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breast cancer

No Benefit for Adjuvant Palbociclib in Stage IIA Breast Cancer: Analysis From the PALLAS Trial

In a preplanned analysis of the PALLAS trial, the addition of adjuvant palbociclib to standard endocrine therapy did not improve outcomes over endocrine therapy alone in patients with stage IIA breast cancer. Palbociclib offered no additional benefit in terms of invasive disease–free survival (the...

breast cancer

David Cescon, MD, PhD, Comments on the MONALEESA Analyses

David Cescon, MD, PhD, Clinician Scientist at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre in Toronto, Canada, was the invited discussant of the two MONALEESA analyses.1,2 He noted that the most recent overall survival analysis, presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2021,...

breast cancer

MONALEESA Analyses Show Widespread Benefit for Ribociclib in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

Further analyses of the ­MONALEESA metastatic breast cancer trials have shown that the benefit of ribociclib plus endocrine therapy in the first-line setting extends to most intrinsic molecular subtypes and is consistent across multiple subgroups. The studies were presented at the 2021 San Antonio...

Expert Point of View: Mafalda Oliveira, MD, PhD

Invited discussant of the MONALEESA-3 trial, Mafalda Oliveira, MD, PhD, of Vall d’Hebron University Hospital and Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, commented: “I totally agree with the authors when they say these results are ‘impressive.’” Among all the phase III trials evaluating...

breast cancer

MONALEESA-3: Ribociclib Plus Fulvestrant Improves Overall Survival Over Fulvestrant Alone in the First-Line Setting

In an updated analysis of the phase III MONALEESA-3 trial, which included postmenopausal patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer, first-line treatment with ribociclib plus fulvestrant added nearly 16 months of overall survival time vs fulvestrant...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Debu Tripathy, MD

Debu Tripathy, MD, Professor and Chair of Breast Medical Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, shared his thoughts on TROPiCS-02 with The ASCO Post. He said the study is important because it addresses the needs of “a population with limited options, whose...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

TROPiCS-02 Sacituzumab Govitecan Effective in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

For advanced breast cancer that is hormone receptor–positive and HER2-negative, sacituzumab govitecan-hziy significantly reduced the risk of disease progression by 34% over physician’s choice of treatment, based on the results of the phase III TROPiCS-02 trial.1 The heavily pretreated patients in...

breast cancer

PALOMA-2: No Overall Survival Benefit Reported With Palbociclib/Letrozole in Advanced Breast Cancer

The final overall survival analysis of the phase III PALOMA-2 trial has shown no significant benefit for palbociclib given with letrozole, vs letrozole and placebo, as a first-line treatment in hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer.1 The results were reported at the 2022 ...

Expert Point of View: Mafalda Oliveira, MD, PhD

The invited discussant of the TUXEDO-1 trial1 was Mafalda Oliveira, MD, PhD, of Vall d’Hebron University Hospital and Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, Barcelona. Dr. Oliveira noted that 40% of the 15 patients in TUXEDO-1 had symptomatic disease, and 60% had central nervous system metastases...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

T-DXd Shows Efficacy Against Active Brain Metastases in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In the single-center phase II TUXEDO-1 trial of patients with advanced HER2-positive breast cancer, fam-trastuzumab-deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) showed efficacy in patients with active brain metastases, yielding intracranial responses in 73.3% of the population and a median progression-free survival of...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Debu Tripathy, MD, and Hope S. Rugo, MD, FASCO

The ASCO Post asked Debu Tripathy, MD, Professor and Chair of Medical Breast Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, and Hope S. Rugo, MD, FASCO, Professor of Medicine, Director of Breast Oncology and Clinical Trials Education at the University of California San...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Datopotamab Deruxtecan Shows Activity in Advanced Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Datopotamab deruxtecan, an antibody-drug conjugate directed against trophoblast cell surface antigen-2 (Trop-2), is showing promise as a treatment for relapsed or refractory advanced triple-negative breast cancer, according to early findings from the phase I TROPION-PanTumor01 trial presented...

