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colorectal cancer
pancreatic cancer

Does the Association Between Diet and Colonic Mucosa–Associated Microbiota Affect Cancer Risk?

A report published by Liu et al in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found an association between diet quality and microbiome composition in human colonic mucosa. The researchers found that a high-quality diet is linked to more potentially beneficial bacteria, whereas a...

pancreatic cancer

Biliary Microbiome Altered in Patients Undergoing Surgery After Neoadjuvant Therapy for Pancreatic Cancer

The biliary microbiome was altered in patients who received neoadjuvant therapy prior to undergoing surgery for pancreatic cancer, according to a study published by Goel et al in HPB. Additionally, more bacteria in patients who underwent surgery after neoadjuvant therapy were resistant to...

hepatobiliary cancer
pancreatic cancer

Serum MicroRNAs for the Diagnosis of Pancreatic and Biliary Tract Cancers

Diagnosis of pancreatic and biliary tract cancers is complex and challenging due to the lack of symptoms and/or the difficulty of direct, invasive, and imaging-based methods of diagnosis. In an effort to develop better diagnostic markers for these diseases, Kim et al analyzed the genome-wide...

pancreatic cancer

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Adjuvant Nab-paclitaxel and Gemcitabine

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, discusses phase III results from the multicenter APACT trial, which showed that adjuvant nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine may be an option for patients who are ineligible for treatment with FOLFIRINOX (Abstract 4000).

pancreatic cancer

2019 ASCO: POLO: Maintenance Olaparib in Germline BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

The randomized phase III POLO trial found that maintenance therapy with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor olaparib significantly delayed the progression of metastatic pancreatic cancer in patients with germline BRCA gene mutations compared with placebo (median...

pancreatic cancer

Alok A. Khorana, MD, and Hedy L. Kindler, MD, on Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: POLO Trial on Olaparib as Maintenance Therapy

Alok A. Khorana, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, and Hedy L. Kindler, MD, of The University of Chicago, discuss phase III findings on olaparib as maintenance treatment following first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer and a germline BRCA mutation (Abstract...

pancreatic cancer

Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Survival After Pancreatic Cancer Resection

In a study reported in JAMA Surgery, Dimitrakopoulos et al found two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in noncoding, functional regions of genes that regulate cancer progression. They were associated with survival after resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The study involved...

pancreatic cancer

Factors Contributing to Improved Survival Following Total Neoadjuvant Therapy for Borderline/Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

A newly published Mayo Clinic study has found that a presurgery treatment plan for patients with borderline/locally advanced pancreatic cancer undergoing total neoadjuvant therapy may improve outcomes. The findings were published by Truty et al in Annals of Surgery. The study followed 194...

pancreatic cancer

AACR 2019: Maintenance Rucaparib Treatment in BRCA- or PALB2-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

Maintenance treatment with the PARP inhibitor rucaparib was well tolerated and showed activity among patients with advanced BRCA- or PALB2-mutated pancreatic cancer sensitive to platinum-based chemotherapy, according to results from an interim analysis of an ongoing phase II clinical...

pancreatic cancer

AACR 2019: Higher BMI Before Age 50 May Increase Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

A higher body mass index (BMI) before age 50 may be more strongly associated with pancreatic cancer mortality risk than excess weight at older age, according to the results of a study presented by Jacobs et al at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2019 (Abstract...

pancreatic cancer

Germline Mutations and Risk for Neoplastic Disease Progression During Pancreatic Surveillance

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Abe et al found previously unidentified deleterious germline mutations in patients with family history as the basis for pancreatic surveillance. Moreover, the study showed the risk of pancreatic cancer was higher in individuals with germline...

pancreatic cancer
immunotherapy

AACR 2019: CD40 Antibody Combined With Chemotherapy in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

An interim analysis of a small phase Ib study by O’Hara et al evaluating the CD40 agonistic monoclonal antibody APX005M in combination with gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel with or without the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor nivolumab in untreated patients with metastatic...

