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Your search for Charlotte Bath matches 871 pages

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skin cancer
immunotherapy

A Shift in the Treatment of Advanced Melanoma

Answers to questions about first-line treatment of metastatic melanoma are “going to be shifting,” Jason J. Luke, MD, told The ASCO Post, with the change coming on the heels of the phase III RELATIVITY-047 trial reported at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting.1 That abstract reported that using two...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Responses to Pembrolizumab and Ipilimumab After Anti–PD-1/L1 Failure in Advanced Melanoma

Despite new and effective treatments for melanoma with checkpoint inhibitors and targeted therapies, patients with metastatic melanoma who progress on frontline treatment generally do very poorly. “We really need to make sure we give these patients access to drugs that we know have some efficacy,”...

colorectal cancer

Better Responses to Hepatic Arterial Infusion Therapy Among Patients With KRAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Patients with colorectal cancer and unresectable liver metastases and KRAS wild-type disease experienced better responses to hepatic arterial infusion pump chemotherapy than did patients with KRAS mutations, a retrospective cohort study found. At a median follow-up of 14.6 months, “KRAS-positive...

global cancer care
covid-19

Global Responses to COVID-19 Pandemic–Related Disruptions in Cancer Care

COVID-19 pandemic–related disruptions in cancer diagnosis, treatment, and research have varied worldwide and so have the responses to those disruptions. During the Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) 2021 International Conference on Surgical Cancer Care, members of the Global Forum of Cancer...

gastrointestinal cancer

Adjuvant Imatinib Therapy Offers Survival Benefit in Patients With Resected GIST, but Team Effort May Be Needed to Reduce Early Discontinuation Rates

Clinical trial data show that adjuvant imatinib improves recurrence-free survival as well as overall survival, when administered for at least 3 years, among patients who undergo a macroscopically complete resection of a primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), Chandrajit P. Raut, MD, MSc,...

‘Radiation Is Not the Enemy’

“I want to make very clear that radiation is not the enemy,” Monika Metzger, MD, MSc, emphasized in discussing a study she led on the integration of brentuximab vedotin into the front-line treatment of pediatric patients with high-risk Hodgkin lymphoma. The study yielded excellent results while...

lymphoma

Adding Targeted Agent to Treatment Shows Significant Benefits in Pediatric Patients With High-Risk Hodgkin Lymphoma

Integrating the antibody-drug conjugate brentuximab vedotin into the front-line treatment of pediatric patients with high-risk Hodgkin lymphoma “facilitated significant reduction in radiation exposure and yielded excellent outcomes,” Monika Metzger, MD, MSc, Director for the Central and South...

hepatobiliary cancer
genomics/genetics

Actionable Mutations Identified in Majority of Genome-Sequenced Resected Cholangiocarcinomas

Tumor genomic profiling of resected cholangiocarcinomas may reveal mutations targetable with agents currently being used for other cancers, according to the results of a study presented at the Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) 2021 International Conference on Surgical Cancer Care.1 Among patients...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Study Finds Adjuvant Immunotherapy of Benefit to Patients With Stage IIB/C Melanoma

A significant survival advantage accrued to patients with stage IIB and IIC cutaneous melanoma who received adjuvant immunotherapy, a large retrospective cohort study reported at the Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) 2021 International Conference on Surgical Cancer Care.1 The 3-year overall...

COVID-19 Pandemic Underscores Shortage of Oncologists

The expected surge of patients, some with advanced cancers, wanting and needing oncology care as the COVID-19 pandemic ebbs, underscores the need for more oncologists, according to Barbara L. McAneny, MD, MACP, FASCO, cofounder and Chief Executive Officer, New Mexico Oncology Hematology...

covid-19

Surge of Patients With Advanced Cancer Expected Due to Delayed Diagnosis and Treatment During Pandemic

Pent up demand for cancer screenings, diagnostic workups, and treatments delayed or curtailed since the start of the pandemic is expected to result in a surge of patients—some with more advanced disease as a result of delays—seeking appointments with oncologists. “We are starting to see the...

issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Expanding Role of Liquid Biopsies in Cancer Detection and Therapeutics: Now and in the Near Future

“It is possible that within the next several years, perhaps 75% of cancers can be detected by screening,” Bert ­Vogelstein, MD, PhD, projected at the Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) 2021 International Conference on Surgical Cancer Care.1 “I anticipate that perhaps 50% of cancers can be detected...

integrative oncology
cost of care

Clinician Recommendations May Pique Patients’ Interest in Complementary and Integrative Therapies

Patients with cancer expressed more interest in complementary and integrative medicine services when these services were recommended by an oncologist or other medical professional or were provided for free in a clinical trial, according to a survey reported in JCO Oncology Practice.1 The survey...

integrative oncology
cost of care

How Interested Are Patients in Integrative Therapies, and How Much Are They Willing to Pay for Them?

