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gynecologic cancers

Role of the E7 Gene in High-Risk HPV

National Cancer Institute (NCI) researchers have found that for the most common high-risk type of human papillomavirus (HPV) to cause cervical cancer, an important viral gene may need to have a precise DNA sequence. The findings, published by Mirabello et al in Cell, contribute to a better...

gynecologic cancers

ASTRO 2017: GOG-249 Confirms Adjuvant Pelvic Radiation as Standard of Care for High-Risk, Early-Stage Endometrial Cancer

In a new phase III trial report from the National Clinical Trial Network group, NRG Oncology, recurrence-free and overall survival rates for women with stage I–II high-risk endometrial cancer were not superior following adjuvant vaginal cuff brachytherapy plus chemotherapy when compared with...

gynecologic cancers

ASTRO 2017: IAEA Trial: Safety, Efficacy of High-Dose Brachytherapy Plus Pelvic Radiation for Cervical Cancer

Findings from a new multicenter, international clinical trial confirm the effectiveness of high-dose brachytherapy, or internal radiation therapy, for managing locally advanced cervical cancer. Tumor control was significantly better following four fractions of 7 Gy each than following two 9-Gy...

gynecologic cancers

Olaparib Receives Positive pCODR Recommendation for Treatment of BRCA-Mutated Ovarian Cancer

The pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review (pCODR) has provided a positive clinical recommendation for the reimbursement of olaparib (Lynparza), a first-of-its-kind treatment for BRCA-mutated ovarian cancer. Lynparza is an oral, potent inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) available as a...

gynecologic cancers

Final Efficacy Analysis of 9-Valent Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Trial

The final efficacy analysis of a trial of 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has shown a high preventive effect against disease due to the additional HPV pathogenic strains covered compared with the quadrivalent vaccine at up to 6 years. These findings were reported by Huh et al in The...

cns cancers
gynecologic cancers
kidney cancer
lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Approves First Biosimilar for the Treatment of Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved bevacizumab-awwb (Mvasi) as a biosimilar to bevacizumab (Avastin) for the treatment of multiple types of cancer. Bevacizumab-awwb is the first biosimilar approved in the U.S. for the treatment of cancer. “Bringing new biosimilars to...

gynecologic cancers

ESMO 2017: Study Confirms Chemoradiation Is Best Treatment for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

A 14-year randomized trial in more than 600 patients has concluded that chemoradiation should remain the standard treatment for patients with locally advanced cervical cancer. The findings were reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract 928O_PR). ...

gynecologic cancers

ESMO 2017: Rucaparib Boosts Progression-Free Survival in BRCA-Mutant Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

Rucaparib (Rubraca) maintenance therapy increases progression-free survival in BRCA-mutant recurrent ovarian cancer by 77%, according to late-breaking results from the ARIEL3 trial reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract LBA40_PR). Most...

gynecologic cancers

ESMO 2017: ICON8 Trial Reaffirms Standard Chemotherapy Dosing in Ovarian Cancer

Caucasian women with ovarian cancer can safely stick to the standard every-3-week dosing schedule for paclitaxel rather than boosting up to a weekly dose-dense regimen, according to results of the phase III ICON8 trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers

Loss of Heterozygosity in BRCA Gene May Influence Survival in Breast and Ovarian Cancers

Researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have found a relationship between the genetics of tumors with germline BRCA1/2 mutations—and whether the tumor retains the normal copy of the BRCA1/2 gene—and risk for primary resistance to a common...

gynecologic cancers

FDA Approves Olaparib Tablets for Maintenance Treatment in Ovarian Cancer

On August 17, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to olaparib tablets (Lynparza) for the maintenance treatment of adult patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer, who are in a complete or partial response to...

gynecologic cancers

Increased Endometrial Cancer Rates Found in Women With Increased Levels of Cadmium

Through a 5-year observational study recently published by McElory et al in PLOS One, researchers at the University of Missouri (MU) found that women with increased levels of cadmium—a metal commonly found in foods such as kidney, liver, and shellfish, as well as tobacco—had an...

gynecologic cancers

Final Overall Survival Results of GOG 240 Trial Adding Bevacizumab to Chemotherapy in Advanced Cervical Cancer

