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breast cancer

Breast Cancer Advocate and Chief of Surgical Oncology at Howard University, Lori Wilson, MD, FACS, Dies

Lori Wilson, MD, FACS, was the first woman to hold the surgical oncology division chief position at Howard University Hospital and the first woman to be promoted to full professor in surgery at Howard University College of Medicine. Known as a fierce advocate for patients with cancer in underserved ...

head and neck cancer

A Laryngectomy Altered How I See Myself in the World

There is a 2-decades-long separation between the time I was diagnosed with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in 1996 and my laryngectomy in 2016. The surgery was necessary because of the long-term damage to my larynx from the radiation therapy I received. In 1996, I had a low-grade sore throat...

cns cancers

Report on Brain Cancer: Crisis in the Childhood and Adolescent Cancer Community

A RECENT REPORT published in Neuro-Oncology1 exposes an alarming reality for children, adolescents, and families facing pediatric brain cancer across the country. The Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation (PBTF) funded this groundbreaking report by the Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States...

Pharmacology Researcher James Turkson, PhD, to Become Director for Diversity, Inclusion, and Strategy at Cedars-Sinai

JAMES TURKSON, PhD, Professor in the Division of Medical Oncology in the Department of Medicine at Cedars-Sinai, is uniquely positioned for a new role developed at Cedars-Sinai Cancer: Director for Diversity, Inclusion, and Strategy. “I have great confidence that Dr. Turkson will provide superb...

Annual Report to the Nation: Cancer Deaths Continue Downward Trend

OVERALL CANCER death rates continued to decline among men, women, children, and adolescents/young adults in every major racial and ethnic group in the United States from 2015 to 2019, according to the latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer.1 From 2014 to 2018, the overall cancer ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Jonathan Chen, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Predicting Response to Immunotherapy

Jonathan Chen, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses “immunity hubs” that interact with a reservoir of stem-like CD8 T cells and appear to be associated with subsequent response to anti–PD-1 blockade in patients with non–small cell lung cancer. Hybrid hubs, Dr. Chen says, are a...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Saman Maleki, PhD, on Melanoma: Reducing Primary Resistance to Immunotherapy

Saman Maleki, PhD, of Canada’s Western University and Lawson Health Research Institute, discusses modifying the gut microbiome in patients with advanced melanoma to induce a response to anti–PD-1 therapy and potentially reduce primary resistance to immunotherapy. A fecal microbiota transplant from...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Julia Tchou, MD, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Radiation Boost Plus Pembrolizumab

Julia Tchou, MD, PhD, of the University of Pennsylvania, discusses preliminary results of the phase Ib/II BreastVax study, which suggested a single preoperative pembrolizumab dose plus a tumor-targeting radiation boost may result in pathologic response in patients with early-stage triple-negative...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Teclistamab-cqyv for Resistant Myeloma

On October 25, 2022, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to teclistamab-cqyv (Tecvayli), the first bispecific B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-directed CD3 T-cell engager, for adults with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received at least four...

Expert Point of View: Sanjay Popat, FRCP, PhD

“Adjuvant osimertinib has been adopted widespread as a standard of care as a result of the primary results of ADAURA,” said formal discussant Sanjay Popat, FRCP, PhD, medical oncologist and lung specialist at the Royal Marsden Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust, London. “We have more granularity about ...

lung cancer

Longer-Term Follow-up From ADAURA Supports Adjuvant Osimertinib as Standard of Care for EGFR-Mutated Stage IB to IIIA NSCLC

With longer-term follow-up, adjuvant treatment with osimertinib led to a 77% reduction in the risk of disease recurrence or death following complete resection vs placebo-treated patients with EGFR-mutated, stage II to IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Disease-free survival was improved...

leukemia

Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia: Treatment and Prognosis, Part 1

The ASCO Post is pleased to present Hematology Expert Review, an ongoing feature that quizzes readers on issues in hematology. In this installment, Drs. Syed Ali Abutalib and Mrinal M. Patnaik explore the current treatment and prognosis of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. For each quiz question...

