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breast cancer
gynecologic cancers

USPSTF Recommendation on Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related Cancer

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended risk assessment and, if indicated, genetic counseling and testing for potentially harmful BRCA1/2 mutations in women with a personal or family history of breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer or who have...

gynecologic cancers

Prognostic Biomarker for Progression of Moderate Cervical Dysplasia

In a study published by Louvanto et al in Clinical Infectious Diseases, researchers investigated the ability of a DNA methylation panel to determine between disease progression and regression among women of childbearing age with untreated cervical intraepithelial dysplasia. In the majority of...

gynecologic cancers

Hysterectomy-Corrected Uterine Corpus Cancer Incidence in the United States

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Clarke et al found that hysterectomy-corrected rates of uterine corpus cancer—particularly nonendometrioid subtypes—have been increasing in the United States, with racial disparities in incidence and survival being observed. In...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

Psychological Stress and Cancer-Specific Mortality in Patients With Cervical Cancer

Results from a large cohort study showed that psychological stress is associated with increased cancer-specific mortality among women with cervical cancer, independent of tumor characteristics and treatment modality. The findings support the integration of psychological screening and intervention...

gynecologic cancers

Post Hoc Updated Survival Analysis of Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy vs Radiotherapy in High-Risk Endometrial Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by de Boer et al, a post hoc updated survival analysis of the phase III PORTEC-3 trial has shown a significant overall survival benefit of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy vs radiotherapy alone in women with high-risk endometrial cancer. A benefit in failure-free...

gynecologic cancers

Cervicovaginal Microbiome, BRCA1 Mutation Status, and Ovarian Cancer Risk

In a case-control study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nené et al found that younger women with ovarian cancer or a BRCA1 mutation without cancer were more likely to have cervicovaginal microbiota characterized by a lower (community type O) vs higher (community type L) proportion of...

gynecologic cancers

Is There an Increased Long-Term Risk for Ovarian Cancer After Assisted Reproductive Technology?

Fertility treatment is not associated with an increased long-term risk of ovarian cancer, according to the results of a large-scale multicenter study presented by Spaan et al at the 35th Annual Meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (Abstract O-183). The findings,...

gynecologic cancers
lung cancer
lymphoma
skin cancer
multiple myeloma

FDA Pipeline: Designations and Applications Granted in Lymphoma, Small Cell Lung Cancer, Multiple Myeloma, and More

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation to a phospholipid-drug conjugate in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma; granted Orphan Drug designation to an immunotherapy for small cell lung cancer (SCLC); accepted supplemental biologics license applications (sBLAs) ...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

GOG-0218: Final Overall Survival Results for Addition of Bevacizumab to Chemotherapy in Ovarian Cancer

The final overall survival analysis of the phase III GOG-0218 trial, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Tewari et al, showed no benefit of adding bevacizumab to chemotherapy in women with newly diagnosed, incompletely resected, advanced ovarian cancer. The trial included 1,873 women...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Activity of Niraparib Plus Pembrolizumab in Recurrent Ovarian Carcinoma

In a pooled analysis of the phase I/II TOPACIO/KEYNOTE-162 study reported in JAMA Oncology, Konstantinopoulos et al found evidence of activity of combined niraparib and pembrolizumab in a cohort of patients with recurrent ovarian carcinoma. Study Details The analysis included 60 evaluable women...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

Implementation of Minimum Hospital Volume Standards Could Impact Ovarian Cancer Surgical Care

Limiting ovarian cancer surgery to high-volume hospitals could improve survival but may also reduce access for many rural and underserved patients, a study from researchers at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons has found. The findings were published by Wright et al...

solid tumors
gynecologic cancers
lymphoma
multiple myeloma

FDA Pipeline: Applications Accepted in Gynecologic Cancers, Targeted Therapies

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a new drug application for niraparib in the treatment of certain pretreated gynecologic cancers; granted Fast Track designation to a T-cell product; accepted investigational new drug applications for a myelopreservation agent and an...

cns cancers
colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancers
kidney cancer
lung cancer

FDA Approves Bevacizumab Biosimilar for Five Cancer Types

On June 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved bevacizumab-bvzr (Zirabev), a biosimilar to bevacizumab (Avastin), for the treatment of five types of cancer: metastatic colorectal cancer; unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent, or metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell ...

gynecologic cancers

Does Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy Extend Relapse-Free Survival in Stage III or IVA Endometrial Cancer?

