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Your search for Jo Cavallo matches 1244 pages

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colorectal cancer

I’ve Turned My Pain Into a New Life Purpose

The first half of 2016 was arguably the most exciting of my life. My wife, Jaione, and I had decided to leave the United Kingdom and move with our two children, Andrew, then 14, and Alba, then 10, to Denver, where I was taking on a leadership role in corporate affairs for a brewery company. By the...

With the Goal of Curing Cancer, Ezra M. Greenspan, MD, Helped Usher in the Modern Era of Chemotherapy

Born in Brooklyn on April 4, 1919, Ezra M. Greenspan, MD, did not stray far from his birthplace, spending most of his 5-decade medical career in New York. After graduating from New York University School of Medicine in 1942, he was accepted into the house training program at Mount Sinai Hospital...

issues in oncology

Efforts to Broaden Eligibility Criteria for Clinical Trials Seek to Include More Racial and Ethnic Minority Patients

A review of the 2019 Drug Trials Snapshots Report1 from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) showed that although female participation in clinical trials grew to 72% from 56% in the FDA’s 2018 Drug Trials Snapshots Report,2 ethnic minority participation in clinical trials actually declined...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use May Be Associated With Worse Outcomes in Patients Treated With Atezolizumab for Urothelial Cancer

Recent evidence indicates that proton pump inhibitors may cause significant changes in the gut microbiota; gut microbiota dysbiosis has been linked to reduced immune checkpoint inhibitor effectiveness. In a retrospective analysis of clinical trials investigating the immune checkpoint inhibitor...

issues in oncology

Inaugural AACR Cancer Disparities Progress Report Released

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) released its inaugural Cancer Disparities Progress Report 2020, which found that while overall cancer death rates are declining and the number of survivors is reaching record highs, progress against cancer is not benefiting everyone equally, with...

lung cancer

I Say ‘Yes’ to Life

I have been a registered nurse for almost 5 decades and was completely unprepared to hear the words “You have stage IV lung cancer.” I think receiving the diagnosis was especially shocking because the symptoms I began experiencing in the summer of 2015, including some unusual weight gain,...

issues in oncology

Setting an Ambitious Path to Ensure Health Equity for All Patients With Cancer

In keeping with her Presidential theme of “Equity: Every Patient, Every Day, Everywhere,” in July, ASCO President Lori J. Pierce, MD, FASTRO, FASCO, announced the Society was joining forces with the Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC) to increase racial and ethnic minority participation...

covid-19

How Delays in Screening and Early Cancer Diagnosis Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic May Result in Increased Cancer Mortality

Earlier this year, as the COVID-19 pandemic was spreading across the United States, federal health officials and cancer societies urged Americans to delay routine cancer screenings and other elective procedures to keep them out of clinics to avoid potential exposure to the coronavirus and to...

breast cancer
survivorship

Breast Cancer Survival Is Significantly Decreased Among Premenopausal Women Previously Treated With Radiation for Childhood or AYA Cancer

Although radiotherapy is integral to the multidisciplinary therapy used in the treatment of common childhood and adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancers, including Hodgkin lymphomas, sarcomas, and breast cancer, the treatment is a strong risk factor for a secondary breast malignancy, especially...

David A. Karnofsky’s Early Contributions to Cancer Research Helped Establish Oncology as a Medical Discipline

For nearly 30 years, from the time he was a young resident at the Collis P. Huntington Memorial Hospital for Cancer Research of Harvard University, until his death from lung cancer on August 31, 1969, David A. Karnofsky, MD, dedicated himself to the pursuit of scientific excellence and the...

multiple myeloma

How to Treat Patients With Multiple Myeloma Cost-Effectively Without Compromising Outcome

The dramatic advances in the diagnosis and treatment of multiple myeloma over the past 20 years have resulted in significant improvements in overall survival, with 5-year relative survival rates now around 50% and more than 60% for patients younger than age 70.1 The proteasome inhibitors...

cost of care

How the First International Summit on Interventional Pharmacoeconomics Is Sparking Discussion on Reducing Cancer Costs

Three years ago, former Chief Executive Officer of ASCO, Allen S. Lichter, MD; Laurence H. Baker, DO, Professor in the Departments of Internal Medicine and Pharmacology at the University of Michigan Medical School in Ann Arbor; Leonard Saltz, MD, a gastrointestinal oncologist at Memorial Sloan...

