oncologists, according to Barbara L. McAneny, MD, MACP, FASCO, cofounder and Chief Executive Officer, New Mexico Oncology Hematology...

covid-19

Surge of Patients With Advanced Cancer Expected Due to Delayed Diagnosis and Treatment During Pandemic

Pent up demand for cancer screenings, diagnostic workups, and treatments delayed or curtailed since the start of the pandemic is expected to result in a surge of patients—some with more advanced disease as a result of delays—seeking appointments with oncologists. “We are starting to see the...

Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Names Kieron Dunleavy, MD, to Leadership Positions in Hematology

Kieron Dunleavy, MD, was appointed Director of Hematology at the Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University, in Washington, DC. He is now also Chief of the Lymphoma Program at Georgetown University. Dr. Dunleavy joined Lombardi/Georgetown earlier this year. He is former Professor...

gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Approves Nivolumab in Combination With Chemotherapy for Metastatic Gastric Cancer and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

On April 16, 2021, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved nivolumab (Opdivo) in combination with fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy for advanced or metastatic gastric cancer, gastroesophageal junction cancer, and esophageal adenocarcinoma. CheckMate 649 The...

Roswell Park Is First Site in Region Named a Resource for Patients With Rare Genetic Disease

Living with a genetic disorder that calls for regular monitoring, appropriate treatment, and emotional support calls for a multidisciplinary team that works together to coordinate patient care. Those diagnosed with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease have a resource for complete and coordinated care in ...

AACR Inaugurates New Leadership at Virtual AACR Annual Business Meeting 2021

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) welcomed David A. Tuveson, MD, PhD, FAACR, as President of the organization for 2021–2022. He was inaugurated during the AACR Annual Business Meeting, held virtually on April 12. Dr. Tuveson is Director of the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Cancer...

City of Hope Renames Research Center as the Arthur Riggs Diabetes & Metabolism Research Institute

City of Hope has announced the renaming of its diabetes research center as the Arthur Riggs Diabetes & Metabolism Research Institute, in honor of its long-time director and research pioneer. Arthur Riggs, PhD, is known for scientific achievements that include developing the technology leading...

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Opens New State-of-the-Art Location

Dana-Farber Cancer Instituterecently announced a major expansion with the opening of a hospital facility in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, to provide increased cancer care and outpatient services for adult patients in the region. The new 140,000–square foot, state-of-art outpatient facility is...

A Sense of Duty Shapes the Career of Medical Oncologist Aparna Parikh, MD

By way of her family lineage, Aparna Parikh, MD, seemed destined for a career in medicine. “Both of my parents are physicians, as well as my maternal grandfather. I have two other siblings, all of whom are in the medical field. Medicine has always been part of my life since childhood. My parents...

‘MethylationToActivity’: A Deep Learning Framework for Epigenetic Research

Scientists at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital are using a type of machine learning to put a new twist on an established technique. The researchers created MethylationToActivity (M2A), a framework for using DNA methylation data to reveal promoter activity and gene expression. The results were...

UCLA Team Receives $6 Million From NIH to Explore New Pancreatic Cancer Therapies

A team of researchers from the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center has been awarded two research grants totaling $6 million from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to identify new ways to treat pancreatic cancer. “Pancreatic cancer is one of the ...

New Director of Neuro-Oncology Named to Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey has appointed Michael E. Salacz, MD, as Director of its Neuro-Oncology Program. The Associate Professor of Medicine at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School joins Rutgers Cancer Institute from the University of Kansas Medical Center, where he served as...

Frederick W. Alt, PhD, Honored With 2021 AACR Award for Lifetime Achievement in Cancer Research

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) is recognizing geneticist Frederick W. Alt, PhD, with the 18th AACR Award for Lifetime Achievement in Cancer Research. Dr. Alt is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, Director of the Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine at Boston ...

gynecologic cancers
genomics/genetics

Expert Point of View: Ursula Matulonis, MD, and Konstantin Zakashansky, MD

Perspectives on ARIEL4 were provided for The ASCO Post by the invited discussant Ursula Matulonis, MD, Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, and Chief of Gynecologic Oncology and the Brock Wilson Family Chair at ­Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, and by Konstantin Zakashansky, MD,...

Maryam Lustberg, MD, MPH, Accepts Leadership Roles at Smilow Cancer Hospital, Yale Cancer Center

Maryam Lustberg, MD, MPH, has been appointed Director of The Breast Center at Smilow Cancer Hospital and Chief of Breast Medical Oncology at Yale Cancer Center. She will also join the faculty at Yale Cancer Center as Associate Professor of Medicine (Medical Oncology). Dr. Lustberg joins Yale from...

solid tumors

Shared Risk Factors for Preventing Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease: The Evolving Focus of Cardio-oncology

Cardio-oncology represents the intersection of cancer and cardiovascular disease. Cancer therapies can result in cardiovascular complications, and some patients become less attentive to their chronic disease management after a diagnosis of cancer. As cancer patients are living longer, for some,...

