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gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Adding First-Line Nivolumab to Chemotherapy in Advanced Gastric, Gastroesophageal Junction, and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Yelena Y. Janjigian, MD, and colleagues, 3-year follow-up of the phase III CheckMate 649 trial has shown the continued benefit of the addition of nivolumab to chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of advanced gastric, gastroesophageal junction,...

hematologic malignancies

Rusfertide for Erythrocytosis in Polycythemia Vera

In the phase II REVIVE trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Marina Kremyanskaya, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the hepcidin mimetic rusfertide reduced the number of phlebotomies (during a dose-finding phase) and improved response rate vs placebo (during a randomized phase) in ...

breast cancer
lymphoma
survivorship

Doxorubicin Exposure and Risk of Breast Cancer in Survivors of Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Neppelenbroek et al found that doxorubicin treatment was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer among adolescent and adult Hodgkin lymphoma survivors. Study Details The study involved a cohort of 1,964 female 5-year Hodgkin...

issues in oncology

Celebrating Advances in Cancer Care and a Look at How AI Is Revolutionizing Oncology

For the third year in a row, more than 250 leaders in cancer care, including cancer center directors, physicians, scientists, ethicists, journalists, public officials, and patient advocates, gathered at the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum in Yorba Linda, California, to attend the...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Psychological Distress May Contribute to Cancer Treatment Delays

Researchers have found that psychological distress may contribute to delayed cancer treatment, according to a recent study published by Frosch et al in Supportive Care in Cancer. Background Prior research has shown that delays in initiating cancer therapy may be increasing, and these delays can...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Gene Signature May Predict Response to Combination Therapy in Patients With NSCLC

Researchers have identified a set of 140 genes that may help predict disease-free survival in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with a combination of immunotherapy and low-dose radiation, according to a recent study published by Altorki et al in Cell Reports Medicine. The...

colorectal cancer

Multitarget Fecal Immunochemical Test in Stool-Based Colorectal Cancer Screening

In a Dutch study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Wisse et al found that a multitarget fecal immunochemical test (mtFIT) improved detection of advanced adenomas vs standard FIT in colorectal cancer screening. The mtFIT used in the study measures hemoglobin, calprotectin, and serpin family F member...

leukemia
lymphoma
covid-19

COVID-19 Risk in Pediatric Patients Receiving Treatment for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or Lymphoma

In a retrospective case series reported in JAMA Network Open, Hashmi et al found that more than one-third of pediatric patients receiving treatment for newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoblastic lymphoma (ALL/LL) developed COVID-19 infection during a recent 2-year period. Study...

breast cancer

8-Year Follow-up of MINDACT Trial: Locoregional Breast Cancer Recurrence in Patients Undergoing Breast-Conserving Surgery

In a long-term analysis of the EORTC 10041/BIG 03-04 MINDACT trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Alaeikhanehshir et al found that the 70-gene signature was not independently predictive of locoregional recurrence among women undergoing breast-conserving surgery for early breast...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Families of Men With Subfertility May Have Increased Risk of Several Types of Cancers

Investigators have found that the families of subfertile men may have a higher risk of developing certain types of cancers at younger ages compared with the families of fertile men, according to a recent study published by Ramsay et al in Human Reproduction. Background Previous research has shown...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy ciltacabtagene autoleucel may offer benefit in patients with multiple myeloma who experienced disease progression or relapse following initial therapy, according to new findings presented by Hillengass et al at the 2024 Tandem Meetings:...

AACR Cancer Centers Alliance Formed

Under the leadership of preeminent U.S. cancer center directors, the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) recently announced the formation of an innovative initiative, the AACR Cancer Centers Alliance. The Alliance will bring together the nation’s cancer centers, with the goal of...

integrative oncology

Exploring the Role of Intravenous Mistletoe Extract in Treating Metastatic Solid Tumors

Guest Editor’s Note: The use of mistletoe extract to support systemic therapy and improve quality of life for patients with cancer, though common, remains controversial. Promising results have been reported, but largely in trials that were not placebo-controlled nor properly randomized. In this...

