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gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Carol Aghajanian, MD

“The phase III ENGOT/GCIG study1 proved to be negative, with no advantage seen with the extension of bevacizumab treatment,” said the abstract’s invited discussant, Carol Aghajanian, MD, Chief of the Medical Gynecologic Oncology Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York. Dr....

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Bevacizumab in Advanced Ovarian Cancer: Phase III Trial Finds More Is Not Better

In advanced ovarian cancer, the duration of maintenance bevacizumab should remain 15 months, according to the European multicenter phase III ENGOT/GCIG trial. These results were presented during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Jacobus Pfisterer, MD, PhD, of the AGO Study Group and Gynecologic...

cns cancers
immunotherapy

HER2-Specific CAR T-Cell Trial Addresses Pediatric Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors

Locoregional delivery of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells has resulted in objective responses in adults with glioblastoma, but the approach has not been evaluated in pediatric patients with brain and central nervous system tumors. The innovative, ongoing phase I BrainChild-01 trial is...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Evandro de Azambuja, MD, PhD, Discusses the Short-HER Trial

Invited discussant of the Short-HER trial, Evandro de Azambuja, MD, PhD, Head of the Medical Support Team at the Institut Jules Bordet, Brussels, acknowledged the good outcomes in low- and intermediate-risk patients treated with either a short or long duration of trastuzumab but said 1 year of the...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Long-Term Analysis of Short-HER Trial of Adjuvant Trastuzumab

Long-term analysis of the Short-HER trial showed that 9 weeks of adjuvant trastuzumab conveyed benefits comparable to a 1-year course in patients with early HER2-positive breast cancer deemed to be at low or intermediate risk for recurrence. High-risk patients, however, derived considerably more...

skin cancer

Expert Point of View: Jason J. Luke, MD

The invited discussant of LEAP-004, Jason J. Luke, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine and Director of the Cancer Immunotherapeutics Center, University of Pittsburgh Hillman Cancer Center, said the investigators of LEAP-0041 deserve credit for designing a study with a clearly defined...

skin cancer

LEAP-004 Trial Update on Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab After Disease Progression in Metastatic Melanoma

Longer follow-up of the LEAP-004 trial in metastatic melanoma upheld the benefit seen with the VEGF kinase inhibitor lenvatinib plus the PD-1 inhibitor pembrolizumab for patients experiencing disease progression on prior checkpoint blockade, investigators reported at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting.1 ...

pancreatic cancer

Expert Point of View: Thomas Seufferlein, MD, PhD

The invited discussant of APACT,1 Thomas Seufferlein, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine at the University of Ulm in Germany, said the updated overall survival data “suggest an improved outcome with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine vs gemcitabine alone…. The combination improves long-term survival and...

pancreatic cancer

APACT: 5-Year Overall Survival Data Suggest Improved Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer With Nab-Paclitaxel Plus Gemcitabine

Five-year outcomes in the APACT trial uphold the overall survival benefit with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine in the adjuvant treatment of patients with resected pancreatic cancer, according to Margaret A. Tempero, MD, Director of the University of California San Francisco Pancreas Center, who...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Edward B. Garon, MD, MS

Invited discussant of the BOOSTER trial,1 Edward B. Garon, MD, MS, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Thoracic Oncology Program, David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California Los Angeles, said the study’s research question is appropriate, since osimertinib was established...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Study Finds Bevacizumab Offers No Boost to Second-Line Osimertinib in EGFR T790M–Mutated Lung Cancer

For the second-line treatment of advanced EGFR T790M–mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the performance of osimertinib alone was not found to be different from that of osimertinib plus bevacizumab in the phase II ETOP 10-16 ­BOOSTER trial, reported at a European Society for Medical...

breast cancer

EA1131 Trial: Platinum Not Equal to Capecitabine for Residual Disease in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In patients with triple-negative breast cancer who have residual disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, adjuvant capecitabine remains the standard of care. In the multicenter randomized noninferiority EA1131 trial, which included primarily basal tumors, noninferiority of adjuvant platinum over...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Jason J. Luke, MD