The top two barriers to accessing complementary and integrative therapies, according to a survey of 576 patients with cancer and caregivers, were cost, cited by 56%, and a lack of knowledge about the therapies, cited by 52.1%. “Other barriers included a lack of time (29.2%), location of the...

Expect Questions From Older Breast Cancer Survivors About Discontinuing Routine Surveillance Mammography

Consensus guidelines recommending that routine surveillance mammography be discontinued for older breast cancer survivors with a limited life expectancy1 may raise questions among patients concerned about undetected cancer recurrence. Informing older survivors about the new recommendations and the...

breast cancer

Older Breast Cancer Survivors May Consider Discontinuing Screening Mammography in the Setting of Limited Life Expectancy

Newly issued mammography screening guidelines for breast cancer survivors aged 75 and older recommend discontinuing routine mammography for those with a life expectancy of less than 5 years and considering discontinuation of routine screening for those with a life expectancy between 5 and 10 years. ...

survivorship
issues in oncology

When to Start a Conversation With Patients About Subsequent Primary Cancers

Among patients who survive a primary cancer, concern about recurrence, especially metastatic disease, is extremely common; however, information about future risk for subsequent primary cancers is seldom communicated to these patients, leading to missed opportunities to prevent or detect subsequent...

survivorship
issues in oncology

Ongoing Surveillance and Efforts to Reduce Smoking and Obesity Needed to Lower Cancer Survivors’ Risks of New Cancers

The risk of developing or dying of a new primary cancer, particularly those cancers associated with smoking and obesity, was greater among survivors of adult-onset cancers than the expected risk in the general population, according to an analysis of data from more than 1.5 million cancer...

Expect Questions About Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Older Women

Two recent studies found significant survival benefits for patients older than 70 years with surgically treated nonmetastatic triple-negative breast cancer who also received chemotherapy.1,2 The authors of both studies concluded that the findings support the consideration of chemotherapy for older...

breast cancer

Significant Survival Benefit From Chemotherapy for Older Women With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Women older than age 70 diagnosed with triple-negative breast cancer had significantly improved overall survival if they received adjuvant and/or neoadjuvant chemotherapy, according to an analysis of data from more than 16,000 women enrolled in the National Cancer Database. The estimated 5-year...

Strict Adherence to Algorithm Required

A prospective cohort study found sentinel lymph node biopsy had a 96% sensitivity rate and a 99% negative predictive value for detecting nodal metastasis among patients with clinical stage I low-grade and high-grade endometrial cancer.1 “Our study suggests that [sentinel lymph node biopsy] has...

gynecologic cancers

Study Shows Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy to Be 'Viable Option' for Surgical Staging of Endometrial Cancer

Sentinel lymph node biopsy “had similar diagnostic accuracy and prognostic ability as lymphadenectomy in patients with high-grade endometrial cancer at greatest risk for nodal metastases,” according to the SENTOR trial, a prospective cohort study of 156 patients with clinical stage I disease. Using ...

skin cancer

Expect Questions About Mohs Micrographic Surgery

A recent study finding similar overall survival rates for patients with melanomas of the trunk and extremities treated with Mohs micrographic surgery or wide local excision1 raises questions about why and when physicians might recommend, and patients opt for, one or the other procedure. “The most...

skin cancer

Mohs Surgery vs Wide Local Excision for Trunk and Extremity Melanomas: Comparable Overall Survival Rates

A cohort study of 188,862 cases of all-stage melanomas of the trunk and extremities found no differences in overall survival between patients treated with Mohs micrographic surgery or with wide local excision.1 “These findings add to the existing body of evidence demonstrating that wide local...

breast cancer

Growing Interest in Antiandrogens to Treat Male Breast Cancer

“There has been a lot of interest in the development of new antiandrogens” for clinical use in patients with breast cancer,” Anthony D. Elias, MD, reported in an update on male breast cancer at the 2020 Lynn Sage Breast Cancer Symposium, sponsored by the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center...

