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lymphoma
immunotherapy

Newer Therapeutic Approaches Improving Outcomes in Hodgkin Lymphoma

At the 2020 Debates and Didactics in Hematology and Oncology Virtual Conference, sponsored by Emory University School of Medicine and Winship Cancer Institute, Pamela Allen, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at Emory, described recent trials on therapeutic approaches that are informative on this...

pancreatic cancer

Neoadjuvant Therapy for Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

The challenge in treating patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer is how to render tumors resectable and how to achieve the negative surgical margins that enhance long-term survival odds. Fortunately, neoadjuvant chemotherapy is helping to achieve these important goals, according to...

gastroesophageal cancer
immunotherapy

First-Line Checkpoint Inhibitors May Improve Survival in Gastroesophageal Cancers

Immune therapy for advanced gastroesophageal cancer has taken a leap forward by showing its value in the first-line setting, according to two studies in which nivolumab and pembrolizumab, both given with chemotherapy, significantly improved overall survival vs chemotherapy alone. The studies,...

breast cancer

Abemaciclib Plus Endocrine Therapy May Reduce Recurrence in Early Breast Cancer: monarchE Trial

For the first time, an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) has improved outcomes in patients with early breast cancer when combined with standard endocrine therapy, Stephen Johnston, MD, and colleagues reported at the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract LBA5_PR). Abemaciclib...

multiple myeloma

Enthusiastic Response to Novel Therapies on the Horizon in Multiple Myeloma

Clinicians who treat multiple myeloma can anticipate a host of new treatments: melflufen, cereblon E3 ligase (CEL) modulators, antibody-drug conjugates, bispecific antibodies, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapies. Kenneth C. Anderson, MD, Director of the Jerome Lipper Multiple...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Dr. Kantarjian Shares His Thoughts on Optimizing the Treatment of Adults With ALL

In the treatment of adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), use of newer antibodies and de-intensification of chemotherapy have greatly improved outcomes, according to Hagop ­Kantarjian, MD, who has been very involved in much of the research in ALL treatment. Dr. Kantarjian, Professor and...

genomics/genetics

At Last: Targeting KRAS-Mutated Tumors ‘Is Now a Reality’

KRAS G12C inhibitors—which at this point include AMG 510 (now labeled sotorasib) and MRTX849—are proving to be active in KRAS G12C–mutated tumors, especially non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). KRAS G12C is a newly “druggable” target, joining what is still a limited list of some 3,000 potential...

prostate cancer

Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Sorting Through the Treatment Maze

The message still needs to get out that metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer should be treated with both androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) and either docetaxel or an androgen receptor pathway inhibitor. In spite of “overwhelming” support for ADT plus abiraterone/prednisone,...

colorectal cancer
genomics/genetics

Molecular Testing in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Understanding How, When, and What to Profile

“In line with the emergence of targeted therapies, molecular biomarker testing in metastatic colorectal cancer has evolved over the past decade,” noted Jeanne Tie, MD, MBChB, FRACP, who acknowledged there is confusion about the best ways to use molecular testing in the clinic. Dr. Tie, who is...

Expert Point of View: Amit Mahipal, MBBS, MPH

Amit Mahipal, MBBS, MPH, Consultant, Associate Professor of Oncology, Mayo College of Medicine, Rochester, put the findings for tremelimumab/durvalumab into context regarding other studies evaluating checkpoint inhibitors in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. In the current study by Kelly et al, he ...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Novel Tremelimumab/Durvalumab Regimen Active in Advanced Hepatocelluar Carcinoma

A single priming dose of tremelimumab and durvalumab, followed by monthly durvalumab, showed clinical activity in a predominantly second-line advanced hepatocellular carcinoma population, in a study reported at the ESMO World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer Virtual 2020.1 In a study of 332...

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: 2020 Updates

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology®, covering eight tumor types. Guidelines are now published for more than 60 tumor types and topics. During the NCCN’s 25th Annual Conference, which was held virtually during ...

