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kidney cancer

Personalized Treatment May Extend Life Expectancy for Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease and Small Renal Tumors

Personalized treatment plans may extend life expectancy for patients with early-stage kidney cancer who also have risk factors for worsening kidney disease, according to a new study published by Kang et al in Radiology. Kidney tumors are often discovered at an early stage and are frequently...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Cella et al, patient-reported outcomes were better with nivolumab plus ipilimumab vs sunitinib in the phase III CheckMate 214 trial among patients with intermediate- or poor-risk advanced renal cell carcinoma. The ongoing trial showed significantly improved...

kidney cancer

Immediate vs Deferred Cytoreductive Nephrectomy in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Treated With Sunitinib

In a trial with a modified primary endpoint due to slow accrual reported in JAMA Oncology, Bex et al found that deferred cytoreductive nephrectomy after sunitinib did not improve 28-week progression-free rate (PFR) vs immediate nephrectomy followed by sunitinib in patients with metastatic renal...

kidney cancer

Adding Genomic Factors to MSKCC Risk Model in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Voss et al found that adding the mutation status of prognostic genes to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) risk model improved the prognostic performance of the model in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. The study involved...

kidney cancer

Surveillance Imaging Modality and Survival After Recurrence in Favorable-Histology Wilms Tumor

Findings in a study reported by Mullen and colleagues for the Children’s Oncology Group in the Journal of Clinical Oncology suggest that routine computed tomography (CT) surveillance may not be necessary for recurrence detection in favorable-histology Wilms tumor. The study was a...

kidney cancer

2018 ASTRO: IROCK: Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy for RCC in Patients With One Kidney

Treatment of renal cell carcinoma with stereotactic radiation therapy is as safe and effective for patients with one kidney as it is for those with two, according to an analysis of an international data set presented by Correa et al at the 60th Annual Meeting of the American Society for...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on RCC: Challenging Established Front-Line Treatment

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses data from the global, phase III JAVELIN trial that compared axitinib plus avelumab vs sunitinib, which could lead to a new standard of care in renal cell carcinoma (Abstract LBA6_PR).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: JAVELIN Renal 101: Avelumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Renal Cell Carcinoma

A combination of the immune checkpoint blocker avelumab (Bavencio) plus the tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib (Inlyta) improved progression-free survival (PFS) in previously untreated patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in the phase III JAVELIN Renal 101 study, according to results...

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, on Renal and Bladder Cancers: Focus on Immunotherapy

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, of San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital and the Israel Englander Institute of Precision Medicine at Weill Cornell, discusses results from the phase III CheckMate-025 study on nivolumab vs everolimus for mRCC; the CheckMate-214 study on nivolumab, ipilimumab, and sunitinib for...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Avelumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Patients With Advanced Kidney Cancer

The results of the pivotal phase III JAVELIN Renal 101 study—which evaluated avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with axitinib (Inlyta) compared with sunitinib (Sutent) as initial therapy for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma—were recently announced. As part of a planned...

kidney cancer

New Recommendations for Cabozantinib Tablets in Updated NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines

Recently, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) updated its Clinical Practice Guidelines to include new recommendations for cabozantinib (Cabometyx) tablets. With the updates, cabozantinib is recommended by the NCCN for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma regardless...

kidney cancer

Presurgical CT Imaging of CD117-Positive Kidney Tumors

A research team from Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center has discovered a way to use computed tomography (CT) imaging to assess kidney tumors that test positive for the biomarker CD117 and accurately determine—before surgery—whether the tumor is benign or malignant. Their findings...

kidney cancer

Sunitinib vs Nephrectomy Followed by Sunitinib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In an interim analysis of the French phase III noninferiority Carmena trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Méjean et al found that sunitinib alone was not inferior in overall survival vs nephrectomy followed by sunitinib in patients with intermediate- or poor-risk...

kidney cancer

Meta-Analysis of Patients With Early Kidney Cancer Treated With Robotic Partial Nephrectomy

For patients with early kidney cancer, surgically removing a portion of the kidney instead of the whole organ is often a preferred treatment, because the procedure can effectively remove tumors while preserving kidney function. But when it comes to the best surgical approach—robotic,...

colorectal cancer
kidney cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer

Large Disparities in Cancer Mortality Rates Found Among Different Racial/Ethnic Populations in New York State

According to the American Cancer Society, cancer is the leading cause of death for Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders in the United States. However, their cancer burden is less than that of non-Hispanic whites and especially non-Hispanic blacks, who bear the most disproportionate share of the...

kidney cancer

Germline Mutations in Cancer Susceptibility Genes in Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Carlo et al found a high prevalence of germline mutations in cancer susceptibility genes in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Study Details In this cohort study, conducted between October 2015 and July 2017, 254 of 267 patients with advanced...