breast cancer

Recently Approved and Emerging Therapies for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

“Triple-negative breast cancer has multiple different subtypes, and there are targeted therapies that can be used based on the biomarkers that we identify for each patient,” Kari B. Wisinski, MD, noted in a review of recently approved and emerging therapies at the 2020 Lynn Sage Breast Cancer...

breast cancer

Expect Questions About Increased Cancer Mortality Risk Among Patients Diagnosed With DCIS

A large cohort study1 finding that the risk of dying of breast cancer was increased threefold after a DCIS diagnosis may cause patients diagnosed with DCIS to ask what they can do to reduce that risk. Currently, there is little that most patients can do. “The lifetime risk of death following DCIS...

breast cancer

Focus on Preventing Invasive Recurrence in Women With DCIS Does Not Sufficiently Address Breast Cancer Mortality

A study published recently by Giannakeas et al looked at the risk of death from breast cancer for women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).1 The investigators anticipated that treatment would eliminate the risk of invasive ipsilateral recurrence and prevent subsequent mortality from...

breast cancer

Are Delays in Breast Cancer Treatment as Harmful as Commonly Thought?

Delays in the treatment of breast cancer matter, but not as much “as we and our patients typically assume,” Richard J. Bleicher, MD, FACS, informed participants at the 22nd Annual Lynn Sage Breast Cancer Symposium.1 Some of these delays are unavoidable and others are tradeoffs that must be made to...

breast cancer

Clinical Challenges of Managing Breast Cancer Brain Metastases

“Breast cancer brain metastases are a clinical challenge that are only increasing in incidence and are a consequence of advanced breast cancers, largely HER2-positive and triple-negative,” according to Carey K. Anders, MD, Professor of Medicine and Medical Director of the Duke Brain and Spine...

breast cancer
pain management

Eliminating Routine Opioids While Maintaining Pain Control for Women Undergoing Lumpectomy or Excisional Biopsy

Changing from routinely prescribing opioids for patients who were having a lumpectomy or excisional biopsy to instead routinely prescribing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs] resulted in a sharply decreased opioid prescription rate with “no difference in the proportion of patients...

pancreatic cancer

Total Neoadjuvant Therapy for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent total neoadjuvant therapy, consisting of chemotherapy followed by chemoradiation prior to surgery, had improved overall survival compared with those who had single-agent neoadjuvant therapy or surgery first, according to a large cohort study...

breast cancer

Managing Breast Cancer in a Pregnant Patient

“One of the most challenging oncologic situations is the diagnosis of breast cancer in a young pregnant patient,” Jacqueline Jeruss, MD, PhD, Associate Dean, Regulatory Affairs; Director of the Breast Care Center; and Professor of Surgery, Pathology, and Biomedical Engineering at the University of...

gastrointestinal cancer

Long-Term Outcomes With Neoadjuvant Therapy Followed by Surgery in Rectal Adenocarcinoma: Focus on Pathologic Response

For patients with rectal adenocarcinoma treated with neoadjuvant therapy followed by operative resection, “achieving a pathologic complete response is associated with excellent long-term disease-free and overall survival,” according to the results of a study reported by Naomi M. Sell, MD, MHS, of...

pancreatic cancer

Recognizing the Coexistence of Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer

Incidence rates for pancreatic cancer were 6-fold to 10-fold higher among participants in a study who had recent-onset diabetes and weight loss.1 This led the study authors to write: “The coexistence of these symptoms should be recognized by clinicians given that both the relative and absolute...

pancreatic cancer

Study Finds Recent-Onset Diabetes With Unintentional Weight Loss Linked to Increased Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

A large cohort study with close to 160,000 men and women reported that “recent-onset diabetes accompanied by weight loss was associated with a substantial increase in risk for pancreatic cancer and may represent a high-risk group in the general population for whom early detection strategies would...

skin cancer

Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy and Age-Related Mutations: Therapeutic and Predictive Implications in Melanoma

Findings from a study among patients with melanoma randomly assigned to observation following removal of a positive sentinel lymph node “strongly support the therapeutic effect of the sentinel lymph node biopsy in providing long-term regional nodal disease control in the large majority of...

breast cancer

Impact of Neoadjuvant Endocrine Therapy and Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy on Rates of Breast‑Conserving Surgery

