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issues in oncology

R. Gregory Bociek, MD, on Ethical Considerations of Cancer Treatment

R. Gregory Bociek, MD, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, discusses the controversial topic of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide.  

cns cancers
issues in oncology

Pediatric CT Scans and Subsequent Malignancy Risk

A new study by Meulepas et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute suggests that computed tomography (CT) scans may increase the risk of brain tumors. The use of CT scans has increased dramatically over the past 2 decades. CT scans greatly improve diagnostic capabilities,...

colorectal cancer
kidney cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer

Large Disparities in Cancer Mortality Rates Found Among Different Racial/Ethnic Populations in New York State

According to the American Cancer Society, cancer is the leading cause of death for Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders in the United States. However, their cancer burden is less than that of non-Hispanic whites and especially non-Hispanic blacks, who bear the most disproportionate share of the...

issues in oncology

Individual Training to Improve Provider Efficiency and Confidence in EMR Use

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Kadish et al found that individually tailored training improved provider confidence in electronic medical record (EMR) use and offers promise of improving efficiency in use. The study was undertaken at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute after...

issues in oncology

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Psychological Distress in Patients With Cancer

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Compen et al found that both face-to-face and internet-based mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) reduced psychological distress compared with usual care in patients with cancer. Study Details In the trial, 245 patients with...

issues in oncology

American Cancer Society Outlines Blueprint for Cancer Control in the 21st Century

The American Cancer Society (ACS) is outlining its vision for cancer control in the decades ahead in a series of articles that began publishing in early July in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. The series of articles forms the basis of a national cancer control plan, with a blueprint...

issues in oncology

NCI and VA Launch NAVIGATE to Boost Veterans’ Access to Cancer Clinical Trials

Veterans with cancer who receive treatment from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) will now have easier access to clinical trials of novel cancer treatments, thanks to an agreement between the VA and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health. The NCI...

palliative care
issues in oncology

Palliative Care Preferences in Male Patients With Cancer

Men with advanced cancer are 30% less likely than women to consider palliative care, according to a University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) study. Researchers believe the findings reflect social norms about gender roles, as well as widespread messages in the media and society about...

issues in oncology
pain management

Statement by FDA Commissioner on Opioid Access for Patients With Chronic and End-of-Life Pain

U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, recently issued the following statement. The opioid epidemic continues to take an emotional, physical, and financial toll on Americans. The FDA is committed to taking every possible step to address the many facets of this...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

ESHRE 2018: Large Population Study Does Not Find Causal Link Between Assisted Reproduction and Ovarian Cancer Risk

Following concerns over many years that hormonal stimulation of the ovaries necessary for in vitro fertilization (IVF) may increase the risk of ovarian cancer, a nationwide cohort study from Denmark has now concluded that any perceived increase in risk is actually a statistical bias resulting from...

issues in oncology

ESHRE 2018: Early-Stage Research Shows Potential of Artificial Ovary for Fertility Preservation Without the Risk of Reintroducing Malignancy

Important steps in the development of an artificial ovary have been successfully completed. Researchers from the Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, Denmark, reported that they have—for the first time—isolated and grown human follicles to a point of biofunctionality on a bioengineered ovarian ...

issues in oncology
palliative care
immunotherapy

A. Oliver Sartor, MD, on Issues in Immunotherapy

A. Oliver Sartor, MD, of Tulane University, speaks anecdotally about immunotherapy for prostate cancer and shares his experiences in speaking to patients with late-stage disease about the knowns, unknowns, risks, and toxicities of using a therapy outside the context of a clinical trial setting. The ...

issues in oncology
palliative care
immunotherapy

Owen A. O’Connor, MD, PhD, on Issues in Immunotherapy

Owen A. O'Connor, MD, PhD, of Columbia University Medical Center, shares his perspective on immunotherapy for patients with late-stage cancer in the context of a clinical trial setting and recent Right-to-Try legislation. The content in this post has not been reviewed by the American Society of...

issues in oncology

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, on Embracing Computer-Assisted Decision-Making

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the benefits of decision support tools, especially for the oncologist who treats a variety of cancers in his or her practice. The content in this post has not been reviewed by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, Inc. ...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Allen S. Lichter, MD, and Mark J. Ratain, MD, on Better Dosing, Lower Cost: Improving Cancer Care and Value

Allen S. Lichter, MD, Board Chair of the Value in Cancer Care Consortium, and Mark J. Ratain, MD, of the University of Chicago, discuss the benefits—and challenges—of lowering dosages in the face of market forces. The content in this post has not been reviewed by the American Society of Clinical...

issues in oncology

ASCO Practice Census Survey Identifies Challenges Facing U.S. Oncology Practices

As reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice by Kirkwood et al, the recent ASCO Oncology Practice Census survey has identified a number of factors considered to be challenging by oncology practices in the United States. Study Details ASCO used Medicare Physician Compare data to characterize...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Genetic Risk for Subsequent Neoplasms in Long-Term Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wang et al found that germline pathogenic/likely pathogenic mutations significantly contributed to the risk of subsequent neoplasms in long-term survivors of childhood cancers. Study Details The study involved whole-genome sequencing on...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Handheld Device for Detecting Heart Dysfunction in Anthracycline-Exposed Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Cardiovascular complications, such as anthracycline-related heart failure, are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in survivors of childhood cancer, often developing at a time when these survivors are least engaged in long-term survivorship care, prompting the need for new paradigms in...

