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kidney cancer
immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib Improves Outcomes vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of nivolumab plus cabozantinib was found to be superior to the former standard, sunitinib, in the first-line treatment of advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to the results of the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the first results from the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial, which suggested the combination of nivolumab and cabozantinib is safe. It showed activity in progression-free and overall survival, as well as in overall response rates and may ...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

CheckMate 9ER Trial Shows Benefit of Novel Doublet for Advanced Kidney Cancer

The combination of nivolumab plus cabozantinib was superior to the former standard, sunitinib, as first-line treatment for advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to results of the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial reported by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and colleagues at the ESMO Virtual...

Expert Point of View: Toni K. Choueiri, MD

At the Genitourinary Highlights session of the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program, Toni K. Choueiri, MD, Director of the Lank Center for Genitourinary Oncology at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, put the findings from KEYNOTE-426 into perspective. “This is an important update. The initial...

covid-19
solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

In Case You Missed It: Quick Takes on Novel Therapies for Solid and Hematologic Malignancies

Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, oncology providers from around the world had to forgo their annual trip to McCormick Place—but the show did go on. We all realized important research can still be presented, clinicians and fellow researchers will still listen, and ASCO presentations will still...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Daniel Y. Heng, MD, MPH, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD

Study discussant Daniel Y. Heng, MD, MPH, a medical oncologist at Tom Baker Cancer Centre, University of Calgary, Canada, called the negative trial results important. IMvigor010 randomly assigned patients with high-risk muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma to adjuvant atezolizumab or observation...

kidney cancer

Savolitinib vs Sunitinib in MET-Driven Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma

Targeting MET alterations with savolitinib appears to be a better strategy than sunitinib for patients with MET-driven papillary renal cell carcinoma, according to results of the open-label, randomized, phase III SAVOIR trial.1 Patients with MET-driven metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma...

Expert Point of View: Toni K. Choueiri, MD

At the Genitourinary Highlights session of the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program, Toni K. Choueiri, MD, Director of the Lank Center for Genitourinary Oncology at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, put these findings into perspective. “This is an important update. The initial publication was with ...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Immunogenomic Characteristics of Advanced Clear Cell Kidney Cancer Treated With Checkpoint Inhibitors

By analyzing tumors from patients treated with immunotherapy for advanced kidney cancer in three clinical trials, scientists have identified several features of the tumors that influence their response to immune checkpoint inhibitors. The research was presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Rechallenge in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study presented at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program (Abstract 5077) and published as a brief report in JAMA Oncology, Ravi et al found that rechallenge with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy was capable of producing responses in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including...

kidney cancer

MK-6482 Shows Activity Across All Risk Categories in Metastatic Clear Cell Kidney Cancer

A novel approach using a drug called MK-6482 showed activity in a phase I/II study in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma, according to a presentation at the 2020 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium.1 MK-6482 is an oral, first-in-class selective small-molecule inhibitor that...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on COSMIC-313: Cabozantinib in Combination With Nivolumab/Ipilimumab in RCC

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, describes a currently recruiting phase III study (COSMIC-313) of cabozantinib in combination with nivolumab and ipilimumab vs nivolumab/ipilimumab for patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma of intermediate or poor risk ...

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on an HIF2A Inhibitor for Advanced Clear Cell RCC

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses findings from a phase I/II trial that found MK-6482 was well tolerated and demonstrated activity in heavily pretreated patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 611).

kidney cancer

2020 GU Cancers Symposium: Oral HIF2A Inhibitor for Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

A novel, first-in-class, small molecule, hypoxia-inducible factor 2 alpha (HIF2A) inhibitor showed single-agent activity in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma. These results from a phase I/II study will be presented by Toni Choueiri, MD, and colleagues at...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma With Variant Histology or Sarcomatoid Features

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of atezolizumab and bevacizumab was active in metastatic renal cell carcinoma with variant histology and clear cell renal cell carcinoma with ≥ 20% sarcomatoid...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Checkpoint Inhibitors and Genomic Characterization of Sarcomatoid/Rhabdoid Disease

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Ziad Bakouny, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss a retrospective review of genomically profiled patients with sarcomatoid/rhabdoid renal cell cancer who were found to have better outcomes with immune checkpoint inhibitors and to harbor mutations associated...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Sarah Abou Alaiwi, MD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Checkpoint Inhibitors: Overall Survival and Polybromo-Associated Mutations