Expert Point of View: Juan W. Valle, MD

Invited discussant Juan W. Valle, MD, of the University of Manchester/The Christie, United Kingdom, reiterated the 50% response rate, the median progression-free survival of 7.1 months, and the median overall survival of 16.0 months achieved with entrectinib in patients who had gastrointestinal...

gastrointestinal cancer
genomics/genetics

NTRK Fusions in Gastrointestinal Cancers: Rare but Responsive to Treatment

Although NTRK gene fusions occur in less than 5% of gastrointestinal cancers, it looks like they can be targeted successfully with NTRK inhibitors. In a pooled analysis of three clinical trials, 50% of such patients responded to entrectinib, in an updated analysis presented during the 2020 virtual...

Expert Point of View: David Sallman, MD

David Sallman, MD, an assistant member of the Malignant Hematology Department of Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida, commented on the IMerge and QUAZAR studies for The ASCO Post. As background, he noted the “predominant struggle” of patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic ...

myelodysplastic syndromes

Novel Treatments Emerge for Patients With Lower-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) who are dependent on red blood cell transfusions have limited options, especially if they are no longer responding to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. Research presented during the virtual edition of the 25th European Hematology Association ...

breast cancer

Multiple Lesions Not a Contraindication for Cosmetically Acceptable Lumpectomy

More than 70% of women with multiple tumors in a single breast reported good or excellent satisfaction with the cosmetic results of breast-conserving therapy, Alliance (ACOSOG) Z11102 investigators reported at the 2020 American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) Virtual Scientific Session.1 In...

Expert Point of View: Philip A. Philip, MD, PhD, FRCP

The study’s invited discussant, Philip A. Philip, MD, PhD, FRCP, Professor of Oncology, Pharmacology, and Medicine and the Kathryn Cramer Endowed Chair in Cancer Research at Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, asked whether another triplet regimen was...

pancreatic cancer

First-Line Liposomal Irinotecan–Containing Regimen Studied in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In patients with newly diagnosed locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma, treatment with liposomal irinotecan plus fluorouracil (5-FU), leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (NALIRIFOX) resulted in a median progression-free survival of 9.2 months and a median overall survival of 12.6 months, ...

Expert Point of View: David Sallman, MD

David Sallman, MD, Assistant Member of the Malignant Hematology Department at Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida, commented on these findings for The ASCO Post. “Although the hypomethylating agent azacitidine represents a standard of care for higher-risk myelodysplastic...

myelodysplastic syndromes

Pevonedistat Plus Azacitidine May Be of Benefit in Higher-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes

In higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), a global phase II open-label study found that the combination of pevonedistat plus azacitidine was associated with a trend toward improved event-free survival and numerically longer overall survival, as compared with azacitidine alone, according to...

Expert Point of View: Marcus Noel, MD, and Susan Tsai, MD, MHS

Marcus Noel, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine at Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center and MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC, included SWOG S1505 in the presentation of the Gastrointestinal Cancer Highlights during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program. Susan Tsai, MD, MHS, ...

pancreatic cancer

SWOG S1505 Trial Evaluates Neoadjuvant Regimens in Pancreatic Cancer

The much-anticipated SWOG S1505 trial has failed to show that one preoperative regimen is better than another in resectable pancreatic cancer.1 “Perioperative modified FOLFIRINOX and gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel appear to have similar efficacy, with acceptable safety and resectability rates,”...

Expert Point of View: Erika Hamilton, MD, and Nikhil Wagle, MD

Erika Hamilton, MD, Director of the Breast Cancer and Gynecologic Cancer Research Program, Sarah Cannon Research Institute at Tennessee Oncology, Nashville, who gave the Metastatic Breast Cancer Highlights presentation, and Nikhil Wagle, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical...

breast cancer

Phase III PADA-1 Trial Examines the Impact of ESR1 Mutations in Metastatic Breast Cancer

ESR1 mutations are known to confer resistance to endocrine therapy in the metastatic breast cancer setting. These mutations herald a poor prognosis, so their clearance early in the treatment course may greatly reduce the risk of recurrence, according to the early results of the prospective phase...