issues in oncology

Statement From FDA Commissioner on Agency Efforts to Advance the Patient Voice in Medical Product Development and Regulatory Decision-Making

U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, recently issued the following statement: Over the past decade, advances in our understanding of the basic biology of serious and life-threatening diseases has led to the development and FDA approval of targeted treatments for ...

issues in oncology

Parents See Cancer Prevention Potential as Best Reason for HPV Vaccination

Parents of adolescents believed that the potential to prevent certain types of cancer is the best reason for their children to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, whereas other reasons health-care providers often give were far less persuasive. Findings from this study were published by...

palliative care
issues in oncology

AMA Rejects Recommendation to Reaffirm Opposition to Medical Aid in Dying

On June 11, the American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates voted 56% to 44% to reject a report by its Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs (CEJA) that recommended the AMA maintain its Code of Medical Ethics’ opposition to medical aid in dying. Instead, the House of Delegates...

issues in oncology

Informed Consent Issues for Patients With Advanced Cancer in Phase I Trials

As reported by Hlubocky et al in the Journal of Oncology Practice, oncologists may not provide patients with advanced cancer participating in phase I clinical trials with sufficient information about prognosis and purposes of phase I testing during enrollment discussions. Study Details The study...

issues in oncology

ASCO Guideline for Geriatric Oncology: Practical Assessment and Management of Vulnerabilities in Older Patients Receiving Chemotherapy

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Supriya G. Mohile, MD, of the University of Rochester Medical Center, and colleagues, ASCO has produced a guideline on the practical assessment and management of vulnerabilities in geriatric patients receiving chemotherapy. To develop the...

issues in oncology

AMA Releases New Physician Guide on Caring for the Caregiver

Every day in their treatment rooms, physicians encounter individuals who are making profound sacrifices to help a loved one who is seriously ill, often at the expense of their own well-being. To help physicians understand the day-to-day challenges and risk of burnout faced by informal caregivers,...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Study Finds Breast Cancer Survivors Are Not Getting Recommended Number of Mammograms Postsurgery

Breast cancer survivors are not getting the recommended level of screening postsurgery, according to a study by Ruddy et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The study was led by Kathryn Ruddy, MD, MPH, Director of Cancer Survivorship for the Department of...

issues in oncology

Opportunities, Issues, and Challenges for Biosimilars in Oncology

In an article in The New England Journal of Medicine, Lyman et al reviewed opportunities, issues, and challenges posed by the advent of biosimilar medications, focusing on biosimilars in cancer treatment. Although these agents could help to meet the health-care goals of high quality care with cost...

issues in oncology

Cancer Prevention Report Shows Consensus Among Global Experts on 10 Steps to Reduce Risk

An internationally released comprehensive analysis of research on lifestyle factors and cancer prevention confirms the critical links between cancer diagnoses and diet, physical activity, and weight. Independent experts from across the globe reviewed decades of scientific evidence to develop the...

issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Adoption of Anti–PD-1 Agents Into Clinical Practice and Age Differences in Practice vs Pivotal Clinical Trials

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, O’Connor et al found that anti­–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) agents rapidly reached eligible patients after U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval. The study also showed that real-world patients were...

issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, on Using Immunotherapy in the Community Setting: 2018 Update on an ACCC Program

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, of West Cancer Center, reports on the progress of the ACCC Immuno-Oncology Institute to speed adoption of immunotherapeutics in community practices.

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Danh Pham, MD: Lung Cancer Screening Rates Still Too Low

Danh Pham, MD, of the James Graham Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville, discusses his findings using a registry on the low rates of screening with low-dose computed tomography, despite its potential to prevent thousands of lung cancer deaths each year (Abstract 6504).

issues in oncology
legislation

Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD, on Right to Try: Expert Perspective

Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD, of the Mitchell Hamline School of Law, discusses implications of the federal “Right to Try” law, recently enacted.

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

2018 ASCO: Black Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer Treated With Chemotherapy May Have Equal or Better Survival Than White Men

An analysis of pooled data from 9 randomized phase III trials of more than 8,000 men with advanced prostate cancer who received chemotherapy shows chances of survival are as good for black men as white men. The median survival was the same in black men and white men overall (21 months), but black...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

2018 ASCO: Gender Disparities in Head and Neck Cancer Treatment and Outcomes

An analysis of cancer registry data from a California hospital system showed that women with head and neck cancer were less likely to receive intensive chemotherapy (35% vs 46%) and radiation (60% vs 70%) compared to men. Controlling for factors such as age and serious medical conditions, a...

issues in oncology

2018 ASCO: Geriatric Assessment Improves Communication Between Oncologists and Older Patients

A federally funded randomized study demonstrated that the use of geriatric assessment in routine care of older adults with advanced cancer significantly improved doctor-patient communication about age-related concerns as well as patient satisfaction with the communication. The study was featured in ...

issues in oncology
cost of care

2018 ASCO: Treatment for Colorectal Cancer in Washington State Costs Twice as Much as in Neighboring Area of Canada, Despite No Difference in Survival

An analysis of health claims data from two demographically similar regions on either side of the U.S./Canada border shows that a common treatment for advanced colorectal cancer costs twice as much in Western Washington State than in British Columbia—$12,345 vs $6,195 monthly per patient....

