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issues in oncology
leukemia

Alfonso Bencomo Álvarez, PhD, on ALL, AML, and CML: Survival for Hispanic Patients Living Near the US/Mexico Border

Alfonso Bencomo Álvarez, PhD, of Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, discusses his retrospective study of the incidence and survival for patients with hematologic malignancies residing at the United States/Mexico border. The analysis showed that 10-year survival rates for Hispanic...

leukemia
geriatric oncology

Andrew H. Wei, MBBS, PhD, on AML: Venetoclax Plus Cytarabine in Older Patients

Andrew H. Wei, MBBS, PhD, of The Alfred Hospital, Monash University, discusses phase III data from the VIALE-C trial, which appear to support the use of venetoclax plus low-dose cytarabine as a front-line treatment for older patients with acute myeloid leukemia, as well as for those who cannot...

leukemia

Arnon P. Kater, MD, PhD, on CLL: Efficacy of Venetoclax in Relapsed or Refractory Disease

Arnon P. Kater, MD, PhD, of the University of Amsterdam, Cancer Center Amsterdam, discusses phase IIIb results from the VENICE I trial, which confirmed that venetoclax monotherapy can achieve deep responses and has a tolerable and manageable safety profile in patients with relapsed or refractory...

leukemia

Jorge E. Cortes, MD, on Chronic Phase CML: Comparing Three Starting Doses of Ponatinib

Jorge E. Cortes, MD, of Georgia Cancer Center, discusses interim results from the OPTIC study, which showed a trend toward dose-dependent efficacy and safety, and may provide a refined understanding of the ponatinib benefit/risk profile and its relation to dose. Mature data from continued follow-up ...

leukemia
lymphoma

John C. Byrd, MD, on CLL/SLL: Acalabrutinib in Treatment-Naive Patients

John C. Byrd, MD, of The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the mature results of a phase II study showing durable remissions and long-term tolerability of acalabrutinib in treatment-naive patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small...

leukemia
lymphoma

Elias Jabbour, MD, on Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Lymphoblastic Lymphoma: Venetoclax and Navitoclax in Relapsed or Refractory Disease

Elias Jabbour, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses study findings that showed venetoclax and navitoclax with chemotherapy is well tolerated, with promising efficacy in heavily pretreated patients with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia and...

leukemia

Anthony Moorman, PhD, on ALL: Improving Outcomes With a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Plus Chemotherapy

Anthony Moorman, PhD, of Newcastle University, discusses preliminary data showing high-risk patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and ABL-class mutations may have improved outcomes when a tyrosine kinase inhibitor is added to chemotherapy (Abstract S117).

leukemia

Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, on AML: Venetoclax and Azacitidine for Treatment-Naive Patients

Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses data from her study of treatment-naive, predominantly older patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are ineligible for intensive therapy. The research shows venetoclax plus azacitidine improved response rates...

leukemia

Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, on AML: Venetoclax and Azacitidine for Treatment-Naive Patients

Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses data from her study of treatment-naive, predominantly older patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are ineligible for intensive therapy. The research shows venetoclax plus azacitidine improved response rates...

leukemia

Abhishek Maiti, MBBS, on AML: Decitabine and Venetoclax vs Intensive Chemotherapy

Abhishek Maiti, MBBS, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses his analysis showing that 10-day decitabine and venetoclax led to superior outcomes compared with intensive chemotherapy in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia, with benefits most pronounced in people at...

leukemia

Farhad Ravandi-Kashani, MD, on Acute Myeloid Leukemia: AMG 330 in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Disease

Farhad Ravandi-Kashani, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses updates from a phase I dose-escalation study of AMG 330, a bispecific T-cell engager molecule. It showed early evidence of an acceptable safety profile, drug tolerability, and antileukemic activity,...

leukemia
myelodysplastic syndromes

Mikkael A. Sekeres, MD, on MDS, CMML, or AML: Pevonedistat and Azacitidine

Mikkael A. Sekeres, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses data from a phase II study of pevonedistat plus azacitidine vs azacitidine alone in patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, or low-blast acute myeloid leukemia (Abstract 7506).