New Leadership Elected to the American Society of Hematology

The American Society of Hematology (ASH) recently announced the election of four new members to its Executive Committee for terms beginning after the 2022 ASH Annual Meeting & Exposition in December in New Orleans. Belinda R. Avalos, MD, will serve a 1-year term as Vice President, followed...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer

Importance of Screening Programs in Diagnosing Cancer in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Researchers have discovered that patients with type 2 diabetes who develop cancer are more likely to be diagnosed with advanced disease if they do not undergo routine screenings, according to a new study published by Jansana et al in the European Journal of Cancer. The new findings were also...

breast cancer

Personalized Breast Cancer Screening Model May Improve Outcomes and Reduce Overdiagnosis

Researchers have created a model for predicting an individual’s breast cancer risk that could be used to create personalized breast cancer screening strategies, according to a new study published by Louro et al in the European Journal of Cancer. The research, also presented at the 13th European...

issues in oncology

UICC Outlines Antimicrobial Resistance in Cancer Treatment

Marking World Antimicrobial Awareness Week (taking place November 18 to 24), the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) emphasized the danger that drug resistance poses to individuals who are particularly vulnerable to infection, such as people living with cancer. There has been substantial...

colorectal cancer

The NordICC Trial: The Devil Is in the Details

Colorectal cancer ranks third among cancer deaths in both men and women in the United States, with an estimated 150,000 new cases and 52,000 deaths anticipated in 2022.1 Colorectal cancer rates have declined by approximately 2% per year from 2014 to 2018 in people older than age 50, which is...

issues in oncology

How ASCO Is Helping Members Navigate the Cancer Care Terrain for Pregnant Patients Since the Reversal of Roe v Wade

In response to the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Dobbs v Jackson Women’s Health Organization overturning Roe v Wade, eliminating the constitutional right to an abortion and returning the power to regulate reproductive health for women to the states, ASCO, the American Cancer Society Action...

breast cancer

Researchers Find Changes in Blood Proteins up to 2 Years Before Breast Cancer Diagnosis

Researchers have found changes in the levels of particular proteins in patients’ blood up to 2 years before they were diagnosed with breast cancer, according to a novel study published by Hagenaars et al in the European Journal of Cancer. The study, also presented at the 13th European Breast Cancer ...

breast cancer
survivorship

Gradual Increase in Daily Activity With Psychological Therapies May Improve Mental and Physical Health for Patients and Survivors of Breast Cancer

Patients and survivors of breast cancer may have better mental health, physical health, and quality of life when taking part in a “behavioral graded activity” in combination with psychological therapies, according to a new study published by Lahousse et al in the European Journal of Cancer. The new ...

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Approves New Dosing Regimen for Asparaginase Erwinia Chrysanthemi (Recombinant)-rywn

On November 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new Monday/Wednesday/Friday dosing regimen for asparaginase erwinia chrysanthemi (recombinant)-rywn (Rylaze). Under the new regimen, patients should receive 25 mg/m2 intramuscularly on Monday and Wednesday mornings and 50 mg/m2...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
genomics/genetics

Study Examines Potential Factors Leading to Recurrence of Cancers Caused by BRCA Mutations

Researchers have discovered the factors that may make breast and ovarian cancers associated with BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations more likely to recur, according to new findings published by Shah et al in Nature Communications. These mutations are known to strongly predispose women to breast and...

leukemia
immunotherapy

CAR T-Cell Therapy Outcomes Similar Across Different Socioeconomic Levels Among Patients With Pediatric ALL

Although socioeconomic status often influences survival outcomes, pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who were living in poverty and were treated with CAR T-cell therapy achieved similar overall survival and were equally likely to achieve a complete...

colorectal cancer

Moderate Exercise May Help Reduce Inflammation, Increase Survival in Patients With Colorectal Cancer by Improving Gut Microbiota

After examining the impact of exercise on the gut microbiome of patients with cancer and reporting a positive association, researchers discovered that regular physical activity may extend the survival of patients with colorectal cancer, according to a new study published by Himbert et al in the...

multiple myeloma

Study Shows That Immune Cells May Help Identify Patients With High-Risk Smoldering Myeloma Most Likely to Benefit From Treatment

For many patients who have smoldering myeloma, early treatment can slow or delay the disease’s progression to multiple myeloma, according to a new study published by Sklavenitis-Pistofidis et al in Cancer Cell. Investigators demonstrated that changes in immune system cells may indicate which cases...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Antoni Ribas, MD, PhD, on Solid Tumors: Safety and Efficacy of TCR T-Cell Therapy