ASCO Remembers Humanitarian and Health Equity Champion Edith P. Mitchell, MD

ASCO is deeply saddened by the death of oncology luminary, health equity champion, and ASCO Humanitarian Award honoree Edith P. Mitchell, MD, MACP, FCCP, FRCP (London), on January 21, 2024. At the time of her passing, Dr. Mitchell was Director of the Center to Eliminate Cancer Disparities,...

genomics/genetics

Preventing Cancer Should Not Mean Sacrificing Quality of Life

My family first suspected we might have inherited the BRCA1/2 gene mutation after my father was diagnosed with his third cancer, colorectal cancer, following multiple bouts of squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma beginning in his 30s and later prostate cancer. But the high risk of...

kidney cancer

Expert Point of View: Lisa Pickering, PhD, FRCP

Invited discussant Lisa Pickering, PhD, FRCP, Consultant Medical Oncologist at The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, considered belzutifan to be a major advance in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). “LITESPARK-005 met both its primary endpoints of progression-free survival and overall response...

kidney cancer

Belzutifan: New Standard in Previously Treated Renal Cell Carcinoma

Belzutifan is a first-in-class, oral hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-2α inhibitor, and active HIF-2α is a key oncogenic driver in clear cell renal cancer. The manufacturer has filed a new drug application for the treatment of adults with RCC who experienced disease progression after PD-1/PD-L1– and...

breast cancer

IDEA Trial: Might Radiation One Day Be Safely Omitted for Younger, Favorable-Risk, Postmenopausal Patients With Breast Cancer?

Investigators used low recurrence scores on a genomic assay as guidance for selection of favorable-risk patients, and they found most postmenopausal patients (aged 50–69) with stage I hormone receptor–positive breast cancer who omitted adjuvant radiation therapy but continued endocrine therapy for...

gastroesophageal cancer

Evaluating the Use of Perioperative Chemoimmunotherapy in Resectable Gastric and Gastroesophageal Junction Cancers

Updates of two key phase III trials presented at the 2024 ASCO Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium showed the benefit of adding a checkpoint inhibitor to standard perioperative chemotherapy with FLOT (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, docetaxel) in locally advanced, resectable gastric and...

hepatobiliary cancer

For Unresectable Liver Cancer, the Addition of Durvalumab and Bevacizumab Boosts Efficacy of Transarterial Chemoembolization

Patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma derived significant benefit from the addition of the monoclonal antibody durvalumab and the angiogenesis inhibitor bevacizumab to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), which alone has been a standard of care for 20 years. Investigators of the...

multiple myeloma

Understanding Risk Stratification in Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance

About 4 years ago, I [Jo Cavallo] wrote about the death of my brother Dom from multiple myeloma in 2011 and my subsequent enrollment in the PROMISE trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03689595). My goal for enrolling in the study was twofold: to honor Dom and others with the cancer and to make ...

solid tumors

First-Line Radioligand-Based Therapy Demonstrates Benefit in Some Neuroendocrine Tumors

Adding the radioligand lutetium-177 dotatate (Lu-177 dotatate) to standard therapy almost tripled the median progression-free survival in patients with untreated, high-grade, gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors in the randomized phase III NETTER-2 study, researchers reported at the 2024...

pain management

SBRT vs Conventional External-Beam Radiotherapy for Painful Bone Metastases

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Network Open, Bindels et al found no difference in overall pain response rates between stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) and conventional external-beam radiotherapy (cEBRT) in terms of relief of pain for patients with painful bone...

prostate cancer

Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Tumor Mutational Burden and Response to Checkpoint Inhibition

In a single-center retrospective study reported as a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Zang et al found that high tumor mutational burden (TMB) was associated with better outcomes of checkpoint inhibition in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.  Study Details The study...

breast cancer

Enobosarm in Previously Treated Patients With AR-Positive, ER-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

