Advertisement

Search Results

Advertisement



Your search for all items matches 514 pages

Showing 151 - 200


colorectal cancer

ASCO 2017: Healthy Lifestyle After Colon Cancer Diagnosis Helps Extend Survival

A study of 992 patients with stage III colon cancer found that those who reported a healthy lifestyle during and following adjuvant treatment had a 42% lower chance of death and a trend for lower chance of cancer recurrence than those who had less healthy lifestyles. The study will be presented by...

colorectal cancer

Surveillance and Colorectal Cancer Risk in Patients With Intermediate-Risk Adenomas

A UK retrospective study showed that colonoscopic surveillance was associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer among patients with removal of intermediate-risk adenomas. The study was reported in The Lancet Oncology by Atkin et al. Study Details The study involved routine lower...

colorectal cancer

Delaying Colonoscopy for 9 Months or More After Positive Fecal Screening Test May Increase Risk of Colorectal Cancer

The risk of colorectal cancer increased significantly when colonoscopy was delayed by more than 9 months following a positive fecal screening test, according to a large Kaiser Permanente study published by Rutter et al in the Journal of the American Medical Association. “With this study, we...

colorectal cancer

Tumor CD274 (PD-L1) Expression and Survival With Aspirin Use in Colorectal Cancer

According to a study reported by Hamada et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, postdiagnosis aspirin use was associated with improved survival vs nonuse among patients with colorectal cancer who have lower, but not higher, tumor levels of CD274 (programmed cell death 1 ligand 1; PD-L1). Study...

colorectal cancer

Perioperative Hepatic Arterial Infusion Pump Chemotherapy After Resection of Colorectal Liver Metastases

A propensity score analysis in a prospectively maintained database at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) has shown that use of perioperative hepatic arterial infusion pump chemotherapy after complete resection of colorectal liver metastases is associated with a marked improvement in...

colorectal cancer

Nomogram for Early Mortality in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Renfro et al have derived a nomogram for predicting early mortality in metastatic colorectal cancer using data from more than 20,000 patients in the ARCAD (Aide et Recherche en Cancérologie Digestive) database. Study Details The analysis...

colorectal cancer

Long-Term Outcome With Combined-Modality vs Systemic Treatment for Unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases

The long-term follow-up of a phase II trial reported by Ruers et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute showed a 42% reduced risk of death among patients with colorectal liver metastases receiving aggressive local treatment plus systemic therapy vs systemic therapy alone. Study Details ...

colorectal cancer

Long-Term Outcome With Combined-Modality vs Systemic Treatment for Unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases

The long-term follow-up of a phase II trial reported by Ruers et al in Journal of the National Cancer Institute showed a 42% reduced risk of death among patients with colorectal liver metastases receiving aggressive local treatment plus systemic therapy vs systemic therapy alone. Study Details...

colorectal cancer

AACR 2017: Minority Patients With Colorectal Cancer Report Higher Burden of Poor Quality-of-Life Than Whites

A study presented by Hildebrandt et al at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Association of Cancer Research (AACR; Abstract 990) revealed several findings about racial disparities in health-related quality of life among colorectal cancer patients. Hispanics and blacks had a higher burden of...

colorectal cancer

AACR 2017: Combination HER2-Targeted Therapy Effective in Heavily Pretreated HER2-Positive Colorectal Cancer

A combination of two HER2-targeted therapies, trastuzumab (Herceptin) and lapatinib (Tykerb), showed clinical benefit in patients with heavily pretreated HER2-positive metastatic colorectal cancer, according to final results from the phase II HERACLES clinical trial, presented by Siena et al at the ...

colorectal cancer

Nivolumab in Previously Treated Unresectable Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Morris et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) was active in previously treated unresectable metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal. This malignancy is associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, with the rationale for...

colorectal cancer

Study Finds Sharp Rise in Colon and Rectal Cancers in Young Adults

Although the overall incidence rate of colorectal cancer in the United States has been declining rapidly since the mid-1980s, the decrease has been in older adults. During this same period, incidence rates have been increasing sharply for adults younger than age 50, finds a study by the American...

