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leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Ibrutinib Plus Rituximab vs Standard Chemoimmunotherapy in Younger Patients With Treatment-Naive CLL

A 6-month course of chemotherapy-based treatment with FCR (intravenous fludarabine and cyclophosphamide plus rituximab [Rituxan]) has historically been the most effective treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), especially in patients 70 years of age and younger. However, results from a...

leukemia

Tait D. Shanafelt, MD, on CLL: Results From a Trial of the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

Tait D. Shanafelt, MD, of Stanford University, discusses phase III study findings on ibrutinib-based therapy vs standard fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab chemoimmunotherapy in untreated younger patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract LBA4).

leukemia

Shaji K. Kumar, MD, on Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma: Treatment Trial Results

Shaji K. Kumar, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, discusses phase III findings on daratumumab plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone vs lenalidomide and dexamethasone in people with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are ineligible for transplant (Abstract LBA2).

leukemia
immunotherapy

Saar I. Gill, MD, PhD, on CLL: Trial Results on Anti-CD19 CAR T Cells

Saar I. Gill, MD, PhD, of the University of Pennsylvania, discusses findings from a prospective clinical trial on the high response rate in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia who received a combination therapy of CAR T cells plus ibrutinib (Abstract 298).

leukemia
lymphoma
immunotherapy

Julie Vose, MD, MBA, and Merav Bar, MD, on CAR T-Cell Therapy: Late Effects of CD19-Targeted Treatment

Julie Vose, MD, MBA, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and Merav Bar, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discuss study findings on the long-term effects in people with relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia who received CD19-targeted ...

leukemia

Andreas Burchert, MD, on AML: Results From the Sormain Trial

Andreas Burchert, MD, of the Philipps University of Marburg, discusses study findings on sorafenib as maintenance therapy after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for FLT3-ITD–positive acute myeloid leukemia.

leukemia

ASH 2018: Rapid Genetic Screening Shows Feasibility of Precision Medicine for AML

A new study demonstrated it is feasible for health-care providers to determine which molecular subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) a patient has before beginning treatment and to use this information to pick an approach that best matches the individual. The results, presented by Burd et al at...

leukemia

Jennifer Ann Woyach, MD, on CLL: Results From the Alliance North American Intergroup Study

Jennifer Ann Woyach, MD, of The Ohio State University, discusses trial findings on ibrutinib alone or in combination with rituximab compared with bendamustine plus rituximab in untreated older people with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract 6).

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant After CD19 CAR T-Cell Therapy in ALL

In a new study presented by Summers et al at the 2018 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition (Abstract 967), patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who received a first stem cell transplant after CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy were less...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Checkpoint Inhibitors Plus CAR T-Cell Therapy in Relapsed ALL

CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has been shown to be effective in patients with relapsed B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL). However, in some patients, the antitumor effects of CAR T-cell treatment are short-lived, which may, in part, be caused by a reaction of...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Concurrent Ibrutinib May Improve Outcomes, Reduce Toxicity of CAR T-Cell Therapy in Relapsed or Refractory CLL

For patients with difficult-to-treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), continuing to take ibrutinib (Imbruvica) before, during, and after receiving chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy may be associated with less severe adverse effects and better responses compared with outcomes for a...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: ELIANA Trial: Tisagenlecleucel in Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With ALL

A single infusion of tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) in pediatric and young adult patients with relapsed or treatment-resistant acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) continues to be highly effective in most patients, without the need for additional therapies. This latest analysis of the ELIANA trial results...

leukemia

ASH 2018: Ibrutinib Alone or in Combination With Rituximab vs Bendamustine Plus Rituximab in Older Patients With CLL

A new study presented by Woyach et al at the 2018 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition (Abstract 6) showed that older patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have a significantly lower rate of disease progression if treated with ibrutinib rather than...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Azacitidine With Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Azacitidine Plus Nivolumab in Relapsed or Refractory AML

A triplet therapy combining two immune checkpoint inhibitors with the standard of care azacitidine has shown promising results for treatment of relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to the findings of a phase II study conducted at The University of Texas...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

MRD-Guided Azacitidine Treatment in Myelodysplastic Syndrome and Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In a German phase II trial (RELAZA2) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Platzbecker et al found that minimal residual disease (MRD)–guided treatment with azacitidine was successful in preventing hematologic relapse in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia...

leukemia

FDA Approves Gilteritinib for Relapsed or Refractory FLT3-Mutated AML

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved gilteritinib (Xospata) for the treatment of adult patients who have relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a FLT3 mutation as detected by an FDA-approved test. The FDA also approved an expanded indication for a companion ...