Expert Point of View: Mafalda Oliveira, MD, PhD

The invited discussant of the BEGONIA trial,1 Mafalda Oliveira, MD, PhD, of Vall d’Hebron University Hospital and Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, called the activity of the combination of durvalumab and datopotamab deruxtecan (Dato-DXd) “notable,” with a 74% response rate overall,...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

BEGONIA Trial Reports Activity With Datopotamab Deruxtecan Plus Durvalumab in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Preliminary results of the basket BEGONIA trial showed that the antibody-drug conjugate datopotamab deruxtecan (Dato-DXd), paired with the immune checkpoint inhibitor durvalumab, has strong activity in advanced or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer among patients not biomarker-selected for...

Expert Point of View: Amy Tiersten, MD and Carlos L. Arteaga, MD

Amy Tiersten, MD, Professor of Medicine, Hematology, and Medical Oncology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and Carlos L. Arteaga, MD, Director of the Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center and Associate Dean of Oncology at The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas,...

breast cancer

PADA-1 Trial: With Early Identification of ESR1 Mutation, Switch to Fulvestrant in Metastatic Breast Cancer

Switching from an aromatase inhibitor to fulvestrant upon early identification of the ESR1 mutation in plasma—before disease progression—doubled progression-free survival in the phase III PADA-1 trial, presented at the 2021 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.1 “PADA-1 is the first trial to...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Angela DeMichele, MD, MSCE

Angela DeMichele, MD, MSCE, the Alan and Jill Miller Professor in Breast Cancer Excellence at the Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, commented on NIMBUS1 for The ASCO Post. She said obtaining information on tumor mutational burden is simple, as it is part ...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Dual Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy Elicits Responses in Highly Mutated Breast Cancer

Patients with advanced HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer and high tumor mutational burden achieved responses—often durable—from treatment with the immunotherapy doublet of nivolumab and ipilimumab, according to results of the phase II NIMBUS trial reported at the 2021 San Antonio Breast Cancer ...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

Expert Point of View: Mark E. Robson, MD

“OlympiA is clearly a practice-changing trial, and olaparib should be offered to patients meeting the entry criteria for the study,” said Mark E. Robson, MD, Chief of the Breast Medicine Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York. Dr. Robson was invited to discuss the findings of...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

OlympiA Trial: Adjuvant Olaparib Significantly Improves Overall Survival in Germline BRCA-Mutated Breast Cancer

The OlympiA trial of adjuvant olaparib in patients with HER2-negative, high-risk ­early-stage breast cancer and BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations has now demonstrated a significant overall survival benefit, reducing the risk of death over placebo by 32% and yielding an absolute improvement of 3.8% at 3...

breast cancer

Strides Are Being Made in the Treatment of Brain Metastases From Breast Cancer

New drugs for HER2-positive breast cancer are able to overcome some of the obstacles that have made brain metastases challenging to treat, according to Mark Pegram, MD, the Susy Yuan-Huey Hung Professor of Oncology at Stanford University School of Medicine in California, who described the promising ...

breast cancer

Aditya Bardia, MD, MPH, Comments on Findings From monarchE

The invited discussant of monarchE,1 Aditya Bardia, MD, MPH, Director, Breast Cancer Research, and Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, commented: “Based on a hazard ratio of 0.69 for invasive disease–free survival, the results are statistically significant and clinically...

breast cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of monarchE: Benefit of Abemaciclib Plus Endocrine Therapy Maintained in Early High-Risk Breast Cancer

Longer-term follow-up of the global phase III monarchE trial showed an increasing benefit for adding abemaciclib to endocrine therapy in the adjuvant treatment of early high-risk hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, regardless of Ki67 index. The latest findings were reported at a ...

Expert Point of View: James Larkin, PhD and Andrea Cercek, MD

Invited discussant James Larkin, PhD, a clinical researcher at the Royal Marsden Hospital, London, commented on the findings from NICHE-2.1 “These striking data are consistent with the recent report in locally advanced mismatch repair–deficient [dMMR] rectal cancer from Memorial Sloan Kettering.2...

colorectal cancer

NICHE-2: ‘Unprecedented’ Waterfall Plot Achieved With Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy in dMMR Colon Cancer

Treatment with neoadjuvant immunotherapy in colon cancer resulted in major pathologic responses in 95% of patients, NICHE-2 investigators reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2022.1 Additionally, after 4 weeks of nivolumab plus ipilimumab, 67% of patients with...