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Sarah Abou Alaiwi, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss the association of polybromo-associated BAF-type mutations with overall survival in patients with different solid tumors treated with checkpoint inhibitors (Abstract 103).

kidney cancer

Early Tumor Shrinkage and Outcomes Following Cabozantinib or Everolimus

IN A RETROSPECTIVE analysis of median  overall survival from the phase III ­METEOR  trial,1 ­Ignacio Duran, MD, PhD, and colleagues sought to determine whether early tumor shrinkage following therapy with cabozantinib or everolimus could be an early indicator of prognosis for patients with...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Hope and Fear Are Two Constants in the Lives of Patients With Cancer

A year and a half ago, when I was 33, the thought of having a life-threatening disease was unimaginable. In hindsight, the weight loss I began experiencing in the fall of 2017 should have raised concern because I’ve always had to be mindful of my diet if I wanted to lose weight. But denial can be a ...

kidney cancer

Evaluating Outcomes of Cabozantinib vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

IN A RETROSPECTIVE analysis of median overall survival from the phase III METEOR trial,1 Ignacio Duran, MD, PhD, and colleagues sought to determine whether early tumor shrinkage following therapy with cabozantinib or everolimus could be an early indicator of prognosis for patients with metastatic...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

JAVELIN Renal 101: Avelumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib in the First-Line Treatment of Advanced Kidney Cancer

THE PROGRAMMED cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor, avelumab, was combined with the multitargeted vascular growth endothelial factor (VEGF) agent, axitinib, and compared to monotherapy with sunitinib in the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Toni K. Choueiri,...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Ziad Bakouny, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Next-Generation Immuno-oncology Therapies

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Ziad Bakouny, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, talk about novel cytokines, checkpoint inhibitors, and vaccines in the treatment pipeline for renal cell carcinoma.

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Trial Results on Avelumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a subgroup analysis from the JAVELIN Renal 101 study on outcomes for avelumab plus axitinib vs sunitinib in advanced renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 544).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2019 GU Cancers Symposium: JAVELIN Renal 101: Avelumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib for Advanced Kidney Cancer

A combination of two drugs could become a new standard first-line treatment for patients with metastatic kidney cancer, according to results from the JAVELIN Renal 101 trial presented at the 2019 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium (Abstract 544) and simultaneously published in The New England...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Clinical Trial Commences on Personalized Vaccine in Kidney Cancer

Researchers at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston are testing a first-of-its-kind personalized cancer vaccine combined with an immunotherapy drug, with the aim of improving outcomes for patients with kidney cancer who are at high risk of recurrence after surgery. A two-pronged approach to...

kidney cancer

New Recommendations for Cabozantinib Tablets in Updated NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines

Recently, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) updated its Clinical Practice Guidelines to include new recommendations for cabozantinib (Cabometyx) tablets. With the updates, cabozantinib is recommended by the NCCN for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma regardless...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, on RCC: Perspectives on KEYNOTE-427 and IMmotion151

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, offer their analysis of two key studies presented in renal cell cancer.

bladder cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD: Bladder Cancer Roundup

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discuss their perspectives on the top abstracts in bladder cancer presented at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstracts 4507, 4506, 4503, 4504).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Lauren C. Harshman, MD on RCC: Results From the PROSPER Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Lauren C. Harshman, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss phase III study findings on perioperative nivolumab vs observation in patients with localized renal cell carcinoma undergoing nephrectomy (Abstract TPS4597).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Novel Combinations for Advanced Disease

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discuss two treatment studies: one testing pegilodecakin with nivolumab or pembrolizumab and the other evaluating an oral CXCR4 inhibitor in combination with axitinib (Abstracts 4509 & 4510).

kidney cancer

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Metastatic RCC: Perspectives on the Carmena Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discuss the implications of this study’s potentially practice-changing finding that nephrectomy is no longer the standard of care for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Combined Immune Checkpoint and VEGF Inhibition as First-Line Therapy in Advanced Clear Cell Kidney Cancer

In a dose-finding, dose-expansion phase Ib trial (JAVELIN Renal 100) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and colleagues determined the maximum tolerated dose of the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab (Bavencio)...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Activity of Combined Immune Checkpoint and VEGF Inhibition as First-Line Therapy in Advanced Clear Cell RCC

In the dose-finding, dose-expansion phase Ib JAVELIN Renal 100 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Choueiri et al identified the maximum tolerated dose of the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with the vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor axitinib...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Avelumab in Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma: Further Study Needed to Clarify its Role

AS REVIEWED in this issue of The ASCO Post, Patel and colleagues have presented data from the phase I JAVELIN study evaluating avelumab (Bavencio) in platinum-refractory patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma.1 The drug is active with durable responses when compared with historical...

kidney cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review for Cabozantinib in Previously Untreated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On October 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) determined the supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for cabozantinib (Cabometyx) for patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to be sufficiently complete to permit a substantive review. The FDA granted...