Chênevert Family Brain Tumor Center Launched at Yale

Yale School of Medicine recently announced a gift to establish the Chênevert Family Brain Tumor Center at Yale Cancer Center. The Center will be a leading institution in worldwide neuro-oncology research, bringing groundbreaking solutions and hope to patients with brain tumors. The gift will...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

John Marshall, MD, and Liza Marshall: When Cancer Strikes an Oncologist’s Family

John Marshall, MD, of the Lombardi Cancer Center at Georgetown University, and his wife, Liza Marshall, a breast cancer survivor, talk about the impact of her diagnosis, how it changed their view of cancer care and the way clinicians communicate, and why their memoir has an important message.

Dr. John and Liza Marshall on Their New Book Off Our Chests: A Candid Tour Through the World of Cancer

This week, The ASCO Post sat down with Dr. John Marshall, of the Lombardi Cancer Center at Georgetown University, and his wife, Liza Marshall, a former lawyer, active advocate for patients with cancer, and a breast cancer survivor. The Marshalls are the coauthors of a new book entitled Off Our...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology

Study Explores Racial Disparities in Renal Cell Carcinoma by Stage and Mortality

Research recently published by Valencia et al in the journal Cancers found that advanced-stage kidney cancer is more common in Hispanic American and Native American patients than in non-Hispanic White patients. Using data from the National Cancer Database and the Arizona Cancer Registry,...

covid-19

Increased Loneliness Among Patients With Cancer During the COVID-19 Pandemic May Affect Symptom Burden

Loneliness and social isolation have been significant problems for the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic, but for patients with cancer, these issues were particularly acute, likely due to isolation and social distancing, according to a recent study published by Miaskowski et al in the ...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Prospective Study Explores Prostate Cancer and Treatment Outcomes By Race

A study designed to enroll an equal number of Black and White men with advanced prostate cancer confirmed key findings that have been evident in retrospective analyses and suggest potential new avenues for treating Black patients who disproportionately die of the disease. Researchers at Duke Cancer ...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

AI System May Aid in Diagnosing Cancer of Unknown Primary

In 1% to 2% of cancer cases, the primary site of tumor origin cannot be determined. Because many modern cancer therapeutics target primary tumors, the prognosis for a cancer of unknown primary (CUP) is poor, with a median overall survival of 2.7 to 16 months. In order to receive a more specific...

Karen E. Knudsen, MBA, PhD: The American Cancer Society’s First Female CEO Speaks Out

Karen E. Knudsen, MBA, PhD, of Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson Health, was recently appointed Chief Executive Officer of the American Cancer Society—the first female to head the organization in its 107-year history. Dr. Knudsen talks about the opportunities she sees ahead for the Society...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Pembrolizumab Combination for HER2-Positive Gastric Cancer

On May 5, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with trastuzumab plus fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy for the first-line treatment of patients with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Accuracy of Lung Cancer Risk Model in Diverse Populations

A commonly used risk prediction model does not accurately identify high-risk Black patients with lung cancer who could gain life-saving benefit from early screening—paving the way for improving screenings and guidelines. These findings were published in a research letter by Shusted et al in JAMA...

issues in oncology
palliative care

Expert Panel–Endorsed Quality Measures for End-of-Life Care for Children With Cancer

There is currently no consensus on what quality end-of-life care for children with cancer looks like, or how to measure and deliver it; however, investigators recently assembled an expert panel to help fill this void. In a study published by Emily Johnston, MD, MS, and colleagues in the journal...

issues in oncology

Imaging Study Aims to Detect Rates of Cancer in Medieval Britain

The first study to use x-rays and computed tomography (CT) to detect evidence of cancer among the skeletal remains of a preindustrial population suggests that between 9% to 14% of adults in medieval Britain had the disease at the time of their death. These findings were published by Mitchell et al...

colorectal cancer

Risk of Colorectal Cancer and Colorectal Polyps in First-Degree Family Members

Researchers have demonstrated a possible connection between colorectal polyps in close relatives and the risk of developing colorectal cancer. The study, which was published by Song et al in the British Medical Journal, is of potential consequence for cancer screening procedures. Colorectal cancer...

bladder cancer
lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews of Treatments for Bladder and Lung Cancers

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review designation to treatments for surgically resected, high-risk, muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma and epidermal growth factor receptor exon 20 insertion mutation–positive metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)....

hematologic malignancies
immunotherapy
symptom management

Antiviral T Cells for BK Virus–Associated Hemorrhagic Cystitis

A phase II trial has found found that BK virus (BKV)-specific T cells from healthy donors were safe and effective as an off-the-shelf therapy for BKV-associated hemorrhagic cystitis, a painful complication that is common after allogeneic stem cell transplants for patients with leukemia or lymphoma. ...

gastrointestinal cancer
gastroesophageal cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

More From the FDA ODAC: Votes on Agents for Pretreated Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Gastric Cancer

More news has emerged from this week’s meeting of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC). The group voted 8 to 0 in favor of continuing the accelerated approval for pembrolizumab in sorafenib-pretreated patients with hepatocellular carcinoma; 6 to 2...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Fertility Concerns May Influence Decisions About Endocrine Therapy in Young Women With Breast Cancer

Concerns about fertility often influence how young women with breast cancer approach treatment decisions and are a reason for forgoing or delaying hormone-blocking therapy, according to findings from a recent study published by Sella et al in the journal Cancer. The findings reinforce the need for...

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