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solid tumors
prostate cancer

Increased Survival and Toxicity With Docetaxel, No Apparent Benefit of Zoledronic Acid in Prostate Cancer

As reported in The Lancet by James et al, results of the STAMPEDE trial, which used a multiarm, multistage seamless phase II/III design, showed increased survival and toxicity with docetaxel and little benefit of zoledronic acid when added to first-line long-term hormone therapy in patients with...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

American College of Physicians Issues Advice, Raises Questions About Best Practices for Hematuria as a Sign of Cancer

In some patients, blood in the urine, or hematuria, may be the only warning sign of cancer in the urinary tract. A new report from the American College of Physicians’ (ACP) High Value Care Task Force published by Nielsen et al in Annals of Internal Medicine issues advice for physicians on how ...

lung cancer
solid tumors

French Trial Shows Addition of First-Line Bevacizumab to Cisplatin/Pemetrexed Improves Survival in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

In the French phase III MAPS trial reported in The Lancet, Zalcman et al found that the addition of bevacizumab (Avastin) to standard cisplatin/pemetrexed (Alimta) treatment increased overall and progression-free survival in patients with newly diagnosed pleural mesothelioma. Vascular endothelial...

solid tumors
cns cancers

Priscilla K. Brastianos, MD, on Genetic Screening of Brain Metastases

Priscilla K. Brastianos, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses genomic characterization of brain metastases and paired primary tumors, which could reveal potential therapeutic targets (Abstract 2905).

solid tumors

Christopher J. Sweeney, MBBS: Testicular Cancer Update

Christopher J. Sweeney, MBBS, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, reviews important presentations on testicular cancer, including dose intensification for first-line therapy of metastatic disease, and what physicians need to know about the molecular genetics of testicular cancer.

solid tumors

Nicholas D. James, BSc, MBBS, PhD, on Urothelial Carcinomas: Year in Review

Nicholas D. James, BSc, MBBS, PhD, of the University of Warwick, gives his expert perspective on treatment advances in urothelial cancers.

solid tumors

Bishoy M. Faltas, MD, on Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma: Generating a Neoantigen Map

Bishoy M. Faltas, MD, of Weill Cornell Medical College, discusses his team’s work using whole exome sequencing, which may have important implications for selecting patients for immunotherapeutic approaches (Abstract 354).

solid tumors

Dean F. Bajorin, MD, on Rare Urinary Tract Cancers: Expert Perspectives on Treatment

Dean F. Bajorin, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, summarizes a panel discussion on this important topic.

solid tumors

Matthew Smith, MD, PhD, on Bone Metastases: Treatment Update

Matthew Smith, MD, PhD, of the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, discusses the best use of approved therapies for tumors that have spread to the bone.

solid tumors

Dung T. Le, MD, on Noncolorectal GI Cancers: Results From a Phase II Study of Pembrolizumab

Dung T. Le, MD, from Johns Hopkins University Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, reports findings on this agent, which showed promising activity in patients with previously treated progressive, advanced cancer (Abstract 195).

solid tumors
issues in oncology

American College of Physicians Issues Advice for Evaluating Hematuria as a Marker of Urinary Tract Cancer

Although little controversy exists regarding the indication for urologic evaluation for patients with gross hematuria, the evaluation of patients with the much more common finding of microscopic hematuria is complicated by a lack of clarity regarding indications for clinical referral, according to...

palliative care
solid tumors

2016 GI Symposium: New Regimen for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer as Effective as, but Less Toxic Than, Chemoradiation

Findings from a Polish phase III study point to an additional treatment option for patients with advanced rectal cancer. Patients who received short-course (5-day) radiation followed by consolidation chemotherapy before surgery achieved  outcomes similar to those of patients treated with...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Increased Risk of Carcinoma of Unknown Primary and Other Cancers in Relatives of Patients With This Type of Cancer

In a study from the Utah Cancer Registry reported in JAMA Oncology, Samadder et al found an increased risk of carcinoma of unknown primary and other cancers in relatives of patients with this type of cancer. Study Details The study was a nested case-control study including 4,160 patients with a...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

GU Symposium 2016: Regular Aspirin Use May Reduce Risk of Dying From Prostate Cancer

A large observational study has found that men who take aspirin regularly may have a lower risk of dying from prostate cancer. Men who took aspirin regularly after their prostate cancer diagnosis were less likely to die from the disease. However, aspirin did not affect the overall incidence of...