Expert Point of View: Komal Jhaveri, MD

“Surprisingly, the phase II PARSIFAL trial did not show a statistical superiority in progression-free survival for fulvestrant plus palbociclib over letrozole plus palbociclib in the first-line treatment of patients with endocrine-sensitive, metastatic breast cancer. The noninferiority hypothesis...

breast cancer

When Paired With Palbociclib, Fulvestrant and Letrozole Yield Comparable Results in PARSIFAL Trial

When paired with palbociclib in the first-line treatment of metastatic breast cancer, fulvestrant and letrozole performed comparably, with no statistical superiority in progression-free or overall survival shown for either endocrine agent, in the phase II PARSIFAL study presented during the ASCO20...

covid-19
solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

In Case You Missed It: Quick Takes on Novel Therapies for Solid and Hematologic Malignancies

Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, oncology providers from around the world had to forgo their annual trip to McCormick Place—but the show did go on. We all realized important research can still be presented, clinicians and fellow researchers will still listen, and ASCO presentations will still...

leukemia
geriatric oncology

Expert Point of View: Alice Mims, MD

Alice Mims, MD, Associate Professor of Hematology at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center–The James, shared her insights on the VIALE-A study. “The results of the VIALE-A study have been highly anticipated and are exciting, given the improvement seen in both overall survival and...

leukemia
geriatric oncology

VIALE-A Trial Supports Survival Benefit of Venetoclax Plus Azacitidine in Elderly Patients With AML

In the phase III VIALE-A trial, venetoclax added to azacitidine led to a significant and clinically meaningful improvement in response rates and overall survival, as compared with azacitidine alone, in treatment-naive predominantly elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) ineligible for...

Expert Point of View: Craig Hofmeister, MD, MPH

“The IKEMA trial is based on the interest of adding a CD38 naked antibody to a carfilzomib-plus-dexamethasone skeleton, a protocol nearly identical to the recently presented CANDOR trial,” said Craig Hofmeister MD, MPH, Associate Professor of Hematology and Oncology at the Winship Cancer Institute...

multiple myeloma

Combination of Isatuximab, Carfilzomib, and Dexamethasone Reduces Risk of Disease Progression in Myeloma

The addition of the CD38 antibody isatuximab-irfc to carfilzomib and dexamethasone nearly halved the risk of disease progression or death in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, the interim analysis of the phase III IKEMA trial has shown.1 “Isatuximab plus carfilzomib and...

skin cancer

Expert Point of View: Ryan J. Sullivan, MD

The study’s invited discussant, Ryan J. Sullivan, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, and Assistant Professor in Hematology/Oncology at Massachusetts General Hospital, welcomed the positive results from the updated analysis of lifileucel in treatment-refractory melanoma....

skin cancer

Adoptive Cell Therapy With Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes Proves Active in Refractory Metastatic Melanoma

Patients with heavily pretreated metastatic melanoma treated with adoptive cell therapy based on tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes achieved a response rate of 36%, a disease control rate of 80%, and a median duration of response that had not been reached by 18 months in the global open-label phase II...

colorectal cancer

Expert Point of View: Christopher Leigh Hallemeier, MD

The invited discussant for the RAPIDO and PRODIGE 23 trials, Christopher Leigh Hallemeier, MD, Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, noted the standard approach to locally advanced rectal cancer has been, for the past 2 decades, a long course of chemoradiotherapy...

colorectal cancer

Two Studies Validate Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With Short-Course Radiotherapy or Long-Term Chemoradiotherapy in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

In the treatment of resectable, locally advanced rectal cancer, researchers are trying to identify the most effective chemotherapy regimens, the best radiotherapy approaches, and the optimal sequence of these modalities. Two phase III trials presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Suzanne Lentzsch, MD, PhD, and Joshua Richter, MD

Two myeloma specialists weighed in on the disappointing findings of SWOG S1211: Suzanne Lentzsch, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine at Columbia University and Director of the Multiple Myeloma and Amyloidosis Service, and Joshua Richter, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Elotuzumab Fails to Add Benefit in Newly Diagnosed High-Risk Myeloma