kidney cancer

Percutaneous Ablation vs Nephrectomy in T1a Kidney Cancer

Many cases of early-stage kidney cancer can be treated with a relatively new, nonsurgical procedure used to destroy tumors, a new study by Talenfeld et al in Annals of Internal Medicine suggests. The procedure, called percutaneous ablation, involves the insertion of a needle through the skin into...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2018 ASCO: KEYNOTE-427 Trial Evaluates Immunotherapy in Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Interim results from cohort A of KEYNOTE-427, a phase II trial evaluating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as first-line treatment for advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), were presented by McDermott et al at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 4500). Interim data showed an overall response...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, on RCC: Perspectives on KEYNOTE-427 and IMmotion151

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, offer their analysis of two key studies presented in renal cell cancer.

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Lauren C. Harshman, MD on RCC: Results From the PROSPER Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Lauren C. Harshman, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss phase III study findings on perioperative nivolumab vs observation in patients with localized renal cell carcinoma undergoing nephrectomy (Abstract TPS4597).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, on RCC: Results From the IMmotion151 Trial

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses patient-reported outcomes for atezolizumab plus bevacizumab vs sunitinib in treatment-naive metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 4511).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

David F. McDermott, MD, on RCC: Results of the KEYNOTE-427 Trial

David F. McDermott, MD, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, discusses study findings on pembrolizumab monotherapy as first-line therapy in advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 4500).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Novel Combinations for Advanced Disease

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discuss two treatment studies: one testing pegilodecakin with nivolumab or pembrolizumab and the other evaluating an oral CXCR4 inhibitor in combination with axitinib (Abstracts 4509 & 4510).

kidney cancer

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Metastatic RCC: Perspectives on the Carmena Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discuss the implications of this study’s potentially practice-changing finding that nephrectomy is no longer the standard of care for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract...

kidney cancer

Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results From the Carmena Trial

Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, of the Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, discusses his study’s potentially practice-changing finding that nephrectomy is no longer the standard of care for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract LBA3).

kidney cancer

2018 ASCO: Carmena Trial Compares Nephrectomy Plus Adjuvant Sunitinib vs Sunitinib Alone in Metastatic RCC

The randomized phase III Carmena trial showed that many people with advanced kidney cancer can avoid nephrectomy without compromising survival. The median overall survival for people who received the targeted therapy sunitinib (Sutent) alone was 18.4 months, compared with 13.9 months for those who...

kidney cancer

Results From AREN0533: Treating Higher-Risk Favorable-Histology Wilms Tumor

In a report from the Children’s Oncology Group AREN0533 study published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dix et al found improved survival outcomes with a modified approach to treatment of favorable-histology Wilms tumor with lung metastases. Study Details The National Wilms Tumor Study...

kidney cancer

Phase II Study of Sunitinib Schedule in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jonasch et al found evidence that a 2-weeks-on/1-week-off (2/1) schedule of sunitinib (Sutent) might be an option in frontline treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details In the study, 59 patients with previously...

kidney cancer

CB-839 in Combination With Cabozantinib for Advanced RCC Granted FDA Fast Track Designation

On April 18, Calithera Biosciences, Inc, announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation to CB-839 in combination with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) for the treatment of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who have received one or two prior lines ...

kidney cancer

Update on ATLAS Trial of Axitinib as Adjuvant Treatment for Patients at High Risk of Renal Cell Carcinoma Recurrence After Surgery

Pfizer recently announced that the independent data monitoring committee for the phase III ATLAS trial, which is evaluating axitinib (Inlyta) as adjuvant therapy for patients at high risk of recurrent renal cell carcinoma (RCC) after nephrectomy, recommended stopping the trial at a planned interim...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab/Ipilimumab Combination in Intermediate- or Poor-Risk Advanced RCC

On April 16, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approvals to nivolumab (Opdivo) and ipilimumab (Yervoy) in combination for the treatment of intermediate- or poor-risk previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). CheckMate 214 The approvals were based on...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib in Previously Untreated Advanced RCC

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Motzer et al, the phase III CheckMate 214 trial has shown an overall survival advantage with nivolumab plus ipilimumab vs sunitinib in patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Study Details In the open-label...

kidney cancer
prostate cancer
bladder cancer

EAU 2018: Survey Shows Greater Suicide Rate in Patients With Urologic Cancers

A major UK survey has shown that patients with urologic cancer—such as prostate, bladder, or kidney cancer—are five times more likely to commit suicide than people without cancer. The analysis also shows that patients with cancer generally are around three times more likely to commit...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Activity of Combined Immune Checkpoint and VEGF Inhibition as First-Line Therapy in Advanced Clear Cell RCC