In the phase III GOG 258 trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Matei et al found that 6 months of adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy plus radiation therapy did not improve relapse-free survival vs chemotherapy alone in stage III or IVA endometrial cancer. In the open-label...

gynecologic cancers

ENGOT-OV16/NOVA: Niraparib Maintenance According to Complete or Partial Response to Platinum Chemotherapy for Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

In an analysis of the phase III ENGOT-OV16/NOVA trial in recurrent ovarian cancer reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, del Campo et al found that patients had clinical benefit from niraparib maintenance vs placebo irrespective of whether they had a partial response or complete response to...

gynecologic cancers

2019 ASCO: Paclitaxel/Carboplatin vs Paclitaxel/Ifosfamide in Carcinosarcoma of the Uterus or Ovary

Results from the phase III NRG Oncology clinical trial GOG 0261 comparing paclitaxel plus carboplatin to paclitaxel plus ifosfamide in women with stage I–IV recurrent carcinosarcoma of the uterus or ovary found that treatment with paclitaxel/carboplatin was not inferior to...

gynecologic cancers
health-care policy

2019 ASCO: Effect of ACA Implementation on Diagnosis and Treatment of Ovarian Cancer in Women Under 65

An analysis of data from the National Cancer Database found that after implementation of the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA), ovarian cancer was diagnosed and treated at an earlier stage among women younger than age 65. More women also received treatment within 30 days of diagnosis, thereby...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Novel Immunotherapy for Recurrent, Metastatic, or Persistent Cervical Cancer

There is a high, unmet need for effective treatments for patients with recurrent, metastatic, or persistent cervical cancer—most patients are young, and survival rates are poor. Adoptive cell transfer using tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) has demonstrated durable responses in some...

gynecologic cancers

TRINOVA-3: Addition of Trebananib to Carboplatin/Paclitaxel as First-Line Treatment for Advanced Ovarian Cancer

In a phase III trial (TRINOVA-3/ENGOT-ov2/GOG-3001) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Vergote et al found that addition of the antiangiogenic agent trebananib to carboplatin/paclitaxel did not improve progression-free survival in first-line treatment of advanced ovarian cancer. Trebananib is a...

gynecologic cancers

Study Finds New Candidate Susceptibility Genes for High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

A team of researchers have identified 34 genes that are associated with an increased risk for developing the earliest stages of ovarian cancer. The findings, published by Gusev et al in Nature Genetics, may help identify women who are at highest risk of developing ovarian cancer and pave the way...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

GOG-252: Intravenous vs Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy in Advanced Ovarian Carcinoma

In the phase III NRG Oncology/Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG)-252 study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Walker et al found no progression-free survival benefit of postsurgical intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy vs intravenous (IV) chemotherapy, each combined with bevacizumab, in...

gynecologic cancers
cost of care

Treat-and-Release Emergency Department Use by Patients With Gynecologic Cancers

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Albright et al found that treat-and-release emergency department use by patients with gynecologic cancers has increased in recent years, with an increase in total cost in this population but not in average visit cost. Visits and Costs...

gynecologic cancers

Adjuvant Pelvic Radiation Therapy vs Vaginal Brachytherapy Plus Chemotherapy in Endometrial Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Randall et al, the phase III Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG)-0249 trial showed similar outcomes with adjuvant pelvic radiation therapy vs vaginal brachytherapy plus paclitaxel/carboplatin in high-intermediate and high-risk early-stage endometrial...