Essential Components of Palliative Medicine

Three years ago, ASCO updated its clinical practice guideline on the integration of palliative care into standard oncology care for patients with advanced cancer. The update was based on multiple randomized clinical trials showing better results with concurrent care than with usual oncology care...

covid-19

Reevaluating the Delivery of Palliative Care in the Era of COVID-19

Palliative care services are so crucial to the well-being of patients with cancer that, in 2017, ASCO updated its clinical practice guideline on the integration of palliative care into standard oncology care.1 The updated guideline recommends that all patients with advanced cancer receive dedicated ...

survivorship

Study Finds Radiotherapy May Be Associated With Long-Term Impact on the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Health of Childhood Cancer Survivors

A study by Wilson et al investigating the impact of radiation therapy on adult survivors of pediatric abdominal and pelvic tumors has found that these survivors were significantly more likely to have insulin resistance, high levels of triglycerides, and low levels of high-density lipoproteins...

Providing Aid for Patients With Cancer Affected by the Beirut Explosion

The explosion of 2,750 metric tons of ammonium nitrate near the port of Beirut, Lebanon, on August 4 leveled whole sections of the city. The blast killed at least 200 people, injured more than 6,000, and left hundreds of thousands homeless. The blast also severely damaged Beirut’s already fragile...

lung cancer

Study Suggests Drop in Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer Mortality Rates Due to Treatment Advances, Reduction in Incidence

A study by researchers at the National Cancer Institute investigating mortality trends in lung cancer by subtype has found that population-level mortality from individuals with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) fell sharply from 2013 to 2016, and that survival after diagnosis improved...

lung cancer

Having Cancer Has Not Affected Me in Any Negative Way

I have witnessed much sickness and death over my 35-year career as a medical oncologist. During the early years of my career, I had difficulty dealing with the sickness and death I witnessed on a regular basis. As a result, with help from the Hindu scripture of Bhagavad Gita, I have trained my...

Dr. Jimmie C. Holland’s Research Has Long Underscored the Importance of Caring for the Whole Patient

Jimmie C. Holland, MD, who served as the inaugural Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, died on December 24, 2017, at the age of 89. The ASCO Post paid tribute to Dr. Holland in its January 25, 2018, issue. Here, as part of our ...

covid-19

Measuring the Impact of the Plunge in Cancer Screenings During the COVID-19 Pandemic

As outbreaks of the COVID-19 pandemic spiked across the country earlier this year, federal health officials and cancer societies advised people to delay seeking routine cancer screenings, including mammograms and colonoscopies, to keep them out of medical centers and away from potential exposure to ...

palliative care

Overcoming the Challenges of Improving Psychosocial Care for Patients With Cancer

Although the United States spends billions of dollars each year on cancer research, very little of that funding is dedicated to mental health research in patients with cancer, despite the fact that cancer survivors have a six-time higher risk for psychological disability than people without...

lung cancer

A Diagnosis of Advanced Lung Cancer Is No Longer a Death Sentence

In hindsight, the symptoms I began experiencing in the winter of 2013, including pains in my chest and shoulders and a persistent cough, should have rung loud alarm bells. However, having undergone a pancreatectomy and splenectomy to cure a history of mucinous cystic neoplasms of the pancreas 5...

Prominent Surgeon and Teacher LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr, MD, Promotes Hard Work and Education to Overcome Boundaries

LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr, MD, the Charles R. Drew Professor of Surgery at Howard University College of Medicine in Washington, DC, died on May 25, 2019, at the age of 89. The ASCO Post paid tribute to Dr. Leffall in its July 10, 2019, issue. Here, as part of our 10-Year Anniversary Series, we...

covid-19

Study Finds Higher Risk for COVID-19 Infection Among Minorities and Patients With Cancer

According to the latest data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Native American or Alaska Native and non-Hispanic Black people have the highest rates of hospitalization or death from COVID-19, followed by Hispanics and Latinos. A large population-based study using a smartphone app ...

covid-19
survivorship

Cancer Survivors Are Adhering to COVID-19–Related Preventive Behaviors, but Continuity of Care May Be Impacted