leukemia
covid-19

Laura C. Michaelis, MD: In My Experience Question 5

For community oncologists treating patients with chronic myeloid leukemia or chronic lymphocytic leukemia during the COVID-19 pandemic, what resources and clinical pearls would you suggest? Recorded April 24, 2020.

leukemia
covid-19

Laura C. Michaelis, MD: In My Experience Question 4

At this time, would you consider pausing therapy—specifically signaling inhibitors and/or monoclonal antibodies—in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia? Recorded April 24, 2020.

leukemia
covid-19

Laura C. Michaelis, MD: In My Experience Question 3

leukemia
covid-19

Laura C. Michaelis, MD: In My Experience Question 2

Are you treating patients with advanced chronic myeloid leukemia (accelerated phase or blast crisis) any differently during the COVID-19 pandemic? Recorded April 24, 2020.

leukemia
covid-19

Laura C. Michaelis, MD: In My Experience Question 1

How has the COVID-19 pandemic changed your approach to the selection of tyrosine kinase inhibitors for the treatment of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia? Recorded April 24, 2020.

leukemia
immunotherapy

Jeff P. Sharman, MD, on CLL: Trial Results on Acalabrutinib, Obinutuzumab, and Chlorambucil

Jeff P. Sharman, MD, of the Willamette Valley Cancer Institute and US Oncology Research, discusses phase III findings from the ELEVATE TN study, which showed that acalabrutinib plus obinutuzumab and acalabrutinib monotherapy improved progression-free survival in patients with treatment-naive...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Patrick A. Brown, MD, on B-Cell ALL in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults: Blinatumomab vs Chemotherapy

Patrick A. Brown, MD, of Johns Hopkins University, discusses phase III findings from a Children’s Oncology Group Study showing that blinatumomab was superior to chemotherapy in terms of efficacy and tolerability for young patients as a post-reinduction therapy in the setting of high- and...

leukemia
myelodysplastic syndromes
genomics/genetics

Ilaria Iacobucci, PhD, on AML and MDS: Moving Beyond Gene Panel–Based Classifications

Ilaria Iacobucci, PhD, of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, discusses her work to more accurately define mutation subtypes in acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes, as well as the implications for diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment (Abstract LBA-4 ).

leukemia

Jerald P. Radich, MD, on CML: Predicting Deep Molecular Response to Treatment

Jerald P. Radich, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses a gene-expression model that distinguishes patients with chronic myeloid leukemia who achieved a deep molecular response from those with a poor response to treatment. This work could yield new therapeutic targets that...

leukemia

Andrew H. Wei, MBBS, PhD, on AML: Results From the QUAZAR Trial on Oral Azacitidine

Andrew H. Wei, MBBS, PhD, of The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, discusses phase III findings on oral azacitidine (CC-486), the first treatment used in the maintenance setting shown to improve both overall and disease-free survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia that is in remission following...

leukemia
lymphoma

Jennifer Crombie, MD, on Relapsed or Refractory CLL/SLL: Results From a Phase I Trial of Duvelisib and Venetoclax

Jennifer Crombie, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses early study results which showed that duvelisib plus venetoclax showed activity in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, with no dose-limiting toxicities observed (Abstract 1763).

leukemia

Tait D. Shanafelt, MD, on CLL in Younger Patients: Comparing Ibrutinib and Rituximab With FCR

Tait D. Shanafelt, MD, of Stanford University, discusses extended follow-up data that show ibrutinib plus rituximab improved clinical outcomes vs the standard therapy of fludarabine/cyclophosphamide/ rituximab in younger patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract 33).

leukemia

Mhairi Copland, PhD, MB BChir, on Blast Phase CML: A Possible Treatment Advance

Mhairi Copland, PhD, MB BChir, of the University of Glasgow, discusses results of a study on the combination of ponatinib and fludarabine, cytarabine, idarubicin, and G-CSF for patients with blast phase chronic myeloid leukemia, a rare complication with a poor outcome (Abstract 497).