lymphoma

Managing Lymphomas in the Future: Some Bright Spots Are Emerging

Although standard therapies may provide long-lasting remissions for many patients with various subtypes of lymphoma, there is a critical need for new strategies for the sizable high-risk subset. At the 2022 Pan Pacific Lymphoma Conference, four experts in the field described future therapies for...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Meritxell Bellet Ezquerra, MD, PhD

TROPiCS-02 is a statistically positive trial, with the primary endpoint met and also now with an overall survival gain of 3.2 months,” said the study’s invited discussant Meritxell Bellet Ezquerra, MD, PhD, a senior researcher at the Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, Barcelona. “TROPiCS-02 is...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

TROPiCS-02: Sacituzumab Govitecan Improves Overall Survival in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

An overall survival benefit has now emerged for sacituzumab govitecan-hziy in women with previously treated, hormone receptor–positive/HER2-negative, locally recurrent, inoperable or metastatic breast cancer, according to a planned second interim analysis of the phase III TROPiCS-02 trial.1 The...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Alexander M.M. Eggermont, MD; Omid Hamid, MD; and James Larkin, PhD

The results of SWOG S18011 were met with enthusiasm by attendees at the Presidential Symposium of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2022. The ASCO Post captured the thoughts of several melanoma experts, who had somewhat different ideas about the immediate clinical...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

SWOG S1801: Addition of Neoadjuvant Pembrolizumab to Adjuvant Pembrolizumab Yields Benefits in High-Risk Resectable Melanoma

In resectable stage III to IV melanoma, three cycles of neoadjuvant pembrolizumab followed by adjuvant pembrolizumab was significantly more beneficial than adjuvant pembrolizumab alone, based on the results of the phase II SWOG S1801 trial presented in a Presidential Symposium at the European...

Expert Point of View: Jean-Yves Blay, MD, PhD

The invited discussant of the DeFi trial was Jean-Yves Blay, MD, PhD, General Director of the Center Bérard, Lyon, France, and President of Unicancer, the French Federation of Cancer Centers. He called the DeFi study a “rigorous trial” in a “representative population” that “introduces a new class...

solid tumors

DeFi Trial: Novel Gamma Secretase Inhibitor Halts Progression of Desmoid Tumors

Patients with rare desmoid tumors may finally have an effective treatment. A first-in-class gamma secretase inhibitor, nirogacestat, led to an improvement in progression-free survival in the phase III DeFi trial. The results were presented during the Presidential Symposium at the European Society...

lymphoma

Determining Prognosis in Aggressive Lymphomas: Integrating Liquid Biopsy Into Imaging Assessment

The incorporation of blood-based measurements—ie, “liquid biopsies”—into imaging assessment may refine the accuracy of prognosis in aggressive lymphomas, as described by David Kurtz, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Division of Oncology, Stanford University Medical Center, in a talk at the 2022...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

'Real-World' Experience With Durvalumab at the Mayo Clinic Mirrors PACIFIC Findings

Concurrent chemoradiation followed by durvalumab has become the standard of care in patients with unresectable, locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), based on the PACIFIC trial.1 But clinical trials have predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria, and they evaluate selective...

breast cancer

TROPiCS-02 Update: Sacituzumab Govitecan Improves Overall Survival in Previously Treated Patients With Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

An overall survival benefit has now emerged for sacituzumab govitecan-hziy in patients with previously treated hormone receptor–positive/HER2-negative locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic breast cancer, according to a planned second interim analysis of the phase III TROPiCS-02 trial. These...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

DART Trial: Concurrent Radiotherapy Plus Durvalumab Active in Older Patients With Locally Advanced Lung Cancer

Interim results of a phase II study have demonstrated the safety and feasibility of treating elderly and frail patients with locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with the monoclonal antibody durvalumab during and after radiation therapy, without chemotherapy. The results of a...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ryan B. Corcoran, MD, PhD