People of any age with serious underlying health conditions are at greater risk for contracting the coronavirus, and cancer survivors are particularly vulnerable to becoming infected with COVID-19, since many cancer therapies can lead to immunosuppression. To reduce exposure to the virus, the...

head and neck cancer

Facing Death and Appreciating Life

I have had to come to terms with my own mortality three times in my life and I’m only 46. When I was 17, I was diagnosed with end-stage renal disease and experienced renal failure 2 years later. I underwent my first kidney transplant at 21, just before starting medical school. Finally, I thought my ...

genomics/genetics

Study Finds Young Adults With Cancer May Harbor Germline Mutations and Benefit From Germline Genetic Testing

According to the National Cancer Institute, each year, about 70,000 adolescents and young adults (AYAs)—those between the ages of 15 and39—are diagnosed with cancer.1 Evidence suggests that some cancers found in AYAs may have unique genetic and biologic features. The findings of a recent study by...

A New Website Offers Support for Adolescent and Young Adults With Cancer During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Although the full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on patients with cancer is still being evaluated, data from several studies show that in comparison with people who do not have cancer, those who do generally experience a higher risk of severe events including admittance to the intensive care unit, ...

pain management

Understanding the Underlying Mechanisms of Pain in Patients With Cancer

Pain is among the most difficult medical issues for oncologists to confront, said Tony L. Yaksh, PhD, Professor of Anesthesiology and Pharmacology at the University of California, San Diego, during his keynote address at the 2019 Supportive Care in Oncology Symposium. Failure to adequately manage...

health-care policy

Addressing Discrimination and Bias in Medical Education

“As a medical student, I often felt marginalized from my medical community. I have been told that my name is ‘not American,’ fallen prey to being confused for support staff such as a janitor (even while wearing my white coat), and been asked questions like, ‘Where are you really from?’ or ‘How old...

breast cancer
survivorship

Early Screening With MRI May Reduce Breast Cancer Mortality in Survivors of Childhood Cancer Treated With Chest Radiation

The early initiation—at age 25 to 30—of annual breast cancer screening with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with or without mammography may reduce breast cancer mortality by more than half in survivors of childhood cancer who had been previously exposed to chest radiation, according to a study by...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Significant Variation in Hispanic Patients’ Trust of Cancer Information Sources

A study by Camacho-Rivera et al published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention examining how increasing knowledge about cancer and cancer services among Hispanic adults may help in reducing inequities to care has found that there is significant variation by ethnicity and other...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Significant Variation in Hispanic Patients’ Trust of Cancer Information Sources

A study by Camacho-Rivera et al published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention examining how increasing knowledge about cancer and cancer services among Hispanic adults may help in reducing inequities to care has found that there is significant variation by ethnicity and other...

health-care policy

Leaders of the PROMISE Study Address Racial Inequities in the United States

In 2018, researchers from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute launched a large, ambitious screening study called PROMISE (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03689595). The objectives of the study were to identify people with premalignant precursor conditions of multiple myeloma, understand the molecular...

colorectal cancer

I’m Not Too Young for Colorectal Cancer

The first symptoms I had of colorectal cancer—blood in my stool and abdominal pain—coincided with surgery I had to remove my appendix in the spring of 2017. My surgeon attributed the symptoms to the appendectomy and to the medications I received both before and after the surgery. In addition to...

integrative oncology

AIDS Research Led to Appreciation of the Power of Plants and Integrative Medicine in Cancer Care for Donald I. Abrams, MD

The path that led Donald I. Abrams, MD, to a career in oncology was a circuitous one. Although his love of science began when he was a student at Cleveland Heights High School in Ohio, and continued during college at Brown University, where he received an AB in molecular biology in 1972, he was...

palliative care

Determining the Best Place to Die for Patients With Cancer

Studies have shown a disconnect between where patients say they want to die and where they actually die. According to research from Stanford School of Medicine, although an overwhelming majority of Americans—about 80%—would prefer to die at home, just 20% do. In fact, 60% die in acute care...

breast cancer

Improving Care for Women With Late-Stage Breast Cancer

The global toll of breast cancer on women is staggering. In 2018, nearly two million new breast cancer cases were diagnosed, an increase of more than 20% since 2008,1 and mortality rates have increased by 14%, bringing the annual number of deaths worldwide from the cancer to more than 611,625.2...