leukemia

Nitin Jain, MD, on First-Line Ibrutinib Plus Venetoclax in CLL

Nitin Jain, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses findings from two studies showing that the combination of ibrutinib and venetoclax is an effective chemotherapy-free oral regimen for patients with high-risk, previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract...

myelodysplastic syndromes
leukemia

Mikkael A. Sekeres, MD, on Newly Diagnosed Hematologic Malignancies: Early Trial Findings on Glasdegib Plus Azacitidine

Mikkael A. Sekeres, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses results of a phase Ib study of glasdegib in combination with azacitidine, which showed activity in patients with untreated myelodysplastic syndromes, acute myeloid leukemia, and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia who are ineligible for...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Nitin Jain, MD, on CLL: Is There a Role for Chemoimmunotherapy?

Nitin Jain, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the debate on evolving strategies in first-line treatment of CLL.

leukemia
immunotherapy

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, on Evolving Strategies for First-Line Treatment of CLL

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, offers commentary on the debate about evolving strategies in first-line chronic lymphocytic leukemia, the clinical trials on such agents as ibrutinib, BTK inhibitors, and venetoclax, and the interest in...

leukemia
prostate cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

FDA Pipeline: Designation in CLL, New Drug Application in GIST, New Prostate Ablation System Receives 510(k) Clearance

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to acalabrutinib in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), accepted a new drug application for avapritinib in some types of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), and granted 501(k) clearance to market the...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Ibrutinib/Rituximab vs Standard Chemoimmunotherapy in Previously Untreated CLL

In an interim analysis of the phase III E1912 trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Shanafelt et al found that ibrutinib/rituximab improved progression-free and overall survival vs standard chemoimmunotherapy in patients 70 years old or younger with previously untreated chronic...

leukemia
lung cancer
sarcoma
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Label Update for Durvalumab in NSCLC; Applications Accepted in Epithelioid Sarcoma, AML

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the inclusion of overall survival from the PACIFIC trial in the U.S. prescribing information for durvalumab and accepted applications for a new drug in the treatment of epithelioid sarcoma and two orphan drugs in the treatment of acute...

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Approves Rituximab Biosimilar for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, CLL, and Autoimmune Conditions

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved rituximab-pvvr (Ruxience), a biosimilar to rituximab (Rituxan), for the treatment of adult patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and granulomatosis with polyangiitis and microscopic polyangiitis....

leukemia

CLARITY: Ibrutinib Plus Venetoclax in Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

In the phase II CLARITY trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hillmen et al found that the combination of ibrutinib and venetoclax resulted in high rates of minimal residual disease eradication in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In the...

leukemia
survivorship

Anesthesia Exposure and Neurocognitive and Neuroimaging Outcomes in Long-Term Survivors of Childhood ALL

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Banerjee et al found that higher cumulative anesthesia exposure and duration of exposure during treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may be associated with adverse neurocognitive and abnormal neuroimaging outcomes in long-term survivors....

leukemia

Substitution of Clofarabine for Anthracycline/Etoposide in Induction Therapy for Pediatric Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In the phase III AML08 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rubnitz et al found that the use of clofarabine instead of an anthracycline and etoposide in the first course of induction therapy may be a feasible strategy in pediatric patients with acute myeloid leukemia. The trial,...

leukemia

Association of Antibodies With Pegaspargase Allergic Reactions and Failure of Rechallenge in Pediatric ALL

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Liu et al determined the frequency of allergic reactions and consequences of development of antibodies to pegaspargase (PEG-ASP) among pediatric patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).    As noted by the...

leukemia
immunotherapy

EHA 2019: ASCEND Trial Compares Acalabrutinib vs Investigator’s Choice in Relapsed or Refractory CLL

The randomized, global, multicenter, open-label phase III ASCEND trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of acalabrutinib vs investigator’s choice of rituximab/idelalisib or rituximab/bendamustine in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Ghia et al presented ...

