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breast cancer

Ribociclib Plus Endocrine Therapy vs Combination Chemotherapy in Premenopausal Women With HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

As reported by Yen-Shen Lu, MD, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, final results of the phase II RIGHT Choice study indicate that ribociclib plus endocrine therapy significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs combination chemotherapy in premenopausal women with...

gynecologic cancers

Noninferiority of Simple vs Radical Hysterectomy for Pelvic Recurrence in Low-Risk Cervical Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Marie Plante, MD, of Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, and colleagues, the phase III CX.5 SHAPE trial has shown noninferiority of simple vs radical hysterectomy in the frequency of pelvic recurrence in women with low-risk cervical...

bladder cancer

Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv Plus Pembrolizumab Improves Survival vs Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Advanced Urothelial Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Thomas Powles, MD, Barts Cancer Institute Biomedical Research Centre, Queen Mary University of London, and colleagues, the phase III EV-302 trial has shown that the combination of the antibody–drug conjugate enfortumab vedotin-ejfv, which is...

breast cancer

MRI-Guided Duration of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In a Dutch phase II study (TRAIN-3) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Anna van der Voort, MD, and colleagues found that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) detected complete radiologic response after only three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in many patients with stage II to III HER2-positive...

gynecologic cancers

Survival Benefit Emerges With Use of Dostarlimab-gxly Plus Chemotherapy in Advanced or Recurrent Endometrial Cancer

The addition of a checkpoint inhibitor to standard chemotherapy as first-line treatment of advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer not only reduced the risk of disease progression but improved overall survival, particularly for the mismatch repair–deficient/microsatellite instability–high...

skin cancer

Induction and Concurrent Vismodegib With Radiation Therapy for Locally Advanced Unresectable Basal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Barker et al found that induction treatment with vismodegib followed by concurrent treatment with vismodegib and curative-intent radiation therapy showed efficacy in patients with locally advanced unresectable basal cell carcinoma.   ...

gynecologic cancers

Cisplatin, Gemcitabine, and IMRT in Locally Advanced Vulvar Cancer

In a phase II trial (NRG Oncology/GOG Study 279) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Horowitz et al found that concurrent cisplatin, gemcitabine, and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) produced a high rate of complete pathologic response in patients with locally advanced vulvar...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Anti-CD19 CAR T-Cell Therapy for Richter Transformation

In a retrospective study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kittai et al found that anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy showed activity in previously treated patients with Richter transformation. Study Details In the study, 69 patients who received CAR T-cell therapy ...

breast cancer

Gedatolisib Plus Palbociclib and Endocrine Therapy in HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Layman et al, findings in dose-expansion groups of a phase Ib trial indicated activity of the pan-PI3K–mTOR inhibitor gedatolisib in combination with palbociclib and endocrine therapy in patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative advanced...

leukemia

Crenolanib and Intensive Chemotherapy in Newly Diagnosed FLT3-Mutated AML

In a pilot study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Eunice S. Wang, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of crenolanib and intensive chemotherapy produced high response rates in adults with newly diagnosed FLT3-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Crenolanib is a...

prostate cancer

Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: LuPSMA vs Cabazitaxel

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Michael S. Hofman, MBBS, and colleagues, the Australian phase II TheraP trial has shown similar overall survival with lutetium-177–labeled PSMA-617 (LuPSMA; lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan) vs cabazitaxel in patients with prostate-specific membrane...

skin cancer

Adjuvant Treatment of Resected Melanoma: mRNA-Based Personalized Therapy Plus Immunotherapy

In the phase IIb KEYNOTE-942 trial reported in The Lancet, Jeffrey S. Weber, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of adjuvant mRNA-4157—a novel mRNA-based individualized neoantigen therapy—to pembrolizumab numerically improved recurrence-free survival in patients with completely resected ...

cardio-oncology

Use of Direct Oral Anticoagulant Agents in Active Cancer: Meta-Analysis

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JACC: CardioOncology, Fujisaki et al found no significant differences among direct oral anticoagulant agents (DOACs) in the prevention of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) associated with active cancer, whereas significant differences in...