gynecologic cancers

Cervical Cancer Subtype Rising in Some Populations

A new study reports that a type of cervical cancer that is less amenable to detection by Papanicolaou (Pap) testing is increasing in several subpopulations of women, pointing to the growing importance of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing and vaccination. The study was published by Islami ...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-158: Pembrolizumab in Previously Treated Advanced Cervical Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Chung et al, the phase II KEYNOTE-158 trial showed activity of pembrolizumab in previously treated programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive advanced cervical cancer. The study supported the 2018 accelerated approval of pembrolizumab in this...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers

Actionable Pathogenic Variants in a Population-Based Cohort of Patients With Breast or Ovarian Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kurian et al found that approximately one-quarter of women with breast cancer and one-third of those with ovarian cancer underwent cancer genetic testing, and that 8% to 15% of those tested had actionable pathogenic variants. Study Details...

gynecologic cancers

Niraparib in Late-Line Treatment of Ovarian Cancer

In the phase II QUADRA trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Moore et al found that the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor niraparib was active in fourth- or later-line treatment of ovarian cancer, particularly in patients with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD)-positive,...

gynecologic cancers

AACR 2019: Does Use of Oral Contraceptives Decrease the Risk of Fatal Ovarian Cancer?

Researchers have observed for several years that people who have a history of using oral contraceptives are less likely to develop ovarian cancer. A team from Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center and the University at Buffalo analyzed those connections more deeply, reporting that the protective ...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab in Advanced Endometrial Cancer

In an interim analysis of a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Makker et al found that lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab was active in advanced endometrial cancer. Study Details In the study, 54 patients from 11 sites with metastatic endometrial cancer unselected for microsatellite...

gynecologic cancers

Does Minimally Invasive Robotic Surgery for Early-Stage Endometrial Cancer Decrease the Risk of Surgical Complications?

In a Danish study reported in JAMA Surgery, Jørgensen et al found that the nationwide introduction of minimally invasive robotic surgery for early-stage endometrial cancer was associated with a reduction in the incidence of severe complications. The nationwide prospective cohort study...

gynecologic cancers
survivorship

Persistent Long-Term Fatigue and Impact on Quality of Life Among Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Survivors

A study among epithelial ovarian cancer survivors from 25 cooperative Gynecologic Cancer Intergroup centers in France showed similar quality of life compared to healthy controls who were randomly selected from the electoral rolls, but persistent long-term fatigue. The researchers found depression,...

gynecologic cancers

SGO 2019: Post Hoc Exploratory Analyses From the ARIEL3 Trial in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

Data from post hoc exploratory analyses from the phase III ARIEL3 clinical study of rucaparib in recurrent ovarian cancer was presented during oral plenary and poster sessions at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology’s (SGO) 50th Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer. These analyses...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

SGO 2019: Dendritic Cell–Based Immunotherapy in Combination With Chemotherapy in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

Results from a clinical trial presented by Cibula et al at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology’s (SGO) 50th Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer showed that a new immunotherapy treatment significantly prolongs survival in women with recurrent ovarian cancer when added to standard...

gynecologic cancers

SGO 2019: Treatment With Maintenance Niraparib in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer Extends Time Without Symptoms or Toxicity

Findings from a recent clinical trial presented in a Scientific Plenary session at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology’s (SGO) 50th Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer revealed that women with recurrent ovarian cancer who received niraparib as maintenance therapy experienced more time...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

SGO 2019: Brachytherapy Boost Added to EBRT and Chemotherapy in Advanced Cervical Cancer

A recent National Cancer Database study has shown the current standard of care for advanced cervical cancer—external-beam radiation and chemotherapy in combination with brachytherapy—provides significantly higher overall survival over chemoradiation alone. However, the addition of...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

SGO 2019: HPV Vaccine Uptake in the Deep South

A study by Pierce et al presented at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology’s (SGO) 50th Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer showed that human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates in Alabama are highest in counties with high incidence rates of HPV-related cancer (Abstract 13).  ...

breast cancer
solid tumors
gynecologic cancers
lymphoma
survivorship

Subsequent Primary Neoplasms in Survivors of Adolescent and Young Adult Cancers

In a UK population-based cohort study (Teenage and Young Adult Cancer Survivor Study) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bright et al found that subsequent primary neoplasms were most common in survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) breast, cervical, and testicular cancers, as well as Hodgkin...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology
global cancer care

Modeling Study of Scaled-up HPV Vaccination and Cervical Cancer Screening

In a modeling study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Simms et al detailed the preventive effects on cervical cancer that could be achieved by scaled-up human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and cervical screening efforts with the aim of disease elimination. The major modeling projections are...

gynecologic cancers

Does Lymphadenectomy Improve Survival in Advanced Ovarian Cancer?