Ryan B. Corcoran, MD, PhD, commented on the C-800 study for The ASCO Post. Dr. Corcoran is the Mark J. Kusek Endowed Chair in Colorectal Cancer, Director of the Gastrointestinal Cancer Center Program and Scientific Director of the Termeer Center for Targeted Therapy, Massachusetts General Hospital...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Activity Shown for Novel Immunotherapy Combination in Microsatellite-Stable Colorectal Cancer

Expanded data from the phase I C-800 study showed the immunotherapy combination of botensilimab and balstili­mab appeared to be active in patients with microsatellite-stable (MSS) metastatic colorectal cancer. The findings were reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) World...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Tislelizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in Nasopharyngeal Cancer

The addition of the checkpoint inhibitor tislelizumab to first-line chemotherapy significantly reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 50% and, despite a 49% crossover rate, numerically boosted overall survival in patients with recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal cancer, Zhang et al...

Expert Point of View: Javier Cortés, MD, PhD

The invited discussant of the updated APHINITY data was Javier Cortés, MD, PhD, Head of the International Breast Cancer Center in Barcelona. “I think we clearly learned two things from the data. One is that estrogen receptor positivity does not matter in terms of benefit from the addition of...

breast cancer

APHINITY Trial in Patients With HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer: Update at 8 Years

Updated results from the adjuvant APHINITY trial in HER2-positive early breast cancer, now with a median follow-up of 8.4 years, confirmed the benefit of adding pertuzumab to trastuzumab plus chemotherapy in preventing invasive disease recurrences, but as yet no statistically significant overall...

Expert Point of View: Katrina S. Pedersen, MD, MS

Katrina S. Pedersen, MD, MS, Assistant Professor of Medicine at Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, said while the results of the phase II -SEQUENCE trial1 are encouraging and the drugs are available to translate into the clinic without delay, phase III validation would be needed...

pancreatic cancer

Sequencing Therapies May Improve Overall Survival in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In the first-line treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer, the sequencing of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine with FOLFOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin) resulted in a significant improvement in overall survival at 12 months and in all other efficacy endpoints as compared with the standard ...

solid tumors

Snapshots of Studies of Interest Presented at ASCO 2022

The 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting was filled with important science, engaging data, and several practice-changing abstracts, many of which have been covered in detail on other pages or in earlier issues of The ASCO Post. There were numerous high-impact studies and attendees, whether present at the...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Real-World Evidence Confirms Survival Benefit of Durvalumab in Locally Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

In locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), immunotherapy consolidation with the PD-L1 inhibitor durvalumab improved overall survival in the PACIFIC trial,1 thus leading to its use after chemoradiotherapy as a standard of care. Real-world evidence of durvalumab’s effect on overall and...

Expert Point of View: Michael Cecchini, MD

The ASCO Post asked Michael Cecchini, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine and Co-Director of the Colorectal Program in the Center for Gastrointestinal Cancer at Yale School of Medicine and Smilow Cancer Hospital Center, New Haven, to comment on the RATIONALE-306 findings. He said the study...

gastroesophageal cancer

RATIONALE-306: Survival Benefit Attained With Tislelizumab in Advanced Esophageal Cancer

In patients with advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, the addition of the checkpoint inhibitor tislelizumab to first-line chemotherapy significantly improved overall survival vs chemotherapy alone, according to an interim analysis of the global phase III RATIONALE-306 trial....

Expert Point of View: Rebecca A. Dent, MD

The invited discussant of the DS8201-A-U105 trial, Rebecca A. Dent, MD, Head of the Department of Medical Oncology, Senior Consultant, and Chief of the Breast Medical Oncology Service at the National Cancer Center Singapore, said the results were reassuring in terms of safety and may pave the way...

Expert Point of View: Cathy Eng, MD, FACP, FASCO

Cathy Eng, MD, FACP, FASCO, the David H. Johnson Endowed Chair in Surgical and Medical Oncology, Co-Director of Gastrointestinal Oncology, and Co-Leader of the Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Program at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, told The ASCO Post she finds the data from...

colorectal cancer

MOUNTAINEER: Tucatinib Plus Trastuzumab Active in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In the phase II MOUNTAINEER trial, tucatinib in combination with trastuzumab produced durable responses in patients with previously treated HER2-positive metastatic colorectal cancer. The late-breaking data were presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) World Congress on...

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