colorectal cancer

ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium: Utility of Biomarkers for Predicting Colorectal Cancer Survival Depends on Tumor Location

A large population-based study suggests that the utility of particular types of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) to predict colorectal cancer survival depends on where the tumor originates in the body. Although prior research has shown an association between high TIL density and longer...

colorectal cancer

Optimal Time to Assess Response After Chemoradiotherapy in Anal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a post hoc analysis of the UK ACT II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Glynne-Jones et al found that the best time to assess for complete response to chemoradiotherapy in patients with anal squamous cell carcinoma is at approximately 26 weeks from the start of treatment. In the ACT II...

colorectal cancer

ASCP/CAP/AMP/ASCO Guideline on Molecular Biomarkers for Evaluation of Colorectal Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Antonia Sepulveda, MD, PhD, of Columbia University, and colleagues, a joint guideline on the use of molecular biomarkers for evaluation of colorectal cancer has been developed by an expert panel from the American Society for Clinical Pathology...

colorectal cancer

Most Patients Undergoing Elective Colorectal Surgery Receive Inadequate Bowel Preparation to Prevent Postoperative Complications

In the largest study of its kind to date, researchers from Fox Chase Cancer Center and the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University confirmed that oral antibiotics combined with mechanical bowel preparation were more effective at preventing surgical site infections...

colorectal cancer

ASCP/CAP/AMP/ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Focuses on Molecular Biomarker Testing for Patients With Colorectal Cancer

A new, evidenced-based clinical practice guideline on molecular biomarker testing for patients with colorectal cancer identifies opportunities for improving patient outcomes. The American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), the College of American Pathologists (CAP), the Association for...

colorectal cancer
lung cancer

Potential Suboptimal Use of Guideline-Endorsed Genomic Testing in Non–Small Cell Lung and Colorectal Cancers

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Gray et al found that many medical oncologists did not use genomic testing endorsed by guidelines in place in 2012 and 2013 in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and colorectal cancer. The study involved a survey of U.S....

colorectal cancer

Postmenopausal Normal-Weight Women With Poor Metabolic Health May Have Higher Risk for Colorectal Cancer

Few studies have explored the association between metabolic phenotype and colorectal cancer incidence in normal-weight individuals. Now, a study comparing the risk of colorectal cancer in normal-weight postmenopausal women with a metabolically unhealthy phenotype vs those with a metabolically...

colorectal cancer

Cynthia L. Sears, MD, on Colon Cancer: Keynote Lecture

Cynthia L. Sears, MD, of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, summarizes her keynote talk on microbes, microbiota, and colon cancer. Next-generation sequencing combined with biologic studies suggests that most colorectal cancer cases have specific microbiome associations.

colorectal cancer

Brendan J. Guercio, MD, on Colorectal Cancer and Physical Activity: Impact on Survival

Brendan J. Guercio, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses results from a study of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who took part in weekly physical activity and its impact on their disease progression and overall survival (Abstract 659).

colorectal cancer

Cornelis van de Velde, MD, PhD, on Rectal Cancer: A Database Update

Cornelis van de Velde, MD, PhD, of Leiden University Medical Center, discusses the International Watch & Wait database, established to track evidence on organ-preserving strategies in patients with rectal cancer (Abstract 521). For More Information: www.IWWD.org

colorectal cancer

Michael J. Overman, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Updated Results From CheckMate 142

Michael J. Overman, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses study findings on nivolumab alone or in combination with ipilimumab in patients with DNA mismatch repair–deficient/microsatellite instability high metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 519).

colorectal cancer

Cathy Eng, MD, on Anal Squamous Cell Cancer: Management Strategies

Cathy Eng, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses management approaches to anal cancer, including the current standard of care, as well as novel approaches for locally advanced and metastatic disease.

colorectal cancer

Scott Kopetz, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Results of the SWOG 1406 Trial

Scott Kopetz, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses study findings on irinotecan and cetuximab with or without vemurafenib in BRAF-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 520).

