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breast cancer
issues in oncology

Particulate Matter Concentrations and Incidence of Breast Cancer

Investigators have found that residing in areas with high levels of particulate air pollution may be associated with an increased risk of developing breast cancer, according to a recent study published by White et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.   Background Particulate matter...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Lung-MAP Study May Improve Access to Clinical Trials for Underrepresented Patients

The biomarker-driven Lung Cancer Master Protocol (Lung-MAP) may have enrolled a higher percentage of patients who are older, are from rural or socioeconomically deprived areas, and have Medicaid or no insurance compared with conventional, standalone clinical trials in advanced non–small cell lung...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

NeoCOAST: Durvalumab Monotherapy vs Combined With Other Immunotherapies for Early-Stage NSCLC

The anti–PD-L1 monoclonal antibody durvalumab in combination with other immuno-oncology agents may outperform treatment with durvalumab alone in the neoadjuvant setting for patients with early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a recent study published by Cascone et al in Cancer ...

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

The Immune System May Play Vital Role in Remission Duration Among Patients With Multiple Myeloma

Researchers have uncovered the vital role that the immune system may play in determining the duration of remission and progression-free survival in patients with multiple myeloma, according to a recent study published by Coffey et al in Nature Communications. The new findings suggested that the...

prostate cancer
legislation

PSA Screening for HIM Act Introduced in Senate; Aims to Reduce Costs for Prostate Cancer Screening

Bipartisan legislation that may help to eliminate financial barriers to prostate cancer screening was introduced in the U.S. Senate. Sponsored by Senators Cory Booker (D-NJ) and John Boozman (R-AR), the Prostate-Specific Antigen Screening for High-Risk Insured Men (PSA Screening for HIM) Act would...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Reproductive Factors May Be Associated With Higher Risk of Lung Cancer in Women

Investigators have discovered that women with certain reproductive factors may have an elevated risk of developing lung cancer, according to recent findings presented by Zhang et al at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 2023 World Conference on Lung Cancer (Abstract...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

LungCAN Advocacy Program Nets 25% Increase in LCRP Funding

The Lung Cancer Action Network (LungCAN) advocacy program may have helped increase funding for the U.S. Department of Defense Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program/Lung Cancer Research Program (LCRP) by 25%, according to recent findings presented by Donaldson et al at the International...

leukemia

Retrospective Study Reports Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Used in CML Associated With Nephrotoxicity

Investigators reported that the tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib, commonly used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), was associated with nephrotoxicity in 10% of 32 patients with CML being treated with dasatinib in a multicenter, retrospective clinical study conducted to determine the...

breast cancer

ctDNA Identified in Breast Milk From Women With Breast Cancer

Breast milk from women with breast cancer who were diagnosed during pregnancy or postpartum may contain circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), according to researchers at the Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology (VHIO) in Barcelona. The investigators noted that ctDNA can be detected through liquid biopsy in ...

issues in oncology

Study Examines Disparities in Access to Cancer Care Among Non–English-Speaking Patients in the United States

Researchers have revealed that non–English speakers who seek information from hospitals across the United States may face a concerning lack of access to cancer care services, according to a new study published by Chen et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Background...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Approves Momelotinib for Patients With Myelofibrosis and Anemia

On September 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved momelotinib (Ojjaara) for the treatment of intermediate- or high-risk myelofibrosis, including primary myelofibrosis or secondary myelofibrosis (post–polycythemia vera and post–essential thrombocythemia), in adults with anemia....

