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Your search for Jo Cavallo,Jo Cavallo matches 1433 pages

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colorectal cancer

Analysis Finds Prevalence of Colorectal Cancer Screenings Remains Low in Younger Adults

In 2020, nearly 150,000 Americans, mostly those aged 50 and older, were diagnosed with colorectal cancer. However, about 18,000 of those individuals were younger than age 50. And while colorectal cancer rates have decreased for people over age 50, they have been increasing by 51% since 1994 for...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Has Given Me Back My Life

Hearing the words “You have cancer” is a devastating blow, especially when the biggest health issues you’ve had to contend with over more than 6 decades are common colds and knee and hip replacements. But in 2017, the symptoms I thought were from a lingering summer cold drove me to seek medical...

breast cancer

Study Finds Diagnostic Mammography Performance Varies Across Racial and Ethnic Groups

The disparities in female breast cancer incidence and mortality among racial and ethnic groups is well documented. Studies show that while Black women have a lower incidence of breast cancer compared with White women, they are 41% more likely to die from the disease than White women. Breast cancer...

issues in oncology

How Social Media Is Fueling an Epidemic of Misinformation and Disinformation—and Distrust in Science

The COVID-19 pandemic and the confluence of events that followed—including the rapid development of vaccines, the mixed messaging on mitigation efforts to prevent coronavirus infection, and the growing political polarization—helped spark public mistrust and skepticism toward science. This mistrust...

issues in oncology

AACR Report Finds Racial and Ethnic Minorities Continue to Shoulder a Disproportionate Burden of Cancer

Although overall cancer incidence and mortality are declining across all population groups, compared with White individuals, racial and ethnic minorities and other medically underserved populations continue to shoulder a disproportionate burden of cancer, according to the study results published in ...

ASCO’s President-Elect Makes Partnering With Patients the Cornerstone of His Presidential Term

This year, Eric P. Winer, MD, FASCO, takes on two new leadership roles in his illustrious medical career. In February, Dr. Winer left his positions as Chief Clinical Development Officer and Senior Vice President for Medical Affairs at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Leader of the...

issues in oncology
solid tumors

Race/Ethnicity and Poverty Are Associated With Worse Outcomes Among Children With High-Risk Neuroblastoma

Prior studies by the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) have demonstrated population-based disparities in late relapse rates among Black children with high-risk neuroblastoma, and trial-based disparities in relapse and survival among children living in poverty receiving postconsolidation...

health-care policy

Study Finds State Public Welfare Spending Was Associated With Improved 5-Year Overall Survival in Black Patients With Cancer

According to a recent report by The Commmonwealth Fund, “large racial and ethnic health inequities, driven by factors both inside and outside the health-care delivery system [in the United States], are common.” The result, according to the report, is that actions that could mitigate health...

lymphoma

Finding a New Normal After Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

As every patient diagnosed with cancer knows, the disease affects not just your physical well-being, but your emotional well-being, too. I was just 35 years old when I was diagnosed with early-stage classical Hodgkin lymphoma this past summer, and the news came at a time when I was feeling in top...

palliative care

Understanding Oncologists’ Perceptions About Palliative Care and the Barriers Preventing Its Use

Despite studies showing the benefits of early palliative care in improving the quality of life of patients with advanced cancer (including reducing symptoms of depression),1 a recent survey of oncologists found there is broad variation in the appropriate utilization of this care.2 Conducted by...

issues in oncology

ASCO Sets Goals to Advance the Clinician-Educator Career Pathway in Oncology

Although most oncology program directors and associate or assistant program directors consider themselves clinician-educators, they receive little to no formal medical education training to nurture trainees into clinician-educator careers and do not have a clinician-educator track for their...

issues in oncology

The Impact of War on Patients With Cancer

Just days after Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24, ASCO, together with its partners the American Cancer Society (ACS) and the Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center–Jefferson Health, began assembling resources to establish a network of oncology professionals to help Ukrainian patients with cancer find...

global cancer care

Tackling the Global Burden of Cancer on Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer

      Several recent studies examining the global burden of cancer on adolescents and young adults (AYAs) show the growing magnitude of the disease’s impact on the lives of individuals between the ages of 15 and 39. Although considered a rare occurrence, cancer in this age group has risen by...

