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ESMO Virtual Congress 2020

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Advanced Melanoma: Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab After Disease Progression on Anti-PD-1 Based Therapy

Checkpoint inhibitors can be lifesaving for many patients with advanced melanoma, but those who experience disease progression currently have few treatment options. The combination of a tyrosine kinas...

Head and Neck Cancer

First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Survival in Esophageal Cancer

As first-line therapy for advanced esophageal cancer, pembrolizumab added to chemotherapy improved overall survival in the KEYNOTE-590 population. Not only did patients with high PD-L1 expression bene...

Colorectal Cancer

First-Line Pembrolizumab in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Quality of Life Also Improved

In KEYNOTE-177, the anti–PD-L1 antibody pembrolizumab reduced the risk of disease progression by 40% vs chemotherapy in a targeted subset of previously untreated patients with metastatic colorectal ca...

Prostate Cancer

Ipatasertib/Abiraterone Combination Shows Potential in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With PTEN Loss

Ipatasertib plus abiraterone plus prednisone achieved significantly superior radiographic progression–free survival and antitumor activity compared with placebo plus abiraterone plus prednisonein pati...

Prostate Cancer

Olaparib Improves Outcomes in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With BRCA1/2 Alterations

The PARP inhibitor olaparib reduced the risk of death by 31% compared with a second hormonal treatment (enzalutamide or abiraterone) in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer charact...

Solid Tumors

Early-Phase Study Reports Progress in Targeting KRAS-Mutated Tumors With Sotorasib

Although KRAS is one of the most frequently mutated oncogenes in human cancers, an almost 4-decade long search for drugs that hit this target has been elusive—until now. Sotorasib (formerly called AMG...

Lung Cancer

EMPOWER-Lung 1 Trial: Cemiplimab Improves Survival Over Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC

The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Virtual Congress 2020 presented several abstracts with good news for patients with lung cancer. Long-term follow-up of immunotherapies showed excellent...

Head and Neck Cancer

Novel IAP Blocker Plus Chemoradiotherapy Improved Outcomes in Head and Neck Cancer Trial

Xevinapant, an investigational inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP) blocker, prolonged overall survival when added to standard chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carci...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Sacituzumab Govitecan Yields Survival Benefit as Third-Line Treatment in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: ASCENT Trial

Based on results from a phase I/II clinical trial, the antibody drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan was recently granted accelerated approval in the treatment of patients with advanced triple-negativ...

Lung Cancer

Lorlatinib Improves Outcomes Over Crizotinib in First-Line Setting of ALK-Positive NSCLC: CROWN Trial

Lorlatinib significantly improved progression-free survival compared with crizotinib in the first-line treatment of patients with advanced ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to...

Skin Cancer

Long-Term Benefit of Adjuvant Immunotherapy Sustained in Stage III or IV Melanoma

The benefit of anti–PD-1 antibodies in the adjuvant treatment of patients with stage III or stage IV melanoma continues to be observed at around 4 years for both pembrolizumab and nivolumab, according...

Skin Cancer

COMBI-i Trial: No Statistical Benefit to Adding Spartalizumab to Dabrafenib/Trametinib in Melanoma

Patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma harboring BRAF V600 mutations did not benefit from the addition of the anti–PD-1 antibody spartalizumab to dabrafenib and trametinib in the COMBI-i tr...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Elizabeth Smyth, MD

The overall survival benefit for PD-L1 CPS ≥ 5 tumors in CheckMate 649 is a game-changer. An oxaliplatin doublet plus chemotherapy should become a standard of care for these patients,” according to El...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab Plus Chemotherapy: New Standard of Care in Advanced Gastric Cancer?

As first-line treatment for advanced gastric cancer, nivolumab plus chemotherapy leads to significantly improved progression-free and overall survival over chemotherapy alone, investigators reported d...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Johan Vansteenkiste, MD

Formal study discussant Johan Vansteenkiste, MD, of the University Hospitals KU Leuven, Belgium, commented on the ADAURA trial findings: “This is an impressive effect on disease-free survival [with os...

Lung Cancer

Impact of Adjuvant Osimertinib on CNS Recurrence of NSCLC: ADAURA Trial

Osimertinib significantly prolonged disease-free survival compared with placebo in patients with completely resected stage II to IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to the results of th...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Rafal Dziadziuszko, MD

Commenting on the Lung ART study, Rafal Dziadziuszko, MD, a radiation oncologist from the Medical University of Gdansk, Poland, said: “Congratulations on this study to resolve the longest ongoing deba...