pancreatic cancer

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: NCCN Guidelines Updates

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, of the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses new adjuvant therapy options for patients with pancreatic cancer, and germline testing, including testing for microsatellite instability/mismatch repair genes as well as molecular analysis of all tumors.

pancreatic cancer

Addition of Pegylated Recombinant Human Hyaluronidase to FOLFIRINOX in Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

In the phase I/II SWOG S1313 trial, which was reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Ramanathan et al, researchers found that the addition of pegylated recombinant human hyaluronidase (PEGPH20) to modified (m) FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin) worsened...

solid tumors
lymphoma
pancreatic cancer
symptom management

FDA Pipeline: Treatments for Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor and Pancreatic Cancer, Plus a Statement on Breast Implant–Associated Lymphoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted the following designations and applications and also issued a statement: Priority Review for Pexidartinib in Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor The FDA has accepted a new drug application (NDA) and granted Priority Review for pexidartinib...

pancreatic cancer

Enhancing Patient Outcomes After Whipple Procedure

Pancreaticoduodenectomy, or the Whipple procedure, is one of the most complex abdominal surgeries, and is commonly prescribed as a first line of therapy for cancer located within the pancreatic head. Investigators reported that following a 5-day accelerated recovery pathway after surgery helped to...

pancreatic cancer

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Results From the Prep-02/JSAP-05 Trial

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, of the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, discusses phase II/III study findings on neoadjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine and S-1 vs upfront surgery for resectable pancreatic cancer (Abstract 189).

pancreatic cancer

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer Tumor Profiling and Treatment Response: Results From the COMPASS Trial

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, discusses molecular profiling and response to chemotherapy in the COMPASS study, which was designed to evaluate the feasibility of using genomic sequencing in pancreatic cancer care (Abstract 188).

pancreatic cancer

2019 GI Cancers Symposium: Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy vs Upfront Surgery in Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

A phase II/III trial presented by Unno et al at the 2019 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium (Abstract 189) sought to compare neoadjuvant chemotherapy (using gemcitabine and the oral fluoropyrimidine combination of tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil [S-1]) to upfront surgery in patients with histologic ...

pancreatic cancer
immunotherapy

VISTA Checkpoint Implicated in Pancreatic Cancer Immunotherapy Resistance

Researchers have identified a new potential immunotherapy target in pancreatic cancer, which so far has been notoriously resistant to treatment with immune checkpoint blockade drugs effective against a variety of other cancers. A research team from The University of Texas MD Anderson ...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors
hematologic malignancies
pancreatic cancer
symptom management

FDA Pipeline: Designations for Treatments of Graft-vs-Host-Disease, Colorectal Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, and More

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently issued the following new designations and clearances: Fast Track Designation for Itolizumab for the Treatment of Acute Graft-vs-Host Disease The FDA granted Fast Track designation to itolizumab for the treatment of acute graft-vs-host ...

pancreatic cancer

Adjuvant FOLFIRINOX vs Gemcitabine in Pancreatic Cancer

In a phase III Canadian and French trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Conroy and colleagues in the Canadian Cancer Trials Group and the Unicancer-GI–PRODIGE Group found that adjuvant modified FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan, oxaliplatin) produced better...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
lymphoma
pancreatic cancer
gastroesophageal cancer
bladder cancer
symptom management
gastrointestinal cancer

FDA Pipeline: What’s New in Biosimilars, Drug Reviews, Designations, and More

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently issued the following new approvals and designations: Approval for Pegfilgrastim Biosimilar The FDA recently approved a pegfilgrastim biosimilar, pegfilgrastim-cbqv (Udenyca). The biosimilar has been approved to decrease the incidence...

pancreatic cancer

Assessment of the 8th Edition of the AJCC TNM Staging System in Cohort With Resected Pancreatic Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Surgery, van Roessel et al found that the recently released 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system for pancreatic cancer provided better distribution among cases and some increase in prognostic...

pancreatic cancer

Protein-Metabolite Panel for Detection of Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Fahrmann et al developed and validated a plasma-derived metabolite panel that distinguished early-stage pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) with high accuracy. Accuracy was further improved with the addition of a previously...