As reported in The Lancet by Tewari et al, the final overall survival results of the phase III Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) 240 trial show continued benefit of the addition of bevacizumab (Avastin) to chemotherapy in patients with metastatic, persistent, or recurrent cervical carcinoma. Study...

gynecologic cancers

New Device to Test for Cervical Cancer May Be Less Painful for Patients, Produce Better Results

When a woman has an abnormal Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, she usually undergoes colposcopy—a procedure physicians use to closely examine the cervix, vagina, and vulva for signs of disease. Typically, a metal instrument is used to obtain a small sampling of cells inside the cervix, which is...

gynecologic cancers

Olaparib Tablets as Maintenance in BRCA1/2-Mutant Platinum-Sensitive Relapsed Ovarian Cancer

A phase III trial (SOLO2/ENGOT-Ov21) has shown improved progression-free survival with an olaparib tablet formulation vs placebo as maintenance therapy in patients with BRCA1/2-mutant platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer. These study results were reported by Pujade-Lauraine et al in The...

gynecologic cancers

Current Performance Measures for Cervical Cancer Screening

Health-care systems use performance measures for cervical cancer screening based on guidelines from such organizations as the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists to monitor the appropriateness of cervical cancer screening. According to the performance measure in the Healthcare...

gynecologic cancers

Dutch Study Assesses Long-Term Risk of HPV-Related Carcinoma and Premalignancies After CIN3 Diagnosis

A Dutch study has shown long-lasting risk for human papillomavirus (HPV)-related carcinoma and premalignancies in women with a diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3). The findings were reported by Ebisch et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details The...

gynecologic cancers

Tumor Microvessel Density and Outcome With Bevacizumab in Ovarian Cancer

A retrospective biomarker analysis of the phase III GOG-0218 trial indicated a higher tumor microvessel density was associated with progression-free and overall survival benefit with bevacizumab (Avastin) vs placebo plus front-line chemotherapy in patients with ovarian cancer. These findings were...

gynecologic cancers

Pembrolizumab in Advanced PD-L1–Positive Endometrial Cancer

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) showed activity in previously treated patients with advanced programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive endometrial cancer in a cohort of the phase Ib KEYNOTE-028 study. These findings were reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Ott et al. Study Details ...

gynecologic cancers

Durvalumab With Olaparib or Cediranib in Women’s Cancers

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Lee et al, a phase I study has shown activity of the combination of the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor durvalumab with either the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib (Lynparza) or vascular endothelial growth...

gynecologic cancers

ASCO 2017: HPV Vaccination May Reduce Oral HPV Infections but Is Still Underutilized

In one of the first large studies to explore the possible impact of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination on oral HPV infections, researchers found it may confer a high degree of protection. The study of young adults in the United States showed that the prevalence of high-risk HPV infection was...

gynecologic cancers
survivorship

ESTRO 2017: Cervical Cancer Survivors Frequently Suffer From Long-Term Fatigue, Insomnia, and Hot Flashes

Around half of women who have been treated for locally advanced cervical cancer suffer from symptoms of insomnia, fatigue, or hot flashes at some point, according to new research presented at the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) 36 Conference (Abstract OC-0051). Cervical...

gynecologic cancers

Adding Bevacizumab to Paclitaxel-Carboplatin in Recurrent Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer

In a phase III trial (NRG Oncology/Gynecologic Oncology Group GOG-0213 trial) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Coleman et al found evidence of an overall survival advantage with the addition of bevacizumab (Avastin) to paclitaxel-carboplatin in recurrent platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer. The...

gynecologic cancers

Low Cervical Cancer Screening Rates Found Among Women With Severe Mental Illness

Women enrolled in California's Medicaid program (Medi-Cal) who have been diagnosed with severe mental illness have been screened for cervical cancer at much lower rates than other women, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), published by...

gynecologic cancers

Study Associates Comorbidities With Survival Outcomes in Women With Ovarian Cancer

Research from epidemiologists at Roswell Park Cancer Institute, published by Minlikeeva et al in Cancer Causes & Control, suggests that hypertension and diabetes and the use of medications to treat these comorbidities may have an effect on survival outcomes in women with ovarian cancer. Study...

gynecologic cancers

Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy vs Total Abdominal Hysterectomy for Stage I Endometrial Cancer