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Accuracy of IASLC's 2009 Database for Pleural Mesothelioma Staging

Researchers have validated the accuracy of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer’s (IASLC) 2009 pleural mesothelioma database, with these findings presented by Wolf et al at the IASLC 2023 World Conference on Lung Cancer (Abstract MA17.04). Background Pleural mesothelioma often ...

lung cancer
supportive care

Comparing Radiation Therapies for NSCLC

Intensity-modulated radiation therapy may be the preferred treatment option for patients with locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to findings presented by Chun et al at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 2023 World Conference on Lung Cancer ...

lung cancer

Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer: Triplet Combination vs Chemotherapy Alone

The combination of benmelstobart, anlotinib, and chemotherapy may be effective at improving median progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer compared with placebo and chemotherapy, according to findings presented by Cheng et al at the...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Impact of Stigmatization on Patients With Lung Cancer

The stigma that patients face when diagnosed with lung cancer may be associated with poorer psychosocial outcomes, including distress and isolation, delayed help-seeking, and concerns about the quality of care, according to findings presented by Harrison et al at the International Association for...

lung cancer

Is Adagrasib Active in KRAS G12C–Mutated NSCLC?

The oral KRAS G12C inhibitor adagrasib may offer durable clinical activity, with a median overall survival of 14.1 months and a 2-year survival rate of about 33%, in patients with KRAS G12C–mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to findings presented by Gadgeel et al at the...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Combination vs Standard Chemotherapy for Metastatic NSCLC

Researchers have discovered that therapy with first-line nivolumab in combination with ipilimumab may improve the 6-year survival and quality of life of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared with standard chemotherapy, according to findings presented by Peters et al...

cns cancers

FDA Approves New, Updated Indications for Temozolomide

On September 14, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved updated labeling for temozolomide (Temodar) for the treatment of CNS cancers under Project Renewal, an Oncology Center of Excellence initiative aimed at updating labeling information for older oncology drugs to ensure information ...

head and neck cancer

Expert Point of View: Priyanka Bhateja, MD

Head and neck cancer specialist Priyanka Bhateja, MD, Assistant Professor in the Division of Medical Oncology, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, was encouraged by the findings of the Quarterback trial. As she noted in her comments for The ASCO Post, human papillomavirus...

head and neck cancer

Quarterback Trial: De-escalation of Chemoradiotherapy for Subset of Patients With HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

De-escalation of chemoradiotherapy after induction chemotherapy yields excellent oncologic outcomes in patients with high-risk oropharyngeal cancer associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV). Results of the nonrandomized phase II Quarterback trial suggest that this subset of patients may be...

head and neck cancer

Head and Neck Cancers 2022–2023 Almanac

Head and neck cancers comprise approximately 4% of all new cancer diagnoses globally and represent approximately 110,000 new cancer diagnoses and 17,000 cancer deaths annually in the United States. Head and neck cancers are a heterogenous group of malignancies where prognosis and treatment varies...

head and neck cancer

First-in-Class Agent Given With Chemoradiotherapy Improves Survival in Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer, Study Finds

The first-in-class agent xevinapant (also known as Debio 1143), given with chemotherapy and radiotherapy, significantly improved overall survival in a phase II study of 96 patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.1 “This is the first study in decades to improve...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Novel HPV-Targeted Agents Boost Efficacy of Pembrolizumab in Head and Neck Cancer, Two Studies Show

Immunotherapeutics that target human papillomavirus (HPV) genotype 16 appear to boost the activity of pembrolizumab in advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Two examples were presented in posters at the 2023 ASCO Annual Meeting.1,2 The phase II VERSATILE-002 trial evaluated PDS0101,...

head and neck cancer

Could Fluorouracil-Free First-Line Regimen Challenge the Standard of Care in Advanced Head and Neck Cancer?

In patients with relapsed or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, a regimen of the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab plus carboplatin and paclitaxel, evaluated in the phase IV KEYNOTE-B10 trial, demonstrated antitumor activity, with a good safety profile, investigators reported ...

Expert Point of View: Renata Ferrarotto, MD

Renata Ferrarotto, MD, Associate Professor, and Director of Head and Neck Clinical Research at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, called the efficacy results with cabozantinib plus atezolizumab in recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma “encouraging”...

head and neck cancer

Cabozantinib Plus Atezolizumab Warrants Further Study in Treatment of Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

A challenging patient population with advanced head and neck cancer may have a new treatment option, according to data presented during the 2022 Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) Annual Meeting.1 Results from Cohort 17 of the COSMIC-021 study showed that the combination of the kinase...