solid tumors
lung cancer
cns cancers

Everolimus Improves Progression-Free Survival in Advanced Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Lung or Gastrointestinal Tract

In a phase III RADIANT-4 trial reported in The Lancet, Yao et al found that everolimus (Afinitor) and supportive care significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs placebo and supportive care in patients with advanced nonfunctional neuroendocrine tumors of the lung or gastrointestinal tract. ...

solid tumors

Felice Schnoll-Sussman, MD, Named Director of Jay Monahan Center for Gastrointestinal Health at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell 

NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center has appointed Felice Schnoll-Sussman, MD, Director of its Jay Monahan Center for Gastrointestinal Health. Dr. Schnoll-Sussman, has served as the Center’s Director of Research since 2007 and Acting Director since 2012. As Director, Dr....

solid tumors

Gastric Cancer Foundation Announces Research Partnership With AGA

The Gastric Cancer Foundation recently announced the formation of a research partnership with the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) and a confirmed timeline for awarding newly funded research grants for upper gastrointestinal tract cancers. Wayne Feinstein, Chairman of the Board of...

solid tumors

The Latest From the 2014 Genitourinary Symposium

Help your patients catch up on the latest research on genitourinary cancers—direct them to www.cancer .net/gusymposium for summaries of what the latest research means for patient care and a podcast with an ASCO expert explaining the importance of this research. They can also look for coverage of...

solid tumors

Oncologists Tell Inspiring Stories of What It’s  Like to Treat Cancer in The Big Casino

Title: The Big Casino: America’s Best Cancer Doctors Share Their Most Powerful StoriesEditors: Stan Winokur, MD, and Vincent CoppolaPublishing Platform: CreateSpacePublication date: May 2014Price: $9.99; Paperback, 160 pages   In May, Stan Winokur, MD, and co-editor Vincent Coppola, published The...

solid tumors

Show Your Patients the Latest Research on Genitourinary Cancers

The 2015 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium takes place February 26 to 28 in Orlando, Florida. Direct your patients to www.cancer.net/blog to read about the latest research on prostate, bladder, kidney, testicular, and other genitourinary cancers being presented at the meeting. ■ © 2015. American...

solid tumors

Extraordinary Medical Advances and the Conundrum They Pose

BOOKMARK Title: Ordinary Medicine: Extraordinary Treatments, Longer Lives, and Where to Draw the LineAuthor: Sharon R. KaufmanPublisher: Duke University PressPublication date: May 29, 2015Price: $26.95 paperback, 336 pages Medicine has changed radically over the past 15 years. Who doesn’t welcome...

solid tumors

Study Reports Improved Survival With Lapatinib and CapeOx in Asian and Younger Patients With HER2-Positive Advanced Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma

In a phase III trial (TRIO-013/LOGiC) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hecht et al found that the addition of lapatinib (Tykerb) to capecitabine-oxaliplatin (CapeOx) in patients with previously untreated HER2-amplified advanced gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma did not improve overall...

solid tumors

Mental Health Status Prior to Radical Cystectomy Can Indicate Risk of Complications

A patient's mental health prior to surgery can influence postoperative outcomes. Removal of the bladder, or radical cystectomy, is an effective treatment for locally advanced bladder cancer, but complications occur in as many as 66% of patients. In a study published by Sharma et al in The Journal...

solid tumors

Fractionated Stereotactic Radiation More Effective Than Single-Dose Radiation in Pituitary Tumors

A recent study at Houston Methodist Hospital proved that multiple small doses of highly focused radiation therapy is safer and more effective than a single larger dose of radiation at destroying pituitary gland tumors. The findings on the use of fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy were published ...

solid tumors

Single-Institution Experience Indicates Improved Outcomes With Higher Radiotherapy Doses in Inoperable Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

In a single-institution retrospective analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tao et al found that use of higher radiotherapy doses was associated with prolonged local control and overall survival in patients with inoperable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Overall survival was...

solid tumors

Improved Outcomes With Modified Docetaxel, Cisplatin, and 5-FU vs Standard Regimen Plus Growth Factor Support in Metastatic Gastric Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shah et al in the U.S. Gastric Cancer Consortium found that a modified regimen of docetaxel, cisplatin, and fluorouracil (5-FU) (mDCF) improved toxicity and survival vs a standard DCF regimen plus growth factor support as first-line...