A multinational equivalence trial has shown no difference in disease-free survival with total laparoscopic hysterectomy vs total abdominal hysterectomy in women with treatment-naive stage I endometrial cancer. The findings were reported by Janda et al in JAMA. Study Details In the trial, 760...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers

Significant Increase in Number of Women Tested for BRCA Gene, but Many High-Risk Patients Remain Unidentified

About 5% to 10% of breast cancer cases and 10% to 18% of ovarian cancer cases can be attributed to two BRCA genetic mutations. Testing for these genetic abnormalities has risen steadily over the past decade. Previously, mainly women with a history of cancer were referred for genetic testing, but as ...

gynecologic cancers

FDA Approves Maintenance Niraparib for Recurrent Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved niraparib (Zejula) for the maintenance treatment of adult patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer, whose tumors have achieved complete or partial response to platinum-based chemotherapy....

gynecologic cancers

SGO 2017: Hospital Readmission Metrics May Not Be an Ideal Measure in Ovarian Cancer Cases

To reduce costs and improve quality of care, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has made reducing hospital readmission rates a priority, yet two research studies presented at the 2017 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer question the use...

gynecologic cancers

SGO 2017: Parental Concern About Lack of Sexual Activity Declining as Reason Not to Vaccinate Children Against HPV

Parental concern that a child is not sexually active is declining as a reason parents do not vaccinate their children against papillomavirus (HPV), according to a study presented by Beavis et al at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology’s (SGO) 2017 Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer...

gynecologic cancers

SGO 2017: New Immunotherapy Axalimogene Filoslisbac Shows Positive Results in Cervical Cancer

A new immunotherapy drug, axalimogene filoslisbac (AXAL), showed improved survival rates for patients with cervical cancer, according to a study presented at the 2017 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer. Study coauthor Charles Leath, MD, MSPH, an SGO member ...

gynecologic cancers

SGO 2017: Secondary Endpoint Results of Phase III ENGOT-OV16/NOVA Trial of Niraparib in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

Secondary endpoint results from the phase III ENGOT-OV16/NOVA trial of niraparib were presented at the 2017 Society for Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women's Cancer, by Sven Mahner, MD, Director, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Munich. “The results of...

gynecologic cancers

Evidence of Stage Shift in Ovarian Cancer Detected in UK Screening Study

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rosenthal et al found evidence of a shift to an earlier stage among ovarian cancers detected in high-risk women in the UK Familial Ovarian Cancer Screening Study. Study Details The study was performed to evaluate performance of screening using...

gynecologic cancers

Hormone Maintenance Therapy in Low-Grade Serous Cancer of the Ovary or Peritoneum

In a single-institution experience reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gershenson et al at MD Anderson Cancer Center found that hormonal maintenance therapy was associated with improved progression-free survival among women with stage II to IV low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary or...

gynecologic cancers

Preclinical Study of PI3K/mTOR Inhibitors in Uterine Leiomyosarcomas

According to the National Cancer Institute, uterine sarcomas are rare gynecologic malignancies comprising between 2% and 5% of all uterine malignancies. Leiomyosarcomas, which arise from myometrial muscle, account for 30% of all uterine sarcomas. These aggressive, rare cancers are characterized by...

gynecologic cancers

Comparison of Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy vs Lymphadenectomy in Endometrial Cancer Staging

In the FIRES prospective cohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rossi et al found that sentinel lymph node mapping was highly accurate in detecting metastases compared with complete lymphadenectomy in women with endometrial cancer. Study Details The study included women with clinical stage ...

gynecologic cancers

Women of Indigenous Communities Prefer Self-Screening for Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a preventable disease if detected on time, but it remains one of the leading causes of cancer deaths among women in Latin America, particularly women of poor and indigenous communities. A new study by the University of Michigan published by Gottschlich et al in the Journal of...

gynecologic cancers

Intentional Weight Loss in Postmenopausal Women May Be Linked to Reduced Endometrial Cancer Risk

Although many studies have linked obesity with an increased risk for endometrial cancer, information about the influence of weight loss on the cancer in postmenopausal women has been limited. Now, a study by Luo et al evaluating the association of weight change and endometrial cancer risk among...

gynecologic cancers

Is Mirvetuximab Soravtansine Active in Platinum-Resistant Ovarian Cancer?