leukemia

FDA Approves Venetoclax Combination for Adults With AML

On November 21, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to venetoclax (Venclexta) in combination with azacitidine or decitabine or low-dose cytarabine for the treatment of newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults who are age 75 years or older or...

leukemia

FDA Approves Glasdegib for Patients With Newly Diagnosed AML Who Cannot Undergo Intensive Chemotherapy

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved glasdegib (Daurismo) tablets to be used in combination with low-dose cytarabine for the treatment of newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults who are 75 years of age or older or with comorbidities that may preclude the use of ...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Azacitidine Plus Nivolumab in Relapsed or Refractory AML

A combination of the chemotherapy drug azacitidine with the immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab (Opdivo) demonstrated an encouraging response rate and overall survival in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to findings from a phase II study published...

palliative care
survivorship
myelodysplastic syndromes
leukemia

Suleika Jaouad on Making the Most of a Life Interrupted: A Young Adult Perspective on Cancer

Suleika Jaouad, an Emmy Award–winning writer, advocate, and cancer survivor who was diagnosed at age 22 with myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia, discusses what she has learned about coping with cancer, learning from it, and growing beyond it.

leukemia

Dysregulation of Immune Pathways in AML Relapse After Allogeneic HSCT

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Christopher et al found that acute myeloid leukemia (AML) relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was accompanied by dysregulation of immune pathways, including downregulation of major histocompatibility...

leukemia
issues in oncology
symptom management

Effect of Early Cardiotoxicity on Outcomes in Pediatric AML

In an analysis from the Children’s Oncology Group AAML0531 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Getz et al found that early treatment-related cardiotoxicity may be associated with poorer event-free and overall survival in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Study Details...

leukemia
lymphoma

Duvelisib vs Ofatumumab in Relapsed or Refractory CLL/SLL

As reported in the journal Blood by Flinn et al, the phase III DUO trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ,-γ inhibitor duvelisib (Copiktra) vs ofatumumab (Arzerra) in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic...

leukemia

Adding Lomustine to Conventional Chemotherapy in Older Patients With AML Without Unfavorable Cytogenetics

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Pigneux et al, a French phase III trial (LAM-SA 2007 FILO) has shown an overall survival benefit with the addition of lomustine to conventional chemotherapy in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) without unfavorable cytogenetics....

leukemia
issues in oncology

Lack of Clinical Trial Participation and Shorter Duration of Therapy Linked to Disease Relapse in AYAs With Leukemia

Despite survival gains for children diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), adolescents and young adults (AYAs)—those between the ages of 15 and 39—diagnosed with the disease have seen only modest improvements in survival. A study by Wolfson et al in Cancer Epidemiology,...

leukemia
multiple myeloma

FDA Authorizes First Next-Generation Sequencing–Based Test to Detect Minimal Residual Disease in B-Cell ALL or Multiple Myeloma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently permitted marketing of the ClonoSEQ assay, a next-generation sequencing–based test for minimal residual disease in patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or multiple myeloma. “At the FDA, we’re continuing to...

leukemia
issues in oncology
cost of care

Cost-Effectiveness Models for Tisagenlecleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Pediatric B-Cell ALL

As reported by Lin et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, cost-effectiveness modeling of treatment with the anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) in relapsed or refractory pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) showed that price reduction...

leukemia

Jerald P. Radich, MD, on Chronic-Phase CML: Optimizing Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy

Jerald P. Radich, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses the best strategies for sequencing tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia and treatment-free remission.

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Approves Duvelisib for Adult Patients With Relapsed or Refractory CLL, SLL, and Follicular Lymphoma

On September 24, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to duvelisib (Copiktra) for adult patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) after at least two prior therapies. In addition, duvelisib...

leukemia

Origins and Genetics Associated With Mixed-Phenotype Acute Leukemia

Investigators have unraveled the origins and identified mutations associated with mixed-phenotype acute leukemia. The study, published by Alexander et al in Nature, potentially lays the foundation for more effective treatment of patients with this high-risk cancer. Mixed-phenotype acute...

leukemia

Childhood Nonlymphoid Leukemia Risk With Maternal Use of Hormonal Contraception

In a population-based cohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Hargreave et al found that recent maternal use of hormonal contraception was associated with increased risk of childhood nonlymphoid leukemia.   Study Details The study involved data from a nationwide cohort of...

leukemia

Neonatal Dysregulated Immune Function and Pediatric B-Cell Precursor ALL

A high incidence of clinically diagnosed infections in the first year of life among children who later developed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has led researchers to propose that children with ALL are born with a dysregulated immune function, resulting in a more vigorous reaction to infections ...

leukemia

FDA Approves Moxetumomab Pasudotox-tdfk for the Treatment of Hairy Cell Leukemia

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved moxetumomab pasudotox-tdfk (Lumoxiti) injection for intravenous use for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia (HCL) who have received at least two prior systemic therapies, including treatment with...