Lung Cancer

Study Questions Role of Routine Postoperative Radiotherapy in NSCLC With Mediastinal Nodes

The Lung ART trial was designed to demonstrate whether there is any benefit to the routine use of modern mediastinal postoperative radiotherapy in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stag...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Camillo Porta, MD

Acknowledging there are now expanded therapeutic choices in the first-line setting for advanced renal cell carcinoma, formal study discussant Camillo Porta, MD, of the University of Bari Aldo Moro, It...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib Improves Outcomes vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of nivolumab plus cabozantinib was found to be superior to the former standard, sunitinib, in the first-line treatment of advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to the ...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: George W. Sledge, Jr, MD

The results of monarchE were discussed by George W. Sledge, Jr, MD, Professor of Medicine and Chief of Oncology at Stanford University Medical Center, who offered some possibilities as to why its resu...

Breast Cancer

Addition of Abemaciclib to Endocrine Therapy Reduces Recurrence in Early Breast Cancer

For the first time, an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) has reduced the risk of invasive disease recurrence in patients with early breast cancer when combined with standard endoc...

gynecologic cancers

Andreas du Bois, MD, PhD, on Ovarian Cancer: Niraparib, Trabectedin Plus Doxorubicin, Platinum, and Carboplatin

Andreas du Bois, MD, PhD, of Kliniken Essen Mitte, discusses the NORA and INOVATYON studies of patients with recurrent ovarian cancer, detailing the findings for women in China with platinum-sensitive...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Jeffrey S. Weber, MD, PhD, on Melanoma: Adjuvant Nivolumab vs Ipilimumab

Jeffrey S. Weber, MD, PhD, of the Perlmutter Cancer Center, NYU Langone, discusses the 4-year recurrence-free and overall survival results from the CheckMate 238 study, which showed adjuvant nivoluma...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

IMpassion131: No Benefit for Atezolizumab Plus Paclitaxel in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Based on some unexpected negative results, oncologists using atezolizumab for metastatic triple-negative breast cancer should pair it with nab-paclitaxel, not paclitaxel. In contrast to the overall su...

breast cancer
symptom management

Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD, MPH, on Early-Stage Breast Cancer: Ambulatory Toxicity Management in the AToM Study

Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD, MPH, of the Princess Margaret University Health Network, discusses study findings on remote proactive telephone-based toxicity management for patients with breast cancer re...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Lisa A. Carey, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Paclitaxel, Nab-paclitaxel, and Atezolizumab in IMpassion Trials

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, discusses phase III results from two IMpassion trials, 130 and 131, which explored, respectively, atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel vs placebo pl...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

First-in-Class Human IgG4 Monoclonal Antibody Shows Activity Alone and Combined With Pembrolizumab in Advanced Solid Tumors

MK-4830—a novel, first-in-class human IgG4 monoclonal antibody targeting the myeloid-specific anti–immunoglobulin-like transcript 4 (ILT4) receptor—administered either as a single agent or in combinat...

Kidney Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Is ctDNA Effective in Detecting Genomic Alterations in Patients With Metastatic Kidney Cancer?

Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis is a minimally invasive genomic assessment tool utilizing targeted next-generation sequencing of peripheral blood. At the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020, Zengin et a...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Alexander M. Eggermont, MD, PhD, on Melanoma: Pembrolizumab vs Placebo After Complete Resection

Alexander M. Eggermont, MD, PhD, of the Princess Maxima Center for Pediatric Oncology, discusses final results of the phase III EORTC 1325-MG/Keynote 054 trial, which confirmed a sustained recurrence-...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Aditya Bardia, MD, MPH, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Sacituzumab Govitecan vs Treatment of Physician’s Choice

Aditya Bardia, MD, MPH, of Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, discusses results from the phase III ASCENT trial, which showed the antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan-hziy improved...

Issues in Oncology
Supportive Care

Malnutrition Among Patients With Cancer Admitted to the Hospital May Increase the Risk for Infection

Upon hospital admission for cancer, many patients already demonstrated a high prevalence of malnutrition per Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria, which was associated with the...

Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

Does Pembrolizumab Monotherapy Demonstrate Benefit in Rare Sarcomas?

Pembrolizumab monotherapy induced responses in patients with rare sarcomas that varied by histotype, according to findings presented by Jean-Yves Blay, MD, at the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract ...