In a phase II trial (Study G200802) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Palmieri et al found that the novel selective androgen receptor (AR) modulator enobosarm was active in previously treated patients with AR-positive, estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic...

bladder cancer

High-Risk Non–Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: Reduced Induction Courses of BCG

As reported by Katims et al in JAMA Oncology, long-term follow-up of a single-center phase II study showed good outcomes with two induction courses of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) without maintenance in patients with high-risk non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The strategy markedly reduced the...

issues in oncology

NIH’s New Cancer Screening Research Network Could Help Determine Effective Cancer Screening Technologies

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has launched the Cancer Screening Research Network, a clinical trials network to evaluate emerging cancer screening technologies. The new network will support the Biden-Harris Administration’s Cancer Moonshot initiative by investigating how to identify cancer ...

hematologic malignancies
supportive care
issues in oncology

Prophylactic Oral Vancomycin May Prevent C Difficile Infections, Raise Risk of Gram-Negative Bacteremia in Stem Cell Transplant Recipients

Preventive use of the oral antibiotic vancomycin may be effective at reducing the risk of Clostridioides difficile infections but may increase the risk of gram-negative bacteremia in stem cell transplant recipients, according to new findings presented by Vartanov et al at the 2024 Tandem Meetings:...

prostate cancer

Rapid Guideline Update on Radiotracers for Determining Radioligand Treatment Eligibility in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

ASCO has released a guideline rapid recommendation update addressing radiotracers used for prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron-emission tomography (PET) diagnostic imaging for selecting patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) to receive...

issues in oncology

ASCO Welcomes New Rule Establishing Electronic Prior Authorization in Federal Health Plans

On January 17, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) issued its rule requiring federal health plans—including Medicare Advantage plans, Medicaid plans, and Qualified Health Plans (QHP) on Federally Facilitated Exchanges (FFEs)—to establish an electronic prior authorization process...

covid-19

Annual Report to the Nation, Part 2: New Cancer Diagnoses Fell Abruptly Early in the COVID-19 Pandemic

New diagnoses of six major cancer types in the United States fell abruptly in early 2020, coinciding with the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to findings from part 2 of the latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer.1 The volume of pathology reports also declined sharply...

Expert Point of View: Aaron T. Gerds, MD, MS

Aaron T. Gerds, MD, MS, Assistant Professor of Hematology and Oncology at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation in Ohio, served as a press briefing moderator at the 2023 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition. He was enthusiastic about the potential for an all-oral AAA...

leukemia

All-Oral Regimen Feasible and Effective in Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia, Study Finds

An all-oral regimen for newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) was shown to be “highly effective and safe,” eliminating the need for chemotherapy altogether in many patients, Hong Kong researchers reported at the 2023 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting &...

multiple myeloma

FDA Approves Biweekly Teclistamab Dosing Regimen for Patients With Multiple Myeloma

On February 20, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the supplemental biologics license application for teclistamab-cqyv (Tecvayli) for a reduced dosing frequency of 1.5 mg/kg every 2 weeks in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have achieved and maintained a...

breast cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of the Anthracyclines in Early Breast Cancer (ABC) Trials

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Charles E. Geyer Jr, MD, and colleagues, long-term follow-up of the ABC trials (USOR 06-090, NSABP B-46-I/USOR 07132, and NSABP B-49 [NRG Oncology]) showed that noninferiority of adjuvant nonanthracycline therapy was not demonstrated vs...

breast cancer
pain management
symptom management

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Late Local Toxic Effects in Patients Receiving Adjuvant Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer

In a Dutch study (HONEY) reported in JAMA Oncology, van der Molen et al found that patients with breast cancer and late local toxic effects after adjuvant radiotherapy who completed hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) had reductions in pain and fibrosis. However, only a minority of patients offered...

supportive care
issues in oncology

Postdiagnosis Mental Disorders Among AYAs With Cancer

In a Canadian study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Oberoi et al found that adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer were at an increased risk of mental disorders compared with cancer-free matched population-based and sibling cohorts. Study Details The retrospective...

colorectal cancer
global cancer care

Strategies to Reduce Burden of Colorectal Cancer in Latin America

Investigators may have identified colorectal cancer screening programs in Latin America, according to a recent systematic review and meta-analysis published by Montalvan-Sanchez et al in JAMA Network Open. Background Colorectal cancer—the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Does Annual Breast Cancer Screening Starting at Age 40 Offer Benefit?