Invited discussant of the C-144-01 study,1 Jason J. Luke, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine and Director of the Cancer Immunotherapeutics Center, University of Pittsburgh Hillman Cancer Center, Pittsburgh, noted that lifileucel is “clearly an active regimen in the post–PD-1/CTLA-4 setting and one ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Lifileucel After Disease Progression in Metastatic Melanoma: Durable Responses Achieved in Phase II Trial

Despite the fact that we have made significant progress in metastatic melanoma with immune checkpoint inhibitors—now the standard of care—most patients experience disease progression and are left without approved treatments. There is a need for newer treatments with clinical benefit. Lifileucel, an ...

breast cancer

ADAPT Trial: ‘Excellent’ Outcomes Reported With Neoadjuvant Dual HER2 Therapy in Breast Cancer

The first overall survival analysis of the WGS-ADAPT HER2+/HR– study, which evaluated neoadjuvant therapy in patients with hormone receptor–negative, HER2-positive disease, showed that treatment with pertuzumab and trastuzumab plus paclitaxel—or with the chemotherapy-free regimen of...

Expert Point of View: Rebecca A. Snyder, MD, MPH

The invited discussant of the Alliance A21501 findings, Rebecca A. Snyder, MD, MPH, Assistant Professor of Surgical Oncology at the Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, described the overall survival associated with modified FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin, ...

pancreatic cancer

Modified FOLFIRINOX Established as Preferred Neoadjuvant Treatment of Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

In the treatment of borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, the Alliance A021501 trial established neoadjuvant treatment with modified FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin, irinotecan, oxaliplatin) as a new benchmark. However, it failed to show the benefit of adding...

breast cancer

Personalizing Treatment of Early HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

With several pivotal trials providing evidence for the escalation and de-escalation of anti-HER2 therapy in certain early breast cancer scenarios, personalized treatment is possible. How can clinicians optimize treatment by applying the studies’ findings? Debu Tripathy, MD, Professor and Chair of...

breast cancer

Beyond CDK4/6 Inhibitors in Metastatic Breast Cancer: What’s Next?

Because of their well-established efficacy, inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) are the standard of care in the treatment of hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. The question now is this: after disease progresses on a CDK4/6 inhibitor and endocrine...

breast cancer

Improving Screening of Dense Breasts With Newer MRI Technologies

Women with dense breasts are increasingly being screened with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is clearly the best way to detect small cancers in this population, according to Elizabeth Morris, MD, FACR, FSBI, FISMRM, Professor and Chair of the Department of Radiology at the University of...

Expert Point of View: Kemi Doll, MD, MSCR

Invited discussant Kemi Doll, MD, MSCR, Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, University of Washington, Seattle, commented on the results of the survey on workplace bullying and harassment reported by Dr. Temkin. Dr. Doll is also Project Lead of the...

issues in oncology
gynecologic cancers

Survey Finds Bullying, Sexual Harassment Not Uncommon for Women in Gynecologic Oncology

Female gynecologic oncologists have reported in a survey that having a department chair of the same gender is no buffer against gender harassment or discrimination in the workplace. The information comes from a survey of the “Women of Gynecologic Oncology” Facebook group and was reported in March...

Expert Point of View: Rui-Hua Xu, MD, PhD

David Cunningham, MD, Consultant Medical Oncologist, Head of the Gastrointestinal and Lymphoma Unit, and Director of Clinical Research at The Royal Marsden in London and Surrey in the United Kingdom, discussed CheckMate 6481 as well as the ESCORT-1st study of the PD-L1 inhibitor camrelizumab in...

immunotherapy
head and neck cancer

CheckMate 648: First-Line Nivolumab Regimens Improve Survival in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

As first-line treatment of advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, nivolumab-containing regimens improved overall survival over standard-of-care chemotherapy, according to the first results of the global phase III CheckMate 648 trial presented at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Ian Chau, MD,...

Expert Point of View: Kunle Odunsi, MD, PhD, and Lilian T. Gien, MD, MSc

Comments on the OUTBACK trial were provided by invited discussant Kunle Odunsi, MD, PhD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dean for Oncology, and Director of the University of Chicago Medicine Comprehensive Cancer Center. Lilian T. Gien, MD, MSc, Associate Professor of Oncology at the...

gynecologic cancers

OUTBACK: No Benefit for Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Cervical Cancer

In women with locally advanced cervical cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy adds no benefit to standard cisplatin-based chemoradiation, results of the international phase III OUTBACK study have shown,1 as reported at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Linda R. Mileshkin, MD, Professor of Medical Oncology at ...