In the dose-finding, dose-expansion phase Ib JAVELIN Renal 100 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Choueiri et al identified the maximum tolerated dose of the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with the vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor axitinib...

kidney cancer

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Tivozanib in Combination With Nivolumab in Metastatic RCC

Preliminary results from the phase II portion of the TiNivo study, a phase Ib/II multicenter trial of oral tivozanib in combination with intravenous (IV) nivolumab (Opdivo) for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) were presented by Escudier et al at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers...

kidney cancer

METEOR Trial Follow-up: Quality of Life in Metastatic RCC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cella et al found little difference in quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes between the cabozantinib (Cabometyx) and everolimus (Afinitor) groups in the phase III METEOR trial. The study investigated these treatments in patients with metastatic...

kidney cancer

Patrick Schöffski, MD, MPH, on RCC: Final Results of the EORTC 90101 CREATE Trial

Patrick Schöffski, MD, MPH, of Catholic University Leuven, discusses findings on the effect of crizotinib on disease control in patients with advanced papillary renal cell carcinoma type 1 with MET mutations or amplification (Abstract 580).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on RCC: Results From Two Clinical Trials

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses phase III study findings from IMmotion151, which looked at atezolizumab plus bevacizumab vs sunitinib in untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and results from a safety and efficacy trial of axitinib in...

kidney cancer

Daniel J. George, MD, on RCC: Study Results on Adjuvant Treatment

Daniel J. George, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses phase III findings on adjuvant sunitinib in patients with high-risk renal cell carcinoma, in an exploratory pharmacogenomic analysis (Abstract 576).

kidney cancer

Daniel J. George, MD, on RCC: Results From the Alliance A031203 CABOSUN Trial

Daniel J. George, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses study findings on cabozantinib vs sunitinib for previously untreated patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma of intermediate or poor risk, in a subgroup analysis of progression-free survival and objective response rates...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results From the NIVOREN GETUG-AFU 26 Trial

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of the Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discusses study findings on the safety and efficacy of nivolumab in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 577).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Early-Phase Trial of Glutaminase Inhibitor CB-839 in Combination With Cabozantinib or Everolimus in Renal Cell Carcinoma

Data on CB-839, a first-in-class glutaminase inhibitor, will be presented by Tannir et al at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium in San Francisco (Abstract 603). The data are from the CX-839-001 study, which includes cohorts evaluating the safety, efficacy and recommended phase II dose of ...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Combination Therapy Shows Antitumor Activity in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Combining the antiangiogenic agent axitinib (Inlyta) with the immunotherapy pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was found to have promising antitumor activity and no unexpected side effects in an early-phase clinical trial in patients with advanced kidney cancer who had not been previously treated. The full...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Adding Immunotherapy to Standard Treatment Slows Growth of Advanced Kidney Cancer—With Fewer Side Effects

In a phase III clinical trial of patients with previously untreated metastatic renal cell cancer combining the immunotherapy atezolizumab (Tecentriq) with the targeted therapy bevacizumab (Avastin) delayed cancer growth by about 3 months longer than sunitinib, another targeted therapy. The benefit...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Renal Cancer Immunotherapy: Latest Developments

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope, discusses immunotherapy as a front-line treatment for kidney cancer and the strategy of VEGF blockade with immunotherapy, which is emerging as a possible treatment modality.

kidney cancer

Risk Prediction Model for Acute Kidney Injury After First Course of Cisplatin

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Motwani et al have developed a predictive model for acute kidney injury following a first course of cisplatin that includes patient age, cisplatin dose, hypertension, and serum albumin level. Study Details The study involved data from 2,118...

kidney cancer

Treatment Outcomes in Patients With Bone Metastasis From Advanced RCC

In a subgroup analysis of the phase III METEOR trial of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients with with bone metastases, cabozantinib was associated with improved outcomes vs everolimus. The analysis was reported by Escudier et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details In the...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Lenvatinib and Pembrolizumab Combination Receives Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On January 9, Eisai and Merck announced that they received Breakthrough Therapy designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Eisai's multiple receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor lenvatinib (Lenvima) in combination with Merck's anti–programmed cell death protein 1...

kidney cancer

Activity of Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-2α Antagonist in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase I trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Courtney et al found that a first-in-class hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α) antagonist (PT2385) was active in patients with previously treated advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Study Details In the...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Combination of Avelumab and Axitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On December 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with axitinib (Inlyta) for treatment-naive patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. “A combination approach with an immunotherapy, whose activity may ...

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