issues in oncology
solid tumors

Biomarker miR-506 Helps Predict Survival Time in Gastric Cancer Patients

Gastric cancer is typically associated with late-stage diagnosis, as well as high mortality. A study by Li et al in The American Journal of Pathology points to a pivotal role played by the biomarker microRNA (miR)-506 in gastric cancer. Patients whose primary gastric cancer lesions express high...

solid tumors
lung cancer
cns cancers

ECC 2015: Lung and Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors and Results From the RADIANT-4 Trial

An international team of researchers has shown that the use of the mTOR inhibitor everolimus can delay tumor growth among both gastrointestinal and lung neuroendocrine tumors. This is particularly important for patients with lung tumors, the researchers say, because there is currently no approved...

cns cancers
solid tumors

ECC 2015: Advanced Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors and Results From the NETTER-1 Trial

Results from a multicenter randomized international trial of an innovative treatment show a marked improvement in the length of time patients with midgut neuroendocrine tumors experience progression-free survival, researchers reported at the 2015 European Cancer Congressin Vienna, Austria, on...

solid tumors

ECC 2015: Use of Aspirin Linked to Improved Survival in Gastrointestinal Cancers

Aspirin improved survival in patients with tumors situated throughout the gastrointestinal tract, results from a large study in the Netherlands showed. This is the first time that survival data from patients with tumors in different gastrointestinal locations have been analyzed at the same time;...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Decreased Mortality for Men With Unfavorable-Risk Prostate Cancer and Moderate or Severe Comorbidities Treated With Radiotherapy Alone

Men with unfavorable-risk prostate cancer and moderate or severe comorbidities had significantly decreased overall and cardiac mortality when treated with radiotherapy alone vs radiotherapy and androgen-deprivation therapy, according to a study described in a research letter in JAMA. In the letter, ...

solid tumors
hepatobiliary cancer

Study Finds No Recurrence-Free Survival Benefit of Adjuvant Sorafenib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Resection or Ablation

In the phase III STORM trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bruix et al found no benefit with adjuvant sorafenib (Nexavar) treatment in patients who had undergone resection or ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma. Study Details In this double-blind trial, 1,114 patients from 202 sites in 28...

lung cancer
solid tumors

Statistical Model May Identify Patients Most Likely to Benefit From Mesothelioma Surgery

A new statistical model may help predict which patients are most likely to receive life-extending benefits from surgical treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma, according to a report published by Leuzzi et al in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. Malignant pleural mesothelioma is an aggressive...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors

Synchronous vs Sequential Tumor Resection in Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer

About 20% of patients with colorectal cancer have cancers that have metastasized beyond the colon at the time of their diagnosis, with the liver being the most common site for these metastases. The approach to treating primary tumors within the colon and metastatic tumors in the liver continues to...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Study Finds Nearly Half of Testicular Cancer Risk Is Inherited

A large European study that combined both population-based and genomic techniques to investigate the heritability of testicular germ cell tumor has found that 48.9% of all the possible factors contributing to risk for the disease are inherited. Rather than being the result of one faulty gene,...

solid tumors
solid tumors

Danish Analysis Indicates Increased Risk of Late Adverse Outcomes in Patients Treated for Relapsed Disseminated Testicular Germ Cell Cancer

In a Danish analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lauritsen et al found that patients with testicular germ cell cancer who survived after more than one line of treatment for disseminated disease had an increased risk of late toxicity and death resulting from causes other than germ...

solid tumors
gastroesophageal cancer

Long-Term Results of Dutch CROSS Trial Indicate Continued Survival Benefit With Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Esophageal Cancer

Initial results of the Dutch phase III CROSS trial showed a significant 5-year overall survival benefit with the addition of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy to surgery after a median 45-month follow-up in patients with squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or esophagogastric...

solid tumors
solid tumors

Study Finds Increased Short-Term Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Mortality After Chemotherapy for Testicular Nonseminoma

In a population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Fung et al found a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease mortality during the first year after chemotherapy for testicular nonseminoma. No increased risk of cardiovascular disease mortality after surgery was...

issues in oncology
solid tumors
bladder cancer
issues in oncology

Study Identifies Genetic Mutations That Predict Response to Chemotherapy in Bladder Cancer