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Risk-Prediction Tool Helps Tailor Lung Cancer Screening to Patient Preference and Clinical Benefit

A microsimulation model study found that the benefits of low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening for lung cancer varied substantially across the eligible population, with 3 factors being particularly influential: lung cancer risk, competing risks or life expectancy, and patient...

lung cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Survival in Male vs Female Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Conforti et al found a significant difference in overall survival benefit favoring male vs female patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for advanced cancers. Study Details The study involved database...

issues in oncology
symptom management

National Survey Examines Oncologists' Practices, Beliefs on Medical Marijuana Use

Data from a new survey show that as many as 80% of oncologists have discussed medical marijuana use with their patients. According to the authors, this is the first nationally representative survey to examine oncologists’ practices and beliefs on the subject since the implementation of state...

issues in oncology

Perception of Effects of Continued Smoking Among Patients With Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Alton et al found that current cigarette smokers were less likely to believe that continued smoking after cancer diagnosis was harmful compared with ex-smokers or never-smokers. Continued smoking after cancer diagnosis has been associated...

issues in oncology

Parenting Concerns Affect Emotional Well-Being in Mothers With Advanced Cancer

Parenting concerns contributed significantly to the psychological distress of mothers with late-stage cancer, according to a study by University of North Carolina (UNC) Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers published by Park et al in the journal Cancer. Cancer is the leading cause of...

issues in oncology

Characteristics of FDA-Designated Breakthrough and Nonbreakthrough Cancer Drugs

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hwang et al found little difference in the efficacy and safety of U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-designated breakthrough vs nonbreakthrough cancer drugs and found that breakthrough drugs were not more likely to represent a novel...

issues in oncology

Barbara McAneny, MD, on The Business of Cancer

Barbara McAneny, MD, Co-Founder and CEO, New Mexico Oncology Hematology Consultants; President-Elect, American Medical Association, speaks during Panel 2: The Business of Cancer at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School,...

health-care policy
issues in oncology

COA Practice Impact Report Details Consolidation, Shift of U.S. Cancer Care System Into More Expensive Hospital Setting

The Community Oncology Alliance (COA) has released the 2018 Community Oncology Practice Impact Report, which tracks data on the changing landscape of cancer care in the United States. It details a decade-long trend of closure and consolidation in the U.S. cancer system that has resulted in a...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Postmarketing Label Modifications for Cancer Drugs Approved Without Supporting Randomized Controlled Trials

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shepshelovich et al found that cancer drugs approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of solid tumors without supporting randomized controlled trials were more likely to have postapproval safety-associated label...

issues in oncology

St. Jude Cloud, Largest Public Repository of Pediatric Cancer Genomics Data, Launches for Researchers Worldwide

On April 12, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital launched the St. Jude Cloud, an online data-sharing and collaboration platform that provides researchers access to the world's largest public repository of pediatric cancer genomics data. Developed as a partnership among St. Jude,...

issues in oncology

FDA Unveils Streamlined Path for Authorizing Tumor-Profiling Tests Alongside Its Latest Product Action

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently finalized two guidances to drive the efficient development of next-generation sequencing, which scans a person’s DNA to diagnose genetic diseases, and guide medical treatments. The guidances provide recommendations for designing,...

issues in oncology
survivorship

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update: Fertility Preservation in Patients With Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Kutluk Oktay, MD, PhD, of Yale University School of Medicine, and colleagues, ASCO has issued a clinical practice guideline update on fertility preservation in adults and children with cancer. The update was informed by an update panel systematic...

issues in oncology

Norman Sharpless, MD: Keynote Address

Norman Sharpless, MD, Director, National Cancer Institute, presents the Keynote Address at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School, in collaboration with Smilow Cancer Hospital and Yale Cancer Center.

issues in oncology

Siddhartha Mukherjee, MD, DPhil: Keynote Address

Siddhartha Mukherjee, MD, DPhil, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, presents the Keynote Address at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School, in collaboration with Smilow Cancer Hospital...

issues in oncology
health-care policy
legislation

Charles Sawyers, MD, on Legal and Policy Issues Associated With Cutting-Edge Cancer Treatments

Charles Sawyers, MD, Chair, Human Oncology and Pathogenesis Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, speaks during Panel 5: Legal and Policy Issues Associated With Cutting-Edge Cancer Treatments at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and...

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