In the international phase III LION study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Harter et al found that lymphadenectomy did not improve progression-free or overall survival vs no lymphadenectomy in women with advanced ovarian cancer. Study Details The trial enrolled 647 women with...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma
symptom management

FDA Pipeline: Updates on Treatments for Cervical Cancer, Myelofibrosis, Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting, and More

The FDA recently issued announcements on a Fast Track designation, a Priority Review, two supplemental new drug applications, an investigational new drug application, and a marketing clearance. The agency also released a safety communication on cancer-related surgery. Fast Track Designation for...

gynecologic cancers

Decline in Rates for HPV16/18-Positive Cervical Precancers Since Introduction of the HPV Vaccine

According to the World Health Organization, approximately 70% of cervical cancers worldwide are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18. In 2006, the HPV vaccine was introduced in the United States to prevent HPV-associated morbidity and mortality. A study analyzing data on the...

gynecologic cancers

Link Discovered Between Microbiome and Cervical Cancer

Bacteria may play an important role in whether a woman develops cervical cancer, according to global health research published by scientists from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and the Ocean Road Cancer Institute in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in mBio. Part of a growing body of research...

gynecologic cancers

Two-Year Interim Analysis of Conservatively Managed Ovarian Tumors

In an interim analysis of a prospective cohort study (IOTA5) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Froyman et al found that the risk of malignancy and acute complications is low when adnexal masses with benign ultrasound findings are managed conservatively. In the study, patients with at least 1...

gynecologic cancers

'Deep Learning'–Based Visual Evaluation for Cervical Cancer Screening

In an observational study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Hu et al found that an automated 'deep learning'–based visual evaluation algorithm permitted identification of cervical precancer/cancer cases with greater accuracy than other screening methods. Study Details ...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Avelumab in Recurrent or Refractory Ovarian Cancer

In phase Ib results from the JAVELIN Solid Tumor Trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Disis et al found that avelumab produced durable responses in some patients with recurrent or refractory ovarian cancer. In the study, an expansion cohort of 125 women with advanced disease who had received...

gynecologic cancers

HPV Testing Using Self-Collected vs Clinician-Collected Samples for the Detection of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia

In a Dutch study (IMPROVE) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Polman et al found that human papillomavirus (HPV) testing with a clinically validated polymerase chain reaction (PCR)–based assay had similar accuracy using self-collected vs clinician-collected samples in detecting cervical...

gynecologic cancers

Al Identifies Features of Tumor Cells in High-Risk Ovarian Cancer  

Scientists have developed a new test that scans the shapes of tumor cells to select women with especially aggressive ovarian cancer. A team at The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), London, created an artificial intelligence (AI) tool that looks for clusters of cells within tumors with misshapen...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

BRCA Exchange: Resource Aggregates Data on BRCA Variants

A global resource that includes data on thousands of inherited variants in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes is available to the public. The BRCA Exchange was created through the BRCA Challenge, a long-term demonstration project initiated by the Global Alliance for Genomics and...

gynecologic cancers

Maintenance Olaparib in Newly Diagnosed Advanced Ovarian Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Moore et al, the phase III SOLO-1 trial has shown that maintenance with olaparib, following complete or partial response to platinum-based chemotherapy, significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs placebo in...

gynecologic cancers

FDA Approves Olaparib for Maintenance Treatment of BRCA-Mutated, Advanced Ovarian Cancer

On December 19, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved olaparib (Lynparza) for the maintenance treatment of adult patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline or somatic BRCA-mutated advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer...

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