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colorectal cancer

Derek J. Jonker, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Results From the CCTG/AGITG CO.23 Trial

Derek J. Jonker, MD, of The Ottawa Hospital Cancer Centre, discusses phase III study findings on napabucasin vs placebo in patients with pretreated advanced colorectal cancer. (Abstract 454O)

colorectal cancer

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, on Colon Cancer: Sidedness and Treatment Update

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, of the University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the importance of tumor location, and its implications for treatment, in right-sided and left-sided metastatic colon cancer.

colorectal cancer

Sian A. Pugh, MBBS, on Colorectal Cancer: Long-Term Results of the FACS Trial

Sian A. Pugh, MBBS, of Southampton University Hospital, discusses 6 to 12-year findings on the scheduled use of the CEA tumor marker and CT follow-up to detect recurrence of colorectal cancer. (Abstract 453O)

colorectal cancer

Does Adding Adjuvant Bevacizumab to Capecitabine Benefit Patients With Colorectal Cancer?

Kerr et al found that adding adjuvant bevacizumab (Avastin) to capecitabine did not improve disease-free survival in unselected patients with stage III or high-risk stage II colorectal cancer. The results of the phase III QUASAR 2 trial were reported in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the...

colorectal cancer

Does Colonoscopy Screening in Older Adults Prevent Colorectal Cancer?

A large population-based observational study by García-Albéniz et al evaluating the effectiveness and safety of screening colonoscopy for the prevention of colorectal cancer in people aged 70 to 74 and 75 to 79 has found the test reaped only a modest benefit in preventing colorectal...

colorectal cancer

Joint Presence of Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity Seems to Be Associated With Poorer Survival in Early-Stage Colorectal Cancer

In a study in Kaiser Permanante patients reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cespedes Feliciano et al found that the joint presence of obesity and metabolic syndrome in those with early-stage colorectal cancer was associated with poorer overall and colorectal cancer–specific...

colorectal cancer

NCI Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment Tool Estimates Current Risk of Advanced Neoplasia

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Imperiale et al found that the National Cancer Institute (NCI) colorectal cancer risk assessment tool was able to estimate the current risk for advanced colorectal neoplasia. Study Details The study involved 4,457 persons aged...

colorectal cancer

Better Overall Survival Reported With FOLFIRI Plus Cetuximab vs Plus Bevacizumab in RAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a post hoc analysis of the German phase III FIRE-3 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Stintzing et al found that first-line FOLFIRI (fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan) plus cetuximab (Erbitux) was associated with improved overall survival vs FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab (Avastin) in an...

colorectal cancer

Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes and Crohn’s-Like Lymphoid Reaction May Be Prognostic Indicators for Colorectal Cancer

Intratumoral tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte level and prominent peritumoral Crohn’s-like lymphoid reaction appear to be independent prognostic factors for survival in colorectal cancer, according to a study reported by Rozek et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The findings...

colorectal cancer

Retinoic Acid May Suppress Colorectal Cancer Development

Retinoic acid may play a critical role in suppressing colorectal cancer in mice and humans, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. Mice with the cancer have lower-than-normal levels of the metabolite in their gut, the researchers found. Furthermore, colorectal...

colorectal cancer

No Improvement in Outcome Reported With Longer Wait Between Radiochemotherapy and Surgery in Rectal Cancer

Pathologic complete response rate was not improved by increasing the interval between neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery from 7 to 11 weeks in patients with rectal cancer, according to the French phase III GRECCAR-6 trial reported by Lefevre et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. In...

colorectal cancer

Gene-Expression Signature Assay Identifies High-Risk Stage II Colon Cancer

In an analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Niedzwiecki et al found that the ColDx gene-expression signature assay identified high-risk stage II colon cancer among patients in the phase III Alliance C9581 trial. This assay has been shown to be independently prognostic for...

colorectal cancer

New ASTRO Clinical Practice Statement Updates Treatment Standard for Rectal Cancer

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) recently issued a new clinical practice statement, “Appropriate Customization of Radiation Therapy for Stage II and III Rectal Cancer: An ASTRO Clinical Practice Statement Using the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method.” An executive...