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Results From the CABOSUN Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses updated overall survival results on cabozantinib vs sunitinib as initial targeted treatment for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract LBA38).

kidney cancer

MET Inhibitor Savolitinib in Advanced Papillary Renal Cell Cancer

In a biomarker-based phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Choueiri et al found that the MET tyrosine kinase inhibitor savolitinib was active in MET-driven advanced papillary renal cell cancer. Study Details In the trial, 109 patients with locally advanced or metastatic...

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Top Kidney Cancer Abstracts: Expert Perspectives

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, exchange views on the key papers in renal cell carcinoma presented at ASCO’s 2017 nonprostate GU oral abstract session. (Abstracts 4504, 4505, 4506, 4507, 4508)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Untreated RCC: Phase II Trial Results

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on atezolizumab with or without bevacizumab vs sunitinib in patients with untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma. (Abstract 431)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Papillary RCC: Phase II Trial Results

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a single-arm biomarker-based study of savolitinib in patients with advanced papillary renal cell cancer. (Abstract 436)

bladder cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: Trial Results From Borealis-2

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on apatorsen plus docetaxel vs docetaxel alone in platinum-resistant metastatic urothelial cancer. (Abstract 289)

kidney cancer

Study Finds Cabozantinib of Clinical Benefit vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

A randomized phase II clinical trial evaluating cabozantinib (Cabometyx) compared with standard-of-care sunitinib (Sutent) as first-line therapy for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma has found that cabozantinib reduced the rate of disease progression or death by 34% compared with...

kidney cancer

Study Finds Cabozantinib of Clinical Benefit vs Sunitinib in Advanced Kidney Cancer

A randomized phase II clinical trial evaluating cabozantinib (Cabometyx) compared with standard-of-care sunitinib (Sutent) as first-line therapy for patients with advanced kidney cancer has found the experimental drug reduced the rate of disease progression or death by 34% compared with sunitinib....

kidney cancer

Cabozantinib Improves Progression-Free Survival and Response Rates vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib (Cabometyx) improved progression-free survival and response rates in patients with untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared with the standard of care, sunitinib (Sutent), according to the results of a phase II multicenter randomized trial called CABOSUN reported at the 2016...

kidney cancer

ESMO 2016: Cabozantinib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Cabozantinib (Cabometyx, Cometriq) significantly improves progression-free survival and response rate in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared to sunitinib (Sutent), according to research presented by Choueiri et al at the 2016 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Metastatic RCC: Results From the ALLIANCE A031203 Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on cabozantinib vs sunitinib as initial targeted therapy for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma of poor and intermediate risk. (Abstract LBA30) Follow him on Twitter: @DrChoueiri

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
prostate cancer

Multitude of Mentors Help Shape an Illustrious Career in Oncology

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, has had a longer career in oncology than many other colleagues his age. Perhaps the reason for that may center on his starting college at the age 13 and medical school at the age of 17. Today this internationally recognized leader in genitourinary cancers is Assistant Professor ...

kidney cancer

Is Obesity a Prognostic Factor for Improved Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma?

In a study investigating the clinical and biologic effects of body mass index on treatment outcomes in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, Albiges et al found that obese patients treated with targeted therapy had improved survival and progression-free survival compared with patients with ...

kidney cancer

Final Results of METEOR Trial: Cabozantinib vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, et al in The Lancet Oncology, the final results of the phase III METEOR trial indicate significantly improved overall survival with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) vs everolimus (Afinitor) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma...

kidney cancer

When Combined With Targeted Therapy, Cytoreductive Nephrectomy May Improve Survival in Metastatic RCC

In a National Cancer Data Base study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hanna et al found that cytoreductive nephrectomy may improve survival in patients receiving targeted therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details The study involved data from 15,390 patients treated...

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