Expert Point of View: Anthony TC Chan, MD

The invited discussant of the JUPITER-02 study was Anthony TC Chan, MD, the Li Shu Fan Medical Foundation Professor of Clinical Oncology at Hong King Cancer Institute and Sir YK Pao Centre for Cancer at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He noted that anti–PD-1/L1 therapies are at the forefront...

head and neck cancer

Novel Monoclonal Antibody Emerges as Potential First-Line Standard in Nasopharyngeal Cancer

A new first-line standard of care may be emerging for recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma, based on the findings of the global phase III JUPITER-02 trial presented at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by investigators from China.1 In the study, toripalimab, an anti–PD-1 monoclonal antibody, ...

leukemia
lymphoma

Zanubrutinib vs Ibrutinib in Relapsed/Refractory CLL/SLL: ALPINE Trial

Zanubrutinib—a second-generation Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor—significantly improved response rates and delayed disease progression as compared to the standard of care, ibrutinib, in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Axicabtagene Ciloleucel Demonstrates Improvement Across Multiple Endpoints in Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

In the treatment of relapsed/refractory follicular lymphoma, a comparison of data from the ZUMA-5 trial with those of the external control cohort of the SCHOLAR-5 trial showed substantial improvement in all clinical endpoints with axicabtagene ciloleucel. John G. Gribben, DSc, FRCP, FRCPath,...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Overall Survival Benefit With Upfront Daratumumab Plus Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone for Newly Diagnosed Transplant-Ineligible Patients With Multiple Myeloma

In an updated analysis of the phase III MAIA trial, the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide and dexamethasone resulted in a statistically significant overall survival benefit over lenalidomide/dexamethasone alone in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are ineligible for...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD

The invited discussant of EMPOWER-Cervical 1 was Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, Chief Oncologist at Copenhagen University Hospital and Chairman of the European Network of Gynaecological Oncology Trials group (ENGOT). Dr. Mirza called the findings “amazing” and predicted they will “usher in a new era” in...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Immunotherapy With Cemiplimab-rwlc Yields Survival Benefit in Advanced Cervical Cancer

The PD-L1 inhibitor cemiplimab-rwlc has become the first immunotherapy to yield a statistically significant and clinically meaningful survival benefit in recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer progressing after first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients were enrolled irrespective of...

covid-19
issues in oncology
lung cancer
hepatobiliary cancer

Selected Poster Presentations From the NCCN 2021 Annual Conference

Although once again, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) 2021 Annual Conference could not take place on site in Orlando, researchers presented their work virtually in the form of almost 100 posters. The ASCO Post has summarized some that we found particularly interesting. Many...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

ADAPT: Survival Outcomes After Neoadjuvant Dual HER2 Therapy for HR-Negative, HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The first overall survival analysis of the WSG-ADAPT HR-/HER2+ study, which evaluated neoadjuvant therapy in patients with hormone receptor (HR)-negative, HER2-positive breast cancer, showed that treatment with pertuzumab and trastuzumab plus paclitaxel—or the chemotherapy-free regimen of...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Omid Hamid, MD, Discusses RELATIVITY-047

Omid Hamid, MD, Chief of Translational Research/Immuno-Oncology at The Angeles Clinic & Research Institute, Los Angeles, and Co-Director of the Cutaneous Malignancy Program at Cedars-Sinai Cancer Institute, shared his thoughts on the RELATIVITY-047 study1 for The ASCO Post, referring to them as ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Targeting LAG-3 and PD-1 With Relatlimab and Nivolumab: A New Option Under Study in Advanced Melanoma

Immune checkpoint inhibition has been established as an effective treatment for patients with metastatic melanoma. A novel immunotherapeutic combination—this one targeting the LAG-3 (lymphocyte-activation gene 3) and PD-1 immune checkpoints—delayed time to disease progression significantly more...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: 2021 Updates

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology®, covering eight tumor types. Guidelines are now published for more than 60 tumor types and topics. During the NCCN’s 26th Annual Conference, which was held virtually...