Antoni Ribas, MD, PhD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses a phase I study that used CRISPR gene editing to simultaneously “knock out” endogenous T-cell receptors and replace them with personalized neoantigen T-cell receptors in patients with solid tumors. The edited TCR T-cell...

immunotherapy

Michael A. Postow, MD, on Using the Novel Radiotracer Crefmirlimab Berdoxam for Imaging to Assess Immunotherapy Responsiveness

Michael A. Postow, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses new findings on the correlation between CD8 cell PET imaging with zirconium-89–crefmirlimab berdoxam and CD8 cell immunohistochemistry in patients with advanced cancer receiving immunotherapy. Noninvasive CD8 PET scanning...

cns cancers
immunotherapy

David Reardon, MD, on Glioblastoma: A Microbiome-Based Vaccine, Nivolumab, and Bevacizumab

David Reardon, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses phase I/II results from the EOGBM1-18/ROSALIE study, which showed the EO2401 vaccine plus nivolumab generated systemic immune responses correlating with efficacy in patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Adding bevacizumab to this...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Wade T. Iams, MD, on NSCLC: Combining an Antigen-Presenting Cell Activator With Pembrolizumab

Wade T. Iams, MD, of Vanderbilt University Medical Center, discusses phase II efficacy results from the first-line non–small cell lung cancer cohort of the TACTI-002 study. The results suggest that when combined with pembrolizumab, eftilagimod alpha yielded encouraging efficacy across all PD-L1...

lung cancer

2022 State of Lung Cancer Report: Critically Low Lung Cancer Screening Rates Reveal Opportunity to Save More Lives

The 2022 State of Lung Cancer report by the American Lung Association revealed that only 5.8% of eligible Americans had been screened for lung cancer in 2021, and some states had screening rates as low as 1%. The 5th annual report highlighted how the toll of lung cancer varied by state and examined ...

breast cancer

Used as a Biomarker, MicroRNA May Help Predict Which Patients With Breast Cancer Are More Likely to Have Cancer Recurrence

MicroRNA may be used as a biomarker to predict which patients are likely to face breast cancer recurrence and mortality, according to a new study published by Davey et al in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons. While long-term outcomes have improved for patients with breast cancer, 20%...

immunotherapy
lung cancer

Talal El Zarif, MD, and Abdul Rafeh Naqash, MD: For Patients Living With HIV and Cancer, New Data on Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Talal El Zarif, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Abdul Rafeh Naqash, MD, of Stephenson Cancer Center at The University of Oklahoma, discuss the results of their cohort study of patients living with HIV and metastatic non–small cell lung cancer, who are often underrepresented in clinical...

gynecologic cancers

New Research Highlights Disparities in Receipt of Guideline-Concordant Treatment Among Patients With Ovarian Cancer

New research examining whether patients with ovarian cancer were receiving care concordant with the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines) found clear disparities based on patients’ race, ability to pay, and access to specialists and...

colorectal cancer

Nationwide Study Finds Higher Rates of Cancer Mortality, Increasing Cases of Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer Among American Indian and Alaska Native Individuals

New findings revealed that overall cancer mortality among American Indian and Alaska Native patients was 18% higher than among White patients despite similar cancer incidence, according to a new study published by Kratzer et al in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. The findings included the first ...

skin cancer

Researchers Identify Subset of Patients With Stage I Melanoma Who Have Low Risk of Melanoma Mortality

Researchers identified a subset of patients who had early-stage melanoma with almost no melanoma-related deaths, potentially representing cases contributing to overdiagnosis, according to a new study published by Eguchi et al in Cancer. The findings may help clinicians determine which patients have ...

gynecologic cancers

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Mirvetuximab Soravtansine-gynx for FRα-Positive, Platinum-Resistant Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Peritoneal Cancer

On November 14, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to mirvetuximab soravtansine-gynx (Elahere) for adult patients with folate receptor alpha (FRα)-positive, platinum-resistant epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer, who have received...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

New Phase I/II Data on the CD40 Antibody Sotigalimab in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

New data from an ongoing phase II trial evaluating first-line intratumoral administration of sotigalimab, a CD40 agonist antibody, in combination with systemic pembrolizumab, an anti–PD-1 antibody, in metastatic melanoma was presented by Bentebibel et al at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Potential Treatment Options for Patients With Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Following CAR T-Cell Therapy