“Studies that have compared neoadjuvant endocrine therapy with neoadjuvant chemotherapy have shown low pathologic complete response rates with both approaches. However, the rates of breast-conserving surgery have been shown to be slightly higher with neoadjuvant endocrine therapy,” Kelly Hunt, MD,...

covid-19

Mobilizing to Meet Challenges and Improve Survival for COVID-19–Positive Patients and Health-Care Professionals

Recognizing the COVID-19 crisis “as an opportunity to mobilize the organization to rise in the most difficult challenges” allowed The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, to keep mortality rates low for COVID-19–positive patients with cancer and its employees. So said Peter WT...

Anticipate Difficulties by Patients in Adhering to Tamoxifen Therapy

Patients prescribed tamoxifen may not report when they interrupt or discontinue therapy, according to the results of a study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.1 Using blood draws to determine serum levels of tamoxifen among 1,177 premenopausal women with invasive breast cancer, the...

breast cancer

One in Six Premenopausal Women With Invasive Breast Cancer Is Nonadherent to Tamoxifen Therapy

Measuring serum levels of tamoxifen among premenopausal women being treated for invasive breast cancer identified a “worryingly high proportion of patients, one in six, who were nonadherent to therapy at only 1 year after treatment prescription,” researchers reported in the Journal of Clinical...

Expect Questions About Minimally Invasive Surgery for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer

A recent systematic review and meta-analysis found that women with early-stage cervical cancer treated with minimally invasive radical hysterectomy had a 71% increased risk of disease recurrence and a 56% increased risk of death compared with those treated with open radical hysterectomy.1 “These...

gynecologic cancers

Higher Risk of Disease Recurrence and Death With Minimally Invasive vs Open Surgery for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer

Women with early-stage cervical cancer treated with minimally invasive radical hysterectomy had a 71% increased risk of recurrence and a 56% increased risk of death compared with those treated with open radical hysterectomy, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis of 15 studies involving ...

issues in oncology

Initiate Conversations About Radiation Therapy for Bone Metastases

Although the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has recommended extended-fraction radiation therapy (more than 10 fractions) not be routinely used for palliation of bone metastases,1 a recently published retrospective cohort study using Medicare data for more than 12,000 patients found ...

issues in oncology

Extended-Fraction Radiation Therapy for Bone Metastases Represents Low-Value Care but Continues to Be Widely Practiced

An analysis of radiation therapy patterns among more than 12,000 Medicare patients treated for bone metastases found that 23.4% received extended-fraction radiation therapy, “wasting both health-care dollars and precious patient time,” according to the investigators.1 One-third of the treating...

Staying Alert to Lingering Cognitive Impairment With Adjuvant Therapy for Early Breast Cancer

Long-term cancer-related cognitive impairment reported among women with early breast cancer receiving adjuvant endocrine therapy with or without chemotherapy “should alert clinicians to the importance of ongoing symptom monitoring among this large population of cancer survivors who receive at least ...

breast cancer

Cognitive Impairment in Women Treated for Early Breast Cancer: Chemoendocrine Adjuvant Therapy vs Endocrine Therapy Alone

Women with early-stage breast cancer who received adjuvant chemoendocrine therapy reported greater cognitive impairment at 3 and 6 months than women receiving adjuvant endocrine therapy alone, according to the results from a subgroup of women participating in the TAILORx trial.1 By 12 months, the...

prostate cancer

Statins With or Without Metformin Are Associated With Increased Survival in Patients With High‑Risk Prostate Cancer

A population-based retrospective cohort study involving 12,700 patients found that men with high-risk prostate cancer who took a statin alone or in combination with metformin had reduced all-cause and prostate cancer–specific mortality. The associations between the medications and reduced...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Don’t Expect Transgender Patients to ‘Out’ Themselves

Although more transgender patients are presenting to breast centers for imaging, many “report significant social stigma when seeking care,” according to a study in the Journal of Breast Imaging.1 Reported verbal abuse and other forms of harassment “can lead to transgender patients concealing their...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Addressing the Needs of Transgender Patients for Breast Cancer Screening in Comfortable and Inclusive Environments

An analysis of breast imaging center websites and a literature search for research articles on transgender breast health found that “issues related to transgender breast imaging are not well addressed in the radiology literature or in the radiology community, even though more transgender patients...

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