Expert Point of View: Glenn J. Hanna, MD and Sherene Loi, MD, PhD

The ASCO Post asked for comment from Glenn J. Hanna, MD, Director of the Center for Salivary and Rare Head and Neck Cancers, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Hanna said it is important to put the findings of KEYNOTE-4121 into context...

head and neck cancer

Pembrolizumab Plus Chemoradiation Therapy Falls Short in Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

Pembrolizumab plus chemoradiation therapy failed to demonstrate a statistically significant improvement in event-free survival vs chemoradiation therapy alone in patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, but favorable numerical trends were demonstrated, according to...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

AEGEAN Trial: Addition of Perioperative Durvalumab to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Resectable NSCLC

The addition of perioperative durvalumab to neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be associated with a tolerable surgical safety profile and may not adversely impact surgery in patients with resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to new findings presented by Mitsudomi et al at the...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Taiwanese Program Shows Potential for Detecting Early-Stage Lung Cancer

Researchers have found that the Taiwan National Lung Cancer Early Detection Program successfully detected 85% of stage 0 and stage I lung cancer cases. The findings by Yang et al were presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 2023 World Conference on Lung...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Modified Classification of Pulmonary Adenocarcinomas May Be More Accurate Than WHO Classification System

A modified adenocarcinoma classification approach may enhance reproducibility and may be an improvement on the existing World Health Organization (WHO) classification system, according to findings presented by Thunnissen et al at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC)...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Aki Morikawa, MD, PhD, on Brain Metastases: New Findings on Predictive Drug Testing

Aki Morikawa, MD, PhD, of the University of Michigan, and her team explored the use of patient-derived organoids from breast cancer brain metastases to evaluate drug sensitivities in a clinically meaningful time frame. Along with molecular profiling, she says, this method may further personalize...

Montefiore Einstein Comprehensive Cancer Center Awarded Comprehensive Designation From the NCI

The newly renamed Montefiore Einstein Comprehensive Cancer Center (MECCC) has been awarded comprehensive designation by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) of the National Institutes of Health. As a result, MECCC was awarded a 5-year, $20 million Cancer Center Support Grant to advance the...

multiple myeloma

FDA Approves New Multiple Myeloma Combination Therapy

On September 11, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved motixafortide (Aphexda) in combination with filgrastim to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells to the peripheral blood for collection and subsequent autologous transplantation in patients with multiple myeloma. Motixafortide is...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Study Questions Role of Extended Pleurectomy Decortication in Patients With Mesothelioma

Extended pleurectomy decortication combined with chemotherapy was associated with worse survival outcomes, a higher incidence of serious adverse events, and a diminished quality of life in patients with resectable mesothelioma compared with platinum and pemetrexed chemotherapy alone, according to...

lung cancer

NSCLC: Osimertinib Plus Chemo vs Osimertinib Alone

Osimertinib plus chemotherapy may have demonstrated a statistically significant and clinically meaningful progression-free survival benefit in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared with osimertinib alone, according to new findings presented by Jänne et al at the...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors vs Durvalumab in EGFR-Mutated NSCLC: Impact on Survival

Researchers have discovered that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors may improve survival outcomes after treatment with chemoradiation in patients with stage III EGFR-mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared to the PD-L1 inhibitor durvalumab, according to...

lung cancer

Data Analysis of Young-Onset Lung Cancer Reveals Key Differences Compared With the Disease in Older Adults

Lung cancer, both small cell and non–small cell, is the second most common cancer in both men and women in the United States, with about 238,340 new cases diagnosed each year, and the leading cause of cancer-related mortality, accounting for more than 127,000 deaths annually.1 Lung cancer in...

issues in oncology

Perspectives on Cancer Therapy Development

Long ago, as an ethical alternative to military service, I joined the National Cancer Institute’s Yellow Beret Program, and was assigned to its Division of Cancer Treatment (Dr. Vince DeVita) Cancer Therapy Development Branch (Dr. Steve Carter). This program reviewed and rejected or approved all...