issues in oncology
hematologic malignancies

Survival Disparities Seen in Hispanic Patients With Blood Cancers Living Near the United States/Mexico Border

A study by Bencomo-Alvarez et al investigating the incidence and survival for Hispanic patients with hematologic malignancies living along the United States/Mexico border in El Paso, Texas, has found that those patients with acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or chronic myeloid...

genomics/genetics
solid tumors

Young Adults With Cancer May Benefit From Germline Genetic Testing

According to the National Cancer Institute, each year, about 70,000 adolescents and young adults (AYA)—those between the ages of 15 and 39—are diagnosed with cancer. Evidence suggests that some cancers found in AYA patients may have unique genetic and biologic features. A study that investigated...

cost of care

National Cost of Cancer Care in the United States Expected to Rise to $246 Billion by 2030

According to research from the National Cancer Institute published by Mariotto et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, and Prevention, the national cancer-attributable cost for medical services and prescription drugs is expected to increase from $183 billion in 2015 to $246 billion by 2030—an...

lymphoma

My Future Is Doled Out in Increments of 6 Months

In the fall of 2015, I was looking forward to a trip to Florida for a visit with my daughter and her family, along with a little relaxation. The evening before the trip, I experienced some abdominal pain that my wife, Angela, and I thought might be appendicitis. Concerned the problem could...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Substantial Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Lost Earnings From Cancer Mortality

Disparities in cancer mortality rates between black and white Americans date back more than 60 years. Now, a study by the American Cancer Society comparing person-years of life lost and lost earnings due to premature cancer mortality by race/ethnicity has quantified the economic burden due to...

ASCO’s President Aims to Ensure Equitable Cancer Care for Every Patient

The desire to pursue a career in medicine took root when Lori J. Pierce, MD, FASTRO, FASCO, was a young child visiting family in segregated Ahoskie, North Carolina. She witnessed firsthand the impact the town’s lone African American family physician had on the community. When it came time to...

covid-19

Patients With Cancer Infected With COVID-19 Have More Severe Illness and Higher Mortality Rates Than the General Population

A large cohort study by the COVID-19 and Cancer Consortium evaluating the impact of COVID-19 on patients with cancer has found that all-cause 30-day mortality and severe illness were significantly higher in this population than previously reported in the general population. Mortality and severe...

genomics/genetics
issues in oncology

Precision Medicine Is Becoming a Reality for Pediatric Patients With Cancer

Although 84% of children with cancer survive 5 years or more, children with refractory, relapsed, and progressive high-risk malignancies have a poor median survival of 9.5 months. The German INFORM registry is a large prospective, noninterventional, multicenter study collecting clinical and...

lung cancer
covid-19

Study Finds Patients With Lung Cancer Infected With COVID-19 Are at High Risk for Hospitalization

Data from the global TERAVOLT Consortium, which is investigating the impact of COVID-19 infection on patients with thoracic cancers, have found that these patients are at high risk for hospitalization and death. Prior use of chemotherapy was associated with an increased risk of mortality, as was...

cns cancers
covid-19

Brain Cancer Prepared Me for the Isolation and Uncertainty of the COVID-19 Pandemic

The symptoms of low-grade oligodendroglioma first appeared in the summer of 2003, when I was 12, but they were vague enough—mild headaches and occasional weird sensations on my right side—to ignore. In the fall, I tripped and fell during a game of rollerblade hockey with my classmates and started...

covid-19

How the COVID-19 Pandemic Is Propelling the Delivery of Home Care for Patients With Cancer

In 2019, the Penn Center for Cancer Care Innovation at the University of Pennsylvania’s Abramson Cancer Center began planning a demonstration program, called Cancer Care at Home, to broaden the delivery of oncology treatments to patients in the home setting. The existing services offered by Penn...

issues in oncology

ASCO’s President-Elect Aims to Ensure Equitable Cancer Care for Every Patient

The desire to pursue a career in medicine took root when Lori J. Pierce, MD, FASTRO, FASCO, was a young child visiting family in segregated Ahoskie, North Carolina. She witnessed firsthand the impact the town’s lone African American family physician had on the community. When it came time to...

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