lymphoma

Follicular Lymphoma: Long-Term Follow-up of Rituximab Dosing Strategies Among Patients With Low Tumor Burden

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Brad S. Kahl, MD, and colleagues, long-term follow-up of the phase III Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group RESORT study (E4402) showed that rituximab maintenance did not improve overall survival vs rituximab retreatment in rituximab induction...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Real-World Data Show Impact of Immunotherapy in Populations Underrepresented in Lung Cancer Clinical Trials

New research published by Lee et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network found patients treated with first-line immunotherapy for advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) had similar results in terms of overall survival, progression-free survival, and treatment duration, ...

prostate cancer

Overall Survival With LuPSMA vs Cabazitaxel in Previously Treated Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Michael S. Hofman, MBBS, and colleagues, overall survival results from the Australian phase II TheraP trial showed no difference with lutetium-177–labeled PSMA-617 (LuPSMA) vs cabazitaxel in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and...

kidney cancer

Modified vs Standard Ipilimumab Plus Nivolumab in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a UK phase II trial (PRISM) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vasudev and colleagues found that ipilimumab given every 12 weeks vs every 3 weeks in combination with nivolumab resulted in a significantly reduced rate of treatment-related grade ≥ 3 adverse events in treatment-naive...

issues in oncology

Blood-Based Testing for Multicancer Early Detection

In a prospective cohort study (PATHFINDER) reported in The Lancet, Deb Schrag, MD, MPH, FASCO, and colleagues evaluated the performance of blood-based testing for multicancer early detection in adults without signs or symptoms of cancer.  As stated by the investigators, “Multicancer early detection ...

leukemia
issues in oncology
symptom management

Do Low- and Moderate-Grade Adverse Events Affect Rates of Treatment Discontinuation in CLL?

In an analysis from the phase III ECOG/ACRIN E1912 trial in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, O’Connell et al found that grade 1 and 2 adverse events were significant contributors to patient-reported side-effects bother, with grade 2 events being...

breast cancer

Overall Survival in Two Monarch Trials of Abemaciclib in Advanced Breast Cancer

Overall survival results from two trials of abemaciclib in advanced breast cancer were reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2022. Both MONARCH 3 and monarcHER previously met their primary endpoints of progression-free survival. The current results for overall...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Highlights in Cancer and Aging From the 2023 ASCO Annual Meeting

The 2023 ASCO Annual Meeting again demonstrated the Society’s commitment to improving cancer care for all older adults. Pertinent questions related to treatment and management in this population were addressed in educational and oral abstract sessions, clinical science symposia, and case-based...

gynecologic cancers

Tisotumab Vedotin–Based Combinations in Advanced Cervical Cancer

In a phase Ib/II study (innovaTV 205/GOG-3024/ENGOT-cx8) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ignace B. Vergote, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that tisotumab vedotin-tftv combined with carboplatin or pembrolizumab showed activity in both treatment-naive and previously treated patients with ...

pancreatic cancer
genomics/genetics

Germline Predisposition and Homologous Recombination Deficiency in Pancreatic Acinar Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mandelker et al found that pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma was associated with a high prevalence of BRCA2 germline pathogenic variants and genomic features of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD). The study involved somatic and germline ...

Expert Point of View: Ciara L. Freeman, MD, PhD and Asher Chanan-Khan, MD

Ciara L. Freeman, MD, PhD, Assistant Member, Department of Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, was impressed with the CARTITUDE-4 findings. She said “treaters and patients” will be “watching this space” to see how the results change the...

solid tumors

Atezolizumab With or Without Radiotherapy in Advanced Penile Cancer

In the Dutch single-institution phase II PERICLES trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, de Vries et al found atezolizumab produced activity in patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. Study Details In the study, 32 patients enrolled at The Netherlands Cancer...

solid tumors

Stereotactic Radiosurgery Before Resection of Brain Metastases From Solid Tumors

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Prabhu et al identified outcomes and associated risk factors among patients receiving stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) prior to resection of brain metastases from solid tumors. Study Details The study involved data from an international multicenter cohort...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Adjuvant Osimertinib in Resected EGFR-Mutant NSCLC: Overall Survival Analysis of the ADAURA Trial

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Masahiro Tsuboi, MD, and colleagues, the planned final overall survival analysis of the phase III ADAURA trial has shown a significant benefit with osimertinib vs placebo in patients with resected EGFR-mutant non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)....