leukemia

EHA 2019: CLL12 Trial Investigates Ibrutinib in Previously Untreated, Asymptomatic Early-Stage CLL

At the 24th Annual Congress of the European Hematology Association (EHA), Langerbeins et al presented findings from the phase III CLL12 trial, which evaluated whether ibrutinib prolongs event-free survival in patients with previously untreated, Binet stage A chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)...

leukemia

QuANTUM-R: Quizartinib vs Salvage Chemotherapy in Relapsed or Refractory FLT3-ITD–Positive AML

In the phase III QuANTUM-R trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cortes et al found that the FLT3 inhibitor quizartinib produced a modest but significant improvement in overall survival vs salvage chemotherapy in relapsed or refractory FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD)-positive acute...

leukemia

François-Xavier Mahon, MD, PhD, on Chronic-Phase Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Treatment-Free Remission After Second-Line Treatment

François-Xavier Mahon, MD, PhD, of the Université Bordeaux and Institut Bergonie, discusses results of the ENESTop study, which demonstrated the long-term durability and safety of treatment-free remission in chronic-phase CML after second-line nilotinib (Abstract 7005).

leukemia
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: CLL14 Trial Evaluates First-Line Venetoclax/Obinutuzumab in Previously Untreated CLL

The phase III CLL14 trial—reported by Fischer et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 7502) and in The New England Journal of Medicine—found that the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax plus the monoclonal antibody obinutuzumab prolonged progression-free survival vs obinutuzumab and...

leukemia

First-Line Ibrutinib and Venetoclax for High-Risk and Older Patients With Previously Untreated CLL

In a single-center phase II trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Jain et al found that the combination of ibrutinib and venetoclax was highly active in previously untreated high-risk and older patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).  In the study, 80 patients...

leukemia

Kerry A. Rogers, MD, on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Acalabrutinib With Obinutuzumab in Treatment-Naive and Relapsed or Refractory Disease

Kerry A. Rogers, MD, of The Ohio State University, discusses a 3-year follow-up of phase Ib safety and efficacy findings with the selective BTK inhibitor acalabrutinib and the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody obinutuzumab in patients with CLL (Abstract 7500).  

leukemia
lymphoma
immunotherapy

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, on Immunotherapy for Relapsed/Refractory CLL/SLL: Results From TRANSCEND CLL 004

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the TRANSCEND CLL 004 trial, which studied the use of an experimental CD19-directed CAR T-cell product in heavily pretreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma (Abstract ...

leukemia

Mark J. Levis, MD, PhD, on Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Gilteritinib in FLT3-Mutated Disease

Mark J. Levis, MD, PhD, of The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University, discusses the effect of gilteritinib on survival in patients with FLT3-mutated relapsed/refractory AML who have common co-mutations or a high FLT3-ITD allelic ratio, and the importance of FLT3-ITD...

leukemia

FDA Approves Addition of Survival Data to Gilteritinib Label for Refractory FLT3-Mutated AML

On May 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the addition of overall survival data in the labeling for gilteritinib (Xospata), which is indicated for adult patients who have relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with an FLT3 mutation as detected by an FDA-approved...

cns cancers
solid tumors
leukemia
multiple myeloma
sarcoma

FDA Pipeline: Designations in Myeloma, Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, and Kaposi Sarcoma, Plus ODAC Votes

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted designations in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and Kaposi sarcoma; and the FDA’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC) held votes on treatments for tenosynovial giant cell tumor and acute...

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Approves Chemotherapy-Free Regimen, Venetoclax Plus Obinutuzumab, as First-Line Treatment for CLL/SLL

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved venetoclax (Venclexta) in combination with obinutuzumab (Gazyva) for the treatment of people with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL). The approval is based on the results of the...

solid tumors
leukemia
prostate cancer
pain management

FDA Pipeline: Applications and Designations in Prostate Cancer, Leukemia, and HER2-Positive Cancers

In the past 2 weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a new drug application and granted Priority Review for a prostate cancer treatment, granted Orphan Drug designation to a treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, accepted an investigational new drug application for a...

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