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ASCO 2022: Conversations in Leukemia

Dr. Courtney DiNardo, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, sat down with two colleagues at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting to discuss data presented in leukemia. On this episode of the podcast, we’re featuring Dr. DiNardo’s conversations.

lung cancer

Informed Consent Forms for Lung Cancer Clinical Trials May Be a Barrier to Informed Participation

Informed consent forms can be overwhelming for patients—they are written at a level that is too high for many patients, possibly impeding true informed consent, according to a report given by King-Kallimanis et al at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 2022 World...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Durvalumab Plus Concurrent Radiotherapy in Unresectable Locally Advanced NSCLC: DOLPHIN Study

Researchers from Japan recently reported that the first phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of durvalumab and concurrent curative radiation therapy for PD-L1–positive unresectable locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without chemotherapy met its primary endpoint with...

issues in oncology

Does Daily Insulin Dose Affect Cancer Risk in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes?

In an analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Zhong and Mao found that a higher daily insulin dose was associated with an increased risk of cancer diagnosis in patients with type 1 diabetes. Study Details The analysis used data from the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) and the...

issues in oncology
colorectal cancer

Models to Assess Impact of Centralization of Specialist Cancer Services in England

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Aggarwal et al identified the impact of several models of centralization of specialist cancer services in England, using rectal cancer surgery as an example. As stated by the investigators, “Centralization of specialist cancer services is occurring in...

breast cancer

Time to Initiation of Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy and Likelihood of Adherence in Medicaid-Insured Women With Breast Cancer

In a population-based retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Sood et al found that longer time to adjuvant endocrine therapy initiation in Medicaid-insured women with breast cancer was associated with a reduced likelihood of short- and long-term adherence to treatment. As stated...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Trastuzumab Deruxtecan for HER2-Mutant NSCLC

On August 11, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd; Enhertu) for adult patients with unresectable or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have activating HER2 mutations, as detected by an...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

FDA Approves Capmatinib for Metastatic NSCLC With MET Exon 14 Skipping Mutations

On August 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to capmatinib (Tabrecta) for adult patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have a mutation leading to mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) exon 14 skipping, as detected by an...

lung cancer

Research Suggests Air Pollution Be Included as Risk Factor for Nonsmoking Patients With Lung Cancer

Researchers from Vancouver, British Columbia examined the effect of duration of past exposure to air pollution with lung cancer diagnosis in new research presented by Myers et al at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) World Conference on Lung Cancer 2022 (Abstract...

lung cancer

Disparities in the Diagnosis of Lung Cancer Among Younger vs Older Adults

Younger patients with lung cancer are significantly more likely than older patients to be diagnosed with later stages of disease, illustrating the need to develop strategies to increase the early detection of lung cancer among younger patients who are currently ineligible for lung cancer screening. ...

solid tumors
gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Ventana MMR RxDx Panel to Identify Patients With dMMR Solid Tumors and pMMR Endometrial Cancer Eligible for Treatment With Pembrolizumab

On August 11, Roche announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of a label expansion for the Ventana MMR RxDx Panel. The Ventana MMR RxDx Panel is the first immunohistochemistry (IHC) companion diagnostic test to aid in identifying patients whose solid tumors are deficient in DNA ...

prostate cancer

PSA Screening and Prostate Cancer Mortality Among Black and White Veterans

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Sherer et al found that prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening was associated with reduced prostate cancer mortality among both non-Hispanic Black and non-Hispanic White U.S. veterans who developed prostate cancer. Annual vs some screening was associated...

sarcoma

Evaluating Strategies for Treating Pediatric Metastatic Rhabdomyosarcoma

In a report in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Schoot et al provided findings from the European Paediatric Soft Tissue Sarcoma Study Group MTS 2008 and pooled findings of MTS 2008 with those of the concurrent BERNIE study, both of which evaluated strategies for the treatment of pediatric...

issues in oncology

Characteristics of Data Supporting FDA Initial Approval and Subsequent Indications for New Cancer Drugs