Researchers have identified potential therapies to treat patients with multiple myeloma whose cancer has relapsed following chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, according to a novel study published by Van Oekelen et al in Blood. CAR T-cell therapy has been a revolutionary treatment for...

immunotherapy

Hormone Therapy May Lower Risk of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor–Associated Myocarditis in Female Patients

Researchers may have discovered the underlying cause of sex differences in immune checkpoint inhibitor–associated myocarditis after immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment, according to a novel study published by Zhang et al in Science Translational Medicine. Their findings pointed to possible...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Tremelimumab in Combination With Durvalumab and Platinum-Based Chemotherapy for Metastatic NSCLC

On November 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved tremelimumab (Imjudo) in combination with durvalumab (Imfinzi) and platinum-based chemotherapy for adult patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no EGFR mutations or ALK genomic tumor aberrations. ...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Brentuximab Vedotin in Combination With Chemotherapy for Pediatric Patients With Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

On November 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the CD30-directed antibody-drug conjugate brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) in combination with doxorubicin, vincristine, etoposide, prednisone, and cyclophosphamide for pediatric patients aged 2 years and older with previously...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Glenn J. Hanna, MD, and Sherene Loi, MD, PhD

The ASCO Post asked for comment from Glenn J. Hanna, MD, Director of the Center for Salivary and Rare Head and Neck Cancers, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Hanna said it is important to put the findings of KEYNOTE-4121 into context...

Yuan Yuan, MD, PhD, Joins Cedars-Sinai Cancer Medical Center as Director of Breast Oncology

Cedars-Sinai Cancer Medical Center recently announced the appointment of Yuan Yuan, MD, PhD, a breast medical oncologist and physician scientist who specializes in triple-negative breast cancer and breast cancer immunotherapy, as Director of Breast Oncology. Finding Cutting-Edge Therapies...

Eytan Stein, MD, Appointed Chief of the Leukemia Service at MSK

Eytan M. Stein, MD, will assume the role of Chief of the Leukemia Service in the Division of Hematologic Malignancies at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK), New York. Dr. Stein joined MSK as a medical oncology/hematology fellow in 2010, became a faculty member in 2013, and was appointed...

SWOG Names Don S. Dizon, MD, Vice Chair for Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Professional Integrity

After nearly a year-long search, the Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) has announced its new Vice Chair for Diversity, Equity, Inclusion (DEI), and Professional Integrity: Don S. Dizon, MD, who is currently Chair of the organization’s Digital Engagement Committee. Dr. Dizon is Director of the Pelvic...

colorectal cancer

Phase III FRESCO-2 Trial of Fruquintinib Meets Primary Endpoint in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

HUTCHMED (China) Limited recently announced that the global phase III FRESCO-2 trial evaluating the investigational use of the anti–vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) tyrosine kinase inhibitor fruquintinib met its primary endpoint of overall survival in patients with advanced, refractory...

UChicago Medicine Names New Associate Director of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences

Jasmin A. Tiro, PhD, MPH, has joined the University of Chicago Medicine Comprehensive Cancer Center as the new Associate Director of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences. Dr. Tiro was formerly Professor of Population and Data Sciences at Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center at The...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: Anand Devaraj, MD, PhD

Abstract discussant Anand Devaraj, MD, PhD, Professor in Thoracic Radiology at Royal Brompton and Harefield Hospitals, and Professor of Thoracic Radiology at the National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, highlighted the increased risk of second primary tumors among current...

Erica Huelsmann, MD, Wins a Conquer Cancer Annual Meeting Merit Award

Erica Huelsmann, MD, a gynecologic oncology fellow at Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, has been awarded a 2022 Conquer Cancer Merit Award by Conquer Cancer, the ASCO Foundation. The award, given at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting, supports researchers with projects that span many areas of...

lung cancer

I’ve Had Two Primary Lung Cancers, and They Haven’t Defeated Me

I don’t know why I am so susceptible to developing lung cancer. Since 2014, I have been diagnosed with both non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer, each occurring in my right lung. I have also been diagnosed with precancerous colon polyps, which necessitated invasive surgery. ...

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