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head and neck cancer

Evan M. Graboyes, MD, MPH, on Decreasing Delays in Adjuvant Therapy for Head and Neck Cancer

Evan M. Graboyes, MD, MPH, of the Medical University of South Carolina, discusses the results of the NDURE study, which explored the delays in starting postoperative radiation therapy in patients with head and neck cancer and ways to improve the timeliness and equity of treatment. Delays in this...

head and neck cancer

Evan M. Graboyes, MD, MPH, on Addressing Body Image Distress: Critical Care for Head and Neck Cancer Survivors

Evan M. Graboyes, MD, MPH, of the Medical University of South Carolina, discusses body image distress, a source of significant morbidity among head and neck cancer survivors. He recommends strategies to identify this side effect, the evidence for how best to treat, and best practices to help...

supportive care
solid tumors

FDA Approves Denosumab Biosimilars

On March 5, the the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Jubbonti (denosumab-bbdz, 60 mg/1 mL injection), as an interchangeable biosimilar to U.S.-licensed Prolia (denosumab), and Wyost (denosumab-bbdz, 120 mg/1.7 mL [70 mg/mL] injection), as an interchangeable biosimilar to...

issues in oncology

Medical Debt May Be Associated With Poorer Health Status and Survival Outcomes at U.S. County Level

Medical debt is associated with worse health status, more premature deaths, and higher mortality rates in the United States, according to a recent cross-sectional study published by Han et al in JAMA Network Open. Background“Patients are increasingly burdened by high out-of-pocket costs for health...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics
issues in oncology

Could Smoking-Related DNA Changes Reflect Differential Lung Cancer Risks by Race and Ethnicity?

Investigators may have uncovered differential associations between smoking and DNA methylation across various racial and ethnic groups, according to a recent study published by Huang et al in the American Journal of Human Genetics. The findings could lead to the development of new strategies to...

gynecologic cancers
colorectal cancer
bladder cancer
head and neck cancer
genomics/genetics

Can Dual HER2 Blockade Treat More Than Just Breast or Gastric Cancer?

The established dual HER2 blockade of pertuzumab and trastuzumab may be an effective treatment for patients with several types of HER2-amplified cancers, according to a study published by Connolly et al in Clinical Cancer Research. Background HER2 receptors control how cells grow and divide. The...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Social Determinants of Health Potentially Responsible for Low Breast Cancer Screening Rates

Investigators may have uncovered the social determinants of health hindering breast cancer screening in the United States, according to a recent systematic review published by Jhumkhawala et al in Frontiers in Public Health. Background Health disparities have consistently been associated with...

NCCN Updates Treatment Recommendations for Breast, Colorectal, Lung, and Other Cancers

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) is announcing several new updates to the cancer treatment practices listed in the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®). The evidence-based expert consensus recommendations are the most frequently updated guidelines for...

head and neck cancer

Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab Fails to Improve Overall Survival in Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

Adding the multikinase inhibitor lenvatinib to the PD-1 inhibitor pembrolizumab as initial therapy for recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma improved response rates and progression-free survival but did not lead to an overall survival advantage over pembrolizumab...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

FDA Approves Amivantamab-vmjw for EGFR Exon 20 Insertion–Mutated NSCLC

On March 1, the FDA approved the monoclonal bispecific anti–EGFR-MET antibody amivantamab-vmjw (Rybrevant) in combination with carboplatin and pemetrexed for the first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC with EGFR exon 20 insertion mutations, as detected by an FDA-approved test....