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Epcoritamab-bysp in Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Lymphomas

On May 19, 2023, epcoritamab-bysp was granted accelerated approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for treatment of relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)–not otherwise specified, including DLBCL arising from indolent lymphoma, and high-grade B-cell lymphoma after two ...

Expert Point of View: Ciara L. Freeman, MD, PhD and Asher Chanan-Khan, MD

Ciara L. Freeman, MD, PhD, Assistant Member, Department of Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, was impressed with the CARTITUDE-4 findings. She said “treaters and patients” will be “watching this space” to see how the results change the...

prostate cancer

Pembrolizumab/Olaparib vs Next-Generation Hormonal Agents in Previously Treated Patients With Biomarker-Unselected Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Emmanuel S. Antonarakis, MD, and colleagues, the phase III KEYLYNK-010 trial has shown no improvement in survival outcomes with pembrolizumab/olaparib vs a next-generation hormonal agent (abiraterone or enzalutamide) in previously treated patients...

survivorship
leukemia
lymphoma
cns cancers

Late-Onset Memory Impairment in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In an analysis reported in JAMA Network Open, Phillips et al found that adult survivors of childhood cancer were at an increased risk of new-onset memory impairment vs their siblings. Modifiable factors associated with increased risk of impairment among survivors were identified. Study Details The...

gastroesophageal cancer

S-1 Chemoradiotherapy for Older Patients With Inoperable Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a Chinese phase III trial reported in JAMA Network Open, Wang et al found that oral S-1 chemotherapy given with simultaneous integrated boost radiotherapy (SIB-RT) and following SIB-RT improved overall survival in patients aged 70 or older with inoperable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma....

solid tumors
genomics/genetics

Adagrasib in Treatment of KRAS G12C–Mutated Advanced Solid Tumors

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Tanios S. Bekaii-Saab, MD, and colleagues, findings in the phase II cohort of the KRYSTAL-1 trial showed activity of adagrasib in patients with KRAS G12C–mutated advanced solid tumors. As noted by the investigators, the KRAS G12C inhibitor...

bladder cancer

Risk of Dementia and Mortality With BCG Vaccine in Non–Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Network Open, Weinberg et al found that receipt of the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine in patients with non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer was associated with a lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias—as well as a lower risk of mortality—compared...

New Fellows of the American Society of Clinical Oncology

The FASCO distinction recognizes ASCO members for their extraordinary volunteer service, dedication, and commitment to ASCO. Recipients will be recognized during the Opening Session of the Annual Meeting on Saturday, June 3. The following members are being recognized in 2023: Kerin Adelson, MD,...

New Fellows of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (FASCO)

The FASCO distinction recognizes ASCO members for their extraordinary volunteer service, dedication, and commitment to ASCO. Recipients will be recognized during the Opening Session of the Annual Meeting on Saturday, June 3. The following members are being recognized in 2023: Kerin Adelson, MD,...

solid tumors
genomics/genetics

Tumor Genomic Profile and Risk for Arterial Thromboembolism in Patients With Solid Cancer

  In a single-institution study reported in JACC: CardioOncology, Stephanie Feldman, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues found that somatic KRAS and STK11 alterations were associated with increased risk of arterial thromboembolism in patients with solid tumors,...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
prostate cancer
genomics/genetics

Potential Utility of Polygenic Risk Scores in Cancer Screening in the United Kingdom

In a modeling study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Huntley et al found that the extension of UK cancer screening programs for breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers to a polygenic risk score (PRS)-defined high-risk group of patients with cancer may improve cancer case detection and avoidance of ...