pancreatic cancer

Association of Immunologic Markers With Survival in Upfront Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

In a research letter published in JAMA Surgery, Tang et al found that higher levels of intratumoral CD3-positive T cells and postoperative circulating monocyte counts were associated with improved survival in patients with upfront resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The prospective cohort ...

gynecologic cancers
pancreatic cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Device Designation for Cancer Detection Liquid Biopsy

PapGene, Inc, has announced their cancer detection test has received Breakthrough Device designation from the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The PapGene test is a multianalyte test that uses a combination of circulating tumor DNA...

colorectal cancer
kidney cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer

Large Disparities in Cancer Mortality Rates Found Among Different Racial/Ethnic Populations in New York State

According to the American Cancer Society, cancer is the leading cause of death for Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders in the United States. However, their cancer burden is less than that of non-Hispanic whites and especially non-Hispanic blacks, who bear the most disproportionate share of the...

pancreatic cancer

Early Study Shows Elasticity of Cancer Cells May Determine Where Pancreatic Cancer Metastases Form

Pancreatic cancer often metastasizes to the liver or lungs. The prognosis is better for patients with metastases in the lungs. However, the organ that is more likely to be affected depends on the cancer cells’ ability to alter their characteristics and shape—as a research team at the...

pancreatic cancer

Study Finds Inherited Gene Variants in 10% of Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

A large study of pancreatic cancer patients found that almost 10% harbored inherited genetic variations or mutations that may have increased their susceptibility to the disease. At the same time, some of these mutations were associated with more favorable responses to certain chemotherapy agents,...

pancreatic cancer

Total Neoadjuvant Therapy for Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

In a single-institution phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Murphy et al found that total neoadjuvant therapy with FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil [5-FU], irinotecan, and oxaliplatin) and individualized chemoradiotherapy was associated with a high R0 resection rate and good outcomes in patients with ...

pancreatic cancer

Study Finds Recent-Onset Type 2 Diabetes May Be Early Manifestation of Pancreatic Cancer

According to the American Cancer Society, pancreatic cancer is one of the most deadly cancers, with an overall 5-year survival rate of just 8%, mainly because the vast majority of patients, about 80%, are diagnosed at a late stage of disease. Research has shown that identification of high-risk ...

pancreatic cancer

Thierry Conroy, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Results From the PRODIGE 24 Trial

Thierry Conroy, MD, of the Institut de Cancérologie de Lorraine, discusses phase III study findings on adjuvant mFOLFIRINOX vs gemcitabine in patients with resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (Abstract LBA4001).

pancreatic cancer

Geertjan van Tienhoven, MD, PhD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Results From the PREOPANC-1 Trial

Geertjan Van Tienhoven, MD, PhD, of the Dutch Pancreatic Cancer Group, discusses phase III study findings on preoperative chemoradiotherapy vs immediate surgery for resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (Abstract LBA4002).

pancreatic cancer

2018 ASCO: PREOPANC-1 Trial Compares Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy vs Immediate Surgery for Pancreatic Cancer

A randomized, phase III trial found that patients who received chemoradiotherapy before pancreatic cancer surgery had better disease-free survival than those who started their treatment with surgery, which is the current standard of care. In addition, the 2-year survival rate was higher for those...

pancreatic cancer

2018 ASCO: Adjuvant mFOLFIRINOX vs Gemcitabine in Resected Pancreatic Cancer

In a randomized phase III trial, patients with surgically removed pancreatic cancer who received mFOLFIRINOX (a modified regimen containing oxaliplatin, leucovorin, irinotecan, and fluorouracil) lived a median of 20 months longer and were cancer-free 9 months longer than those who received the...

pancreatic cancer

PARP Inhibitor Shows Promise in Patients With BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

A targeted therapy that has been effective in fighting ovarian cancer in women, including those with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, may also help patients with aggressive pancreatic cancer who harbor these mutations and have few or no other treatment options. An international team of researchers was...