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Michaeli and Michaeli described data supporting U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) initial approval and subsequent indications for new cancer drugs from 2003 through 2021. Study Details Clinical trial evidence supporting approval for...

leukemia

AYA Leukemia Survivors Have Higher Mortality Rates Than the General Population

Although considered a rare occurrence in adolescents and young adults (AYAs), aged 15 to 39 years, the incidence of cancer in this age group has been increasing by approximately 30% since the 1970s. This year, it is estimated that nearly 90,000 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in this...

solid tumors

Thriving After a Diagnosis of Stage II Anal Cancer

About 7 years ago, I had emergency hernia surgery and soon after began experiencing severe constipation and abdominal bloating. I had started to have minor symptoms leading up to the surgery, but now the pain and exhaustion of trying to have a bowel movement became unbearable. I met with a...

Dana-Farber’s Irene Ghobrial, MD, Selected as William Dameshek Prize Winner

Irene Ghobrial, MD, Director of the Clinical Investigator Research Program at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, has received the William Dameshek Prize. This award is given annually by the American Society of Hematology (ASH) to an individual younger than age 50 who has made outstanding...

Jaye Gardiner, PhD, Receives the 2022 Eddie Méndez Award Honoring Underrepresented Scientists

Jaye Gardiner, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow at Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, is among 10 recipients of the 2022 Dr. Eddie Méndez Award. This honor recognizes underrepresented postdoctoral researchers across the United States who have demonstrated research expertise in cancer, infectious...

Radiologist Claudia Henschke, PhD, MD, of Icahn School of Medicine, Receives the 37th Annual Alton Ochsner Award

Ochsner Health has announced the recipient of the 37th Annual Alton Ochsner Award Relating Smoking and Disease: Claudia Henschke, PhD, MD. She is Director, Early Lung and Cardiac Action Program (ELCAP) and Professor of Radiology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York. This...

Pat Morin, PhD, Appointed Deputy Scientific Director of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research

Ludwig Cancer Research recently announced the appointment of Pat Morin, PhD, as Deputy Scientific Director of its international nonprofit organization, the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research. Dr. Morin joins Ludwig from the University of Pennsylvania, where he has served as Executive Director for ...

An Oncology Nurse Becomes a Cancer Survivor

In 2016, Theresa Brown, RN, wrote The Shift: One Nurse, Twelve Hours, Four Patients’ Lives, a vivid real-time description of an oncology nurse’s standard 12-hour shift on a hospital cancer ward. It was an excellent book, which was reviewed on these pages and highly recommended for readers of The...

Robert Uzzo, MD, MBA, FACS, Appointed President and CEO of Fox Chase Cancer Center

Robert Uzzo, MD, MBA, FACS, has been named President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia. In addition, Dr. Uzzo will assume the roles of Executive Vice President, Cancer Services for Temple University Health System, and Senior Associate Dean, Clinical Cancer...

His Grandmother’s Death Inspires a Career in Oncology for Manmeet S. Ahluwalia, MD, MBA

In this installment of Living a Full Life, Guest Editor Jame Abraham, MD, spoke with Manmeet S. Ahluwalia, MD, MBA, Deputy Director, Chief Scientific Officer, and Chief of Solid Tumor Medical Oncology at Miami Cancer Institute, where his research focuses on the development of new therapies for...

ASCO-ACCC Recommendations to Reduce Barriers to Clinical Trial Enrollment

Here is a summary of the strategies developed by ASCO and the Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC) to increase participation by minority patients in cancer clinical trials and ensure greater equity, diversity, and inclusion in research studies. For a detailed list of the recommendations,...

issues in oncology

How ASCO and ACCC Aim to Increase Diversity in Clinical Trials and Close the Equity Gap in Cancer Care

Research shows that although 15% of Black individuals and 13% of Hispanic individuals have cancer in the United States, only between 4% and 6% of clinical trial participants are Black and between 3% and 6% are Hispanic.1-3 To improve these statistics, in 2020, ASCO and the Association of Community...

Donna Hansel, MD, PhD, to Join MD Anderson as Division Head of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center recently announced that Donna Hansel, MD, PhD, has been named Division Head of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. Dr. Hansel will lead a team of 650, including more than 130 clinical and research faculty, across 4 departments that serve as a bridge...