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Disparities in Treatment Outcomes Among Non-Hispanic Black Patients With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

Non-Hispanic Black patients with locally advanced rectal cancer may experience poorer treatment outcomes independent of the sociodemographic, clinical, and pathologic factors that often influence racial and ethnic disparities in this patient population, according to a recent study published by...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Impact of Behavioral Health Disorders on Cancer Surgery Outcomes

Investigators may have uncovered new insights into the relationship between behavioral health disorders and cancer surgery outcomes, according to a recent study published by Katayama et al in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons. The findings clarified the need for behavioral health...

head and neck cancer

Pooja Karukonda, MD, on Coping With Financial Toxicity in Head and Neck Cancer

Pooja Karukonda, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses findings from the PaRTNer study, which addressed the large financial burden faced by patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy, particularly older, non-White, female, and low-income patients. Dr. Karukonda discusses...

head and neck cancer

Nabil F. Saba, MD, on Preventing Radiation-Induced Mucositis in Patients With Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

Nabil F. Saba, MD, of Emory University, discusses phase II study results suggesting parenteral administration of TK-90 may be an effective strategy for preventing radiation-induced oral mucositis in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (Abstract 10).

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

AUA, ASTRO, SUO Release Clinical Practice Guidelines on Salvage Therapy for Prostate Cancer

The American Urological Association (AUA), in partnership with the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and the Society of Urologic Oncology (SUO), released new clinical practice guidelines on salvage therapy for patients with prostate cancer. These guidelines were reported on by Morgan...

genomics/genetics
issues in oncology

Online Genetic Education Programs May Spur Testing for Patients at Risk for Cancer

Researchers have demonstrated that an online genetic education program may encourage patients with a family history of cancer to undertake genetic testing, according to a recent study published by Rodriguez et al in Gastroenterology. Background Although research has shown that an inherited...

head and neck cancer
skin cancer

Christopher A. Barker, MD, on New Data on Vismodegib and Radiotherapy for Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

Christopher A. Barker, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II study results showing that patients with locally advanced, unresectable basal cell carcinoma of the head and neck experienced improved quality of life after induction and concurrent vismodegib with...

head and neck cancer

Nabil F. Saba, MD, on Head and Neck Cancer: Long-Term Survival Findings With Pembrolizumab and Cabozantinib

Nabil F. Saba, MD, of Emory University, discusses study findings on 2-year survival rates in patients with recurrent metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma who received pembrolizumab plus cabozantinib. The progression-free survival rate of 32% and the overall survival rate of 55% suggest...

issues in oncology

President’s Cancer Panel Report Highlights Opportunities to Accelerate Progress Toward the National Cancer Plan

A new report from the President’s Cancer Panel offers recommendations in five priority areas to accelerate progress toward implementing the National Cancer Plan and achieving the Biden-Harris Administration’s Cancer Moonshot goal of ending cancer as we know it. The report, delivered to President...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke During Chemotherapy May Decrease Treatment Efficacy in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer

Researchers have found that exposure to secondhand smoke during treatment with cisplatin may reduce its effectiveness in patients with head and neck cancer, even if they don’t have a history of smoking, according to a recent study published by Sadhasivam et al in the International Journal of...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

U.S. Individuals With Incarceration History May Have Lower Likelihood of Undergoing Cancer Screenings

Investigators have found that U.S. individuals with a history of incarceration may have worse access to and receipt of breast cancer and colorectal cancer screenings compared with those without a history of incarceration, according to a recent study published by Zhao et al in JAMA Health Forum....

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Psychological Distress May Contribute to Cancer Treatment Delays

Researchers have found that psychological distress may contribute to delayed cancer treatment, according to a recent study published by Frosch et al in Supportive Care in Cancer. Background Prior research has shown that delays in initiating cancer therapy may be increasing, and these delays can...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Gene Signature May Predict Response to Combination Therapy in Patients With NSCLC

Researchers have identified a set of 140 genes that may help predict disease-free survival in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with a combination of immunotherapy and low-dose radiation, according to a recent study published by Altorki et al in Cell Reports Medicine. The...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Families of Men With Subfertility May Have Increased Risk of Several Types of Cancers

Investigators have found that the families of subfertile men may have a higher risk of developing certain types of cancers at younger ages compared with the families of fertile men, according to a recent study published by Ramsay et al in Human Reproduction. Background Previous research has shown...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy ciltacabtagene autoleucel may offer benefit in patients with multiple myeloma who experienced disease progression or relapse following initial therapy, according to new findings presented by Hillengass et al at the 2024 Tandem Meetings:...