colorectal cancer

POLE Mutations in Colorectal Cancer May Identify Patients With a Better Prognosis

A collaboration between multiple European institutions has uncovered a correlation between a rare mutation in colorectal cancers and a better prognosis, raising the possibility that patients with such tumors may not require chemotherapy after surgery. Findings were published by Domingo et al in The ...

colorectal cancer

ESMO Releases New Consensus Guidelines on the Management of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) has released new consensus guidelines for the management of metastatic colorectal cancer that reflect an increasingly personalized approach to treatment. These guidelines were published by Van Cutsem et al in Annals of Oncology. “Management of ...

colorectal cancer

World GI 2016: Anti–Interleukin-1 Alpha Antibody MABp1 Improves Outcomes Significantly Over Placebo in Advanced Colorectal Cancer

A novel anti–interleukin-1 alpha antibody has shown a significant impact on symptoms and a high level of safety and tolerability in patients with advanced colorectal cancer, according to phase III data presented by Hickish et al at ESMO’s 18th World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer...

colorectal cancer

World GI 2016: Anti–PD-L1 Immunotherapy Combined With MEK Inhibition Shows Response in Microsatellite-Stable Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Anti–PD-L1 (programmed cell death ligand 1) immunotherapy may achieve a response in patients with microsatellite-stable metastatic colorectal cancer if combined with a MEK inhibitor, according to phase I data presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 18th World Congress on ...

colorectal cancer

Primary Care Visits Result in More Colorectal Cancer Screening, Better Follow-up

People who visit their primary care physicians are more likely to get potentially life-saving colon cancer screenings and follow-up on abnormal stool blood test results—even in health systems that heavily promote mail-in home stool blood tests that don’t require a doctor visit, a study...

colorectal cancer

Influence of Age and Comorbidities on Rates of Colorectal Cancer Screening in the Elderly

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common and costly disease, largely of the elderly, with nearly 25% of cases diagnosed among patients aged 75–84 years. However, but the guidelines for CRC screening of Americans aged 75 or older vary according to the source. In a study published by Klabunde et al...

colorectal cancer

USPSTF Issues New Recommendations for Colorectal Cancer Screening

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has issued new recommendations for colorectal cancer screening. In brief, the USPSTF recommends colorectal cancer screening starting at age 50 years and continuing until age 75 years (grade A recommendation = “The USPSTF...

colorectal cancer

SNMMI 2016: Pretargeted Radioimmunotherapy Eliminates Colorectal Cancer in Preclinical Studies

Presenters at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) unveiled a novel radioimmunotherapy that combines a cancer-seeking antibody with potent radionuclide agents, resulting in complete remission of colorectal cancer in mouse models (Scientific Paper...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors

Norwegian Study Shows Benefit of Aspirin as Secondary Prevention in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

A Norwegian population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Bains et al showed that use of aspirin after diagnosis of colorectal cancer was associated with improved colorectal cancer–specific survival. Study Details In the population-based retrospective cohort study,...

colorectal cancer

ASCO 2016: Nivolumab Shows Promise in Refractory, Metastatic Anal Cancer

In the first-ever clinical trial for metastatic patients previously treated for the disease, research led by The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center found that the immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab (Opdivo) shows promise for the majority of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the ...

colorectal cancer

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, and Marc Ychou, MD, on Treating mCRC With Initially Nonresectable Liver Metastases

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, of the University of Southern California, and Marc Ychou, MD, of the Centre Régional de Lutte Contre Le Cancer, discuss study findings on FOLFIRINOX combined with targeted therapy according to RAS status for colorectal cancer patients with initially nonresectable liver...

colorectal cancer

Michael J. Overman, MD, and John Marshall, MD, on Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Interim Results of the CheckMate 142 Trial

Michael J. Overman, MD, of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and John Marshall, MD, of Georgetown University Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, discuss interim findings on nivolumab with or without ipilimumab in the treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with...

colorectal cancer

Alan P. Venook, MD, and John Marshall, MD, on Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Analysis of CALGB-SWOG 80405

Alan Venook, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, and John Marshall, MD, of the Lombardi Cancer Center at Georgetown University, discuss the impact of primary tumor location on overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with advanced disease (Abstract 3504).