pancreatic cancer

Early Research May Unlock How Pancreatic Cancer Metastasizes to the Liver

Douglas Fearon, MD, Professor at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, and colleagues may have discovered how pancreatic cancer metastasizes to the liver following surgery, as reported by Pommier et al in Science. “This discovery is significant because for patients who undergo pancreatic cancer...

pancreatic cancer

Neoadjuvant Therapy, Changes in Body Composition, and Resectability in Pancreatic Cancer

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Sandini et al found that neoadjuvant therapy in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was associated with loss of adipose tissue but not muscle wasting. In addition, the study showed that an increase in skeletal muscle tissue was...

pancreatic cancer

AACR 2018: Short-Acting Calcium Channel Blockers Associated With Increased Risk of Pancreatic Cancer in Postmenopausal Women

Calcium channel blockers (CCBs)—specifically the short-acting form of CCBs, which are prescribed to treat high blood pressure—were associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer in postmenopausal women, according to a study presented at the American Assocation for Cancer...

pancreatic cancer

First Interim Analysis of Phase III SEQUOIA Trial in Pancreatic Cancer

ARMO BioSciences, Inc, recently announced the completion of the first interim analysis in its phase III SEQUOIA trial in patients with pancreatic cancer. The Data Monitoring Committee (DMC) for SEQUOIA, a clinical trial studying pegilodecakin (AM0010) plus FOLFOX (leucovorin,...

pancreatic cancer

Gut Bacteria May Determine Speed of Tumor Growth in Pancreatic Cancer

The population of bacteria in the pancreas increases more than a thousandfold in patients with pancreatic cancer and becomes dominated by species that prevent the immune system from attacking tumor cells. These are the findings of an early study conducted on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma,...

pancreatic cancer

FDA Grants Fast Track Designation to Pamrevlumab in Locally Advanced Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer

On March 1, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation for the anti–connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) antibody pamrevlumab for the treatment of patients with locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer. This follows review of the phase II clinical...

pancreatic cancer

FDA Grants Orphan Drug Designation to YS-ON-001 for the Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer

On February 26, Yisheng Biopharma Co., Ltd. announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Orphan Drug designation to its lead immuno-oncology candidate, YS-ON-001, for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.  YS-ON-001 is a clinical-stage immuno-oncology biologic product...

pancreatic cancer

Five Novel Genetic Changes Linked to Pancreatic Cancer Risk

In what is believed to be the largest pancreatic cancer genome-wide association study to date, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center, the National Cancer Institute, and collaborators from over 80 other institutions worldwide discovered changes to 5 new regions in the human genome...

pancreatic cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

FDA Approves Lutetium Lu-177 Dotatate for Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

On January 26, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lutetium Lu-177 dotatate (Lutathera) for the treatment of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). This is the first time a radiopharmaceutical has been approved for the treatment of GEP-NETs. Lu-177 dotatate is...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancers
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Detecting and Localizing Eight Cancer Types With One Multianalyte Blood Test

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers developed a single blood test that screens for eight common cancer types and also helps identify the location of the cancer. The test, called CancerSEEK, is a unique noninvasive, multianalyte test that simultaneously evaluates levels of eight cancer...

pancreatic cancer

2018 GI CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Nab-Paclitaxel Plus Gemcitabine in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

Primary endpoint findings and updated results of secondary endpoints from the phase II LAPACT trial of nanoparticle albumin–bound (nab)-paclitaxel (Abraxane) plus gemcitabine in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer were presented by Hammel et al at the 2018 Gastrointestinal (GI)...

pancreatic cancer

Ramesh K. Ramanathan, MD, on Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: Results From a SWOG Study

Ramesh K. Ramanathan, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, discusses early-phase study findings on mFOLFIRINOX (mFFOX) plus pegylated recombinant human hyaluronidase vs mFFOX alone in patients with a good performance status (Abstract 208).

pancreatic cancer
immunotherapy

Steven D. Leach, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Keynote Lecture

Steven D. Leach, MD, of Dartmouth University’s Norris Cotton Cancer Center, discusses the personalized approach that GI cancers will require to make rational use of immunotherapy—including a subset of pancreatic cancers, which appear to be highly immunogenic and are associated with long-term...

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