Atrium Health Levine Children’s Expands to Include New Outpatient Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders

Atrium Health Levine Children’s is expanding its commitment to deliver oncology, hematology, and cellular therapies care to patients across the region, the United States, and the world with the recent opening of its completely reimagined outpatient center. The Torrey Hemby Center for Cancer and...

Ishwaria Subbiah, MD, MS, Joins SCRI as Executive Director, Cancer Care Equity and Professional Wellness

Sarah Cannon Research Institute (SCRI) recently announced the appointment of Ishwaria Subbiah, MD, MS, as Executive Director, Cancer Care Equity and Professional Wellness. In this role, Dr. Subbiah will focus on reducing cancer outcomes disparities and diversifying clinical trial participation...

lung cancer

Incremental Gains Toward Better Outcomes in Small Cell Lung Cancer

Novel treatments beyond the current chemoimmunotherapies are offering more treatment options in small cell lung cancer (SCLC), though real breakthroughs remain elusive, according to Ticiana Leal, MD, Associate Professor in the Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Emory University School...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Wei Wu, MD, PhD, on Lung Cancer: Deep Learning as a Tool for Identifying Drug-Tolerant Persister Cells

Wei Wu, MD, PhD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses new findings that suggest his team’s deep learning neural network model may be able to identify subpopulations of patients with lung cancer who have YAP1-activated tumors and drug-tolerant persister cells. These patients may ...

prostate cancer

Study Shows Exercise May Improve Sexual Function in Men With Prostate Cancer

It seems that exercise is good for almost everything, including prostate cancer. In fact, exercise had a positive effect on sexual function and enjoyment in men with prostate cancer, according to a recent study presented at the 2023 ASCO Breakthrough meeting by lead study author Daniel Galvão, PhD, ...

Crystal S. Denlinger, MD, FACP, Named New Chief Executive Officer of NCCN

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)—a not-for-profit alliance of leading academic cancer centers—announced Crystal S. Denlinger, MD, FACP, as incoming Chief Executive Officer (CEO). Dr. Denlinger—who is currently NCCN’s Senior Vice President, Chief Scientific Officer—will lead the ...

ASCO Remembers Chemotherapy Pioneer and Karnofsky Award Recipient Irwin H. Krakoff, MD

ASCO is saddened by the passing of Irwin H. Krakoff, MD, on August 9, 2023, at the age of 100. He is remembered as one of the founding fathers of modern chemotherapy. Dr. Krakoff was born on July 20, 1923, in Columbus, Ohio. He attended The Ohio State University, earning his bachelor’s degree in...

issues in oncology

A Near-Future Look at Medicine When AI Has a Mind of Its Own

“Dr. Hope Kestrel was the only person who knew the patient in Room 132 wasn’t responding to the algorithm-selected treatment. She shuffled forward in the hospital security line, wanting to ger her day started already yet dreading how she’d tell her patient the unexpected and devastating news.” So...

Thomas J. Herzog, MD, Takes Office as President of the GOG Foundation, Inc

Thomas J. Herzog, MD, took office as President of the GOG Foundation (GOG-F, formerly the Gynecologic Oncology Group), Inc, on July 20, 2023, at the NRG Oncology Summer Meeting. Former GOG-F President, Larry J. Copeland, MD, passed the presidential gavel to Dr. Herzog at the GOG-F Board of...

hematologic malignancies

New Updated Edition of a Classic in Hematology Literature

Hematologic malignancies make about 10% of all cancer types in the United States, and the multidisciplinary care of these malignancies has evolved rapidly over the past 20 years. In fact, death rates across all blood cancers have been reduced, and once rapidly fatal diseases such as chronic myeloid ...

lymphoma
pancreatic cancer

Instinct and Perseverance Helped Save Me From Two Cancers

My intuition about my health has served me well over the past 10 years, possibly even saving my life from two serious cancers. In 2013, I was diagnosed with follicular lymphoma. I believe that my awareness of changes in my body led to its early discovery. One evening, after exercising at the gym...

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