colorectal cancer

Study Finds Adding Adjuvant Oxaliplatin to Fluoropyrimidine of Benefit in Deficient Mismatch Repair Colon Cancer

In a French retrospective study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Tougeron et al found that the addition of adjuvant oxaliplatin to fluoropyrimidine treatment improved disease-free survival in patients with stage III deficient mismatch repair colon cancer. Study Details...

colorectal cancer

DDW 2016: Rates of Colorectal Cancer Continue to Increase in Those Under 50

A new study shows the rate of colorectal cancer continues to increase in individuals under 50 years old, despite the fact that the overall rate of the disease has been declining in recent years. Following examination of more than 1 million colorectal cancer patient records over 10 years,...

colorectal cancer

DDW 2016: Low-Residue Diet Prior to Colonoscopy Shows Improved Tolerance and Bowel Preparation vs Clear Liquid Diet

A new study finds that patients who ate certain solid foods, considered “low residue,” were better prepared for their colonoscopies than individuals who followed the conventional liquid diet. Additionally, researchers saw that these patients who ate foods such as eggs, white bread,...

colorectal cancer

DDW 2016: Endoscopist’s Knowledge of Positive Cologuard Test Improves Colonoscopy Performance

An endoscopist's knowledge of a positive Cologuard test improves colonoscopy performance, according to a poster presentation by Johnson et al at Digestive Disease Week (DDW) 2016 (Abstract Su1044). Cologuard is an at-home, stool-DNA colorectal cancer screening test that has been approved by the...

colorectal cancer

Body Mass Index and Mortality in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Overweight colorectal cancer patients were 55% less likely to die from their cancer than normal-weight patients who have the disease, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study published by Kroenke et al in JAMA Oncology. Of cancers affecting both men and women, colorectal cancer is the...

colorectal cancer

Specific Version of the FCGR2A Gene Identifies Colorectal Cancer Patients Likely to Benefit Most From Cetuximab

Among patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring normal forms of the KRAS gene, only those who had two copies of a specific version of the FCGR2A gene (FCGR2A H/H) had a statistically significant increase in median overall survival when cetuximab (Erbitux) treatment was added to best...

colorectal cancer

ASCO 2016: Left- vs Right-Sided Primary Tumor Location Predicts Survival in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

For a longer-form examination of these data, click here. A retrospective analysis from a large, federally funded clinical trial finds that the location of the primary tumor within the colon predicts survival and may help inform optimal treatment selection for patients with metastatic colorectal...

colorectal cancer

Study of SEER Data Identifies Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Survival in Patients With Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer

In a study of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Holowatyj et al found that survival was significantly poorer in black vs white patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer between the ages of 20 and 49 years. Study Details The...

colorectal cancer

Little Apparent Activity of Cetuximab in Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer With KRAS G13D Mutation

Cetuximab (Erbitux) exhibited little apparent activity in refractory metastatic colorectal cancer harboring the KRAS G13D mutation, according to the findings of the phase II Australasian Gastro-Intestinal Trials Group ICECREAM study, which were reported by Segelov et al in the Journal of Clinical...

colorectal cancer

Trastuzumab/Lapatinib Active in Refractory, KRAS Codon 12/13 Wild-Type, HER2-Positive Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Dual HER2 inhibition with trastuzumab (Herceptin) and lapatinib (Tykerb) was active in patients with refractory, KRAS codon 12/13 wild-type, HER2-positive metastatic colorectal cancer, according to an Italian phase II trial reported by Sartore-Bianchi et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details...

colorectal cancer

New Study Suggests Cholesterol Levels, Not Statins, Influence Colorectal Cancer Risk

Long-term use of the cholesterol-lowering drugs statins does not appear to decrease a patient’s risk of colorectal cancer, suggests a new, large case-control study from Penn Medicine published by Mamtani et al in PLOS Medicine. The observational analysis of over 100,000 patients’...

colorectal cancer

AACR 2016: Cologuard Detected Colorectal Cancer in Previously Unscreened Patients