colorectal cancer

2017 GI Cancers Symposium: Less Than Half of Recommended Adults Screened for Lynch Syndrome

A team of researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center found that, despite the recommendation of screening guidelines, less than half of adults younger than 50 years old who have colorectal cancer are being screened for Lynch syndrome, a genetic anomaly that increases the risk of colorectal and several...

colorectal cancer

Novel Antibody May Reduce Debilitating Symptoms in Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Hickish et al found that treatment with MABp1, an antibody that targets interleukin 1α and exhibits antitumor activity, was associated with improvement in the composite outcome of stabilizing/improving lean body mass and debilitating...

colorectal cancer

2017 GI Cancers Symposium: Watch-and-Wait Approach for Rectal Cancer Appears an Option for More Patients

Real-world data from a large observational study suggests that omitting surgery in strictly selected patients with a clinical complete response does not compromise outcomes in rectal cancer. The 3-year survival rate among patients who received “watch-and-wait” care after initial cancer...

colorectal cancer

2017 GI Cancers Symposium: Physical Activity May Be Linked to Longer Survival in Advanced Colorectal Cancer

A new analysis of the CALGB 80405 (Alliance) trial suggests that people with metastatic colorectal cancer who are more physically active fare better than those who are less active. In a large clinical trial, patients who at the time of starting chemotherapy reported engaging in physical activity...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Has the Affordable Care Act Reduced Socioeconomic Disparities in Cancer Screening?

Out-of-pocket expenditures are thought to be a significant barrier to receiving cancer preventive services, especially for individuals of lower socioeconomic status. A new study published by Cooper et al in Cancer looked at how the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which eliminated such out-of-pocket...

colorectal cancer

Germline Cancer Susceptibility Mutations in Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Pearlman et al found that 16% of patients with early-onset colorectal cancer had germline cancer susceptibility mutations, with a wide array of such mutations being identified. The study involved 450 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer at age < 50...

colorectal cancer

T-Cell Transfer Therapy Targets Mutant KRAS in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a case report in The New England Journal of Medicine, Tran et al at the National Cancer Institute describe response to adoptive transfer of ex vivo expanded tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes containing T cells targeting personalized cancer neoepitopes in a patient with lung metastases from...

colorectal cancer

Blocking ADAM17 Protein May Help to Circumvent Resistance to Cetuximab in Bowel Cancer

Blocking a molecule may bypass bowel cancer's defense against the drug cetuximab, according to new research presented by Weir et al at the National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference in Liverpool, United Kingdom. Cetuximab is used to treat advanced bowel cancer, and just under half ...

colorectal cancer

Study Shows International Trends in Anal Cancer Incidence Rates

A new American Cancer Society study finds that incidence of anal cancer has been increasing in women or in both men and women in 13 of 18 countries studied, particularly in the Americas, Northern/Western Europe, and Australia. The authors say population-based preventive measures, including human...

colorectal cancer

New Blood Test for Colorectal Cancer Recurrence Is Twice as Sensitive as CEA Test

In a new report published by Young et al in Cancer Medicine, a two-gene circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) blood test for postsurgical monitoring of colorectal cancer (CRC) recurrence has been shown to detect twice the number of recurrence cases as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) testing, a standard of...

colorectal cancer

Effect of Isolated Peritoneal and Nonperitoneal Metastasis and Metastatic Sites on Survival in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Overall survival was poorer with isolated peritoneal metastasis in colorectal cancer vs other isolated sites of metastasis in patients receiving first-line systemic therapy but similar to that in patients with peritoneal plus another metastatic site and in patients with at least two nonperitoneal...

colorectal cancer

ESMO 2016: Longer Interval Between Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy and Surgery Urged in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

A longer waiting interval from the end of preoperative chemoradiotherapy to surgery increases the rate of pathologic complete response and yields a higher proportion of patients achieving tumor downstaging in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer, according to new findings from a...