global cancer care

How St. Jude and the WHO Are Sparking an International Movement to Increase Treatment Access for Children With Cancer

The toll of cancer on children, especially those living in low-resource countries, is staggering. Each year, an estimated 400,000 children and adolescents worldwide develop cancer,1 and despite improved survival rates, the global 5-year net childhood cancer survival rate is only 37.4%,2 making...

leukemia
survivorship

AYA Leukemia Survivors Have Higher Mortality Rates Than the General Population

Although considered a rare occurrence in adolescents and young adults (AYAs), aged 15 to 39 years, the incidence of cancer in this age group has been increasing by approximately 30% since the 1970s. This year, it is estimated that nearly 90,000 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in this...

breast cancer

Why Are Black Women Still Dying at Higher Rates Than White Women From Breast Cancer?

What is so dismaying to me is that the statistic on survival for Black women with breast cancer has not changed since I was diagnosed with breast cancer 17 years ago. In 2005, Black women were 41% more likely to die of the disease than White women, even though Black women are less likely to be...

St. Jude Receives First Group of Ukrainian Children With Cancer for Care in the United States

One month after Russia invaded Ukraine, on March 21, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis welcomed four Ukrainian children with cancer to be treated in the United States. Two of the children are pictured in the photos below. The four children, aged 20 months to 8 years old, traveled to...

breast cancer

Having Metastatic Breast Cancer Has Led Me to Focus on What Matters

Nothing can really prepare you for cancer, but it helped that I have dedicated my life in service to others as a minister and advocate for social justice and health equity in breast cancer survivorship. Before my own breast cancer diagnosis in 2016, I had spent years as a volunteer for several...

genomics/genetics

Results From MAPPYACTS Trial Show the Feasibility and Benefit of Molecular Profiling at Cancer Recurrence in Pediatric Patients

Despite advances in treatment for pediatric patients, cancer remains the primary cause of disease-related mortality in children and adolescents. Data from the international clinical trial MAPPYACTS, which aims to define tumor molecular profiles in pediatric patients with recurrent/refractory...

global cancer care

How ASCO, ECO, and WHO Are Marshalling Resources to Provide Care for Ukrainian Civilians and Refugees With Cancer

Since Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24, the number of attacks on health-care facilities continues to mount. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), as of March 16, there have been 43 attacks on health facilities, including 34 attacks that have directly impacted health facilities and...

genomics/genetics

I Enrolled in the WISDOM Study and Learned I Am at High Risk for Cancer

I have always been interested in volunteering my services and helping others, so when I got an e-mail asking if I’d like to participate in the WISDOM (Women Informed to Screen Depending on Measures of Risk) study (www.thewisdomstudy.org) I signed on. The study plans to enroll 100,000 diverse women...

survivorship
palliative care

Managing Long-Term Toxicity From Pelvic Radiation Therapy

Advances over the past 3 decades in improvements in cancer prevention and screening strategies and more effective diagnostics and therapies in cancer care have led to unprecedented declines in death rates from all cancers, including prostate, gynecologic, and colorectal/anal cancers. The fastest...

colorectal cancer

Grieving the Loss of Sexual Intimacy as a Result of Cancer and Its Treatment

About 5 years ago, I began experiencing some digestive issues that I initially blamed on the stress from coping with my mother’s diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease. But after 2 weeks of unrelenting symptoms, including abdominal pain, a change in my bowel habits, and rectal bleeding, I saw my primary...

covid-19

Report on COVID-19 Outlines the Pandemic’s Negative Impact on Patient Care and Clinical Research—and the Lessons Learned

Patients with cancer are not only at an increased risk for developing severe COVID-19, but also face cancer treatment delays and interruptions due to the pandemic, potentially worsening cancer outcomes, according to the AACR Report on the Impact of COVID-19 on Cancer Research and Patient Care. In...

global cancer care

Societies Team Up to Provide Support for Ukrainian Patients With Cancer

According to the United Nations (UN), more than 1.7 million Ukrainians have already fled to Central Europe due to the Russian invasion, which the UN High Commissioner for Refugees has called the fastest-growing refugee crisis in Europe since World War II. Many of those fleeing Ukraine and those...