AACR Cancer Centers Alliance Formed

Under the leadership of preeminent U.S. cancer center directors, the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) recently announced the formation of an innovative initiative, the AACR Cancer Centers Alliance. The Alliance will bring together the nation’s cancer centers, with the goal of...

ASCO Remembers Humanitarian and Health Equity Champion Edith P. Mitchell, MD

ASCO is deeply saddened by the death of oncology luminary, health equity champion, and ASCO Humanitarian Award honoree Edith P. Mitchell, MD, MACP, FCCP, FRCP (London), on January 21, 2024. At the time of her passing, Dr. Mitchell was Director of the Center to Eliminate Cancer Disparities,...

genomics/genetics

Preventing Cancer Should Not Mean Sacrificing Quality of Life

My family first suspected we might have inherited the BRCA1/2 gene mutation after my father was diagnosed with his third cancer, colorectal cancer, following multiple bouts of squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma beginning in his 30s and later prostate cancer. But the high risk of...

multiple myeloma

Understanding Risk Stratification in Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance

About 4 years ago, I [Jo Cavallo] wrote about the death of my brother Dom from multiple myeloma in 2011 and my subsequent enrollment in the PROMISE trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03689595). My goal for enrolling in the study was twofold: to honor Dom and others with the cancer and to make ...

issues in oncology

NIH’s New Cancer Screening Research Network Could Help Determine Effective Cancer Screening Technologies

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has launched the Cancer Screening Research Network, a clinical trials network to evaluate emerging cancer screening technologies. The new network will support the Biden-Harris Administration’s Cancer Moonshot initiative by investigating how to identify cancer ...

hematologic malignancies
supportive care
issues in oncology

Prophylactic Oral Vancomycin May Prevent C Difficile Infections, Raise Risk of Gram-Negative Bacteremia in Stem Cell Transplant Recipients

Preventive use of the oral antibiotic vancomycin may be effective at reducing the risk of Clostridioides difficile infections but may increase the risk of gram-negative bacteremia in stem cell transplant recipients, according to new findings presented by Vartanov et al at the 2024 Tandem Meetings:...

covid-19

Annual Report to the Nation, Part 2: New Cancer Diagnoses Fell Abruptly Early in the COVID-19 Pandemic

New diagnoses of six major cancer types in the United States fell abruptly in early 2020, coinciding with the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to findings from part 2 of the latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer.1 The volume of pathology reports also declined sharply...

multiple myeloma

FDA Approves Biweekly Teclistamab Dosing Regimen for Patients With Multiple Myeloma

On February 20, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the supplemental biologics license application for teclistamab-cqyv (Tecvayli) for a reduced dosing frequency of 1.5 mg/kg every 2 weeks in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have achieved and maintained a...

colorectal cancer
global cancer care

Strategies to Reduce Burden of Colorectal Cancer in Latin America

Investigators may have identified colorectal cancer screening programs in Latin America, according to a recent systematic review and meta-analysis published by Montalvan-Sanchez et al in JAMA Network Open. Background Colorectal cancer—the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Does Annual Breast Cancer Screening Starting at Age 40 Offer Benefit?

Investigators have found that annual breast cancer screening beginning at age 40 and continuing to at least 79 may result in the greatest reduction in mortality with minimal risks, according to a recent study published by Monticciolo et al in Radiology. Background Breast cancer is the second most...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

Does Risk-Reducing Mastectomy Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer—and Mortality?