colorectal cancer

ESMO 2016: Dabrafenib/Trametinib/Panitumumab Improves Efficacy in BRAF Mutation–Positive Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer and tumors harboring the BRAF V600E mutation who received triple therapy with dabrafenib (Tafinlar), trametinib (Mekinist), and panitumumab (Vectibix) showed an improved best overall response and prolonged progression-free survival compared to...

colorectal cancer

Massachusetts Health Insurance Expansion Associated With Increased Resection and Reduced Emergent Resection for Colorectal Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Loehrer et al found that the 2006 Massachusetts health-care reform has resulted in increased rates of resection and reduced emergent resection for colorectal cancer. The study used the Hospital Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient...

colorectal cancer

ESMO 2016: Nintedanib Improves Progression-Free Survival but Not Overall Survival in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Nintedanib (Ofev) improves progression-free survival but not overall survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who are not responding to standard therapies, according to the results of the phase III LUME-colon 1 trial presented by Van Cutsem et al at the 2016 European Society of...

colorectal cancer

Derek J. Jonker, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Results From the CCTG/AGITG CO.23 Trial

Derek J. Jonker, MD, of The Ottawa Hospital Cancer Centre, discusses phase III study findings on napabucasin vs placebo in patients with pretreated advanced colorectal cancer. (Abstract 454O)

colorectal cancer

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, on Colon Cancer: Sidedness and Treatment Update

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, of the University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the importance of tumor location, and its implications for treatment, in right-sided and left-sided metastatic colon cancer.

colorectal cancer

Sian A. Pugh, MBBS, on Colorectal Cancer: Long-Term Results of the FACS Trial

Sian A. Pugh, MBBS, of Southampton University Hospital, discusses 6 to 12-year findings on the scheduled use of the CEA tumor marker and CT follow-up to detect recurrence of colorectal cancer. (Abstract 453O)

colorectal cancer

Does Adding Adjuvant Bevacizumab to Capecitabine Benefit Patients With Colorectal Cancer?

Kerr et al found that adding adjuvant bevacizumab (Avastin) to capecitabine did not improve disease-free survival in unselected patients with stage III or high-risk stage II colorectal cancer. The results of the phase III QUASAR 2 trial were reported in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the...

colorectal cancer

Does Colonoscopy Screening in Older Adults Prevent Colorectal Cancer?

A large population-based observational study by García-Albéniz et al evaluating the effectiveness and safety of screening colonoscopy for the prevention of colorectal cancer in people aged 70 to 74 and 75 to 79 has found the test reaped only a modest benefit in preventing colorectal...

colorectal cancer

Joint Presence of Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity Seems to Be Associated With Poorer Survival in Early-Stage Colorectal Cancer

In a study in Kaiser Permanante patients reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cespedes Feliciano et al found that the joint presence of obesity and metabolic syndrome in those with early-stage colorectal cancer was associated with poorer overall and colorectal cancer–specific...

colorectal cancer

NCI Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment Tool Estimates Current Risk of Advanced Neoplasia

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Imperiale et al found that the National Cancer Institute (NCI) colorectal cancer risk assessment tool was able to estimate the current risk for advanced colorectal neoplasia. Study Details The study involved 4,457 persons aged...

colorectal cancer

Better Overall Survival Reported With FOLFIRI Plus Cetuximab vs Plus Bevacizumab in RAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a post hoc analysis of the German phase III FIRE-3 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Stintzing et al found that first-line FOLFIRI (fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan) plus cetuximab (Erbitux) was associated with improved overall survival vs FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab (Avastin) in an...

colorectal cancer

Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes and Crohn’s-Like Lymphoid Reaction May Be Prognostic Indicators for Colorectal Cancer

Intratumoral tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte level and prominent peritumoral Crohn’s-like lymphoid reaction appear to be independent prognostic factors for survival in colorectal cancer, according to a study reported by Rozek et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The findings...

colorectal cancer

Retinoic Acid May Suppress Colorectal Cancer Development

Retinoic acid may play a critical role in suppressing colorectal cancer in mice and humans, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. Mice with the cancer have lower-than-normal levels of the metabolite in their gut, the researchers found. Furthermore, colorectal...

Advertisement

Advertisement



;
Advertisement