breast cancer

As a Black Woman, I Knew I Had to Advocate for the Best Breast Cancer Care

When I got the call from the radiology department telling me I had to come back for a follow-up mammogram right before Christmas of 2020, I wasn’t surprised or initially concerned. I have dense breasts, and my first mammogram 2 years earlier had also detected suspicious areas in one of my breasts...

issues in oncology

Reflecting on the Past 50 Years of Cancer Progress and Looking Ahead to the Next 50 Years of Advances

In December 2021, Nobel laureates, cancer center directors, physicians, scientists, politicians, public health officials, and patient advocates gathered at the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum in Yorba Linda, California, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the signing of the National...

survivorship

Understanding How LGBTQI+ Cancer Survivors Experience Cancer Care

Members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning, intersexed (LGBTQI+) community face numerous challenges and barriers when accessing the health-care system in the United States, including cancer care; as a result, they may be at greater risk for developing cancer and...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Centralizing Care for Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer to Improve Long-Term Survivorship

This past fall, Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK) Cancer Center in New York expanded its adolescent and young adult (AYA) program with the establishment of the Lisa and Scott Stuart Center for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancers. The Stuart Center is now part of the increasing list of about 50 academic ...

leukemia

After Two Cancer Diagnoses, I’m Grateful for Another Day

The start of January 2014 was filled with excitement. I was undergoing fertility treatments to have a second child and was living my professional dream. I was a network news anchor and medical news reporter for a national broadcast network. Although I was exhausted from my grueling early morning...

covid-19

AACR Releases Report on the Impact of COVID-19 on Cancer Research and Patient Care

On February 9, the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) released the AACR Report on the Impact of COVID-19 on Cancer Research and Patient Care. According to findings contained within the report, patients with cancer are not only at an increased risk for developing severe COVID-19, but...

issues in oncology

Study Finds That Compared to Urban Residents, Rural Residents Are More Likely to Have Fatalistic Beliefs About Cancer

There is strong evidence showing that avoiding tobacco use, maintaining a healthy diet and weight, and being physically active are effective strategies for reducing cancer risk. In addition, the early detection of certain cancer types through screening has the potential to reduce cancer mortality...

colorectal cancer

Young Adults May Have the Greatest Risk of Distant-Stage Colorectal Cancer, With the Highest Risk Among Black and Hispanic Patients

Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of death in the United States. In 2020, approximately 148,000 people were diagnosed with the disease, and 53,200 people died from it, including 17,930 cases and 3,640 deaths in individuals younger than age 50. According to the American Cancer...

lung cancer

Cancer Has Made Me a Risk-Taker, and That’s Good

In 2017, I was caring for my brother, who was suffering from respiratory failure due to complications from cerebral palsy, and working full-time as a registered nurse. I was feeling overwhelmed and exhausted all the time. I was also losing weight at an alarming rate—more than 70 pounds in just a...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Durvalumab/Tremelimumab Improves Overall Survival vs Sorafenib in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: HIMALAYA

Results from the randomized international phase III HIMALAYA trial showed that a combination of the anti–PD-L1 immunotherapy durvalumab plus the anti–CTLA-4 immunotherapy tremelimumab reduced the risk of death by 22% in patients with stage III or IV unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma compared to ...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Durvalumab Plus Gemcitabine/Cisplatin Improves Survival in Patients With Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer: TOPAZ-1

Biliary tract cancer is a rare and often fatal disease comprised primarily of bile duct and gallbladder cancers; it is diagnosed in about 12,000 individuals each year in the United States. The cancer has a 5-year relative survival rate of 25% for localized intrahepatic bile duct cancers and just...

leukemia

Study Finds Improved 2-Year Survival Rate for Adult Patients With Relapsed Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive ALL After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Over 20 Years

A retrospective, registry-based multicenter study by Bazarbachi et al published in Clinical Cancer Research evaluated clinical outcomes in patients with relapsed Philadelphia chromosome–positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation over a...