Howard Sandler, MD, FASTRO, Voted President-Elect of ASTRO Along With Other New Officers

The members of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) elected seven new officers to the society’s Board of Directors, including Howard Sandler, MD, FASTRO, as President-Elect; Michael Kuettel, MD, PhD, MBA, FASTRO, as Secretary/Treasurer-Elect; Iris C. Gibbs, MD, FASTRO, and Curtiland...

Selwyn M. Vickers, MD, FACS, Named President and CEO of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) recently announced that Selwyn M. Vickers, MD, FACS, a pancreatic cancer surgeon and researcher, a pioneer in cancer health disparities research, and an academic medical leader, has been selected to serve as its next President and Chief Executive...

issues in oncology

Initiatives by Professional Oncology Organizations Focus on Improving Equitable Cancer Care

At the 2022 Summit on Cancer Health Disparities in Seattle, leaders from five of the leading professional societies in cancer discussed their respective organizations’ current initiatives toward improving cancer health disparities.1 Representatives from ASCO, the American Society for Clinical...

lung cancer

Increased Utilization of SBRT Has Decreased Treatment Disparities for Early-Stage NSCLC

The use of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) can reduce treatment disparities between White and Black patients, according to research presented by Ganesh et al at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) World...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Study Finds Adding Tremelimumab and Durvalumab to Chemotherapy Improves Overall Survival in Metastatic NSCLC Regardless of KRAS/STK11/KEAP1 Mutations

Patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received a combined therapy of tremelimumab, durvalumab, and chemotherapy experienced longer overall survival compared with those who received chemotherapy alone, regardless of STK11, KEAP1, or KRAS mutational status. These findings...

skin cancer

Long-Term Regional Disease Control With Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in Patients With Melanoma

In an analysis of the Multicenter Selective Lymphadenectomy Trial II reported in JAMA Surgery, Crystal et al found that patients with melanoma with sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastasis who were randomly assigned to observation vs completion lymph node dissection (CLND) following SLN biopsy...

lung cancer

CancerLinQ and Owkin Collaborate to Use Federated Learning on Real-World Oncology Data to Better Understand Lung Cancer Treatment

ASCO’s CancerLinQ and Owkin recently announced a new research collaboration to use artificial intelligence (AI) to analyze real-world oncology data with the aim to understand why some cases of metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are resistant to first-line immunotherapy. Using data from...

issues in oncology

ASCO and WHO to Collaborate on Quality Indicators for Cancer Facilities

In a collaboration announced on June 4, ASCO will work with the World Health Organization (WHO) to measure and improve the quality of cancer care internationally. The goal is to achieve health-related targets of the U.N. Sustainable Development Goals and WHO Global Action Plan on Non-Communicable...

kidney cancer

ASCO Releases First Comprehensive Evidence-Based Guidelines for Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

ASCO has released the first comprehensive set of guidelines for the management of metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC).1 The guidelines are subdivided into six main sections: diagnosis, the role of cytoreductive nephrectomy, first-line systemic treatment, second- or later-line systemic...

health-care policy

U.S. Cancer Care Facility Acceptance of Medicaid for Simulated Patients With Newly Diagnosed Common Cancers

In a study reported in JAMA Network Open, Marks et al found that only two-thirds of a sample of U.S. Commission on Cancer–accredited cancer care facilities accepted Medicaid insurance for the treatment of four common cancers in a simulated cohort of adult patients with newly diagnosed disease....

head and neck cancer

ASCO Endorses New ASTRO Guideline on the Use of Radiation Treatment of Metastatic Brain Cancer

ASCO has endorsed the recommendations put forth in a new guideline, developed by the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), on the use of radiation therapy for the management of brain metastases.1,2 Although ASTRO—in conjunction with ASCO and the Society for Neuro-Oncology (SNO)—recently...

hepatobiliary cancer

Addition of Transarterial Chemoembolization to Lenvatinib in First-Line Treatment of Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

An interim analysis of the Chinese phase III LAUNCH trial was reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Peng et al. The researchers found that the addition of transarterial chemoembolization to lenvatinib improved overall survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma who were...