Although cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy before cystectomy is the standard of care for muscle-invasive bladder cancer, only between 25% and 50% of patients achieve a pathologic response. A study investigating biomarkers that can predict response to chemotherapy in patients with...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer
prostate cancer
bladder cancer

Analysis Suggests Use of Pioglitazone for Diabetes May Increase Risk of Prostate and Pancreatic Cancers But Not Bladder Cancer

Available data suggest an increased risk of bladder cancer with pioglitazone treatment for diabetes. In an analysis of Kaiser Permanente Northern California data reported in JAMA, Lewis et al found no significantly increased risk of bladder cancer in patients with diabetes ever using pioglitazone....

colorectal cancer
solid tumors
pancreatic cancer
supportive care

ESMO World GI 2015: SENRI Trial Evaluates NK1 Antagonists for Emesis Prevention in Oxaliplatin-Based Chemotherapy

The SENRI trial has opened the window to evaluate neurokinin 1 (NK1) antagonists for emesis prevention in patients taking oxaliplatin chemotherapy, said European Society for Medical Oncology World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer (ESMO) spokesperson and antiemetics expert Fausto Roila, MD....

solid tumors

No Benefit of Adding CT to Basic Screening for Occult Cancer in Patients With Unprovoked Venous Thromboembolism

In a Canadian study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Carrier et al found that adding computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis to basic screening did not improve detection of occult cancers in patients with a first episode of unprovoked venous thromboembolism. Venous...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

ASCO 2015: Biomarker Analysis Reveals Several Potential Treatment Targets in Subtype of Anal Cancer

Squamous cell anal carcinomas are rare, representing only about 2% of gastrointestinal cancer diagnoses. These cancers, which are associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV), sometimes prove very difficult to treat, recurring or developing metastases following standard treatment. Seeking to...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors
lung cancer

ASCO 2015: Entolimod May Be a Promising Treatment Option for Many Solid Tumors

A collaborative team of researchers led by Alex A. Adjei, MD, PhD, FACP, of Roswell Park Cancer Institute, shared results from the first clinical study of the anticancer effects of the novel agent entolimod on May 30 at the 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting in Chicago (Abstract 3063). Their findings confirm ...

solid tumors

Adjuvant Regimen Produces Good Survival Results in Extrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma and Gallbladder Carcinoma

In a phase II Intergroup study (SWOG S0809) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ben-Josef et al found that adjuvant capecitabine and gemcitabine followed by concurrent radiotherapy and capecitabine produced good survival results in patients with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma or...

solid tumors

ASCO 2015: Bevacizumab Combination Boosts Survival in Advanced Stomach and Esophageal Cancers

Patients whose metastatic stomach or esophageal cancers were driven by a mutated HER2 gene had markedly improved response rates and survival when bevacizumab (Avastin) was added to a standard drug combination. Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, who led the research, will report these...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors
gynecologic cancer

ASCO 2015: Mismatch Repair Deficiency Predicts Response to Pembrolizumab Among Patients With Colorectal and Other Cancers

A phase II study identified the first genomic marker—mismatch repair deficiency—to predict clinical benefit of immune checkpoint blockade with the anti–PD-1 antibody pembrolizumab (Keytruda). Among 50 patients with colorectal cancer, 62% of the 25 patients with mismatch...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors
issues in oncology
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

Study Finds Noninvasive Colon Cancer Screening May Be Promising for African Americans

In a first-of-its-kind clinical trial, physician-scientists at University Hospitals (UH) Case Medical Center, Seidman Cancer Center, and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine found that a new, noninvasive technology for colon cancer screening is a promising alternative to colonoscopy...

gynecologic cancer
solid tumors
gynecologic cancer
head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Nine-Valent HPV Vaccine Protects Against 80% of Cervical Cancers

The new nine-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (Gardasil 9) can potentially prevent 80% of cervical cancers in the United States, if given to all 11- or 12-year-old children before they are exposed to the virus. Additionally, the new vaccine, which includes seven cancer-causing...

solid tumors

Nilotinib Inferior to Imatinib in First-Line Treatment of Unresectable or Metastatic GIST

In the phase III ENESTg1 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Blay et al found that nilotinib (Tasigna) was associated with poorer progression-free survival vs imatinib (Gleevec) as first-line treatment in patients with unresectable or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Trial...

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