A noninvasive colorectal cancer-screening test detected the disease in patients who had previously avoided more invasive screening measures, according to research presented by Prince et al at the 2016 AACR Annual Meeting (Abstract LB-296). The study of nearly 400 patients revealed four patients...

colorectal cancer

Increased Rate of Nonoperative Management of Rectal Adenocarcinoma

A National Cancer Database analysis reported by Ellis et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology indicates a doubling in the use of chemoradiation only in patients with nonmetastatic rectal cancer over recent years. However, current evidence is insufficient to support such nonoperative management....

colorectal cancer

Next-Generation Sequencing Assay May Permit Accurate Detection of Mismatch Repair Deficiency in Colorectal Cancer

Use of a custom next-generation sequencing assay may accurately predict mismatch repair deficiency on the basis of mutational load in colorectal cancer, according to a report by Stadler et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details The study involved data from 224 patients with...

colorectal cancer

New Study Links Coffee Consumption to Decreased Risk of Colorectal Cancer

Researchers at the University of Southern California (USC) Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center of Keck Medicine of USC and Clalit National Israel Cancer Control Center have found that coffee consumption may be inversely associated with the risk of colorectal cancer. The findings by Schmit et...

colorectal cancer

Christopher Willett, MD, on Localized Rectal Cancer: Emerging Treatment Paradigms

Christopher Willett, MD, of Duke Cancer Center, discusses short and long courses of treatment, neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiation, and organ preservation without surgery.

colorectal cancer

Alan Venook, MD, on Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Choosing Optimal Treatment Strategies

Alan Venook, MD, of the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses new observations on biomarkers, the best combinations of therapies, and how to sequence them.

colorectal cancer

Endoscopic Mucosal Resection Is an Alternative to Surgery in Most Patients With Complex Colon Polyps

Using the latest advances in endoscopic resection techniques, more than 75% of patients with complex colon polyps could avoid surgery for their polyp removal, according to new research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The findings, published by Raju et al in Gastrointestinal ...

colorectal cancer

Japanese Trial Shows Reduced Risk of Subsequent Colorectal Adenomas and Polyps With Low-Dose Metformin

Treatment with low-dose metformin reduced the risk of metachronous colorectal adenomas and polyps over 12 months in nondiabetic patients who had undergone endoscopic polypectomy, according to a report by Higurashi et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the double-blind phase III trial,...

colorectal cancer

Increased Travel Burden Decreases Likelihood of Receiving Radiation Therapy for Rectal Cancer Treatment

Increased travel distance to a cancer treatment facility negatively impacts the likelihood that patients with stage II/III rectal cancer will receive radiation therapy to treat their disease, according to a study analyzing 26,845 patient records from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) published...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors

Poorer Outcome With BRAF and KRAS Mutations in Microsatellite-Stable but Not Microsatellite-Unstable Colon Cancer

In an analysis of the PETACC-8 trial reported by Taieb et al in JAMA Oncology, BRAF V600 and KRAS mutations were associated with shorter disease-free and overall survival in patients with microsatellite-stable colon cancer—but not in those with tumors with microsatellite instability—in...

colorectal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of Prospective U.S. Cohorts Shows Reduced Risk of GI Tract Cancers With Regular Aspirin Use

In a long-term follow up of two large U.S. prospective cohorts reported in JAMA Oncology, Cao et al found that regular use of aspirin was associated with a reduced risk of gastrointestinal (GI) tract cancers. In 2015, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended the use of aspirin in...

colorectal cancer

Laboratory Study Explores How High-Fat Diet Influences the Development of Intestinal Tumors

A study published by Beyaz et al in Nature reveals how a high-fat diet makes the cells of the intestinal lining more likely to become cancerous. It joins a growing body of research that finds obesity and eating a high-fat, high-calorie diet are significant risk factors for many types of cancer....

colorectal cancer

High Expression of Epiregulin or Amphiregulin Predicts Benefit of Panitumumab in RAS Wild-Type Advanced Colorectal Cancer

In the UK phase III PICCOLO trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Seligmann et al found that high expression of either of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands epiregulin or amphiregulin was associated with a progression-free survival benefit with panitumumab (Vectibix)/irinotecan vs...

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