leukemia

Incidence of Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease: Effect of Depleting Naive T Cells From Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Allografts in Patients With Leukemia

Although allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation can result in a cure for patients with advanced hematologic malignancies, studies show chronic graft-vs-host disease occurs in 30% to 60% of patients receiving unmanipulated grafts, often requires prolonged immunosuppression, and may cause...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Developing a Comprehensive System for Personalized Survivorship-Centered Care Plans

By 2040, the number of cancer survivors in the United States is expected to climb from 17 million today to 26.1 million, with most living 5 years or more after their diagnosis. However, many of these survivors will need ongoing monitoring for treatment-related side effects and cancer recurrence...

colorectal cancer

Does Geography Play a Role in Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer in Young Black Men?

Although the incidence and mortality rates in colorectal cancer have dropped by 3.6% each year from 2007 to 2016 for people aged 55 and older—mainly because of increased colorectal cancer screening, advances in therapy, and reductions in smoking—these rates have increased by 2% each year during the ...

colorectal cancer

I Don’t Know Why I Got Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer

Throughout my adolescence and early adulthood, I had been plagued with digestive issues, including bouts of gastritis and constipation, which seemed normal for me and wasn’t too concerning. But by the time I turned 30, in 2015, the acid reflux I had been experiencing became so frequent and...

colorectal cancer

Solving the Conundrum of Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer

Although research so far has failed to uncover the root causes of the development of young-onset colorectal cancer, what is certain is that although colorectal cancer rates are declining in older adults, they are on a steady rise in people younger than age 50, especially those between the ages of...

issues in oncology

WHO Launches a New Classification System for Pediatric Tumors, Incorporating Morphology, Immunohistochemistry Analysis, and Molecular Characteristics

A review article by Pfister et al published in Cancer Discovery summarizes the inaugural classification of pediatric tumors soon to be published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as part of the new World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumors series, including an online ...

The National Cancer Act of 1971

On December 23, 1971, President Richard M. Nixon signed the National Cancer Act into law. At that time, cancer was the nation’s second leading cause of death; only about one of two people diagnosed with cancer survived at least 5 years—compared with two of three people diagnosed with the disease...

lung cancer

I’m Living—and Thriving—With Stage IV Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

A diagnosis, in 2020, of stage IV adenocarcinoma non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was found accidentally. I was 55 at the time and in the best physical shape of my life. I had spent the previous year and a half on a diet and exercise regimen that had rendered me 35 pounds lighter and feeling...

Early Operation With General Anesthesia

The text and photograph here are excerpted from a four-volume series of books titled Oncology: Tumors & Treatment, A Photographic History, The Anesthesia Era 1845–1875 by Stanley B. Burns, MD, FACS, and Elizabeth A. Burns. The photograph appears courtesy of Stanley B. Burns, MD, and The Burns...

issues in oncology

Establishing a Health Equity Report Card to Eradicate Disparities in Cancer Care

Although enormous progress over the past 50 years in every aspect of cancer care, including prevention, screening, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, surgery, radiation therapy, and supportive care, has resulted in increases in lives saved—from 3 million in 1971 to 16.9 million in 2019—the burden of...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

Molecular Tumor Profiling May Improve Treatment Matching for Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

The use of multigene sequencing and SNP array as a therapeutic decision tool improved the outcomes of patients with metastatic breast cancer if the patients carried alterations classified in the I/II tiers of the ESMO Scale for Clinical Actionability of Molecular Targets (ESCAT), according to...

breast cancer

I-SPY2 Study Finds Tumor Biology Is a More Significant Factor Than Race in Predicting Response to Breast Cancer Treatment

Data analysis from the I-SPY2 clinical trial found that among women with high-risk breast cancer, race did not significantly affect several key measures of breast cancer treatment outcomes, including pathologic complete response (pCR) and event-free survival. The study, which is being presented by...

breast cancer
supportive care
symptom management

Study Examines Rates of Lymphedema in Black and White Patients With Breast Cancer

Black women had a 3.85-fold increased risk of developing lymphedema following treatment for breast cancer compared to White women, according to the results from a study by Barrio et al being presented at the 2021 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (Abstract GS4-01). In addition, the researchers...

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