Expert Point of View: Jamie N. Bakkum-Gamez, MD

The invited discussant of the studies, Jamie N. Bakkum-Gamez, MD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Co-Lead of the Women’s Cancer Program at Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, Rochester, Minnesota, first reminded attendees of the scope of the problem: an estimated 40% or so of women slated for...

gynecologic cancers

Frailty Can Be a Serious Issue in Ovarian Cancer

Frailty is a better predictor than age of poor outcomes in patients with ovarian cancer, according to studies reported at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021 Virtual Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer. Researchers found that frail patients are less likely to undergo surgery, have more...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Cardiac Safety, Efficacy of Neoadjuvant Pertuzumab/Trastuzumab for Early-Stage HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Long-term cardiac safety and efficacy have been confirmed for the combination of pertuzumab plus trastuzumab in patients with early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer, according to the final analysis of the phase II BERENICE trial reported by Chau T. Dang, MD, and colleagues at the ESMO Breast...

Expert Point of View: Federico Cappuzzo, MD

Invited discussant Federico Cappuzzo, MD, Director of Medical Oncology at the National Cancer Institute Regina Elena in Rome, said the study reported by Peters et al is “important” and “provocative,” but he raised some concerns. “From this study, we cannot answer from a scientific point of view...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Stage IV PD-L1–High Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Immunotherapy Alone or With Chemotherapy?

Except in patients with no smoking history, the addition of chemotherapy to immunotherapy does not add benefit as a first-line treatment in patients with stage IV nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and high expression of PD-L1, according to real-world experience. Outcomes from the U.S. ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Long-Term Analysis of Short-HER Trial Reported: Shorter Duration of Adjuvant Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer

Long-term analysis of the Short-HER trial showed that 9 weeks of adjuvant trastuzumab conveyed benefits comparable to a 1-year course in patients with early HER2-positive breast cancer deemed to be at low or intermediate risk for disease recurrence. High-risk patients, however, derived considerably ...

breast cancer

Biomarker Analysis of the KAITLIN Trial: No Subgroup Benefits More From T-DM1 Plus Chemotherapy

In the phase III KAITLIN trial, replacing adjuvant taxane and trastuzumab with ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) did not result in a significant improvement in invasive disease-free survival in the node-positive or intent-to-treat population, as reported by Harbeck et al at the 2020 ASCO Virtual...

gynecologic cancers
genomics/genetics

Expert Point of View: Ursula Matulonis, MD, and Konstantin Zakashansky, MD

Perspectives on ARIEL4 were provided for The ASCO Post by the invited discussant Ursula Matulonis, MD, Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, and Chief of Gynecologic Oncology and the Brock Wilson Family Chair at ­Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, and by Konstantin Zakashansky, MD,...

gynecologic cancers
genomics/genetics

Phase III ARIEL4 Confirms Rucaparib’s Benefit in BRCA-Mutated Relapsed Ovarian Cancer

In patients with BRCA-mutated, advanced, relapsed ovarian cancer, treatment with the PARP (poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase) inhibitor rucaparib led to a significant improvement in progression-free survival compared with standard-of-care chemotherapy, according to results of the international phase III ...

breast cancer

Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Are Checkpoint Inhibitors Ready for Neoadjuvant or Adjuvant Use?

Recent clinical trials have been encouraging for the neoadjuvant or adjuvant use of immune checkpoint inhibitors in triple-negative breast cancer, but is this approach ready for the clinic? This question was addressed at PER’s Miami Breast Cancer Conference, held virtually this year, by Adam M....

gynecologic cancers

Expert Point of View: Angeles Alvarez Secord, MD

The invited discussant of the phase II feMMe trial1 was Angeles Alvarez Secord, MD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina. She noted that, because of its “alarming” increase in incidence and mortality, endometrial cancer is “a critically...

gynecologic cancers

Hormonal Intrauterine Device Under Study for Managing Early Endometrial Cancer

Disease regression was observed in 82% of women with endometrial hyperplasia with atypia and 43% of women with endometrial cancer after treatment for 6 months with a hormonal intrauterine device in a phase II study reported during the virtual edition of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO)...

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