Investigators have found that risk-reducing mastectomy decreases the risk of receiving a breast cancer diagnosis and the likelihood of mortality in female patients with BRCA1 or BRCA2 genetic variants, according to a recent study published by Metcalfe et al in the British Journal of Cancer....

geriatric oncology
issues in oncology

Modified Chemotherapy Regimens May Improve Quality of Life in Older Patients With Advanced Cancer

Reducing doses and adjusting chemotherapy schedules in older patients with advanced cancer may help improve treatment tolerability without compromising its efficacy, according to a recent study published by Mohamed et al in JAMA Network Open. Background Standard chemotherapy regimens—mostly based...

lung cancer

FDA Approves Osimertinib With Chemotherapy for EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

On February 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved osimertinib (Tagrisso) with platinum-based chemotherapy for patients with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have EGFR exon 19 deletions or exon 21 L858R mutations, as detected by an...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Lifileucel for Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma

On February 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to lifileucel (Amtagvi), a tumor-derived autologous T-cell immunotherapy, for adult patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma who were previously treated with a PD-1 blocking antibody, or, if they have...

solid tumors

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy May Benefit Patients With Penile Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Researchers have found that neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be safe and effective in patients with locally advanced penile squamous cell carcinoma, according to a recent study published by Rose et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The findings may help address a critical gap in...

pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology

Ablative Stereotactic Magnetic Resonance–Guided Adaptive Radiation Therapy for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Researchers have found that ablative stereotactic magnetic resonance (MR)-guided adaptive radiation therapy may improve local control and overall survival in patients with borderline resectable and locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, according to a recent study published by Chuong et ...

lung cancer

FDA Approves Tepotinib for Metastatic NSCLC

On February 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted traditional approval to the kinase inhibitor tepotinib (Tepmetko) for adult patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) exon 14–skipping alterations. The agent is...

myelodysplastic syndromes

Expert Point of View: David A. Sallman, MD, and Mikkael A. Sekeres, MD

Two experts in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) discussed the findings on the combination of venetoclax plus azacitidine in the treatment of higher-risk MDS with The ASCO Post. David A. Sallman, MD, Assistant Member in the Department of Malignant Hematology, Moffit Cancer Center, Tampa, provided...

myelodysplastic syndromes

Venetoclax Plus Azacitidine Evaluated in High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes

For the treatment of high-risk, treatment-naive myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), the regimen of venetoclax plus azacitidine led to high response rates, durable responses, and encouraging overall survival, in a phase Ib study reported at the 2023 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting...

myelodysplastic syndromes

Expert Point of View: Prithviraj Bose, MD

Prithviraj Bose, MD, Professor in the Department of Leukemia at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, shared his thoughts on MANIFEST-2 and TRANSFORM-1 with The ASCO Post. While both were international phase III trials that showed similar benefits with two different...

lymphoma

Expert Point of View: Dipenkumar Modi, MD

The ASCO Post obtained comments on the Smart Stop study from Dipenkumar Modi, MD, a medical oncologist and hematologist at the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute and Assistant Professor of Oncology at Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit. Dr. Modi applauded the investigators for...

Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD, Honored With 2024 AACR Award for Lifetime Achievement in Cancer Research

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) will award Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD, Fellow of the AACR Academy, with the 2024 AACR Award for Lifetime Achievement in Cancer Research during the AACR Annual Meeting, to be held April 5–10 in San Diego. His award lecture will be presented on...

multiple myeloma

Expert Point of View: Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, and Dan Vogl, MD, MSCE

Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, Professor in the Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology at Emory University, and Dan Vogl, MD, MSCE, Associate Professor of Medicine at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, shared their thoughts on the PERSEUS trial for The ASCO Post. Dr. Nooka noted that ...

Expert Point of View: Michael Crump, MD

Michael Crump, MD, of the Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, expressed some concerns about the study presented by Shadman et al in patients with large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL). “These data should be interpreted with caution. The patient...

Expert Point of View: Peter Voorhees, MD

Peter Voorhees, MD, a multiple myeloma specialist at Levine Cancer Institute and Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist Comprehensive Cancer Center, Durham, North Carolina, introduced the plenary presentation of the phase III IsKia trial by Gay et al and further commented on the study for The ASCO...

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