Moore et al found that mirvetuximab soravtansine (also known as IMGN853)—an antibody-drug conjugate targeting folate receptor alpha (FRα)—is active in FRα-positive platinum-resistant ovarian cancer, according to a phase I expansion cohort study reported in the Journal of...

gynecologic cancers

Identification and Characterization of HPV-Independent Cervical Cancers

A team of University of South Carolina scientists led by Carolyn Banister, PhD, and Phillip Buckhaults, PhD, identified a new subtype of cervical cancer that, like most cervical cancers, is triggered by human papillomavirus (HPV), but whose growth is not directed by the virus, suggesting that...

gynecologic cancers

Diagnostic Laparoscopy May Predict Result of Primary Cytoreductive Surgery in Suspected Advanced Ovarian Cancer

In a Dutch trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rutten et al found that initial diagnostic laparoscopy can prevent futile primary cytoreductive surgery in patients with suspected advanced-stage ovarian cancer. Study Details In the trial, 201 women who were qualified for primary...

gynecologic cancers

Endometrial Cancer Mutations May Be Detectable in Uterine Lavage Fluid Before Cancer Is Diagnosed

Mutations that have been linked to endometrial cancer can be found in the uterine lavage fluid of pre- and postmenopausal women both with and without detectable cancer, according to a study published by Nair et al in PLOS Medicine. “Today, there are no effective screening methods for...

gynecologic cancers

FDA Approves Rucaparib and Companion Genetic Test in Advanced Deleterious BRCA-Mutated Ovarian Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today granted accelerated approval to rucaparib (Rubraca) to treat women with advanced ovarian cancer who have been treated with two or more chemotherapies and whose tumors have a specific gene mutation (deleterious BRCA) as identified by an FDA-approved...

gynecologic cancers

Rucaparib Appears Effective in Relapsed Platinum-Sensitive High-Grade Ovarian Carcinoma

In part 1 of the phase II ARIEL2 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Swisher et al found that the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor rucaparib was associated with prolonged progression-free survival among patients with relapsed platinum-sensitive high-grade ovarian carcinoma who had...

gynecologic cancers

Novel Urine Test May Predict High-Risk Cervical Cancer

Johns Hopkins Medicine specialists reported they have developed a urine test for the likely emergence of cervical cancer that is highly accurate compared to other tests based on genetic markers derived directly from cervical tissue. The new urine test, they said, is different because it analyzes...

gynecologic cancers

New Study Links Obesity, Starting at Adolescence, to Endometrial Cancer Among Women Not Using Hormone Therapy

While it is well established that obesity is closely linked to endometrial cancer risk, most past findings have only looked at risk in relation to one measure of body size at a time. In a new study led by the Cancer Prevention Institute of California, published by Horn-Ross et al in Cancer Causes...

gynecologic cancers

No Advantage to Adding Seribantumab to Paclitaxel in Platinum-Resistant/Refractory Ovarian Cancer, but Subgroup May Benefit

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Liu et al found no progression-free survival benefit of adding the anti-HER3 (ErbB3) antibody seribantumab to paclitaxel in unselected patients with advanced platinum-resistant or -refractory ovarian cancer. However, exploratory...

gynecologic cancers

Phase III SOLO-2 Trial Shows Significant Progression-Free Survival Benefit From Olaparib Treatment in BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Ovarian Cancer

Positive results were announced on October 26, 2016, from the phase III SOLO-2 trial, designed to determine the efficacy of olaparib (Lynparza) tablets (300 mg twice daily) as a monotherapy for the maintenance treatment of platinum-sensitive, BRCA-mutated relapsed ovarian cancer. Results from the...

gynecologic cancers
health-care policy

CDC Recommends Only Two HPV Shots for Younger Adolescents

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have recommended that 11- to 12-year-olds receive 2 doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine at least 6 months apart rather than the previously recommended 3 doses to protect against cancers caused by HPV infections. Teens and young adults who ...

gynecologic cancers

Study Finds Niraparib Maintenance Improves Progression-Free Survival in Platinum-Sensitive Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

In a phase III trial reported at the recent European Society for Medical Oncology Congress and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Mirza et al, maintenance therapy with the PARP (poly ADP ribose polymerase) 1/2 inhibitor niraparib significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs placebo...

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