leukemia
symptom management

Study Finds Hispanic Pediatric Patients at Increased Risk of Methotrexate Neurotoxicity During Treatment for ALL

Case studies have reported a high prevalence of methotrexate subacute neurotoxicity among Hispanic adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), suggesting sensitivity to methotrexate therapy may differ by race and ethnicity. Now, a prospective study in pediatric patients with ALL has found...

leukemia

Comparison of Methotrexate Intensification Regimens in Children and Young Adults With T-Cell ALL

As reported by Winter et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, findings in the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) AALL0434 trial indicate improved outcomes with a COG methotrexate intensification regimen vs a high-dose methotrexate intensification regimen in children and young adults with...

leukemia

FDA Accepts sBLA for Dasatinib in Pediatric Patients With Newly Diagnosed Ph-Positive ALL

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently accepted a supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) for dasatinib in combination with chemotherapy for the treatment of pediatric patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia...

leukemia
lymphoma
immunotherapy

CAR T-Cell Therapy in Europe: Differing Decisions on Approval of Two Agents

The European Commission (EC) recently approved the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) in the European Union (EU) for the treatment of pediatric and young adult patients up to 25 years of age with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that is...

leukemia

FDA Grants Orphan Drug Designation to ASLAN003 in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted ASLAN003 Orphan Drug designation as a treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). ASLAN003 is an orally active, potent inhibitor of human dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) that has the potential to be a first-in-class drug in AML. The FDA...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Bendamustine Followed by Obinutuzumab Plus Venetoclax in Treatment-Naive and Relapsed/Refractory CLL

In a German phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cramer et al found promising response rates with bendamustine followed by obinutuzumab (Gazyva) plus venetoclax (Venclexta) in both treatment-naive and relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In the trial, patients with an ...

leukemia
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Guidelines for Pediatric CAR T-Cell Therapy Developed

Almost 1 year after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and...

leukemia

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Quizartinib for Relapsed/Refractory FLT3-ITD AML

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to quizartinib, an investigational FLT3 inhibitor, for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed/refractory FLT3-ITD acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Breakthrough Therapy designation is designed to...

leukemia

Phase III ASTRAL-1 Study of Guadecitabine in Patients With Treatment-Naive AML Ineligible to Receive Intensive Induction Chemotherapy

Results were recently announced from the ASTRAL-1 study evaluating the efficacy and safety of guadecitabine in adults with previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are not eligible for intensive induction chemotherapy. The study did not meet its co-primary endpoints: complete...

leukemia

Treatment Intensification for Childhood B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia With IKZF1 Deletion

In an analysis of Asian trials reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Yeoh et al found evidence that treatment intensification improved outcomes in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) with IKZF1 deletion (del). The analysis compared outcomes in the Malaysia-Singapore ALL...

leukemia

CPX-351 Liposome in Older Patients With Newly Diagnosed Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In a pivotal phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lancet et al found that cytarabine and daunorubicin liposome (CPX-351, Vyxeos) significantly improved overall survival vs standard cytarabine plus daunorubicin (7+3 regimen) in older patients with newly diagnosed secondary...

leukemia

Susan M. O’Brien, MD, on CLL: Sequencing Therapy Options

Susan M. O’Brien, MD, of the University of California, Irvine, discusses three oral agents for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, and the use of chemotherapy for the disease.

leukemia

Second Allogeneic HCT vs Donor Lymphocyte Infusion in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Relapse

In a retrospective registry study reported in JAMA Oncology, Kharfan-Dabaja et al found no overall survival difference with second allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) vs donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) relapse. The study involved 418...

leukemia

FDA Approves Ivosidenib for IDH1-Mutated AML

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ivosidenib (Tibsovo) tablets for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who have a specific genetic mutation. This is the first drug in its class (isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 [IDH1]...

leukemia

FDA Grants Priority Review for Glasdegib in Patients With Previously Untreated AML

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently accepted a new drug application and granted Priority Review designation for glasdegib, an investigational oral smoothened inhibitor being evaluated for the treatment of adult patients with previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in...

leukemia

Long-Term Outcomes With Dasatinib Plus Intensive Chemotherapy in Pediatric/Young Adult Ph-Positive ALL

In an analysis of the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) AALL0622 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Slayton et al found that adding dasatinib (Sprycel) to intensive chemotherapy produced good long-term outcomes in pediatric/young adult patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia ...

leukemia

Quizartinib in Relapsed or Refractory AML

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cortes et al found that the next-generation FLT3 inhibitor quizartinib had good activity in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML), with greater activity in patients with FLT3-ITD mutations. Study Details The study...

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