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Gastrointestinal Cancer

Disease-Free Survival Is Acceptable Surrogate for Overall Survival in Trials of Adjuvant Chemotherapy

Disease-free survival is an acceptable surrogate for overall survival in trials of cytotoxic agents for gastric cancer in the adjuvant setting, the GASTRIC group concluded after conducting a meta-analysis of data from 3,288 individual patients enrolled in 14 randomized clinical trials. The trials...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Ramucirumab Plus Paclitaxel Improves Overall Survival After First Progression in Metastatic Gastric Cancer

In the global phase III RAINBOW trial in patients with metastatic gastric cancer, the investigational monoclonal antibody ramucirumab significantly improved both progression-free and overall survival, when added to paclitaxel in second-line therapy, as reported at the 2014 Gastrointestinal Cancers...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Ongoing Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Gastrointestinal Cancers

This Clinical Trials Resource Guide is meant to increase awareness of currently recruiting NCI- or academic institution–sponsored clinical studies for your patients with gastrointestinal cancers. All of the studies are listed on the National Institutes of Health website at ClinicalTrials.gov, and...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

FDA Approves Ramucirumab for Stomach Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved ramucirumab (Cyramza) to treat patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma with disease progression on or after prior treatment with fluoropyrimidine- or platinum-containing chemotherapy....

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Gastric Cancer Detected in a Breath Test

By detecting certain volatile organic compounds in exhaled breath, NanoArtificial Nose technology (NA-NOSE) was able to differentiate patients with gastric cancer from those with benign lesions, with high accuracy, in a poster that earned a merit award at Digestive Disease Week 2014, the largest...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

CD44 Expression a Marker for Chemotherapy Resistance in Gastric Cancer, Overcome by Hedgehog Inhibition

CD44 is a gastric cancer stem cell marker, and the hedgehog signaling pathway can be dysregulated by cancer stem cells during tumorigenesis. In a study reported in Clinical Cancer Research, Yoon and colleagues found that high CD44 expression was associated with chemotherapy resistance and poorer...

Global Cancer Care
Gastrointestinal Cancer

IARC Calls on Countries With High Stomach Cancer Burden to Act to Prevent the Disease

A new report from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), an agency of the World Health Organization, urges health authorities of countries with high stomach cancer burden to include stomach cancer in their national cancer control programs and allocate more resources to control the...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

The RAINBOW Trial: Dawn of a New Era in Upper Gastrointestinal Malignancies

As reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post (page 155), the RAINBOW trial is an international phase III study demonstrating improved overall survival with ramucirumab (Cyramza) plus paclitaxel as second-line therapy for patients with advanced gastric/gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma over...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Adding VEGFR2 Inhibitor Ramucirumab to Paclitaxel Increases Overall Survival as Second-Line Treatment for Advanced Gastric Cancer

In the phase III RAINBOW trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Hansjochen Wilke, MD, Director of Medical Oncology/Hematology at Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Essen, Germany, and colleagues found that adding the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) inhibitor ramucirumab (Cyramza) to...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Pazopanib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Advanced Pretreated GIST

Patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) can achieve remission on tyrosine kinase inhibitors, but almost all of them eventually develop resistance to these agents. The ­PAZOGIST trial results suggest that pazopanib (Votrient)—a broad-spectrum tyrosine kinase inhibitor—may be an effective ...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Minimally Invasive Techniques Used to Address Small GIST Lesions

Surgeons at the cutting edge are offering minimally invasive resection to patients with small gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) deemed to be low-risk, according to panelists at a session of the American College of Surgeons 2014 Clinical Congress in San Francisco. “We are seeing more small...

Skin Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Surgery Plus Immunotherapy Improves Survival in Melanoma Patients With Gastrointestinal Metastases

When melanoma patients develop metastases to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract or pancreas, resection of these lesions may improve survival, according to two single-institution studies presented at the 2015 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium. In a study that earned a Merit Award, researchers reported ...

Colorectal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

New Data Reported in Colorectal, Gastric, and Pancreatic Cancers

The 2015 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, held January 15–17 in San Francisco, attracted almost 4,000 attendees, who heard or viewed data from nearly 800 scientific abstracts and lectures. Here are our summaries of some of the many important developments from the meeting. Bevacizumab Plus...

Breast Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Gastric, Breast Cancer Risk in Carriers of CDH1 Gene Mutations

In a new study,1 more precise estimates of age-associated risks of gastric and breast cancer were derived for carriers of the CDH1 gene mutation, a cancer-predisposing gene that is abnormal in families meeting criteria for clinically defined hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC). David G....

Gastrointestinal Cancer

The Emerging Role of Radiation Therapy in Gastrointestinal Cancers

The use of radiation therapy in the treatment of gastrointestinal cancer has evolved over the past several decades, in a gradual, stepwise fashion. Since most gastrointestinal cancers are diagnosed at a locally advanced stage, coupled with the inherent sensitivity of most parts of the...

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