Thyroid Cancer

Pralsetinib in RET-Mutated Medullary Thyroid Cancer

Pralsetinib (also known as BLU-667) showed activity in patients with advanced RET mutation–positive medullary thyroid cancer, including high rates of durable response, disease control, and 18-month pr...

breast cancer

Erica L. Mayer, MD, MPH, on Early Breast Cancer: Palbociclib With Endocrine Therapy vs Endocrine Therapy Alone

Erica L. Mayer, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses an initial analysis of phase III findings from the PALLAS trial, which suggested the benefits observed in the metastatic setting wit...

Immunotherapy

Meta-analyses of Quality of Life in Patients Treated With Checkpoint Inhibitors

Findings from two meta-analyses designed to summarize quality-of-life data on patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for cancer were presented at the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstra...

Colorectal Cancer
Geriatric Oncology

Elderly Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer Treated With Adjuvant Oxaliplatin Plus Fluoropyrimidines: Tolerability and Benefit

Among patients with stage III colon cancer, patients aged 70 or older were less tolerant of adjuvant oxaliplatin/flouropyrimidine therapy, in addition to having poorer relapse-free interval rates on t...

Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab Shows Activity in edPOLE-Mutated, MMR-Proficient Advanced Cancers

Nivolumab monotherapy showed high response and disease control rates in patients with pathogenic exonuclease domain POLE (edPOLE)-mutated, mismatch repair (MMR)-proficient advanced tumors containing c...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Nivolumab vs Ipilimumab in Resected Advanced Melanoma: Long-Term Follow-up of CheckMate 238

Long-term findings from the phase III CheckMate 238 study showed that nivolumab improved 4-year recurrence-free survival compared with ipilimumab in patients with resected stage IIIB to C or IV melano...

Gynecologic Cancers

Does Radical Hysterectomy Improve Survival in Patients With Cervical Cancer and Intraoperative Detection of Positive Lymph Nodes?

No significant difference was observed in the risk of recurrence, local recurrence, or death between patients with cervical cancer in whom a radical uterine procedure (mostly radical hysterectomy) was...

lung cancer

Cécile Le Pechoux, MD, on NSCLC: Comparing Postoperative Radiotherapy With No Radiotherapy

Cécile Le Pechoux, MD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses new findings from an international trial on an old controversy: What is the role of postoperative radiotherapy in locally advanced (sta...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Benjamin Besse, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab for Resectable Disease

Benjamin Besse, MD, PhD, of the Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discusses results of the phase II PRINCEPS trial, which assessed, for the first time, the effect of just one injection of the immunotherap...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, on Melanoma: Sequencing Targeted Treatments and Immunotherapy

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori, discusses phase II results on progression-free survival for patients with advanced melanoma in the SECOMBIT study, whose aim is to evaluate the...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Thierry Andre, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Health-Related Quality of Life With Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy

Thierry Andre, MD, of Hôpital Saint-Antoine, discusses phase III KEYNOTE-177 findings on the reduced risk of disease progression or death in patients receiving pembrolizumab monotherapy as a first-lin...

Gynecologic Cancers

SOLO1 5-Year Follow-up: Maintenance Olaparib for BRCA-Mutated Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Almost half of patients who received the PARP inhibitor olaparib for newly diagnosed BRCA-mutated advanced ovarian cancer remained disease-free after 5 years, according to data presented by Susana Ban...

Lung Cancer

Disease-Free Survival With Adjuvant Osimertinib in Resected EGFR-Mutant NSCLC: ADAURA Trial

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Wu et al, the phase III ADAURA trial has shown significantly prolonged disease-free survival with adjuvant osimertinib vs placebo in patients with...

breast cancer

Stephen R.D. Johnston, MD, PhD, on Early Breast Cancer: Abemaciclib in High-Risk Disease

Stephen R.D. Johnston, MD, PhD, of The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, discusses phase III study findings from the global monarchE trial, which showed that when added to standard adjuvant endocrin...

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: Abiraterone Acetate Plus Prednisolone for Hormone-Naive Disease

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of The Institute of Cancer Research, London, discusses long-term STAMPEDE trial results that showed patients with metastatic, hormone-naive prostate cancer benefited from...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Cabozantinib Plus Atezolizumab as First-Line Therapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses results from the COSMIC-021 study, which tested two different doses of cabozantinib, each with a standard dose of atezolizuma...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Checkpoint Inhibitors May Improve Survival in Gastroesophageal Cancers

Immune therapy for advanced gastroesophageal cancer has taken a leap forward by showing its value in the first-line setting, according to two studies in which nivolumab and pembrolizumab, both given w...

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