Kimberly Hoggatt Krumwiede, PhD, Named Dean of MD Anderson’s School of Health Professions

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, has chosen Kimberly Hoggatt Krumwiede, PhD, as Dean of MD Anderson’s School of Health Professions. “Dr. Hoggatt Krumwiede exemplifies the qualities we sought to lead our School of Health Professions. She is a skilled and strategic leader...

An Early Encounter With Cancer Sets a Path to a Career in Oncology Research

To shed some light on the importance of caring for the whole patient and his or her caregiver, as well as the role of cellular aging and oncogenesis, The ASCO Post recently spoke with Kaumudi Bhawe, PhD, a clinical scientist with Cancer Commons in Mountain View, California. Dr. Bhawe has more than ...

issues in oncology

Cancer Knows No Borders

This is a critical time for cancer research and cancer care across the world, and the cancer community has clearly highlighted the need for greater and more equitable international collaboration. Addressing the global cancer challenge is a significant undertaking, and it has become more urgent as ...

Expert Point of View: Rebecca A. Dent, MD

The invited discussant of the DS8201-A-U105 trial, Rebecca A. Dent, MD, Head of the Department of Medical Oncology, Senior Consultant, and Chief of the Breast Medical Oncology Service at the National Cancer Center Singapore, said the results were reassuring in terms of safety and may pave the way...

breast cancer

Nivolumab Plus T-DXd Under Study in HER2-Expressing Metastatic Breast Cancer

In the phase Ib DS8201-A-U105 trial, the addition of the PD-1 inhibitor nivolumab to the antibody-drug conjugate fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) did not appear to improve outcomes over T-DXd alone (based on historical controls). However, it did establish the safety of the combination,...

Expert Point of View: Cathy Eng, MD, FACP, FASCO

Cathy Eng, MD, FACP, FASCO, the David H. Johnson Endowed Chair in Surgical and Medical Oncology, Co-Director of Gastrointestinal Oncology, and Co-Leader of the Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Program at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, told The ASCO Post she finds the data from...

colorectal cancer

MOUNTAINEER: Tucatinib Plus Trastuzumab Active in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In the phase II MOUNTAINEER trial, tucatinib in combination with trastuzumab produced durable responses in patients with previously treated HER2-positive metastatic colorectal cancer. The late-breaking data were presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) World Congress on...

issues in oncology

Why Do Men Face a Higher Risk of Most Types of Cancer Than Women?

Rates of most types of cancer are higher in men than in women for reasons that are unclear. Results from a recent study published online by Jackson et al in the journal Cancer suggest that the cause may be underlying biological sex differences rather than behavioral differences related to smoking,...

prostate cancer

FDA Approves Darolutamide for Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

On August 5, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved darolutamide (Nubeqa) tablets in combination with docetaxel for adult patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. The evaluation of efficacy was based on ARASENS (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02799602), a randomized,...

gastrointestinal cancer

5-Year Outcomes With Laparoscopic vs Open Distal Gastrectomy in Locally Advanced Gastric Cancer

In the 5-year follow-up of the Korean KLASS-02 trial reported in JAMA Surgery, Son et al found similar 5-year overall survival and relapse-free survival among patients with R0 resection using laparoscopic vs open distal gastrectomy in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Late...

prostate cancer

Second Primary Cancer Risk After Primary Radiotherapy vs Surgery or Other Treatment in Veterans With Localized Prostate Cancer

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Bagshaw et al found that the risk of a second primary cancer at more than 1 year from diagnosis was significantly greater among U.S. veterans with localized prostate cancer who received primary radiotherapy vs those who received surgery ...

colorectal cancer

Global Phase III FRESCO-2 Study Has Met Its Primary Endpoint in Evaluation of Fruquintinib for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The pivotal global phase III FRESCO-2 trial evaluating the investigational use of fruquintinib met its primary endpoint of overall survival in patients with advanced, refractory metastatic colorectal cancer. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation for the...

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