colorectal cancer

Tucatinib Plus Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive, Refractory, RAS Wild-Type, Unresectable or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by John H. Strickler, MD, and colleagues, the phase II MOUNTAINEER trial has shown the activity of the combination of tucatinib plus trastuzumab in patients with HER2-positive, chemotherapy-refractory, RAS wild-type, unresectable or metastatic colorectal cancer....

supportive care
pain management

Pain Control for Localized Spine Metastases: Stereotactic Radiosurgery vs Conventional Radiotherapy

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Ryu et al, the phase III portion of the NRG Oncology/RTOG 0631 trial showed no benefit in pain relief with use of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) vs conventional external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in patients with one to three sites of vertebral metastases. Study...

solid tumors
supportive care
genomics/genetics

Tumor Genomic Profile and Risk for Arterial Thromboembolism in Patients With Solid Cancers

In a single-institution study reported in JACC: CardioOncology, Feldman et al found that somatic KRAS and STK11 alterations were associated with increased risk of arterial thromboembolism in patients with solid tumors, irrespective of tumor type. Study Details The retrospective cohort study used...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Idecabtagene Vicleucel vs Standard Regimens in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Paula Rodriguez-Otero, MD, PhD, of Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase III KarMMa-3 trial has shown superior progression-free survival with the B-cell maturation antigen–directed...

issues in oncology
covid-19

Study Finds Cancer Screening in the United States Lagged During the Second Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Star et al found that cancer screening remained below prepandemic levels in the United States during the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Study Details Data on past-year receipt of age-eligible screening for breast cancer (women aged 50...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Axicabtagene Ciloleucel in Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma: 5-Year Results of the ZUMA-1 Trial

As reported in the journal Blood by Sattva S. Neelapu, MD, and colleagues, 5-year outcomes from the the phase II ZUMA-1 trial showed that axicabtagene ciloleucel was associated with maintained response in one-third of patients with refractory large B-cell lymphoma. The estimated 5-year overall...

symptom management

New Study Demonstrates Inferior Vena Cava Filters May Be Safe and Effective Way to Prevent Venous Thromboembolism

Researchers have discovered that few adverse events may be associated with the use of inferior vena cava filters to help prevent deep vein thrombosis from developing into pulmonary embolisms, according to a new study jointly published by Johnson et al in the Journal of Vascular and Interventional...

lung cancer

Updated Results From the ADAURA Trial: Continued Disease-Free Survival Benefit With Adjuvant Osimertinib vs Placebo in EGFR-Mutated Stage IB–IIIA NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, of Yale Cancer Center and Yale School of Medicine, and colleagues, updated findings in the phase III ADAURA trial showed continued disease-free survival benefit with adjuvant osimertinib vs placebo after complete resection...

cns cancers
survivorship

Canadian Trial Highlights Adverse Outcomes in Survivors of Childhood Medulloblastoma

In a population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Coltin et al found that survivors of childhood medulloblastoma in Ontario were at an increased risk of numerous adverse health outcomes compared with matched noncancer controls.  Study Details In the study, all 5-year...

sarcoma
solid tumors
lymphoma

MDM2 Inhibitor Milademetan in Advanced Liposarcoma, Solid Tumors, or Lymphomas

In a first-in-human, phase I, dose-escalation and dose-expansion study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mrinal M. Gounder, MD, and colleagues identified the dose and schedule for further evaluation of the oral MDM2 inhibitor milademetan in a population of patients with advanced...

hepatobiliary cancer

Adjuvant S-1 vs Observation for Resected Biliary Tract Cancer

In a Japanese phase III trial (JCOG1202, ASCOT) reported in The Lancet, Nakachi et al found that adjuvant S-1 was associated with significantly improved overall survival vs observation in patients with resected biliary tract cancer. Study Details The multicenter, open-label trial included 440...

lymphoma

Subcutaneous Epcoritamab for Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Catherine Thieblemont, MD, PhD, and colleagues, findings in a dose-expansion cohort of the phase I/II EPCORE NHL-1 study indicated high activity of the subcutaneous CD3 x CD20 T-cell–engaging bispecific antibody epcoritamab in patients with...

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