The addition of elotuzumab to a standard three-drug induction regimen did not improve outcomes in patients with high-risk multiple myeloma enrolled in the randomized phase II SWOG S1211 trial, according to findings reported during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program by Saad Zafar Usmani, MD,...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Roundup of High-Impact Studies in Early Breast Cancer

Clinicians interested in breast cancer who logged into the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program were greeted with an abundance of high-impact presentations. The ASCO Post has reported on several studies in depth elsewhere, but here we offer our readers a roundup of several important studies in early...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Responses Achieved With Belantamab Mafodotin in Relapsed or Refractory Myeloma

The antibody-drug conjugate belantamab mafodotin yielded responses as a single agent and in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone in the treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, according to two reports from the DREAMM team at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program.1,2 In the...

Expert Point of View: Komal Jhaveri, MD, FACP

Komal Jhaveri, MD, FACP, Attending Physician at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Clinical Director of the Early Drug Development Service, and Assistant Professor of Medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College, served as the study’s invited discussant. Dr. Jhaveri noted that, in SOLAR-1, the...

breast cancer

Study Finds Alpelisib Effective After CDK4/6 Inhibition in Advanced Breast Cancer

The PIK3CA inhibitor alpelisib appears to be effective in patients with PIK3CA-positive, hormone receptor–positive/HER2-negative advanced breast cancer previously treated with a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor plus an aromatase inhibitor, according to the phase II BYLieve trial.1 More...

Expert Point of View: Suzette Delaloge, MD, MSc

Commenting on the final overall survival analysis of the LOTUS trial, the study’s invited discussant, Suzette Delaloge, MD, MSc, Chair of the Breast Cancer Group at the Institut Gustave Roussy, Paris, said: “We see there might also be an overall survival effect with ipatasertib and paclitaxel…....

breast cancer

Benefit Shown for AKT Inhibitor in LOTUS Survival Analysis

In the phase II LOTUS trial, the addition of the AKT inhibitor ipatasertib to paclitaxel in the first-line treatment of patients with advanced triple-negative breast cancer yielded a strong numerical improvement—a median gain of 9 months—in overall survival, in the final survival analysis reported...

gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Michael S. Lee, MD, and Autumn McRee, MD

DESTINY-CRC01 study discussant, Michael S. Lee, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, called the findings “most promising” for the subsequent anti-HER2 treatment of HER2-positive metastatic colorectal cancer. The...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Trastuzumab Deruxtecan Shows Benefit in Refractory Colorectal Cancer

Having recently gained approval in metastatic breast cancer, fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) is now proving its worth in metastatic colorectal cancer, according to results of the phase II DESTINY-CRC01 study in patients with HER2-positive disease.1 T-DXd is an antibody-drug conjugate...

breast cancer

Early Data Suggest Activity for Oral Selective Estrogen Receptor Degrader in Combination Regimen

The availability of an oral selective estrogen receptor degrader (SERD) would be good news for patients and clinicians as an alternative to intramuscular fulvestrant. The novel agent LSZ102 might fit the bill, based on early activity shown in combination with the targeted agents ribociclib and...

breast cancer

Expert Point of View: Julia R. White, MD

Julia R. White, MD, Professor of Radiation Oncology at The Ohio State University, Columbus, and the invited discussant of E2108, put these findings into context with three important studies evaluating the benefit of locoregional therapy for de novo stage IV breast cancer: the study from Tata...

breast cancer

Study Finds No Survival Benefit From Local Therapy for de Novo Metastatic Breast Cancer

Women presenting with newly diagnosed de novo metastatic breast cancer derived no additional survival benefit from surgery and radiotherapy given after systemic treatment, although the practice may reduce locoregional progression of disease, according to the results of the phase III E2108 study...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: TROPHIMMUN Trial

Two gynecologic oncologists and ASCO’s Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, commented on the findings of the TROPHIMMUN trial for The ASCO Post. “The authors demonstrate efficacy of a new treatment approach for gestational trophoblastic...

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