Investigators have found that annual breast cancer screening beginning at age 40 and continuing to at least 79 may result in the greatest reduction in mortality with minimal risks, according to a recent study published by Monticciolo et al in Radiology. Background Breast cancer is the second most...

lung cancer

Perioperative Tislelizumab Plus Chemotherapy in Resectable NSCLC

In patients with resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), perioperative treatment with the checkpoint inhibitor tislelizumab plus platinum-doublet chemotherapy led to a statistically significant benefit in event-free survival and a favorable trend for overall survival, investigators for the...

bladder cancer

Final Results of the POUT Trial: Adjuvant Chemotherapy vs Surveillance After Nephroureterectomy for Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Alison Jane Birtle, MD, MBBS, MRCP, FRCR, and colleagues, final results of the UK-based phase III POUT trial showed survival benefits with adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy vs surveillance after radical nephroureterectomy in patients with upper...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

Genetic Alterations Associated With Interval Breast Cancer Diagnosis

In a Swedish study reported in JAMA Oncology, Rodriguez et al identified characteristics of interval breast cancers—those diagnosed between two screening examinations—compared with screen-detected cancers on the basis of analysis of rare germline genetic deleterious protein-truncating variants. As...

cns cancers

TBI and Risk of Brain Cancer in Veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Stewart et al found that U.S. veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars with moderate/severe or penetrating traumatic brain injury (TBI) were at an increased risk of brain cancer compared to those without TBI. Study Details The study...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

Does Risk-Reducing Mastectomy Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer—and Mortality?

Investigators have found that risk-reducing mastectomy decreases the risk of receiving a breast cancer diagnosis and the likelihood of mortality in female patients with BRCA1 or BRCA2 genetic variants, according to a recent study published by Metcalfe et al in the British Journal of Cancer....

geriatric oncology
issues in oncology

Modified Chemotherapy Regimens May Improve Quality of Life in Older Patients With Advanced Cancer

Reducing doses and adjusting chemotherapy schedules in older patients with advanced cancer may help improve treatment tolerability without compromising its efficacy, according to a recent study published by Mohamed et al in JAMA Network Open. Background Standard chemotherapy regimens—mostly based...

issues in oncology

Analysis of Cancer Diagnoses After Recent Weight Loss

In a study reported in JAMA, Wang et al found that individuals with a weight loss of more than 10% during the prior 2 years had a higher risk of cancer diagnosis over the subsequent 12 months vs those with no weight loss. Study Details The retrospective cohort analysis included women aged at least...

lung cancer

FDA Approves Osimertinib With Chemotherapy for EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

On February 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved osimertinib (Tagrisso) with platinum-based chemotherapy for patients with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have EGFR exon 19 deletions or exon 21 L858R mutations, as detected by an...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Lifileucel for Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma

On February 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to lifileucel (Amtagvi), a tumor-derived autologous T-cell immunotherapy, for adult patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma who were previously treated with a PD-1 blocking antibody, or, if they have...

skin cancer
issues in oncology

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy May Benefit Patients With Penile Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Researchers have found that neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be safe and effective in patients with locally advanced penile squamous cell carcinoma, according to a recent study published by Rose et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The findings may help address a critical gap in...

pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology

Ablative Stereotactic Magnetic Resonance–Guided Adaptive Radiation Therapy for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Researchers have found that ablative stereotactic magnetic resonance (MR)-guided adaptive radiation therapy may improve local control and overall survival in patients with borderline resectable and locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, according to a recent study published by Chuong et ...

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